提示:上古音欄目內部位置有所調整、所有功能都在、可仔細找找

對應比例(%)
全表均值:17.76

舉例:38表示每100個音節有38個發現語音對應
值越大語言越親

湘西苗語黔東苗語黔中苗語西部苗語布努巴哼畬炯奈優諾瑤語


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苗湘西·龍山-里耶-新雙332531292017171611129.21312141915109.6171517182020182217111312611149.8119.611117136.626.71.85.6
苗湘西·瀘溪-小章-大水坪33383328211510109.5137.711121515146.48.19.815141512201417141512131013149.7131214171314119.17.16.57
苗湘西·秀山-梅江-民族村2538605822181817141610161317211711112017171816182020171914141316159.5111115141213116.95.85.77.7
苗湘西·花垣-吉衛-臘乙坪3133606720201920192517171919171814172121192018212025201914198.618126.98.77.79.2116.59.18.26.35.53.95.4
苗湘西·松桃-磐石-布妹2928586714232122222417192013191915171923211921191917231712201120127.57.26.688.45.8997.17.95.94
苗黔東·天柱-竹林-秀田20212220142633352921132116192220129.81820172222232122221918131319231517151718141816148.15.210
苗黔東·麻江-龍山-河垻1715182023263836412922252317252416192023222122261925232517167.117138.39.699.69.15.68.61187.66.56.8
苗黔東·凱里-開懷-掛丁1710181921333859502714262116222015141923211922232023212211138.31510898.19.79.35.27.48.18.66.95.36
苗黔東·榕江-平陽-丹江1610172022353659522916221917262215182125232223272425232415157.318117.28.68.69.7115.69.89.68.39.16.45.9
苗黔東·都勻-勻東-擺茶119.5141922294150522618242314161812151720181921191917211915147.7167.34.95.46.14.16.823.35.83.85.622.6
苗川黔滇·花溪-高坡-甲定121316252421292729266841393732282126343937313340333835311920101817109.89.59.210101113116.85.56
苗川黔滇·龍里-龍山-中排9.27.7101717132214161868303429272116202634332528292930311414105.5129.47.37.787.16.44.45.96.85.66.55.96.2
苗川黔滇·黃平-重興-塘都1311161719212526222441302827282616222631292928343130292118131.617138.8109.99.8107.19.1116.44.25.96.1
苗川黔滇·紫雲-宗地-山腳寨1212131920162321192339342827292421262533322830332929331915157.916128.77.26.65.48.94.55.76.55.86.74.94.2
苗川黔滇·花溪-青岩-擺托1415171913191716171437292727192217192229282929293029281415148.6141710119.911128.8148.98.17.63.84
苗川黔滇·福泉-仙橋-月塘191521171922252226163227282919561919243228252333293127139.2123.618154.5118.21467.64.65.22.17.532.9
苗川黔滇·凱里-大風洞-官莊1514171819202420221828212624225616182126252223302627241013127.114147.79.27.614868.55.67.643.52.5
苗川黔滇·彝良-海子-大坪106.41114151216151512211616211719165729333330333130333311108.55.7115.84.16.14.954.62.61.54.45.32.30.63.5
苗川黔滇·威寧-石門-榮和9.68.11117179.819141815262022261919185731434038403938413915129.66.1126.16.36.365.26.22.12.54.565.21.73.6
苗川黔滇·敘永-分水-木格倒179.82021191820192117342626252224212931464651445157605421169.68.317148.810101212119.67.98.25.82.66.6
苗川黔滇·普定-坪上-石板1515172123202323252039343133293226334346635051605254541915169.219138.18.87.78119.58.16.77.58.13.15.3
苗川黔滇·六枝-梭嘎-高興1714171921172221231837332932282825334046634852565254531914136.717129.48.77.17.29.77.287.69.25.92.55.4
苗川黔滇·貞豐-連環-坡棉1815182019222119221931252928292522303851504859536058641718115.616171411111213129.96.79.17.257.3
苗川黔滇·廣南-南屏-馬街2012161821222222232133282830292323334044515259616158642116147.91715109.47.89.49.78.4108.87.26.35.15.8
苗川黔滇·廣南-八寶-老寨2020182119232623271940293433293330313951605653616455592619179.2231613129.713141412118.58.967.3
苗川黔滇·馬關-八寨-八圍樹1814202019211920241933293129302926303857525260616464672217136.6191612128.5121110129.59.96.93.46.4
苗川黔滇·畢節-燕子口-大南山2217202517222523251738303029293127334160545458585564592022148.1181411108.211139.812107.25.15.87.2
苗川黔滇·河口-橋頭-老街子1714172023222321232135312933282724333954545364645967592116149.21715119.57.8118.87.99.87.76.86.83.87.3
布努·荔波-茂蘭-瑤麓1115191917192522241931142119141310111521191917212622202125115.911115.25.96.57.78.65.48.7107.15.64.48
布努·巴馬-東山-文錢1312141412181711151519141815159.213101216151418161917221625123.816111113111113109.68.886.88.68.9
巴哼·從江-翠里-高忙12131419201316131514201013151412128.59.69.6161311141713141411129.81614111110117.96.47.76.8107.15.44
畬語·博羅-橫河-嶂背610138.611137.18.37.37.7105.51.67.98.63.67.15.76.18.39.26.75.67.99.26.68.19.25.93.89.819133.49.18.94.85.35.23.95.396.10.61.8
炯奈·金秀-六巷-門頭111316182019171518161812171614181411121719171617231918171116161919131819161713141413109.69.9
優諾·龍勝-泗水-馬駱1414151212231310117.3179.413121715145.86.11413121715161614151111141319112122222318221715137.99.6
瑤勉·乳源-東坪-下寨9.89.79.56.97.5158.387.24.9107.38.88.7104.57.74.16.38.88.19.41410131211115.211113.413116747615334374131272428
瑤勉·平桂-水口-龍坪1113118.77.2179.698.65.49.87.7107.211119.26.16.3108.88.7119.41212109.55.913119.118216752735849423530322434
瑤勉·金秀-羅香-羅運9.612117.76.61598.18.66.19.589.96.69.98.27.64.96107.77.1117.89.78.58.27.86.511108.919224752504532373230372828
瑤勉·江華-湘江-廟子源1114159.28179.69.79.74.19.27.19.85.411141455.21287.2129.4131211117.711114.816226173505547413728292135
瑤勉·三都-都江-振興111714118.4189.19.3116.8106.4108.912684.66.212119.7139.71411138.88.6137.95.317235358455559343025291928
瑤勉·榕江-塔石-怎東713126.55.8145.65.25.62104.47.14.58.87.662.62.1119.57.2128.414109.87.95.4106.45.213183449324759272323241724
瑤標敏·全州-東山-竹塢1314139.19188.67.49.83.3115.99.15.7144.68.51.52.59.68.189.9101212129.88.79.67.73.914223742374134273429222121
瑤標敏·恭城-三江-栗田6.611118.2916118.19.65.8136.8116.58.95.25.64.44.57.96.77.66.78.8119.5107.7108.86.85.314174135323730233429281617
瑤藻敏·連南-三江-油嶺29.16.96.37.11488.68.33.8115.66.45.88.12.17.65.368.27.59.29.17.28.59.97.26.87.1810913153130302825232929251525
瑤金門·瓊中-長征-煙園6.77.15.85.57.98.17.66.99.15.66.86.54.26.77.67.542.35.25.88.15.97.26.38.96.95.16.85.66.87.16.110132732372929242228254444
瑤金門·勐臘-瑤區-沙仁1.86.55.73.95.95.26.55.36.425.55.95.94.93.833.50.61.72.63.12.555.163.45.83.84.48.65.40.69.67.92424282119172116154452
瑤金門·廣南-曙光-馬保5.677.75.44106.865.92.666.26.14.242.92.53.53.66.65.35.47.35.87.36.47.27.388.941.89.99.62834283528242117254452
說明
原理這是用程序找出的對應語素(含固有詞、借詞),程序先用概率方法找語音對應,再用語音對應篩出對應語素。語音對應越強,對應語素最多,語言歷史越近;語音對應越弱,對應語素越少,語言歷史越遠。(不同語系所用的概率閾值不同,兩語系間不具有可比性)

誤差提示:程序尋找语音對應、未經人工確認、有一定的錯誤(約3%、每30根對應線約1根錯)

(語音對應無視IPA音值、依據信噪比的概率篩、考虑樣本大小導致的高斯誤差)
此法找對應詞像魚網打魚、小於網眼的魚是打不到的、語言越疏遠魚越小漏網越多、表中對應詞比實際少、但由於魚網相同所以結果公平可比
特點回歸語音對應、回歸語言學傳統!
局限不區分借詞和固有詞、體現的是語言整體的相似性
素材取材於語保工程公開材料(每個語言點約2800詞)
其他提示
高級
 
蘇ICP備17001294號 | 0.62MB 1.39MB 4.807s | 材料如有冒犯通知即刪