提示:上古音欄目內部位置有所調整、所有功能都在、可仔細找找

對應比例(%)
全表均值:14.36

舉例:38表示每100個音節有38個發現語音對應
值越大語言越親

爾瑪語組嘉絨語組南部語組附:納西語




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爾瑪語北·蘆花系*54302728231719165.47.39.985.76.9158.69.19.77.98119.99119.1121718124.6125.58.65.98.37.48.78.87.57.211
爾瑪語北·麻窩系*54383132211926253.46.17.24.725.89.76.24.15.86.97.77.7136.5136.1131917109.9111.79.29.4119.19.19.9119.59.4
爾瑪語北·亞都系*30383635232533294.1686.33.84.78.65.37.96.58.35.98.887.5116.6101318145.48.94.2138.8146.1118.3131012
爾瑪語北·松潘話*27313632222530237.87.65.74.64.86.86.38.6159.99.9141111121110131212115.35.85.77.17.811105.67.6118.610
爾瑪語北·維古系283235322933332618136.945.3114.491014814206.7149.613191215113.44.29.3115.26.7115.717171314
爾瑪語南·大岐山系*232123222950432918154.96.85.2158.49.58.6156.5142010111216211113143.56.47.9126.76149.218211313
爾瑪語南·綿虒系·綿虒鎮171925253350463219136.57.75.9127.81312139.3132111161518281416113.9714117.49.3158.117191417
爾瑪語南·綿虒系·雁門鄉192633303343463915146.64.15138.18.910128.314219.7111616201216167.23.98.8126.411138.517161214
爾瑪語南·龍溪系1625292326293239106.84.43.72.56.34.95.56.76.55.79.7126.587.610159.38.4105.53.34.99.45.95.7106.29.7137.112
嘉絨語東·小金5.43.44.17.818181915104236381923221215171115179.31810111814109.96.34.78.6116.26.19.18.515181415
嘉絨語東·丹巴*7.36.167.6131513146.84249422122251012151015181416124.81613138.77.87.45.9117.75.59.51311151515
嘉絨語東·理縣9.97.285.76.94.96.56.64.43649452016215.99.2115.48.51210139.74.41016137.75.15.35.1898.26.9128.39.38.512
嘉絨語東·梭磨84.76.34.646.87.74.13.73842452819327.6121410131512137.54.67.6119.1116.55.48.12.77.25.15.78.86.86.88.48.7
嘉絨語北·草登5.723.84.85.35.25.952.51921202830261317141216171112127.47.7128.62.97.74.74.16.85.28.84.86.72.74.44.56.4
嘉絨語北·日部*6.95.84.76.8111512136.3232216193023161823182323141818111713149.42.77.15.48.13.65.67.26.39.6128.98.8
拉塢戎語·業隆話159.78.66.34.48.47.88.14.92225213226231822222221231816177.81616169.5117.710119.9127.9167.29.48.711
爾龔語·爐霍*8.66.25.38.699.5138.95.512105.97.613161845353234332222217.51614119.23.14.84.38.16.16.87.99.988.48.28.7
爾龔語·道孚9.14.17.915108.612106.715129.21217182245423535342624239.4211814141.79.75.28.84.56.57.29.39109.28.6
爾龔語·丹巴9.75.86.59.9141513126.517151114142322354228343617232314182116114.166.99.76.88.989.510139.410
爾龔語·壤塘7.96.98.39.986.59.38.35.711105.4101218223235285546182119111718179.377.34.47.54.3106.711118.99.38.8
嘉絨語西·上寨話87.75.914141413149.715158.513162321343534555821172412211412166.45.17.3137.29.889.212111110
嘉絨語西·小伊里話117.78.811202021211217181215172323333436465825192714251513206.95111168.46.81019171417
卻域語9.9138116.710119.76.59.31410121114182226171821252221111620181411139.4141211131810116.69.4
扎巴語96.57.512141116118181613131218162224232117192224102018201214115.2149.58.28.91313131316
木雅語·康定111311119.61215167.610129.77.51218172123231924272124281521251679.97.47.76.38.79.29.914121417
木雅語·雅安9.16.16.6101316181610114.84.44.67.4117.87.59.414111214111028151317128.37.45.2137.36.3125.513121116
貴瓊語1213101319212820151816107.67.7171616211817212516201515202014121015151113151216171514
普米語·木里17191312121114129.3141316111213161418211814152018211320572915199.9141821162015171719
普米語·蘭坪18171812151316168.41013139.18.6141611141617121318202517205722182110201716152321202427
史興語1210141111141116109.98.77.7112.99.49.59.214119.31620141216121429229.18.16.6151720172323212023
爾蘇語4.69.95.45.33.43.53.97.25.56.37.85.16.57.72.7113.11.74.176.46.9111478.31215189.139161111108.2135.6125.111
里汝語12118.95.84.26.473.93.34.77.45.35.44.77.17.74.89.767.35.1513119.97.41019218.1392121121210158.29.81314
多續語5.51.74.25.79.37.9148.84.98.65.95.18.14.15.4104.35.26.94.47.3119.45.27.45.2159.9106.61621187.97.39.6118.77.71211
納木依語8.69.2137.1111211129.4111182.76.88.1118.18.89.77.5131114147.713151420151121182619212423292125
納西語東·北渠垻系5.99.48.87.85.26.77.46.45.96.27.797.25.23.69.96.14.56.84.37.26129.56.37.31118171711127.92640415434373432
納西語東·摩梭話·永寧8.31114116.769.3115.76.15.58.25.18.85.6126.86.58.9109.88.4118.28.76.31321162010127.31940443737403740
納西語東·摩梭話·格薩拉7.49.16.11011141513109.19.56.95.74.87.27.97.97.286.786.8138.99.212151615178.2109.62141443131363435
納西語東·瑪麗瑪薩話8.79.1115.65.79.28.18.56.28.513128.86.76.3169.99.39.5119.21018139.95.5122023231315112454373142474442
納西語西·大研系8.89.98.37.6171817179.715118.36.82.79.67.2891011121910131413161521235.68.28.72334373142716863
納西語西·寶山系7.5111311172119161318159.36.84.4129.48.410138.911171113121217172021129.87.72937403647716569
納西語西·麗江垻系7.29.5108.6131314127.114158.58.44.58.98.78.29.29.49.311146.6131411151724205.113122134373444686563
納西語西·三垻話119.4121014131714121515128.76.48.8118.78.6108.810179.4161716141927231114112532403542636963
說明
原理這是用程序找出的對應語素(含固有詞、借詞),程序先用概率方法找語音對應,再用語音對應篩出對應語素。語音對應越強,對應語素最多,語言歷史越近;語音對應越弱,對應語素越少,語言歷史越遠。(不同語系所用的概率閾值不同,兩語系間不具有可比性)

誤差提示:程序尋找语音對應、未經人工確認、有一定的錯誤(約3%、每30根對應線約1根錯)

(語音對應無視IPA音值、依據信噪比的概率篩、考虑樣本大小導致的高斯誤差)
此法找對應詞像魚網打魚、小於網眼的魚是打不到的、語言越疏遠魚越小漏網越多、表中對應詞比實際少、但由於魚網相同所以結果公平可比
特點回歸語音對應、回歸語言學傳統!
局限不區分借詞和固有詞、體現的是語言整體的相似性
素材取材於語保工程公開材料(每個語言點約2800詞)
其他提示表中「爾瑪語」即羌語、避免和廣義羌語(羌語支)混淆
帶*的語言點音節相連、這些語言點音節切分存在瑕疵(如patso不知是pat-so還是pa-tso)
高級
 
蘇ICP備17001294號 | 0.59MB 1.23MB 0.635s | 材料如有冒犯通知即刪