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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 339條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
OCa-tolu

be three each

每人三個tolu [PEMP]telu

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

1
ava ~ yava

what? Questions the identity of things other than time..., position ..., persons and personal names..., quantity..., manner

sapa [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

2
avi-avi

evening, be evening, especially the period from late afternoon (about 4:00 p.m.) until darkness; afternoon, be afternoon

Rabi-Rabi [PAN]Rabiqi

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

3
avi-avi boŋi

the period soon after dark, early part of the night

天黑後不久,夜晚的早期Rabi-Rabi [PAN]Rabiqi

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

4
a-vula

fish taxon, probably Megalops cyprinoides

魚類分類群,可能巨齒鯉pu-pulan [POC]bulan-bulan

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

5
baba

board, plank, or other flat, wide piece of wood

木板、木板或其他扁平、寬的木塊baban [POC]papan

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

6
ba-bari

nibble, gnaw

啃,啃bari [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

7
baka

tree taxon applied to at least two figs: Ficus obliqua and F. prolixa (Moraceae), banyan fig

baka₂ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

8
bari

nibble, gnaw something, bite small pieces off something

啃,啃,咬bari [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

9
bati

tooth (of person, animal, etc.); tusk (of pig)

牙齒(指人、動物等);象牙(指豬)bati [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

10
benu

rubbish, refuse, debris; garb of a widow in mourning, traditionally consisting of old rags, now of black garb, and a cord around the neck

benu [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

11
bulu

what is stuck on; adhere, be attached, stick to a surface; be patched, sealed, filled (of a tooth); have something glued on to cover it

bulut [POC]pulut

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

12
bulu-bulu

given to sticking, adhering; be patched, sealed with a patch; be sticky, gluey, adhesive, cloggy, e.g. of clay or cloggy soil, too wet and lumpy to dig

bulut [POC]pulut

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

13
bulut-i

patch something, stick a patch onto something

修補,貼上bulut [POC]pulut

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

14
buto

umbilical cord; navel; the inside, center, interior of something, either of a solid object or of the space inside a hollow object or a bounded area

buto [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

15
buto ni koro

middle, center of a village or town

村莊或城鎮的中心buto [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

16
caka-mana

something done by magic or supernatural force; a miracle, magic

奇跡用魔法或超自然力量做的事情;奇跡mana₂ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

17
cake

climb up or on, mount

爬上或爬上sakay₁ [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

18
cake

climb, ascend, climb up or on, mount; climb up for something, esp. fruit; have intercourse with (vulgar)

sake [POC]sakay₄

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

19
cala

be wrong, incorrect; make a mistake or error; wrongly, mistakenly, in error; miss a target, go astray; do wrong, transgress; wrongdoing, sin, transgression of moral principle

salaq₁ [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

20
cāwaki

generic for urchins with very short spines and brittle shell, black or white in color; found in sandy bottom under seaweeds; eaten

saRawaki [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

21
civo

down, downwards

向下,向下sipo [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

22
ciwa

nine

siwa [PMP]Siwa

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

23
coko

be caught, netted, trapped by something which envelops the victim, as a fish in a net or a person ambushed or surrounded

sogo [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

24
colo

the high inland country of a mountainous land, mountain country, the interior

山地、山地、內陸的內陸高地solos [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

25
cucu

fish of the snapper family, possibly Lethrinus variegatus or Lethrinella sp.

笛鯛科魚類,可能■或■sp。susul₁ [POC]susul

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

26
cum

fish taxon, includes many (Balistidae) and leatherjacket (Aluteridae) species

魚類分類群,包括許多(鳳眼蓮科)和皮革夾克(鳳眼蓮科)種sumu [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

27
curu

go into seclusion for any ritual purpose; enter an institution for a period, e.g. be admitted to a hospital; (of a spirit, demonic force, mood) get into a person, possess someone

surup₁ [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

28
-da

formative in pronouns; marks first person inclusive of addressee, and occurs only after possessive marker and dual and paucal number-marking prefixes in the possessive pronouns

-da₂ [POC]-ta

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

29
drano

a large body of fresh water lying inland, a lake or pond

內陸的一大片淡水湖或池塘rano [POC]danaw

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

30
dranu

fresh, pure (not salty)

新鮮、純淨(不含鹽)ranum [POC]daNum

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

31
dranu-dranu

be fresh, pure (as water that is not salty); (of food) tasteless, unsalted, unseasoned

(指食物)無味的、不加鹽的、未經浸泡的ranum [POC]daNum

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

32
dravu-dravu-a

be poor, deficient, impoverished; lack richness or quality (as someone’s command of a foreign language)

rapuR [POC]dapuR₁

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

33
duci

to point, indicate; explain, show how, demonstrate

指出tusiq [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

34
duci-duci

keep pointing, showing, etc.

不斷指出、展示等。tusiq [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

35
duru

any upright piece of timber or rod which supports a weight; post, stud, pole, etc.

支撐重物的任何豎直的木塊或杆;柱子、螺柱、杆子等。turus [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

36
ei

who? whom? (questions the identity of unnamed persons or the names of individual persons or animals)

sei [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

37
ei avi

in the evening, especially the period from late afternoon until darkness; tonight, this evening

晚上,尤指從下午晚些時候到天黑;今晚,今晚Rapi [POC]Rabiqi

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

38
ikā-tolu

third

第三的ika-tolu [POC]telu

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

39
ika-vitu

seventh

第七ika-pitu [PMP]pitu

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

40
i-ko

second person singular marker: you, occurring as the head-word or nucleus of a noun phrase which typically is the topic of a clause

iko [POC]kaSu

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

41
i-kuvu-kuvu

any escape valve for steam or smoke; chimney, funnel of ship

任何蒸汽或煙霧的逃生閥;煙囪、船舶煙囪kupuk [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

42
i-liŋi-liŋi

manner of pouring, way something is poured

倒東西的管道liŋi-liŋi [POC]liŋi

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

43
i-nima

baler, bailer, anything used to bail

打捆機,打撈機,任何用來打撈的東西nimas [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

44
i-roŋo

noise, sound; news

譟音、聲音;新聞roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

45
i-roŋo-roŋo

news, report; hearing, sense of hearing; stethoscope, hearing aid

新聞,報導;聽力,聽覺;聽診器,助聽器roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

46
i-sali

something for water to flow through: drain, channel, acqueduct, pipe, etc.; ditch or drain made by water flow

saliR [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

47
i-sosomi

replacement, substitute, successor

替換,替換,繼任者噪聲

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

48
i-sovu-sovu

place for descending,; descent path; landing place, place for disembarking

下降的地方;下降的路徑;著陸的地方,下飛機的地方sobu [POC]sombu

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

49
i-sulu

clothes, dress (general); skirt or sarong, sheet of cloth worn wrapped around the waist of a man, and around the waist and upper body of a woman

suluŋ₂ [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

50
i-tau-tau

place for putting things

放東西的地方taRuq [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

51
i-vaka-malu

anything that gives shade or shelter, e.g. a temporary shelter, umbrella

任何遮蔽物或遮蔽物,如臨時遮蔽物、雨傘paka-maluRu [POC]maluRu

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

52
i-vaka-taŋi

instrument for making a sound, musical instrument

發聲器,樂器taŋis [PMP]Caŋis

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

53
i-valu

war

戰爭palu₄ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

54
kacika

emperor fish: Lethrinella miniata

帝王魚:Lethrinella minitakasika [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

55
kai

wood; generic for trees and shrubs, and occasionally low bushy plants; used in certain compounds as a generic for all plants; piece of wood, stick; (vulgar, colloq.) penis; in restricted phrases, be hard, strong, tough; wooden, made of wood

kayu [POC]kaSiw

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

56
kai

strong, tough, powerful; firm, rigid, stiff; hard wood

堅固、堅硬、有力;堅硬、堅硬、堅硬;堅硬的木頭kayu kayu [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

57
kai-kai

be hard, firm, rigid; strong, tough, powerful

堅強,堅強,堅強;堅強,堅強kayu kayu [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

58
ka-kā

(obsolescent) a bird, possibly the Collared Lory, Phygis solitarius, which informants say was present on Waya a generation ago but is no longer there

kaRa [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

59
ka-kaka

kind of land crab

一種陸地蟹kaRakap [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

60
kali

pillow (formerly made of wood)

枕頭(以前是木制的)kalik [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

61
kani

(of animals) to eat, consume food; (of the sea, insects) erode, eat away at something, bore holes; use up someone’s resources, cost someone a lot

kani [POC]kaen

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

62
kani-kani

(of land, body) be wasting away, be wasted, eaten away, eroded; keep eating, eat (frequently)

kani kani [POC]kaen

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

63
kani-kani

(of land, body) be wasting away, be wasted, eaten away, eroded; (of skin) be flaky, scaly, as patches of skin in a habitual kava drinker

kani-kani [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

64
kara

disease, possibly a type of ringworm, in which pale spots appear on the skin (attributed by some to bathing in dirty water)

karak₂ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

65
karabusi

shrub common in rocky hillside garden areas, with thin oval toothed leaves, and pinkish-green spikes of small flowers: a shrub: Acalypha repandra

kalaqabusi [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

66
karavau

humpback ox (possbly from Tagalog #carabao, water buffalo). Used as beasts of burden in Viti Levu but only once introduced to Waya, without succcess.

借詞

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

67
kari

be scraped, scratched by a scraper

被刮刀刮傷karis₂ [POC]garis

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

68
kari

be scraped, scratched with a scraper

用刮刀刮kari [POC]karis

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

69
kari-a

to scrape, scratch something

刮,刮東西karis₂ [POC]garis

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

70
kavika

tree taxon: Syzygium malaccense (Myrtaceae), Malay apple; stout tree common in garden areas, large drooping rounded leaves, red bushy flowers on clusters on branchlets and trunk, fist-sized white to red fruit with crisp insipid flesh; fruit of this tree

kapika [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

71
kawa-kawa

a small striped fish, possibly a rock cod (Serranidae sp.); poisonous, not eaten

一種有條紋的小魚,可能是岩石鱈魚(■sp.);有毒,不食用kawa-kawa [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

72
kemam

1pl. excl., topic pronoun

1pl.不包括,主題代詞kamami [POC]ami

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

73
ki

prenominal particle that marks location, direction, source, instrument or cause

標記位置、方向、來源、儀器或原因的前名粒子ki₁ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

74
kia

axe or adze; formerly used of stone adzes, now of steel axes or adzes

斧頭或斧頭;以前用於石斧,現在用於鋼斧或斧頭kiRam [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

75
kia-kavo

war-club

戰爭俱樂部kiRam [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

76
kia vatu

stone axe or adze; considered valuable goods before the introduction of steel

石斧或石斧;在引進鋼鐵之前被認為是貴重物品kiRam [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

77
ki-kili

look for shellfish by lifting up rocks

舉起石頭尋找貝類kili [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

78
kila

wild, not tame; remain at a distance, keep away

狂野,不馴服;保持距離,遠離kila [POC]gila

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

79
kila

to know, comprehend, realize, understand; be acquainted with something or someone; what is known

瞭解、理解、認識、理解;認識某物或某人;所知道的kilala [PAN]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

80
kila-kila

remain wild, untamed; keep at a distance

保持野生,未馴服;保持距離kila-kila [POC]gila

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

81
kila-kila-ti

try to identify or work something out, guess at something; what is guessed

試著識別或解決某事,猜測某事;猜測的是什麼kilala [PAN]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

82
kila-kwā

knowledge, intelligence

知識、智力kilala [PAN]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

83
kila tava

make a wrong identification, mistake one thing for another

做一個錯誤的鑒定,把一件事錯當成另一件事kilala [PAN]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

84
kili

(of something which sits on the ground), be turned over; (of a turtle) be turned on its back

(指坐在地上的東西)被翻過來;(指海龜)被翻過來kili [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

85
kili-ci

to overturn something

推翻某事kili [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

86
kito

a reef fish, black with many orange dots, probably Siganus chrysospilos

一種暗礁魚,黑色,有許多橙色的斑點,可能是大眼魚kitoŋ [POC]kiteŋ

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

87
koka

a forest tree, apparently not on Waya; timber is used for posts and rafters: Bischofia javanica (Euphorbiaceae)

koka [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

88
koro

village, hamlet, town, city; any nucleated human settlement

村莊、村莊、城鎮、都市;任何有核的人類聚居地koro₂ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

89
kucuve

rat, mouse

老鼠,老鼠kusupe [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

90
kuka

crab, small edible hairy grapsid with black carapace and red claws; found in mangrove swamps

螃蟹,小而可食用,有黑色甲殼和紅色爪子;見於紅樹林沼澤地kuka [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

91
kuku

nail (of finger or toe), claw (of dog, cat, fowl, etc.), hoof (of pig, cow, etc.)

指甲(指手指或腳趾)、爪(指狗、貓、雞等)、蹄(指豬、牛等)kukuh [PMP]kuSkuS₁

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

92
kuku qwāqwā

hard-worker; hard-working (lit. ‘strong/powerful nails’)

努力工作的;努力工作的。“結實/有力的指甲”kukuh [PMP]kuSkuS₁

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

93
kulu

Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae), breadfruit; common village tree; fruit of this tree

高山龍腦香(桑科),麵包果;常見的鄉村樹;該樹的果實kuluR [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

94
kura

small citrus tree taxon; generic, includes two rather different trees, but both with large soft fleshy fruit

gurat [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

95
kura ni viti

common small shrubby tree of coastal thickets, with large solitary many-seeded fist-like fruit that become soft, yellow, and taste like acidic cheese: Morinda citrifolia (Rubiaceae)

gurat [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

96
kura ni viti

small shrubby tree of coastal thickets, with large solitary many-seeded fist-like fruit that becomes soft, yellow, and taste like acidic cheese, the Indian mulberry: Morinda citrifolia (Rubiaceae)

kurat [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

97
kutu

head louse, head lice

頭蝨,頭蝨kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

98
kutu ni tui

flea (louse of dog)

跳蚤(狗虱)kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

99
kuvu

steam, give off steam

蒸汽,放出蒸汽kupuk [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

100
kuvu-i

be smoked (as fish); be fumigated with chemicals or smoke; be given a steam bath, have a steam bath

kupuk [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

101
kʷavu

fish taxon: probably Epinephelus hoedti (Serranidae), a rock-cod

魚類分類:可能是石斑魚kuRapu [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

102
laca

sail of a boat

船帆layaR [PAN]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

103
laka

go, move along, proceed

走,往前走,繼續lakas [POC]lakaj

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

104
laka

to go, move along, proceed

前進,前進,繼續laŋkaq₁ [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

105
laka-laka

to go, keep going; route, method, procedure; conduct, behavior; style, characteristics; contributions to a feast or presentation, what one brings

laŋkaq₁ [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

106
laka-ti

go to or over a place

去一個地方或超過一個地方lakas [POC]lakaj

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

107
laka-ti

go to or over a place

去一個地方或超過一個地方laŋkaq₁ [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

108
lali

slit-gong, a percussion instrument made by hollowing out a large log leaving a narrow slit; each village has a slit-gong for communal purposes; a signal or pattern beat out on a slit-gong

drali [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

109
laŋi

sky, atmosphere

天空,大氣laŋit [PMP]laŋiC

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

110
laŋo

houseflies and other Brachycera flies

家蠅和其他短尾目蒼蠅laŋo [POC]laŋaw

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

111
laŋo-laŋo

be fly-infested, full of flies

滿是蒼蠅laŋo [POC]laŋaw

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

112
lei-kila-ti

be known, understood, etc.

被認識、理解等。kilala [PAN]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

113
lei-mama

be chewed up, eaten up

被咀嚼,被吃掉mamaq [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

114
lima

five

lima [PAN]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

115
lima-lima

be in a group of five, in fives, as a fivesome, all five together

五人一組,五人一組,五人一組,五人一組lima-lima [PMP]lima

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

116
liŋi

be poured, pour

倒,倒liŋi [PCEMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

117
liŋi-

pour something

倒點東西liŋi [PCEMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

118
lio

voice, of any living thing

任何生物的聲音liqo [POC]liqə

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

119
lio-lio

voices, sounds made by a person or animal

聲音,人或動物發出的聲音liqo [POC]liqə

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

120
(lio) ŋodro

to speak in a hoarse or gravelly voice, speak in a growl, as someone with impaired voicebox

用沙啞或沙啞的聲音說話ŋodro [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

121
liva

formative in several words denoting lightning

表示閃電的幾個詞的構成bila₂ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

122
liva-i-laŋi

flash of lightning seen in the sky

天空中的閃電bila₂ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

123
liva-liva

lightning

閃電bila₂ [POC]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

124
lomo

be under water, submerged (as a reef at high tide); of a container, be filled by dipping under water

lomos [POC]lemes

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

125
lomo-ci

plunge something under water, fill something by dipping it

將某物浸入水中,用蘸液將其填滿lomos [POC]lemes

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

126
loto

bottom, lowest part (e.g. of kava bowl); last in a series; rump (as of a bat); last to finish in a competition

噪聲

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

127
lumi

seaweed which grows on sandy bottom

生長在沙底的海草limut [PMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

128
maa-malu

shade, shadow; shelter, protection

陰影,陰影;遮蔽,保護maluRu [PEMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

129
mai

indicates movement or orientation towards the speaker or the speaker’s point of reference: this way, hither, here (the movement may be actual or figurative); indicates that a change of state is beginning or is in progress: start to, become, grow, get (into a new state)

mai [POC]ai₃

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

130
mali

laugh, smile, grin

笑,笑,笑malip [PCEMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

131
malu

be protected or sheltered from the elements; be shaded, in the shade or shadows

受到保護或遮蔽,不受自然因素的影響;在陰暗處maluRu [PEMP]

Pawley and Sayaba 2003

132
malu-malu

be shady, well-shaded, well sheltered from the elements

陰涼、陰涼、避光maluRu maluRu [POC]maluRu

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malu-ti

put something in the shade, put something out of the sun

把東西放在陰涼處,把東西放在太陽底下maluRu [PEMP]

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mama

to chew, masticate (contrasting with #kani, which refers to the consumption of food rather than to the manner of eating it)

mamaq [PMP]

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mama aŋgona

to chew kava; in earlier times the green root was chewed before being brewed and strained

咀嚼卡瓦;在早期,綠色的根在煮和濾之前被咀嚼過mamaq [PMP]

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mana

be able to make things happen, be effective, have creative power; come true, happen, be realized, come about, be effected; power to make things happen, creative power, effectiveness

mana₂ [POC]

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mana-mana

be wishful, desire or wish something to happen that one has worked for, predicted, etc.

一廂情願,渴望或希望某人為之工作、預測過的事情發生。mana-mana [POC]mana₂

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manu-manu

animal, creature, being; normally excludes humans; birds, insects, fish, etc. may be referred to generically as #manumanu, or by #manumanu + modifier indicating defining characteristics of the class

manu-manuk [POC]manuk

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mata

eye, organ of sight; face, front of head; front, facing side, face of object with both front and back side; head for, go towards a place; be awake, wake up; group, team or company of people; ahead, before, in front; opening, space or interstices in a surface, as doorway, window, the interstices or mesh of a net, the spaces between the fibers and weave of a cloth

mata [PMP]maCa

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mata anitu

a person who often sees spirits in his dreams (#anitu = ‘spirit, ghost’)

經常在夢中看到鬼魂的人mata [PMP]maCa

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mataku

be afraid, frightened, fearful; fear, fright

害怕,害怕,害怕;害怕,害怕matakut [POC]takut

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mataku-ci

fear something, be afraid or frightened of something

害怕某事,害怕或害怕某事matakut [POC]takut

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mata-mata

gateway

閘道mata-mata [PMP]maCa

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mata-mataku

be always afraid, timid, cowardly

總是害怕,膽小,懦弱matakut [POC]takut

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mata ni caŋi

direction of wind; first gusts of wind

風向;第一陣風mata [PMP]maCa

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mata ni caŋi

direction of the wind; direction of the compass, i.e. cardinal points

風向;指南針的方向,即基點mata ni aŋin [POC]maCa

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mata ni ciuciu

window

視窗mata [PMP]maCa

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mata ni cula

eye of needle

針眼mata [PMP]maCa

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mata ni N

a representative, a person or thing representing N, a group or function

代表代表、代表一個團體或職能的人或事物mata [PMP]maCa

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mata ni sā

point of a spear

矛尖mata [PMP]maCa

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(mata ni) sava

sacred area of a clan or kin group; people go there in times of misfortune to ask the guardian spirits (ancestors) to help

噪聲

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mata ni sila

mainsail stay or sheet, rope tying free end of mainsail boom to the stern of a boat (acts as a gear controlling direction of boat sailed into wind or wave)

mata [PMP]maCa

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mata ni siŋa

sun (‘eye of the day’); sunflower

太陽(“白天的眼睛”);向日葵mata nu qalejaw [PAN]maCa

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mata ni tū

traditionally, a group of #vanua (tribes) or #avusa (clans) who agree to combine under one chief; a federation of peoples under one rule, a kingdom

mata [PMP]maCa

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mata ni uvi

cuttings of yams for planting

山藥插條種植mata [PMP]maCa

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mata ni wai

any freshwater source; spring, source of a river, rain clouds; wet ground, ground with natural water source on which taro may be planted; source, origin, start of something, especially if valuable

mata ni waiR [POC]maCa

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mata-ravu

fireplace, place where food has been cooked

壁爐,烹調食物的地方mata [PMP]maCa

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matau

the right, right-hand side; right, right hand; be right-handed

右邊,右手邊;右邊,右手;右手ma-taqu₂ [PMP]taqu

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matua

be mature, fully developed; thus 1. (of fruit, tubers, etc.) be ripe, mature, fit for eating or harvesting, 2. (of people, animals, plants) be full grown, grown up, mature, adult, 3. honest, honorable, upright

matuqa [POC]tuqaS

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moya

the brain; brains as a body part (takes preposed possessive marking, in contrast to brains as food)

moñan [POC]

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-mu

2sg. possessor, your

2毫克。擁有者,你的-mu [PMP]

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mua

end point or tip of a long object

長物體的終點或尖端muqa [POC]

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mudu

be cut off, amputated, severed, cut short; end, cease, conclude

被切斷,截肢,切斷,縮短;結束,停止,結束mutu₂ [PEMP]

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na

prenominal particle; marks a nominal as 1. common, as opposed to proper or local, and 2. specific, as opposed to generic; a variant ne occurs directly before nominals beginning with the noun-deriving prefix #i-

na₁ [PMP]

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ni

particle which connects two common nouns in a genitive construction; the first noun may related to the second noun in one of the following partially distinct senses: 1. purpose, use, function; for, of, 2. belonging to, 3. inherent part or attribute of, 4. originating from, belonging to a place, 5. consequence, result: for, of, as a consequence of, 6. connects a nominalized verb denoting an action or process with a noun which, in an equivalent verbal construction, would be the direct object of the verb

ni [PAN]

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nima

be baled out, have water baled out

打捆,打捆水nimas [POC]

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nima-nima

to bale, keep bailing

打捆,繼續打捆nimas [POC]

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nima-ti

bail something out (object the boat or the water)

把東西弄出來(船或水)nimas [POC]

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niu

coconut tree and fruit

椰子樹和水果niuR [PMP]

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novo

keep still, be motionless, stay without moving; keep quiet, be subdued, acquiescent, peaceful

安靜,一動不動,一動不動;安靜,克制,默許,平靜nofo [POC]

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novoc-i

stay fixed in a place, not move from a place

呆在一個地方,不要離開一個地方nofo [POC]

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novo-novo

stay firmly in place, stick fast, as an anchor which can’t be moved

站穩,站穩,像一個不能移動的錨nofo [POC]

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ŋaŋa

be poisonous, toxic; bitter or sour in taste, astringent; pungent, hot in taste; poison, toxic quality; bitterness

ŋaŋa₁ [POC]

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ŋga

and

ka₁ [PAN]

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-ŋgu

1sg possessive pronoun, directly preposed to head noun, marking part-possession

1sg所有格代詞,直接介詞到頭名詞,標記部分所有格-gu [POC]-ku

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ŋudru

(of a pig or dog) growl; make a deep, throaty sound that continues for some seconds

(指豬或狗)咆哮;發出低沉、嘶啞的聲音,持續幾秒鐘ŋuru [POC]ŋurut

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ŋusu

mouth of an animal; external mouth or lips of a person, fish, etc, beak (of bird or turtle); snout or muzzle of a dog, pig, etc.; entrance or opening to certain objects with cylindrical or long narrow passage behind (bottle, kettle, teapot, river; spout or nozzle of pipe, hose, etc.; spokesman or voice

ŋusuq [PAN]

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ŋʷalala

be vacant, unoccupied, empty, free (of a place); be free, at liberty, without restrictions (of a person);

malala [POC]

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ŋwata

snake (generic)

蛇(通用)mwata [POC]

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forehead

額頭raqe [POC]daqiS

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rara

be heated, warmed; be baked hot, glowing hot (of pots being fired); be smoke, as fish

被加熱,被加熱;被烤得熱,發著熱光(指被燒著的鍋);像魚一樣冒煙daŋdaŋ₁ [PMP]daŋdaŋ

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rara

the coral tree, Erythrina spp. (Leguminosae); deciduous tree found mostly near coast; twigs and branchlets are prickly, flowers red; the juice of the bark is used to dilute bitter-tasting #wiriwiri bark juice in medicine to treat infection (thrush) of the tongue

rarap [POC]dapdap₁

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rara-ni ~ rara-vi

to warm or heat something; what is warmed; wither something, dry something up, as vegetation

加熱或加熱某物;被加熱的東西;使某物枯萎,使某物乾燥,如植物daŋdaŋ₁ [PMP]daŋdaŋ

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rau

leaf; ; hair of the head; page, leaf of paper

葉子;頭髮;紙頁raun [PEMP]dahun

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rau-rau

leaves

樹葉raun-raun [POC]dahun

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riri

be cooked (of food)

烹調(指食物)ririq [POC]diqdiq

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roko

be bent, bowed, have a stoop or bend; bow to someone, go past in a stooping posture; be respectful (in words or action)

roko [POC]

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roko-roko vā-kanace

(idiom) be respectful to one’s face but disrespectful behind one’s back (lit. ‘show respect like a mullet’)

roko-roko [POC]roko

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roko-ti ~ roko-vi

bend something; what is bent

彎曲某物;彎曲的東西roko [POC]

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roŋo

be heard, perceived with the ears; be understood; (of news, rumors, etc.) be heard abroad, i.e. reported, talked about; (of a person) be known, famous, have a reputation; (of an engine, machine, etc.) resound, be audible, make a noise, work

roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

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roŋo-ci

hear something, hear the sound of something

聽到什麼,聽到什麼聲音roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

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roŋo-roŋo

listen, hear; sound, make a sound

roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

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roŋo-roŋo-i

pay attention to something, listen attentively to something

注意,傾聽roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

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roŋo-rua

ignore or shun advice, take no heed of what one is told

不理不睬,不聽勸告roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

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rovu

to sprout, germinate, shoot up, appear (as teeth, new leaves, shoots); sucker, new shoot growing from the root of a plant

robuŋ [POC]rebuŋ

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spear, harpoon. Spears, used in fishing and warfare, were formerly made from hardwood poles, reeds or bamboo. Fishing spears were pointed with tood, fishbone or ray stings.

jaot [POC]saet

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companion, partner, one of a pair, counterpart, opposite number

同伴,同伴,一對中的一個,對方,對方號碼soRa [POC]

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salato

nettle tree: Dendrocnide Harveyi (uncommon tree of mesic mid-altitude forest)

蕁麻樹:■(中海拔森林的稀有樹種)salatoŋ [POC]zalateŋ

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sali

to flow

流動saliR [PMP]

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savu

to flow down, fall like a waterfall; waterfall

瀑布sabu [POC]

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sē-sē

blossom, flower; have many flowers, come into bloom

開花,開花;有許多花,開花see [POC]

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sila

rope (called a stay or sheet) which holds the lower side or corner of a sail to the deck of a boat; in the case of the mainsail, it is attached to the boom; in the case of the spinnaker, it is attached to the corner closest to the mast; it acts as a gear controlling the direction of boat sailed into wind or wave

jila [POC]

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siŋa

be day, daylight in contrast to #boŋi ‘night’; be fine, sunny, bathed in light or sunshine

白天,白天,與“夜晚”相對照;晴朗,沐浴在陽光或陽光下siŋaR [PMP]

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sisi

hiss, make a hissing sound (as a kettle); signal with a hissing sound in order to attract someone’s attention

sitsit [PMP]sitsit₁

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soka

ribs of a boat; smaller transverse beams of a house, joining the top plates

船的肋骨;房屋較小的橫樑,連接頂板sokar [POC]seŋkar

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somo

be dyed black or brown (using traditional dyes made from black mud or leaves); black or brown dye

借詞

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somo-ni ~ somo-ti

dye something, stain something black or brown; weave a mat with dyed strips

給某物染色,把某物染成黑色或棕色;用染色條織一張墊子借詞

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sosomi

be replaced, succeeded, substituted; act of replacing, succeeding

被替換,成功,被替換;替換,被替換噪聲

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sovu

descend, go down; disembark, land, go ashore from a boat

下船,下船,下船,上岸sobu [POC]sombu

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sua

be stabbed, pierced by a sharp instrument held in the hand

被手中的利器刺穿sua₁ [POC]

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sui

bone

suRi₁ [POC]

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sui-sui-a

bony, thin

瘦骨嶙峋suRi₁ [POC]

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sulu

to dress, put on clothing

穿衣suluŋ₂ [PMP]

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214

dung, feces, excrement, shit; unusable parts of shellfish; waste material, useless substance on a surface, scum

taqe₂ [POC]taqay

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215

(of solid object) be cut by chopping or slashing; chopped, hacked, axed, adzed, slashed; be carved, shaped by cutting; be built, made (of boat, keel)

taRaq₁ [PAN]

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ta-

prefix that derives a stative verb marking an action or process that comes about accidentally or spontaneously, without a wilful agent

ta-₂ [PMP]

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tabe

hold or carry a burden in the extended arms, esp. resting on both palms extended horizontally in front, as a tray (it is polite to hold a gift in this manner when presenting it)

tabe [POC]

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tabu

be forbidden, prohibited by strong communal sanction, e.g. of traditional custom, modern law; (of a place or thing) be prohibited from use; prohibition, restriction; holiness, sacredness

tabu [POC]tambu

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219
taci

coast, seashore, sea, from the perspective of the land; be salty in taste; saltiness, salty taste

從陸地的角度看,海岸,海岸,海洋;要鹹;鹹,鹹tasik [PMP]

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taci-taci

be salty to the taste; have salt added, be salted; be a bit salty

要鹹,加鹽,要鹹,要鹹一點tasik [PMP]

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221
tai

snare or trap to catch land animals, land crabs, crayfish, etc.

捕捉陸生動物、陸生螃蟹、小龍蝦等的陷阱。taRin [PMP]

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tai-ti

to trap or snare something; what is caught

誘捕或誘捕某物;捕獲的東西taRin [PMP]

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takū

the back or rear side of something; later, afterwards

後面某物的後面或後面;以後takuRu [POC]

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taliŋa

generic for various kinds of fungi, e.g. mushrooms, bracket fungi

各種真菌的通用,如蘑菇、菌類taliŋa [POC]Caliŋa

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ta-liŋi

spilt

灑出ta-liŋi [POC]liŋi

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tamata

person, human being

人,人tau-mata [PMP]Cau

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tā ni laŋi

light scudding clouds

輕浮的雲taqe₂ [POC]taqay

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tā ni siŋa

brown growth, probably algae, appearing on surfaces of ponds or lakes in very dry weather (lit. ‘shit of the sun’)

taqe₂ [POC]taqay

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taŋi

to cry, wail, weep (usually refers to audible weeping but may refer to silent flow of tears); of birds and some animals, make the sound, call or cry characteristic of a species

taŋis [PMP]Caŋis

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taŋi-ci

cry for something, ask for help in something, plead or cry for assistance; lament something, bewail something

taŋis-i [PMP]Caŋis

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taŋi-taŋi

cry and cry, keep crying, cry a lot

哭個不停,哭個不停,哭個不停taŋi-taŋis [POC]Caŋis

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tara tai

to make or set a trap or snare

設陷阱或圈套taRin [PMP]

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tā-si

cut, chop, carve, build something; what is cut, etc.

切割、切割、雕刻、建造某物;被切割的東西等。taRaq₁ [PAN]

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tata mātua

(of a young child) be precocious in speech, advanced for his or her years

(指幼兒)語言早熟,年紀大了matuqa [POC]tuqaS

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tau

be located, situated, positioned, placed, put; be in, at or on a place

位於、位於、定位、放置、放置;在某處、某處或某處taRuq [PMP]

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tau-ni

to put or place something, lay something down, deposit something

放置或放置某物,放下某物,存放某物taRuq [PMP]

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tavale

cross-cousin: specifically, a person of either sex who is the child of one’s father’s classificatory sister or one’s mother’s classificatory brother (address and referenc term)

借詞

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tavi

brush lightly, sweep something; peel something

輕輕地刷洗某物;剝落某物tapis₂ [PMP]

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tavui

gastropod shellfish taxon; Pacific (or Triton’s) trumpet, Charonia tritonis, used as a horn; the shell of these animals

tapuRi [POC]tabuRi

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tiŋge

throw a reed or dart horizontally controlled by the end of the forefinger, with the aim of making the dart skip up when it hits the ground

tika [POC]

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tio

bivalve shellfish taxon: generic for true oysters (Ostreidae)

雙殼貝類:真牡蠣的總稱(鴕鳥科)tiRom [POC]tiRem

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tiro

look down, lower the eyes

低下頭,低下頭tiro [POC]tindaw

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tiro-vi

look down at something

低頭看東西tiro [POC]tindaw

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ti-tiro

look down, lower the eyes

低下頭,低下頭ti-tiro [POC]tindaw

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245
tivi-tivi

butterfly fish, Chaetodontidae

蝴蝶魚,毛殼魚科tipi-tipi [POC]

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to

have water in it, not be dry (of a container, creek, etc.)

裏面有水,不要幹(指容器、小溪等)toRop [POC]teReb

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toka

come to rest, be at rest; (of a boat) run aground, strike bottom in shallow water; (of a whale or dolphin) be stranded, beached

toka₃ [POC]tekas

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toka

(of any solid object) come to rest, be at rest; (of a boat) run aground, strike bottom in shallow water; (of e.g. a whale or dolphin) be stranded, beached; (of an animal) be tame, used to being with people; (of a person) be someone who can relied on when needed

toka₂ [POC]

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tokalau

east wind; easterly

東風tokalaur [POC]

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250
tolu

be three, three

三,三tolu [PEMP]telu

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tolu-tolu

group of threes, in threes, as a threesome, all three

三人一組,三人一組,三人一組,三人一組tolu-tolu [POC]telu

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tosi

make a mark on a surface; mark, draw, etch.

在表面做個標記;標記,繪製,蝕刻。tosi [PEMP]

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tō-tō

be full of water, wet, soaked

滿是水,濕的,濕透的toRop [POC]teReb

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254
tovu

sugarcane

甘蔗na topu [POC]tebuS

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tua

bone

tuqa₂ [POC]

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256
tuba

have cramp (as in leg muscle)

抽筋(如腿部肌肉)tupa₁ [POC]

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tubā

the most common kind of land crab, probably Cardisoma carnifex and C. rotundum (Portunidae); almost completely land-dwelling and generally found close to the beach

tubaRa [POC]

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tuk-i

club (generic, including all types of club)

俱樂部(通用,包括所有類型的俱樂部)tuktuk-i [PMP]tuktuk₃

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tuk-i-tuk-i

to pound, knock, punch, hammer

敲打tuktuk-i [PMP]tuktuk₃

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tuku

to hang, dangle while holding onto a support with one’s arms; be postponed, left til later

懸空用手臂抓住支撐物時懸掛;延後,留待以後tuku₃ [POC]

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tuku-ci

hang onto something by the arms; be dependent someone, lean heavily on someone

緊緊抓住某物的手臂;依賴某人,倚靠某人tuku₃ [POC]

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tule

earwax, cerumen

耳垢tule [POC]

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tuna

fish (#ika) taxon; eels (Anguilliformes), esp. freshwater eels (Muraena spp.)

tuna [PMP]tuNa

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tu-tuva

to poison fish, go fish-poisoning

下毒,下毒tupa₂ [POC]tubah

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tuva

be arranged, organized, set out, set in order, sorted out

整理、組織、出發、整理、整理tupak [POC]

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tuva

vine (#wā) taxon: generic: includes species of Derris (Leguminoseae), scrambling or climbing plants with pinnate leaves, which are crushed and used to poison reef fish

tupa₂ [POC]tubah

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tuva

be arranged, organized, set out, set in order, sorted out

整理、組織、出發、整理、整理tupa₃ [POC]tupa₂

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tuva-ni

poison something with Derris juice

用果汁給東西下毒tupa₂ [POC]tubah

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tuva-tuva

keep arranging things

繼續安排事情tupa₃ [POC]tupa₂

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tū-vonu

loggerhead turtle, Caretta caretta; has large head; meat is highly regarded.

紅海龜,■;頭大;肉很受歡迎。poñu [POC]peñu

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ua

wave; tide; high tide; to flow, come in (of the tide); wash over or cover something (of waves)

Ruap [POC]Ruab

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ua-ua

waves

波浪Ruap [POC]Ruab

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vacu

eyebrow

眉毛paju [POC]

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vaka-avi

go in the early evening

傍晚去paka-Rapiqi [POC]Rabiqi

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vaka-avi-avi

go in the early evening; have an evening meal

傍晚去;吃晚飯Rabi-Rabi [PAN]Rabiqi

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vaka-baba

have boards on, be boarded or planked

有木板、木板或木板baban [POC]papan

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vaka-bulut-i

cause something to stick, seal something up

使某物粘住,封住某物bulut [POC]pulut

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vaka-cala

cause something to go wrong, lead someone astray, put someone off (target, concentration); disagree with someone

pa(ka)-salaq [PMP]salaq₁

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vaka-civo

to say ‘Ā maca’ (Ah! Empty!) and clap as a mark of respect after a person has drained his cup of kava

paka-sipo [POC]sipo

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vaka-ciwa

nine times

九次paka-siwa [POC]Siwa

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vaka-dranu

wash oneself in fresh water after being in the sea

入海後用清水沖洗ranum [POC]daNum

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vaka-i-sulu

to dress, put on clothing; wear or have clothes

穿衣服,穿上衣服;穿上或穿上衣服suluŋ₂ [PMP]

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vaka-laca

have a sail, with sails

有帆,有帆layaR [PAN]

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vaka-lima

five times

五次paka-lima₂ [POC]lima

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vaka-liŋi

pour something (contents) out; empty something (a container); try to pour or empty something

倒東西(內容物);倒東西(容器);試著倒或倒東西liŋi [PCEMP]

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vaka-malu

take shelter, seek shade or protection

躲避,尋求庇護或保護paka-maluRu [POC]maluRu

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vaka-mataku

be fearsome, frightening, terrifying; be dreadful, terribly bad, wicked; be dangerous; be formidable, powerful, commanding respect

paka-takut [PMP]takut

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vaka-mātua-ni

let something mature or ripen; to mature something; what matures

讓某物成熟;使某物成熟;使某物成熟matuqa [POC]tuqaS

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vaka-ŋusu

have a mouth, beak, snout, spout, etc.

有嘴、嘴、嘴、嘴等。ŋusuq [PAN]

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vaka-roko-roko

be respectful, show reverence or respect; be bent, stooping, with a stoop or bow

恭敬,表示尊敬或尊敬;彎腰,彎腰,鞠躬roko-roko [POC]roko

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vaka-roŋo

listen; obey, take heed of what one is told

聽,聽,聽,聽paka-roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

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vaka-taŋi

to cause tears, be the cause of sorrow

使人流淚,使人悲傷paka-taŋis [PMP]Caŋis

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vaka-taŋi-taŋi

pretend to cry, put on a crying act

假裝哭,裝哭taŋis [PMP]Caŋis

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vaka-toka

be brought ashore or beached

上岸或擱淺toka₃ [POC]tekas

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vaka-tolu

be three times, thrice

三次,三次paka-tolu [POC]telu

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vaka-tovo-tovo

do an experiment or test

做實驗或測試topoŋ [POC]tepeŋ₁

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vaka-ua

have big waves washing to it, be covered with big waves

有大浪沖它,被大浪覆蓋Ruap [POC]Ruab

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vaka-vica

how many times? how often?

多少次?多久?paka-pica [POC]pijax

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vaka-vili-

try to pick up or gather something

試著撿起或收集一些東西piliq [PAN]

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vā-kutu

have lice, be infested with lice, be lousy

有蝨子,有蝨子,噁心kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

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valu

be at war, fight a war

打仗,打仗palu₄ [POC]

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valu-ti

make war on something, fight against something

向某物開戰,向某物開戰palu₄ [POC]

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vatoto

sticks fastening the outrigger (#cama) to the booms which connect it to the hull of a canoe

把支腿固定在連接獨木舟外殼的吊杆上patoto [PEMP]

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vā-vā

tree taxon, probably Heliconis sp.; tall banana-like herb

喬木分類群,可能是螺旋體屬;高大的香蕉狀草本植物paqo [POC]

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veke-ci

to defecate in or on something

在某物上排便bekeR₂ [POC]beŋkeR

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veliawa

a vine: Merremia peltata

藤蔓植物:Merremia peltatapaliaRua [POC]

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vesi (wai)

a tree: Pongamia pinnata

一棵樹:鳳梨pesi [POC]

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via

be ready to spawn, have roe; fish eggs, roe

準備產卵,有卵;魚卵,有卵biRa [POC]piRaS

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viā-tolu

be every third one

每三分之一tolu [PEMP]telu

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vica

how many?, how much?; be a small number or amount: a few, a bit

有多少?,多少錢?;是一個小數目或數量:一些,一點pica [POC]pijax

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viciko

flesh, meat; muscles; be meaty, full of substance

pisiko [POC]

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vī-kai-kai

bush, forest, woods

灌木,森林,樹林kayu-kayu [POC]kaSiw

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vī-kila-ti

know each other, be acquainted

相識,相識kilala [PAN]

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vili

of something on the surface, especially foodstuff, be picked up, gathered, collected; pick up things; what is picked up

piliq [PAN]

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vili-vili

keep gathering, etc.

繼續聚會等。piliq piliq [PMP]piliq

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vilu

a fish taxon, probably Carangoides

一個魚類分類群,可能■pilu [PMP]

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vī-tiŋge

game of throwing reed darts; to play this game

擲蘆葦飛鏢的遊戲;玩這個遊戲tika [POC]

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vī-tio-tio

place with many oysters, an oyster colony

有很多牡蠣的地方,牡蠣群tiRom [POC]tiRem

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vitu

(be) seven; (in card games) a seven

(be)七;(在紙牌遊戲中)七pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

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vitu-vitu

in sevens, all seven together

七個人,七個人在一起pitu pitu [PAN]pitu

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voca

be run aground by force; be wrecked in this way

被強行擱淺;以這種管道毀壞posaq [POC]peceq

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voca

slap or smack something with the open hand or hands together

用張開的手拍打或拍打某物pwajaR [POC]

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voca-voca

be damaged, etc.

損壞等。posaq [POC]peceq

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voivoi

a small pandanus tree planted for its leaves, which are used for making fine mats, baskets and fans: Pandanus tectoriu sp; possibly also applied to cultivars of P. dubius or P. whitmeeanus

poipoi [POC]

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vono

(of, e.g. a preacher or team coach) to give a speech of advice, instruction or encouragement

(如傳教士或球隊教練)發表勸告、指導或鼓勵的演說ponor [POC]pened₂

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vua ni niu

coconut; at least eleven named varieties of fruit

椰子;至少有十一種命名的水果niuR [PMP]

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vudi

plantain, Musa cultivar (Musaceae), bananas whose fruits are edible only when cooked; used by some as generic term for bananas

pudi [POC]punti₁

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vue

drag the anchor, drift after breaking away from moorings

拖錨,脫離系泊系統後漂移puRe₁ [POC]

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vue-ti

refloat a boat that has sunk; pull up a net

使沉船浮起;拉起網puRe₁ [POC]

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vula

sea cucumber: Holothuria sp.

海參:海參。pula₃ [POC]

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vuli

move position or turn over while lying down (as a baby)

躺下時移動姿勢或翻身(嬰兒時期)puri [POC]

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vuni

be hidden, concealed; to hide, hide oneself; secret, something concealed

隱藏,隱藏;隱藏,隱藏自己;秘密,隱藏的東西puni₂ [POC]buNi

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vū ni niu

a particular coconut palm

椰子樹niuR [PMP]

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vura

to appear, come into view; to show up, arrive

出現,出現;出現pura [POC]

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vure

navel

肚臍pure [POC]

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vū-vū

be jealous, envious

嫉妒,嫉妒puRu₂ [POC]buR(e)hu

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wai dranu

fresh water (contrast #wai taci)

淡水(對比度:wai taci)ranum [POC]daNum

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wai taci

sea, a body of sea-water; salt water

海水,海水的一部分;鹹水tasik [PMP]

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