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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 261條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
OC
Roviana
OC Solomon Islands [rug]
-a

objective suffix

目標尾碼-a₂ [PMP]

Waterhouse 1949

1
(a)-goi

you, thou

你,你koe [POC]

Waterhouse 1949

2
-ana

suffix of location (e.g. #huhuve 'bathe' : #huhuve-ana 'bathing place, bath')

位置尾碼(例如“huhuve'bath”:“huhuve ana'bathing place,bath”)-an [PAN]

Waterhouse 1949

3
aroso

general name for vines and creepers

藤蔓植物的總稱waRoc [POC]waRej

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4
asa-ia

to grind, as an axe if very blunt; grate, like #luzu (sweet yam or potato), taro, etc.

磨碎,如斧頭非常鈍;磨碎,如蘆竹(甘薯或洋芋)、芋頭等。asaq [PEMP]Sasaq

Waterhouse 1949

5
asama

a trailing fern much used for lashing canoes, etc.: Lygodium trifurcatum Baker

一種經常用來綁獨木舟等的尾隨蕨類植物:Lygodium trifurcatum Bakerqasam [POC]qaRsam

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6
asaŋa-na

gills of a fish

魚的鰓asaŋ₂ [PEMP]hasaŋ

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7
ase-na

jaw

下巴qase [POC]qazay

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8
atu

an expletive implying movement away of speaker or those addressed

咒罵意味著演講者或被演說者離開a-tu [PMP]-Cu

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9
atu

an expletive implying movement away of speaker or those addressed

咒罵意味著演講者或被演說者離開atu [PMP]

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10
atu-atu

go on!

繼續!a-tu [PMP]-Cu

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11
atu-atu

Go on! Move on!

繼續!繼續前進!atu [PMP]

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12
avara-na

shoulder

qapaRa₁ [POC]qabaRa₁

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13
avisi

twins, when of same sex

雙胞胎,同性時apic [POC]Sabij

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14
ba

but, although, however, or

但是,儘管如此,或者ba₁ [POC]

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15
bara

fence or wall, a fenced pen

籬笆或牆,有籬笆的筆baRa [POC]baRa₂

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16
bara

fence or wall, a fenced pen

籬笆或牆,有籬笆的筆bara₄ [POC]bara₁

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17
bara-boko

pig fence

豬欄baRa [POC]baRa₂

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18
bara-boko

pig fence

豬欄bara₄ [POC]bara₁

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19
baroŋo

to snore

打鼾

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20
batu-na

head

batuk [POC]batuk₃

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21
beta

breadfruit, the planted variety: Artocarpus communis

麵包果,種植品種:羅漢果beta₃ [POC]

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22
bilasa

scorched by the sun or fire

被太陽或火燒焦bilac [POC]bilaj

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23
bilas-ia

be scorched

燒焦bilac [POC]bilaj

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24
bira-na

the hard roe of fish

硬魚子piRa₁ [POC]biRaS

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25
bira-na

the hard roe of fish

硬魚子biRa [POC]piRaS

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26
botu-botu

mounds for planting yams, etc; hillocks

種植山藥等的土丘;山丘potu₂ [POC]potu

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27
buala

large kind of bow

大弓bual bual [POC]

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28
bu-burata

a tree: Fagraea berteroana

一棵樹:■buRat [POC]

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29
bule

calm, peaceful, fine (as weather)

平靜,平靜,晴朗(如天氣)噪聲

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30
buna

a littoral vine; macerated and thrown into water in rock holes it stupefies fish

沿海的藤蔓植物;在岩石洞裏浸泡並扔進水裏會使魚昏迷punat [POC]bunat

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31
buna

species of plant with poisonous leaves

有毒葉子的植物種類(bp)una [POC]

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32
buruŋu

to roar or howl, as the wind

呼嘯

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33
e sei

who?

誰?sei [PMP]

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34
gaili

fishhook made from pearl shell (#kile), and turtle shell (#kapa), used in trolling

用珍珠殼和龜甲製成的魚鉤,用於拖網kawil₁ [PAN]

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35
gami

1pl. excl., we, us

1pl.不包括我們k-ami [PAN]ami

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36
gamu

2pl., you all

2pl.,各位kamu₂ [PMP]amu

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37
gani-a

to eat

kani-a [POC]kaen

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38
gani-gani

to eat

kani kani [POC]kaen

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39
garata

to bite

kaRat [PMP]kaRaC

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40
garat-ia

to bite (trans.)

咬人kaRati [POC]kaRaC

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41
gaso-na

rafter

椽子kasaw₁ [PMP]

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42
geli-a

to dig (as in digging up yams)

挖(如挖山藥)keli [PCEMP]

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43
gila

to know, to understand; a beacon

指路明燈kilala [PAN]

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44
gila-nia

be known, understood

被瞭解,被理解kilala [PAN]

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45
gili-a

to tickle gently

輕輕地搔癢kilik₁ [PMP]

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46
g〈in〉ani

food

食物k〈in〉an [POC]kaen

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47
gita

we (plural incl.), absolutive and ergative/neutral pronoun

我們(複數包括在內),絕對代詞和作格代詞/中性代詞k-ita [PAN]ita₁

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48
goro

pubic hair

陰毛koRo [POC]

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49
gurata

a tree (Morinda citrifolia); the roots furnish a splendid red stain or dye

一棵樹(巴戟天gurat [POC]

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50
gurata

a tree with fruit eaten when soft and roots that furnish a splendid red stain or dye: Morinda citrifolia

kurat [POC]

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51
gutu

louse

蝨子kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

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52
-i, -ia

forms of the objective suffix

客觀尾碼的形式-ia [POC]

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53
ibo

small sea-worm, much used for bait in Koqa fishing

小海蟲,多用於科卡魚的誘餌ibo [POC]

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54
igana

fish (generic)

魚(通用)ikan [PEMP]Sikan

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55
(-)in-

a prefix or infix used to form nouns from verbs and adjectives

從動詞和形容詞構成名詞的首碼或中綴〈in〉 [PAN]-in-

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56
in-uma

a garden

花園q〈in〉uma [PMP]qumah

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57
isu

face

面對icuŋ [POC]ijuŋ

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58
itiŋi-na

a 'hand' of bananas

一手香蕉qitiŋ [PMP]

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59
ivili

a tree: Afzelia bijuga, yields a valuable timber -- very hard and yellow

一棵樹:■,出產一種珍貴的木材——非常堅硬和黃色qipil [PMP]

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60
jilatoŋo

kind of nettle

一種蕁麻silatoŋ [POC]zilateŋ

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61
kaka

skin disease (Leucoderma) which causes white patches on hands and feet

皮膚病(白色皮膚病kaka₁ [POC]

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62
kana

an enemy, a foe

敵人,敵人kana₂ [POC]

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63
kanu-kanu

to shake, as water in a vessel or bottle

搖晃,如容器或瓶子裏的水kañu-kañu [POC]

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64
kanu-kanu

to shake, as water in a vessel or bottle

搖晃,如容器或瓶子裏的水kañul-kañul [POC]kañul

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65
kara

the general name for parrots

鸚鵡的總稱kaRa [POC]

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66
ka-rua

two

ka-rua [POC]duSa

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67
kata-na

bunch or cluster of fruit

一束或一束水果kada [POC]

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68
ka-visa

how many?, how much?, what price?

有多少?,多少錢?,什麼價格?ga-pica [POC]pijax

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69
kavuru

dust

灰塵kapuru [POC]

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70
kikio

a bird, the largest of the three kingfishers

三只翠鳥中最大的一只kiaw [PAN]

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71
kira

scar

疤痕kiras [PMP]

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72
kiso

shark

鯊魚噪聲

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73
koba

hermit crab

寄居蟹koba [POC]

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74
koŋa

fish similar to garfish, but doesn’t swim on surface

類似於花魚的魚,但不在水面上游泳koŋa [POC]

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75
koti

dot, spot, something very small

點,點,很小的東西kotik [POC]getik

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76
lamana

the ocean; deep, of water

海洋;深水laman [POC]

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77
lavata-na

great, large

好的,大的lapat [POC]

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78
leo-na

throat

喉嚨leqo [POC]

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79
likoho

encompass or encircle a thing

包圍或包圍某物likos [POC]likes

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80
liliu

turn around with the same movement, as clock hands

像鐘錶指針一樣轉動liliu [POC]

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81
li-liu

turn around with the same movement, as clock hands

像鐘錶指針一樣轉動li-liu [POC]liu₂

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82
lilo

whirlpool, eddy

漩渦liloq [POC]lileq

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83
lima

five

lima [PAN]

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84
lua

to vomit; to emit semen

luaq [PMP]

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85
lumu-a

anoint

塗油劑lumuk [PMP]

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86
lumu-lumutu

a variety of moss; a marine alga

各種苔蘚;海生藻類lumut-lumut [PMP]lumut

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87
luŋana

pieces of wood used to keep a canoe off the ground when drawn up on land, boat or canoe rollers

在陸地、小船或獨木舟滾軸上拖拉時用來使獨木舟離地的木塊luŋan [POC]

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88
ma-

stative prefix (fossilized in #manivisi ‘thin’, or #matagutu ‘afraid’)

stative首碼(在“manivisi”“thin”或“matagutu”“fear”中石化)ma-₁ [PAN]

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89
mama

a childish word for father

對父親幼稚的稱呼mama [POC]mamah

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90
mana

potent, effectual

有效的mana₂ [POC]

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91
manivisi

thin in texture

質地薄ma-nipis [PMP]Nipis

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92
masuru

fertile, bring forth plentifully

肥沃,豐碩masuR [POC]

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93
matagutu

afraid, fearful

害怕,害怕matakut [POC]takut

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94
mata-mata

a leader

領袖mata-mata [PMP]maCa

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95
mata-na

the eye

眼睛mata [PMP]maCa

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96
mate

die; dead

死亡mate [POC]aCay

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97
mate-ana

large meteor (universally associated with the death of a leader)

大流星(普遍與領袖之死有關)mate-an [POC]aCay

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98
mate-na

die; dead

死亡mate-na [POC]aCay

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99
ma-va

to yawn, breathe upon (*mawava 〉 #maava 〉 #mava)

打哈欠時,深呼吸mawap [POC]Suab

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100
mea

tongue

舌頭maya [POC]

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101
mimi

urinate

小便器mimiq [POC]miqmiq

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102
m-in-ate

death

死亡m〈in〉ate [POC]aCay

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103
monana-na

the brain; marrow of bone

大腦;骨髓moñan [POC]

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104
mono

squeeze

擠壓mo(nñ)o [POC]

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105
munomuno

generic for caterpillars and grubs

毛毛蟲和蠐螬屬muno [POC]

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106
na

the (#na vetu ‘the house’)

那座房子na₁ [PMP]

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107
natu

part of a female crab or turtle, the ovum

雌性螃蟹或海龜的一部分,卵natuq [PMP]

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108
nonopo

to suck

ñoñop [POC]ñopñop

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109
novu

rockfish: Synanceja horrida, dreaded on account of its poisonous spikes

石首魚:■,因其有毒的刺而恐懼nopuq [POC]nepuq

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110
nu-nusa

islands

島嶼nusa₁ [PMP]

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111
nusa

island

nusa₁ [PMP]

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112
ŋara

the wild duck

野鴨ŋaRaq [PMP]

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113
ŋava

fathom

英尋ŋapa₁ [POC]

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114
-ŋgu

1sg possessive suffix; my

1sg所有格尾碼;my-gu [POC]-ku

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115
ŋiŋisi

to grin

咧嘴ŋiŋis [POC]ŋisŋis₁

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116
ŋuzu

mouth

ŋusuq [PAN]

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117
oda

to eat fish without #baso (relish) or vegetables, etc.; to eat garden produce, of pigs

吃不帶調味料的魚或蔬菜等;吃花園裏的農產品,豬的qodaq [POC]qetaq

Waterhouse 1949

118
omomo

long grass-like variety of sponge

長草狀海綿噪聲

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119
onomo

six

onom [POC]enem

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120
onone

sand

qone qone [POC]qenay

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121
pa

in, at, on, from, to

在,在,在,從,到pa₂ [POC]ba₃

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122
paŋa

fish spear with several prongs

魚叉paŋa₁ [PAN]

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123
papa

carry a child on one's back

背著孩子papa₁ [POC]baba₁

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124
papara (OG)

side of face, cheek

面頰側面babaR [POC]papaR

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125
patu

rock, stone

石頭,石頭patu [POC]batux

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126
patu-patu

stony

多石的batu-batu [PMP]batux

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127
p-in-isi

to break wind

破風pisi₂ [POC]

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128
p〈in〉uta

sleep (n.)

睡眠偶然性

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129
piraha

sprouting coconut (Ross 2008:375)

椰子發芽(羅斯2008:375)piras [POC]

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130
pivivi

a small nonedible variety of sand snipe

一種不可食用的小沙鷸pwipipi [POC]

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131
puku

to tie or knot

打結buku [POC]bukuh

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132
puku-a

a knot

buku-an [POC]bukuh

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133
puku-na

a knot

buku [POC]bukuh

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134
p-ule

again, once more; to return

再次,再次;返回pa-uliq [PMP]uliq₁

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135
pulu-pulu

hairy

多毛的pulu pulu [POC]bulu₁

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136
puni

dew

露水噪聲

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137
puta

to sleep

睡覺buta₃ [POC]buCa

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138
puta

to sleep

睡覺偶然性

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139
rabutu

pull out by the roots

拔出樹根Raput [POC]RabuC

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140
rapata

to attack

攻擊rapat [PMP]

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141
rarata-na

sea coast

海岸raRat [POC]daRat

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142
raro

cooking pot

daReq [PAN]

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143
r〈in〉apata

an attack

攻擊rapat [PMP]

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144
rua-na

the neck

脖子Ruqa [POC]

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145
ru-ruru

a species of owl

一種貓頭鷹druru [POC]

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146
saburu

throw or cast with a fishing rod

用魚竿投擲sabuR [PMP]

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147
sagaru

reef; Milky Way

暗礁;銀河sakaRu [PMP]

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148
sanu

a term used instead of a particular name--- So-and-so

用以代替特定名稱的術語——某某sanu [PMP]-nu₁

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149
sa-saburu

bamboo fishing rod

竹竿sabuR [PMP]

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150
sauru

fasten or lace tightly

系緊或系緊花邊sau(rR [POC]

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151
savaŋa ~ saŋava

a strait between two islands

兩島之間的海峽sawaŋ₂ [POC]

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152
sia

nine

siwa [PMP]Siwa

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153
siburu

to flap, as a sail; to sprinkle (water), to shake down or off

拍打,如帆;灑(水),搖落sibuR [POC]simbuR

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154
s〈in〉ulu

the spot where a fire has been

發生火災的地方suluq [PMP]

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155
s〈in〉ulu

the spot where a fire has been

發生火災的地方sulu₁ [POC]

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156
sira

to tear cloth

撕布噪聲

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157
siri

red parakeet

紅鸚鵡siri [POC]

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158
sisiri

k.o. cicada (Diceropyga obtecta)

k、蟬sisi(rR [POC]

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159
soloso

inland, away from the beach; hills seen from a distance

內陸,遠離海灘;從遠處看山solos [POC]

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160
soŋe

scarcity of food, famine

食物短缺,饑荒soŋe [POC]

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161
soŋgo

catch one’s foot in roots, vine loops, etc., as when going through jungle; become entangled, as animals

sogo [POC]

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162
sulu

to burn

燃燒suluq [PMP]

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163
sulu-a

to burn (something)

燃燒(某物)sulu₁ [POC]

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164
suri-na

splinter

碎片suRi₁ [POC]

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165
susu-na

the breasts; milk

乳房;乳汁susu₁ [PAN]

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166
su-suri-na

bone

suRi₁ [POC]

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167
ta

preposition marking possession

介詞標記佔有ta₁ [PCEMP]

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168
tabaika

tobacco

煙草借詞

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169
tabu

put a taboo (under certain circumstances) on food; perhaps an introduced term

(在某些情況下)忌諱食物;也許是一個引入的術語tabu [POC]tambu

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170
tabu-ni-a

put a taboo on food

忌諱食物tabu-ni-a [POC]tambu

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171
taburu

to throw about, scatter, as grain

拋撒tabuR₁ [POC]

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172
tae

excreta

排泄物taqe₂ [POC]taqay

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173
taili

fishline formerly made from the bark of the #pusi (Lyonsia sp.)

以前用貓科動物的樹皮製成的魚線tail [POC]

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174
tama-na

father

父親t-amax [PMP]amax

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175
ta-mana-i

blessed

有福的mana₂ [POC]

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176
tani

here

在這裏tani₂ [PMP]

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177
taŋiri

a fish generally got by trolling, a species of kingfish

一種魚,通常是用拖網釣來的,一種金魚taŋiRi [PMP]

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178
tasa

one, especially in counting

一個,尤指在數數中tasa [POC]

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179
tata

close, near; almost

接近,接近;幾乎tata₂ [POC]

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180
ta-talise

a tree that bears a fine almond-like edible nut: ‘Terminalia catappa’

一種結有類似於杏仁的可食堅果的樹:'Terminalia catappa'talise₁ [POC]talisay

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181
ta-talise

a variety of crab (dark carapace with 6 or 7 white spots)

各種螃蟹(黑色甲殼,有6或7個白點)talise₂ [POC]talise

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182
tia-na

belly, abdomen

腹部tian [PMP]tiaN

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183
tie tu-turaŋa

a guide or leader

嚮導或領導turaŋa [POC]

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184
tie vaka

white man

白人waga [POC]waŋka

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185
tie vaka

a white man

白人pakaq [POC]baŋkaq

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186
tie varane

a brave man

勇敢的人paRane [POC]baRani

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187
tihe

to sneeze

打噴嚏tise [POC]

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tihe

to sneeze

打噴嚏噪聲

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tina-na

M

t-ina [PMP]ina

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t〈in〉uraŋa

guidance

指導turaŋa [POC]

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tiro

to read

閱讀tiro [POC]tindaw

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tiro-ana

a mirror or looking glass

鏡子或鏡子tiro [POC]tindaw

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tita

the powdered seeds of Parinarium laurinum, made into a paste which is effectively used for caulking canoes, and in inlay work

qatita [POC]

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titisi

sprinkle, shake off

灑,抖titis [PMP]

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tivi-tivi

loincloth

腰帶tipi [POC]

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toba

a long narrow island lying close to a mainland

靠近大陸的狹長島嶼tobwa [POC]tobwa₁

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toga

said of a flock of #belama (frigate birds) settling in a #naru (Casuarina tree)

說到一群“貝拉瑪”(護衛艦鳥)棲息在一棵木麻黃樹上toka₃ [POC]tekas

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toga

said of a flock of frigate birds settling in a #naru (Casuarina tree), etc.

說的是一群軍艦鳥在納魯(木麻黃樹)等地定居。toka₂ [POC]

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togarauru

a wind that blows from north to northwest

從北吹到西北的風tokalaur [POC]

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200
toka

set out on a voyage

啟航toka₃ [POC]toka₁

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toka

to set out on a voyage

啟航toka₂ [POC]

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tolo-ŋa-vulu

thirty

三十tolu-ŋa-puluq [POC]telu

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tolo-ŋa-vulu

thirty

三十ŋa [PMP]

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tubu

sore, ulcer

潰瘍tubu₁ [POC]

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tui

tree with inedible bean-like fruit

不可食用的豆狀果實樹tui₁ [PMP]

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tunu

burn scars on the arm, as is often done by young boys

手臂上有燒傷的疤痕,這是年輕男孩經常做的事tunu [PMP]CuNuh

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tura-na

an acquaintance or friend who is not a relative

不是親戚的熟人或朋友tu(rR)a [POC]

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turaŋa

to lead

領導turaŋa [POC]

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turaŋa-na

kinsman, relative

親屬tuRaŋ [POC]

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turu

to stand

站起來turu₂ [POC]

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turu

to stand

站起來tuqur₁ [POC]tuqud

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turu-e

to start, as on a journey by land

出發,如在陸上旅行turu₂ [POC]

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tutu

a large stick used for mixing native puddings; a small pestle used for mixing betel nut in a mortar

用來混合本地布丁的大棒;用來在研缽中混合檳榔的小杵tutuk₂ [POC]tuktuk₃

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tuva

arthritis, paralysis of arms, face, etc.

關節炎、手臂、面部麻痹等。tupa₁ [POC]

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tuvaka

mend, repair

修理,修理tupak [POC]

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tuvaka

to mend, repair

修補噪聲

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tuvulu

send out new growth, of trees that have been cut down

把新長出來的,砍下來的樹tupul [POC]

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uloso

maggot

qulej [PMP]

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ul-uloso

maggots, when in numbers

蛆,在數量上qulej qulej [PMP]qulej

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220
ululu-na

high, lofty

高,高qulu qulu [PAN]quluh

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221
uma

make a garden

造園quma [PMP]qumah

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unusu

pull out, as a tooth, a nail, a post

拔出,如牙齒、釘子、柱子unus [POC]SuNus

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u-ruru

light breeze causing ripples on water

微風在水面上激起漣漪ruru₂ [POC]

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utuvu

to draw water

取水qutup [POC]qutub

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vaka

a vessel--used distinctively of a non-native craft

一種船——特別用於非本土的船waga [POC]waŋka

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vaka

a vessel, used distinctively of non-native craft

船一種特殊用於非本土工藝的船pakaq [POC]baŋkaq

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va-mate-a

kill

殺死paka-mate-ia [POC]aCay

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vaŋavaŋa

enlarge the cuts made with an axe, as when felling a tree

把用斧頭砍下的傷口擴大,如砍樹paŋa₂ [POC]baŋa₂

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vaŋunu

awake

喚醒paŋun [POC]baŋuN

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varane

brave, bold

勇敢,勇敢paRane [POC]baRani

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varara

wooden handle, as of an axe, etc.

木柄,如斧頭等。paRara [POC]paRada

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vari

wood rasp

木銼pari₁ [POC]

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vari-vose

to race

賽跑pose [POC]beRsay

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234
varu

a tree: Hibiscus tiliaceus

一棵樹:芙蓉paRu [POC]baRu

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va vaŋun-ia

to wake a person

叫醒某人paŋun-ia [POC]baŋuN

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va vura-ia

cause to appear, reveal

使出現,顯露pura [POC]

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velavela

to shout, as an official at a gathering, a man in anger, etc.

喊叫,如在集會上的官員、憤怒的人等。pela pela [POC]

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vili-suru

a small noisy greenish bird often found at coconut and Barringtonia blossoms

椰子鳥一種常在椰子樹和花叢中發現的吵鬧的綠色小鳥pwirip [POC]

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v〈in〉a-gila-gila

a sign

徵兆kilala [PAN]

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vina lima

fifth

第五lima [PAN]

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vina-rua

second

第二rua [POC]duSa

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viru-viru

a variety of swordfish smaller than #ikutaina (general term for swordfish)

比ikutaina小的各種旗魚(旗魚的總稱)piRu-piRu [POC]

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vi-virua

whirlwind, waterspout

龍捲風,水龍卷pipirua [POC]

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volos-ia

to bound

束縛噪聲

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voloso-na

a boundary

邊界噪聲

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volo-voloso

lines, stripes

線條、條紋polos₂ [POC]

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volo-voloso

lines, stripes

線條、條紋噪聲

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vose

a paddle; to paddle

劃槳pose [POC]beRsay

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vose rarata

closely follow the coast line in a canoe, etc.

乘獨木舟等緊跟海岸線。raRat [POC]daRat

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vose-vose

to paddle

劃槳pose pose [POC]beRsay

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251
vua

bear fruit

結果實puaq [POC]buaq

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vua-heni-na

fruiting time, season, year

結果時間、季節、年份puaq [POC]buaq

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vua-na

fruit

水果puaq [POC]buaq

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vugo

tomorrow

明天puko [POC]

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vura

to appear

出現pura [POC]

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vu-vua

fruit trees

果樹puaq [POC]buaq

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vu-vua

seahorse

海馬puqaya [POC]buqaya

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vuvusu

strew; crumble soil, as in gardening; fall, as dust from a dirty roof, to fall, as leaves of various plants

pupus [POC]busbus

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ziŋana

a very small fish resembling whitebait

類似銀魚的非常小的魚jiŋana [POC]

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zuli

to transplant seedlings, etc.

移栽幼苗等。suli₁ [PMP]

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