語言點字數與中古音的比較參考
域外音 高麗漢字音
出處:申祐先《韓國漢字音歷史層次研究》
分享者:甯波·鯨埼
5415
4764 淨字
↓ 以下表來自程序自動切分字音,未經校對,帶電子文件瑕疵、技術瑕疵,讀者需自己辨別。 ↓

一、韻母-聲母配合表

韻尾介音韻母pphtthtssztshkkhhmnŋrjwpjphjtjthjtsjsjzjtshjkjmjnjŋjrjhjǾj
a42961612181430171510111320165916
ə374014
e122341114123244212211511
o24314110392675141309301327632462330941672535
u561149916971192011821614517251261934432
i5114111532421215172233121
ai11256861314512
ei4103114191512621137312
oi813811191156
əi18139184561817135
ɨ11
ɨi41445012125
uui351811429
wwa1032221711
we1
wai8223212
wei1269
mam2237391916389
əm962
em66411661225296131118
um2
im15114881441
ɨm112437
nan259221161615241719413112
ən113
en1411124121021125306161593916257
on21237399213
un253631059111212164210
in81318231052868
ɨn1167113
wwan2252516
wen1110527
ŋ23121810138301111227931726762149148
əŋ2
115533317181034124201420
320742511105372115
626146121342
13411615
oiŋ41
əiŋ2348861014
ɨŋ5131113242165
iiuŋ1
wwaŋ2212145
pap4465410235
ep121342423421212
ip3211114
ɨp56645
kak21115454116511921243512811
ək3
ek211161168132112956115
ok1917228391613
uk181919166126
ik243101227
oik22
əik9155822619
ɨk2133610136
iiek11
wwak710
heh1
rar9372251255436
ər3
er46348914194216554
or5243212
ur1414411544
ir91265123437
ɨr613322
wwar126131
wer75

二、聲調-聲母配合表

聲調pphtthtssztshkkhhmnŋrjwpjphjtjthjtsjsjzjtshjkjmjnjŋjrjhjǾj
13947110459313285823614768187819168821641002263641486525102180
1013870358011520402041236723611131457756861438501512482577147
81216341595333412726145121401962944459052526610130272795
171214141935219224191341513210119121124810
Ⓡ/Ⓗ114965662283152256131410119137
5103658191192233462116369
Ⓛ/Ⓡ213571128521111212312117
Ⓛ/Ⓗ12221121
Ⓛ/Ⓡ/Ⓗ11221

三、聲調-韻母配合表

聲調aəeouiaieioiəiɨɨiuiwawewaiweiaməmemumimɨmanənenonuninɨnwanwenəŋoiŋəiŋɨŋiuŋwaŋapepipɨpakəkekokukikoikəikɨkiekwakeharərerorurirɨrwarwer
98325226221311011462756521926531045191870110627644423292715311305530135294022111
1043179181166107439435402717316244044612188939924393410241368532661210139
492495221618151794111852133611842113841122412331216844262433221752282162650171211
394102225259757279411031141762631244163211273153221161211
Ⓡ/Ⓗ3342818113921432111161531351211
212541132114137173431410121222114113221324212211
Ⓛ/Ⓡ3384611521112117111131141
Ⓛ/Ⓗ1311111111
Ⓛ/Ⓡ/Ⓗ12121

四、調值-調類對應表

與《廣韻》單聲調字的對應
調值全清平次清平全濁平次濁平全清上次清上全濁上次濁上全清去次清去全濁去次濁去全清入次清入全濁入次濁入
5341594163191037711439121
283181319444111127243691461423211
422421614164110281727399171158
271222121721922121071741010
Ⓡ/Ⓗ11875102511914
147876124733712276
Ⓛ/Ⓡ8354112514231
Ⓛ/Ⓗ3121111
Ⓛ/Ⓡ/Ⓗ1113

五、速查調類表

這是對表四的粗概括、用於其他功能裡快速追溯中古調
調值調類轄字
122021
(字少不確定)283
34561637
Ⓛ/Ⓡ(字少不確定)61
3b781128
(字少不確定)124
Ⓡ/Ⓗ(字少不確定)142
Ⓛ/Ⓗ(字少不確定)12
Ⓛ/Ⓡ/Ⓗ(字少不確定)7
說明1:清平 2:濁平 3:清上 4:濁上 5:清去 6:濁去 7:清入 8濁入
a:全清、全濁 b:次清、次濁
舉例:22-24b6(調值-調類)表示今調值22的字主要來自中古的2(濁平)、4b(次濁上)、6(濁去),按阿拉伯數字排序。
(調類計算範圍:表四16類中,每類取字數最多者以及字數不少於最多者字數1/3者,不足者略去不計)

六、音素統計(舊版是扇形圖)

提示:第三列「個數」包含瑕疵音標、真實數量需自己判斷
類別轄字排名個數
聲母k

642

456 h

374 p

358 s

347 sj

299 t

279 ts

273 Ǿj

224 m

208 r

202 tj

187 tsj

183 tsh

167 kj

166 rj

160 th

149 tshj

141 ph

126 hj

86 thj

81 n

61 pj

48 zj

44 phj

40 mj

37 z

34 nj

33 kh

6 j

1 w

1 ŋ

1 ŋj

1
33
韻母o

567 u

483 i

286

262 a

252 en

237

206 an

194 ei

176 e

150 ak

131 ek

127 un

119 əi

117 ɨi

110 in

101 am

99 em

99

86 er

85 ə

82 ai

73 oi

72 ok

71 wan

68 wa

65 ar

63 ɨŋ

62 ui

61 on

60 ir

52 uk

51 əik

48 im

47 əiŋ

46 wen

44 ap

43 ep

43

38 ɨn

38 waŋ

35 ɨk

35 ik

31

31 ur

29 wei

27 ɨm

27 ɨp

26 wai

20 or

19 wak

17 ɨr

17 əm

17 war

14 ip

13 wer

12 oiŋ

5 ən

5 oik

4 ək

3 ər

3 əŋ

2 iek

2 um

2 ɨ

2 we

1 eh

1 iuŋ

1
68
聲調

2021

1637

1128

283 Ⓡ/Ⓗ

142

124 Ⓛ/Ⓡ

61 Ⓛ/Ⓗ

12 Ⓛ/Ⓡ/Ⓗ

7
9
介音

5048 w

303 u

61 i

3
4
元音a

1243 e

1007 o

803 u

723 i

622 əi

211 ɨ

207 ei

203 ə

112 ɨi

110 ai

93 oi

81
12
韻尾

2544 n

866 ŋ

774 k

520 r

294 m

291 p

125 h

1
8
音節
不計聲調
ku

71 pu

56 ko

51 pi

51 sju

51 kɨi

50 Ǿju

44 si

42 ho

41 to

41

40 tso

39 tsə

37 Ǿo

35 kjeŋ

34 tjeŋ

33 sje

32 Ǿu

32 tsi

32 pho

31 ri

31 tjei

31 Ǿjei

31 ka

30 kaŋ

30 kjo

30 mo

30 ro

30 sjen

30 pha

29 Ǿui

29 tjo

27 Ǿwen

27 kjei

26 sjaŋ

26 so

26 hwan

25 kwan

25 pan

25 pun

25 Ǿjen

25 Ǿjo

25 Ǿɨi

25 tsjen

25 tshju

25 kan

24 po

24 sjo

24 ke

23 paŋ

23 sin

23 tshjo

23 kwa

22 mi

22 rje

22 tam

22 tan

22 pak

21 sjek

21 sjun

21 taŋ

21 tjen

21 tju

21 Ǿi

21 mu

20 rjeŋ

20 sja

20 toŋ

20 Ǿjeŋ

20 hoi

19 hu

19 kam

19 man

19 pok

19 rju

19 tsjei

19 həi

18 pəi

18 ru

18 sa

18 sjeŋ

18 tsin

18 tsəi

18 ha

17 han

17 hwa

17 ki

17 məi

17 tok

17 tsjaŋ

17 tsjeŋ

17 ham

16 hjen

16 kɨn

16 pjek

16 rjo

16 san

16 su

16 tjek

16 tha

16 Ǿa

16 Ǿwan

16 tshjen

16 kjen

15 ma

15 pjeŋ

15 roi

15 sjei

15 thak

15 thi

15 Ǿje

15 tshan

15 tshi

15 hjeŋ

14 hwaŋ

14 pen

14 phi

14 rjaŋ

14 sim

14 sjer

14 sɨi

14 tje

14 tu

14 thjei

14 Ǿjaŋ

14 tsju

14 tsha

14 tshjui

14 kai

13 piŋ

13 phjo

13 ran

13 rjei

13 rjem

13 saŋ

13 sɨŋ

13 tin

13 təi

13 tɨŋ

13 Ǿon

13 Ǿɨn

13 tsja

13 tsjek

13 hjep

12 hɨi

12 kar

12 ken

12 kju

12 kwaŋ

12 kwei

12 kɨm

12 maŋ

12 mjeŋ

12 pjen

12 phai

12 tir

12 ton

12 zi

12 Ǿai

12 Ǿan

12 tsa

12 tsjak

12 tsje

12 tsjem

12 tshjek

12 haŋ

11 kak

11 koi

11 koŋ

11 ra

11 ti

11 than

11 Ǿak

11 Ǿe

11 Ǿjek

11 Ǿjem

11 Ǿwa

11 tsjun

11 tsɨŋ

11 hap

10 hoŋ

10 hwak

10 kun

10 kwen

10 kɨk

10 məiŋ

10 na

10 phjei

10 phjen

10 sik

10 tho

10 zin

10 Ǿun

10 tsaŋ

10 tswa

10 tshjeŋ

10 hjaŋ

9 hon

9 kjek

9 kjem

9 kjer

9 kon

9 mjen

9 mjo

9 mok

9 mun

9 no

9 par

9 pəik

9 phan

9 phir

9 rak

9 rjen

9 sjuk

9 tjaŋ

9 thjuk

9 thu

9 thəi

9 Ǿam

9 Ǿja

9 Ǿəik

9 tsjer

9 tsu

9 tsəm

9 tsham

9 tshjwei

9 tshu

9 hui

8 kok

8 kuk

8 kəiŋ

8 min

8 pin

8 ram

8 sai

8 swai

8 səiŋ

8 thaŋ

8 thjek

8 thjer

8 thoi

8 zim

8 Ǿaŋ

8 Ǿem

8 Ǿin

8 Ǿjak

8 tshaŋ

8 tshim

8 tshoi

8 tshəik

8 hjei

7 hjo

7 hɨn

7 kwak

7 kwer

7 raŋ

7 roŋ

7 son

7 tar

7 thoŋ

7 zjaŋ

7 zju

7 Ǿen

7 Ǿik

7 Ǿir

7 Ǿɨm

7 tsam

7 tsho

7 hak

6 hjek

6 hwei

6 həiŋ

6 kem

6 ker

6 kjun

6 kuŋ

6 kwar

6 kəi

6 kɨp

6 məik

6 njem

6 nju

6 pem

6 pɨr

6 phuŋ

6 rin

6 rjer

6 rjuk

6 rok

6 rɨk

6 rɨŋ

6 səm

6 sɨp

6 ta

6 tjem

6 tun

6 thai

6 thjem

6 thjo

6 thju

6 thjuŋ

6 zjen

6 zjo

6 Ǿar

6 Ǿoi

6 Ǿuk

6 tsan

6 tsap

6 tsir

6 tshai

6 tshiŋ

6 tshja

6 tshjaŋ

6 tshjuk

6 tshɨk

6 har

5 hjer

5 hun

5 hwen

5 kja

5 kjak

5 kui

5 mak

5 mar

5 moŋ

5 nai

5 pɨŋ

5 phjeŋ

5 rjek

5 rjur

5 sak

5 sap

5 sir

5 səik

5 tai

5 tor

5 thim

5 thəik

5 zjem

5 Ǿap

5 Ǿek

5 Ǿiŋ

5 Ǿjer

5 Ǿoŋ

5 Ǿwaŋ

5 Ǿwer

5 Ǿəi

5 Ǿɨp

5 Ǿɨŋ

5 tsɨp

5 tshar

5 tshin

5 tshoŋ

5 tshəi

5 he

4 hem

4 hen

4 hir

4 hjur

4 hɨm

4 hɨp

4 kap

4 kei

4 koiŋ

4 kur

4 kɨŋ

4 mai

4 mjer

4 nan

4 nar

4 nim

4 njep

4 njeŋ

4 njo

4 pa

4 per

4 pjer

4 pɨi

4 rim

4 rip

4 rjun

4 rjuŋ

4 sjak

4 sjep

4 sjur

4 sor

4 səi

4 tap

4 tiŋ

4 tjuŋ

4 thap

4 thik

4 thjep

4 thjur

4 zje

4 Ǿer

4 Ǿur

4 Ǿəiŋ

4 tsak

4 tsoŋ

4 tsəiŋ

4 tshak

4 tshje

4 tshə

4 tshɨi

4 her

3 hju

3 hok

3 hwar

3 hək

3 hən

3 hɨr

3 kir

3 kjep

3 kor

3 khwai

3 mir

3 mɨk

3 nam

3 ni

3 njen

3 noŋ

3 poŋ

3 pər

3 phar

3 phip

3 phun

3 rap

3 rar

3 rəi

3 rɨm

3 sam

3 soi

3 sui

3 swa

3 sɨr

3 tjep

3 tham

3 thjaŋ

3 thjeŋ

3 thəiŋ

3 thɨk

3 zjak

3 Ǿok

3 tsik

3 tsjo

3 tson

3 tsun

3 tsɨk

3 tshjuŋ

3 tshon

3 hoik

2 hor

2 hwai

2 həik

2 həŋ

2 hɨŋ

2 kep

2 kin

2 kje

2 koik

2 kwai

2 kəik

2 mjei

2 mɨr

2 nap

2 naŋ

2 nik

2 njaŋ

2 njer

2 pon

2 pɨk

2 phum

2 phəiŋ

2 rik

2 rjak

2 rjep

2 ron

2 sar

2 se

2 sjem

2 sjuŋ

2 sok

2 soŋ

2 swan

2 swaŋ

2 tek

2 tik

2 thar

2 thjak

2 thuŋ

2 zjun

2 Ǿei

2 Ǿep

2 Ǿjuk

2 Ǿjun

2 Ǿor

2 Ǿuŋ

2 Ǿwai

2 Ǿɨr

2 tsip

2 tsjep

2 tsjoŋ

2 tsok

2 tsor

2 tswaŋ

2 tshir

2 tshjem

2 tshjep

2 tshwa

2 tshwai

2 tshwar

2 tshəm

2 tshɨŋ

2 hai

1 hep

1 hip

1 hje

1 hjem

1 hjuk

1 hoiŋ

1 huŋ

1 hwe

1 hɨk

1 je

1 keŋ

1 kik

1 kim

1 kjur

1 kən

1 khaŋ

1 khui

1 khwar

1 mek

1 mjak

1 mor

1 mɨi

1 mɨn

1 nak

1 nip

1 nje

1 njei

1 noi

1 nok

1 nu

1 nun

1 nur

1 nəi

1 nəik

1 nɨŋ

1 pai

1 pep

1 piek

1 pje

1 pur

1 phaŋ

1 phen

1 phjek

1 phjem

1 phu

1 rem

1 riek

1 riŋ

1 rwai

1 rəiŋ

1 sip

1 sjoŋ

1 sjui

1 swar

1 swen

1

1 tak

1 ten

1 tim

1 tjeh

1 tjuk

1 tuk

1 twen

1 təik

1 tɨk

1 the

1 thiuŋ

1 thjen

1 thjok

1 thən

1 thɨm

1 wan

1 zip

1 zir

1 ziŋ

1 zja

1 zjer

1 zjuk

1 zjuŋ

1

1 ŋak

1 ŋjer

1 Ǿim

1 Ǿjep

1 Ǿjoŋ

1 Ǿwar

1 tsek

1 tsim

1 tsiŋ

1 tsjuk

1 tsjuŋ

1 tsoi

1 tsɨ

1 tsɨr

1 tshjei

1 tshjun

1 tshjur

1 tshɨn

1
613
音節
計聲調
kuⓇ

33 kuⓁ

30 kɨiⓁ

27 sjuⒽ

26 ǾjuⓁ

25 hoⓁ

24 piⓁ

24 puⓇ

24 sjeⓇ

23 səⓇ

23 piⓇ

22 tjeŋⓁ

22 toⓁ

22 kaⓇ

21 pakⒽ

21 puⓁ

21 siⓇ

21 sjekⒽ

21 ǾjeiⓇ

21 sjuⓁ

20 ǾwenⓁ

20 kaŋⓁ

19 paŋⓁ

19 pokⒽ

19 kjeŋⓁ

18 koⓁ

18 poⓇ

18 tjoⓁ

18 ǾoⓁ

18 phoⓁ

17 sjenⓇ

17 ǾjeŋⓁ

17 ǾjuⓇ

17 ǾuⓇ

17 tsoⓇ

17 tsəⓁ

17 kɨiⒽ

16 punⓁ

16 sjaŋⓁ

16 sjoⓁ

16 soⓁ

16 tjekⒽ

16 tokⒽ

16 ǾɨiⓇ

16 tsiⒽ

16 tsjenⓁ

16 tshjoⓁ

16 tshjuⓁ

16 moⓇ

15 rjeⓇ

15 …… (太多!顯示數量排名前50位)
1361
 
蘇ICP備17001294號 | 5.53MB 5.89MB 0.089s | 材料如有冒犯通知即刪