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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 790條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
OC
Tongan
OC Tonga [ton]
-a

suffix forming transitive verbs, usually durational

構成及物動詞的尾碼,通常是持續動詞-a₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

1
ā

to heat (sticks or leaves) over a fire in order to make them limp or soft

加熱在火上加熱(木棍或樹葉),使其變軟daŋdaŋ₁ [PMP]daŋdaŋ

Churchward 1959

2
afā

hurricane, gale or very severe storm

颶風、大風或極強風暴habaRat [PMP]SabaRat

Churchward 1959

3
afi

fire (in general)

火災(一般)api [POC]Sapuy

Churchward 1959

4
afo

cord; fishing line

繩索apon [POC]hapen

Churchward 1959

5
ai

pronominal adverb: there, in it, on it, because of it, etc.; or (in a relative sense) where, in which, on which, because of which, etc.

ai₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

6
aka

root

akaR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

7
ake

hardwood tree found at Vava’u

瓦瓦烏髮現的硬木樹ake [POC]

Churchward 1959

8
ako

to learn, to receive, to receive education

學習、接受、接受教育akot [POC]

Churchward 1959

9
ala

gather or catch with the hands, of certain kinds of shellfish and small crabs

用手收集或捕捉某些種類的貝類和小螃蟹alap [PAN]

Churchward 1959

10
alaf-i

catch it

抓住它alap [PAN]

Churchward 1959

11
alaf-ia

(of a woman) to be married, or (more strictly) to have had sexual intercourse, not to be a virgin

alap [PAN]

Churchward 1959

12
ali

flounder (fish)

比目魚alali [PMP]

Churchward 1959

13
ama

to fish at night by the light of a torch

在夜間用火把釣魚ramaR [POC]damaR₁

Churchward 1959

14
ane

moth (or, more strictly, its larva) that eats holes in clothes, etc.; silverfish

吃衣服上的洞等的蛾子(或者更嚴格地說,它的幼蟲);銀魚ane [POC]aNay

Churchward 1959

15
ano

marsh, swamp, large pool, lake

沼澤,沼澤,大池塘,湖泊rano [POC]danaw

Churchward 1959

16
aŋi

(of the wind) to blow

(指風)吹aŋin [POC]haŋin

Churchward 1959

17
aŋi-aŋi

(of the wind) begin to spring up, or to blow continuously

(指風)開始冒出來,或持續地吹aŋin-aŋin [POC]haŋin

Churchward 1959

18
aŋi-na

be blown about by the wind

被風吹動aŋin [POC]haŋin

Churchward 1959

19
aŋo

kind of ginger or ginger-like plant (Curcuma longa) from which turmeric is made

薑黃一種薑或薑狀植物(薑黃aŋo [POC]

Churchward 1959

20
atu

hence, away from here, out, forth, outwards, onwards, to or towards you; thither to the place aimed at or journeyed towards; onward in time

a-tu [PMP]-Cu

Churchward 1959

21
atu

hence, away from here, out, forth, outwards, onwards; to or towards you; thither, to the place aimed at or journeyed towards; onward in time

atu [PMP]

Churchward 1959

22
au

1sg.: I, me

1sg.:我,我aku [PAN]

Churchward 1959

23
e

untranslatable particle used before numerals

數位前使用的不可翻譯的粒子e [POC]

Churchward 1959

24
efi-afi

(to be or become) afternoon or early evening

(成為或成為)下午或傍晚Rabi-Rabi [PAN]Rabiqi

Churchward 1959

25
efi-afi-a

(to take place) early in the evening, or earlier than usual (or than expected)

(發生)在傍晚早些時候,或比平常早(或比預期的早)Rabi-Rabi [PAN]Rabiqi

Churchward 1959

26

(of a river) to overflow, be in flood

(指河流)氾濫pāq [POC]baSaq

Churchward 1959

27

hoarse, of the voice

聲音沙啞paRak [POC]paRaek

Churchward 1959

28

blister

水泡paRaq₁ [POC]paRaq

Churchward 1959

29

kind of pandanus which sends down shoots from the branches to the ground

一種能把樹枝上的嫩枝送到地上的pandanuspadran [POC]paŋudaN

Churchward 1959

30

four

pat [PEMP]Sepat

Churchward 1959

31
fafa

carry on the back; be carried, have a ride on someone's back

背著;背著,騎在某人的背上papa₁ [POC]baba₁

Churchward 1959

32
fa-faŋu

call out in order to awaken someone; to awaken, arouse from sleep; bell

叫醒;叫醒;叫醒paŋun [POC]baŋuN

Churchward 1959

33
fafine

women (dual or plural)

女性(雙複數)papine [POC]bahi

Churchward 1959

34
fai

skate or sting-ray

滑冰或刺鰩paRi [POC]paRiS

Churchward 1959

35
fai

do, attend to, carry out, carry on with, engage in, perform

做,照料,執行,繼續,從事,執行pait [POC]bait₂

Churchward 1959

36
fai kili

kind of skate or sting-ray with very hard, rough skin from which rasps are made

一種滑冰或刺鰩,皮膚非常堅硬,粗糙,用以製造皮疹paRi [POC]paRiS

Churchward 1959

37
fai-manu

kind of skate or sting-ray

有點像滑冰或刺鰩paRih manuk [PMP]paRiS

Churchward 1959

38
faka-

prefix denoting likeness, causation (causing or allowing to), supplying, having, etc. (#mate ‘die; dead’ : #faka-mate ‘causing death; deadly, poison, fatal’, #taŋi ‘to cry’ : #faka-taŋi ‘having a doleful sound, sounding like a lament; to appeal to someone after one’s request has been rejected by someone else’)

paka- [POC]pa-₂

Churchward 1959

39
faka-hala

to cause to err, to mislead, delude, cause to go wrong or make a mistake; causing to err, misleading, delusive

pa(ka)-salaq [PMP]salaq₁

Churchward 1959

40
faka-hifo

to put down, put off, unload (cargo or boat); to depose, dismiss, or expel, from office or membership

paka-sipo [POC]sipo

Churchward 1959

41
faka-kite

to loom ahead, to appear to be approaching (in time, not space)

在前方隱約可見,似乎正在接近(在時間上,而不是空間上)kita₂ [PAN]kita

Churchward 1959

42
faka-la-lave

try to find out in an indirect way; to ‘put out feelers’

試著用間接的管道去發現;伸出觸角lawi₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

43
faka-laŋo-a

to attract flies, encourage flies to come about

為了吸引蒼蠅,鼓勵蒼蠅飛起來laŋo [POC]laŋaw

Churchward 1959

44
faka-taŋi

having a doleful sound, sounding like a lament; to appeal to someone after one’s request has been rejected by someone else

paka-taŋis [PMP]Caŋis

Churchward 1959

45
faka-taŋi-hi

to cause to cry

使哭泣taŋis-i [PMP]Caŋis

Churchward 1959

46
faka-ʔuli

steer a boat, pilot a plane

駕駛船隻,駕駛飛機qulin [PMP]

Churchward 1959

47
falala

lean on or against; rely, trust, confide

依靠或反對;信賴、信任、信賴(bp)alalan [POC]

Churchward 1959

48
fana

shoot (e.g. birds); to dynamite (fish)

射擊(如鳥);炸(魚)panaq [PAN]

Churchward 1959

49
fanau

to have a child or children or offspring

生兒育女噪聲

Churchward 1959

50
fānau

children, offspring

孩子,後代噪聲

Churchward 1959

51
fano-fano

wash the hands

洗手paño [POC]bañaw

Churchward 1959

52
faŋa

small or private beach

小型或私人海灘paŋa₂ [POC]baŋa₂

Churchward 1959

53
fao

tree with white flowers and coarse-husked oval fruit about 3" long: Ochrosia parviflora

開白花的樹,果皮粗糙,橢圓形果實,長約3英寸:小花赭果paoq (ʔ [POC]pauq

Churchward 1959

54
fao

stretch tight, make taut

拉緊,拉緊噪聲

Churchward 1959

55
fata

loft or wide rack (for sleeping on, or for keeping food or other things on); stretcher, litter

閣樓或寬架子(用於睡覺或存放食物或其他物品);擔架、擔架pataR₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

56
fau

a tree: giant hibiscus; fibre from the bark of the giant hibiscus

樹:巨大的木槿;從巨大的木槿樹皮中選取的纖維paRu [POC]baRu

Churchward 1959

57
faʔa

tear, rend

撕裂,撕裂paqas [POC]baqas

Churchward 1959

58
faʔa

lower portion of leaf stalk

葉柄下部paqa₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

59
faʔa-hi

side, half -- when the division is made lengthwise

邊,一半——當縱向劃分時paqas [POC]baqas

Churchward 1959

60
faʔao

to seize and take by force; to confiscate

沒收paqaRok [POC]

Churchward 1959

61
faʔu

to bind (the head); headband or turban

綁(頭);頭巾paqus₂ [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

62

what place, which place; which thing, which one, which

什麼地方,什麼地方;什麼東西,哪個,哪個pea [POC]

Churchward 1959

63
fe-

the so-called reciprocal prefix... It may be: (a) actional, (b) habituative, (c) invigorative, (d) accelerative, (e) communal, indicating united or simultaneous action, (f) collaborative, (g) reciprocal, (h) competitive, (i) reciprocative, meaning hither and thither, or in (or to or from) various directions

paRi- [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

64
fefie

firewood, fuel

木柴、燃料papian [POC]Sapuy

Churchward 1959

65
fefine

woman, girl

女人,女孩papine [POC]bahi

Churchward 1959

66
fehi

a tree: Intsia bijuga

一棵樹:■pesi [POC]

Churchward 1959

67
fe-huhu

mother; honorific or regal for #faʔē (lit. ‘mother of the breast’

母親;為“fa”(聖母)而尊敬或高貴。“乳母”pe- [POC]bahi

Churchward 1959

68
fekika

the Malay apple: Eugenia malaccensis, Myrtaceae; its bark is used medicinally

馬來蘋果:馬來優生屬,桃金娘科;其樹皮可藥用kapika [POC]

Churchward 1959

69
fetaʔu

kind of tree which grows to a very large size, has hard reddish wood, and bears round fruit (inedible) about the size of golf balls: the Calophyllum

pitaquR [POC]bitaquR

Churchward 1959

70
fetuʔu

star; daisy

星星;雛菊pituqun [POC]bituqen

Churchward 1959

71

plait, twist or plait two or more threads together; a plait of hair, or pigtail; pigtail-like part of a plaited basket

pirit [PMP]

Churchward 1959

72
fie

preposed or prefixed verb, to want, desire, wish or be willing

前置動詞pian [PMP]

Churchward 1959

73
fie

preposed or prefixed verb, to want, desire, wish or be willing

前置動詞pia₃ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

74
fiha

how many?, how much?

有多少?,多少錢?pica [POC]pijax

Churchward 1959

75
fiha-ŋofulu

how many tens?

多少個十?pica [POC]pijax

Churchward 1959

76
fihi

tangled; fig., intricate, complicated

煩亂的;無花果的,複雜的pisi₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

77
fili

to choose, pick out, cull, select, elect; to sort (as letters)

選擇,挑選,剔除,選擇,選擇;排序(作為字母)piliq [PAN]

Churchward 1959

78
fili-fili

to choose (one or more) out of many, or to pick over; habitually picking and choosing, particular (in this sense), fastidious

piliq piliq [PMP]piliq

Churchward 1959

79
fine-motuʔa

elderly woman; married woman

老年婦女pine [POC]bahi

Churchward 1959

80
fine-mui

young woman

年輕女子pine [POC]bahi

Churchward 1959

81
fio

to mix, mix together, mingle (as with other people in a crowd)

混合,混合,混合(如與人群中的其他人)piro [POC]

Churchward 1959

82
fio-a

beginning to turn grey, of hair

頭髮開始變白piro-a [POC]piro

Churchward 1959

83
fio-fio

slightly, somewhat

有點,有點piro-a [POC]piro

Churchward 1959

84
fisi

strike with the fingernail as it is snapped from the end of the thumb, to fillip; game in which light sticks are flipped; spring or move suddenly

pintik [POC]bitik₁

Churchward 1959

85
fitu

seven

pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Churchward 1959

86
fitu-ŋo-fulu

seventy

七十pitu ŋa puluq [PMP]pitu

Churchward 1959

87
foa

to break (a cup, stone, rock, etc., not a stick); to cut (ripe coconut) in halves

打碎(杯子、石頭、石頭等,而不是棍子);把(成熟的椰子)切成兩半posaq [POC]peceq

Churchward 1959

88
foa-ʔi

to break

打破posaq [POC]peceq

Churchward 1959

89
fō-foa-ʔi

to hatch (of eggs or chicks)

孵化(蛋或小雞)posaq [POC]peceq

Churchward 1959

90
fohe

oar, paddle

槳,槳pose [POC]beRsay

Churchward 1959

91
fohe ʔuli

steer-oar, rudder

舵槳pose [POC]beRsay

Churchward 1959

92
fohu

hole or perforation (in a rock or large stone), used for tethering a boat or canoe

(岩石或大石頭上)用來拴船或獨木舟的洞或穿孔posu [POC]pesu₁

Churchward 1959

93
fohu

hole or perforation (in a rock or large stone), used for tethering a boat or canoe

(岩石或大石頭上)用來拴船或獨木舟的洞或穿孔posuk [POC]pesuk

Churchward 1959

94
fohu-ʔi

to make a hole in rock or stone

在岩石或石頭上打洞posu [POC]pesu₁

Churchward 1959

95
fohu-ʔi

to make a hole in rock or stone

在岩石或石頭上打洞posuk [POC]pesuk

Churchward 1959

96
folo

to swallow; to take (pills or powders); to swallow without chewing or without sufficient chewing

吞咽;服用(藥丸或藥粉);不咀嚼或不充分咀嚼而吞咽polon [POC]belen

Churchward 1959

97
fono

town or village meeting (officially convened)

鄉鎮會議(正式召開)ponor [POC]pened₂

Churchward 1959

98
fonu

full: of container or its contents, or of a notebook, etc.

滿的:指容器或其內容物,或筆記本等。ponuq [POC]peNuq

Churchward 1959

99
fonu

sea turtle; kind of beetle (very shiny), shaped like a turtle

海龜;甲蟲的一種(非常閃亮),形狀像海龜poñu [POC]peñu

Churchward 1959

100
fonua

land, country, territory, place; people (of the land, etc.); afterbirth, placenta

土地、國家、領土、地方;人(指土地等);胎兒、胎盤panua [POC]banua

Churchward 1959

101
fonu koloa

hawksbill turtle (#koloa = ‘goods, wealth, riches, possessions’)

玳瑁poñu [POC]peñu

Churchward 1959

102
foto

sting (of stingray)

刺(黃貂魚)potok [POC]beRtek

Churchward 1959

103
foto

sting (of stingray)

刺(黃貂魚)potok [POC]betek₁

Churchward 1959

104
fotu

emerge, come into view; appear (as fish in season), become manifest, stand out, or to be or become prominent

potu₁ [POC]betu₁

Churchward 1959

105
foʔi niu

coconut fruit

椰子果niuR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

106
foʔou

new, fresh; strange, unfamiliar

新的,新鮮的;陌生的,不熟悉的baqoRu [PEMP]baqeRuh

Churchward 1959

107

to clap the hands crosswise so as to make a hollow sound

交叉拍手以發出空洞的聲音puk₂ [PMP]puk

Churchward 1959

108
fua

fruit; fig. fruit (of work, etc.), result; egg; to bear (lit. or fig.); to have unlaid eggs inside it (e.g. of a killed hen)

puaq [POC]buaq

Churchward 1959

109
fua

get or gather from the sea (seaweed, jellyfish)

從海裏獲取或收集(海藻、水母)puat₁ [POC]buat₁

Churchward 1959

110
fua

to lift, to carry -- esp. on the shoulder (without a stick), or in the arms; fig. to undertake, be responsible for, or to bear the burden or weight of

puat₂ [POC]buhat₃

Churchward 1959

111
fua

of limb, etc. (not person) be afflicted with elephantiasis

患象皮病的肢體等(不是人)pwiRa [POC]

Churchward 1959

112
fua

fish similar to the mullet, but rounder in cross-section

與鯔魚相似的魚,但橫切面較圓噪聲

Churchward 1959

113
fua tapu

first fruits

初果puaq [POC]buaq

Churchward 1959

114
fuaʔ i ika

roe

淨資產收益率puaq [POC]buaq

Churchward 1959

115
fuaʔ i ʔufi

fruit-like excrescences borne above the ground by some kinds of yam plants (not edible, but sometimes used as seed)

puaq [POC]buaq

Churchward 1959

116
fue

creeper of various kinds

各種爬行動物puRe₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

117
fues-ia

carry, bear the burden of (esp. figuratively)

扛,擔(尤指比喻)puat₂ [POC]buhat₃

Churchward 1959

118
fufula

swell up, swell out, pout, blow out the cheeks

鼓起,鼓起,撅起,鼓起臉頰pupula [POC]

Churchward 1959

119
fu-fula

to swell, swell up, swell out; to pout, or to blow out the cheeks

鼓起,鼓起,鼓起pula₄ [POC]

Churchward 1959

120
(fu)-fulu

wash or scrub; to clean (a blackboard)

洗或擦洗;擦(黑板)pulu₂ [POC]bulu₂

Churchward 1959

121
fufus-i

to pull roughly or forcibly or too hard or without due care; overstretch

過度拉伸粗暴地、用力地或用力過大或不小心地拉動;過度拉伸puput-i [POC]buCbuC

Churchward 1959

122
fuke

to open up (a native oven)

打開(本地烤箱)puke [POC]buka

Churchward 1959

123
fula

to swell up as the result (so it was formerly believed) of breaking a #tapu, esp. by eating food left over by a chief

pula₄ [POC]

Churchward 1959

124
fuli

to turn round, etc.

轉身等。buliŋ [POC]puliŋ₁

Churchward 1959

125
fuli

to turn round, etc.

轉身等。puri [POC]

Churchward 1959

126
fuli-hi

to turn round or (esp.) to turn over, or to overturn; change or vary; inverted, upside down

翻轉或(尤指)翻轉或翻轉;改變或改變;倒置buliŋ [POC]puliŋ₁

Churchward 1959

127
fulu

hair on the privates

女兵的頭髮pulu₃ [POC]bulu₁

Churchward 1959

128
fulu-fulu

hair (esp. on the body), fur, feathers; having hair, fur or feathers (growing on it); (of timber) rough, undressed, unplaned

pulu pulu [POC]bulu₁

Churchward 1959

129
fulu-fulu-a

hairy, furry, woolly or feathery

毛茸茸的pulu pulu [POC]bulu₁

Churchward 1959

130
fulu-fulu ʔi laumata

eyelashes

睫毛pulu qi mata [POC]bulu₁

Churchward 1959

131
fuŋa

top, upper surface; lap

頂部,上表面;搭接pupuŋan [POC]bubuŋ₁

Churchward 1959

132
fuŋa

top, upper surface

頂部,上表面puŋa-puŋa [POC]

Churchward 1959

133
fuŋa matapā

lintel

過梁pupuŋan [POC]bubuŋ₁

Churchward 1959

134
fuŋan-i

top row of flowers on an ornamental girdle; specially tasty thing eaten last to top off with; what is better than all the others, the best of all;(in reference to bad things) what is worse than all the others, the worst of all; tip-top, first-rate, excellent

pupuŋan [POC]bubuŋ₁

Churchward 1959

135
fuŋa vaka

deck of a boat; (of a building) storey, floor; (of a wedding-cake, etc.) tier

船的甲板(指建築物)層、地板(指婚禮蛋糕等)層pupuŋan [POC]bubuŋ₁

Churchward 1959

136
fuo

(followed by a numeral) to bear so many fruit, or to lay so many eggs (hence numeral classifier for roundish objects); shape

puaq [POC]buaq

Churchward 1959

137
fuo fua

keep on bearing fruit

繼續結果實puaq puaq [POC]buaq

Churchward 1959

138
fus-i

pull or tug; pull or haul in; pull up or hoist (a flag); pull up or weigh (an anchor); pluck (a fowl, etc.); to stretch

puput-i [POC]buCbuC

Churchward 1959

139
fusi

plantain or banana of any kind

芭蕉或任何種類的香蕉pudi [POC]punti₁

Churchward 1959

140
fusi (〈 *puput-i)

to pull or tug, to pull or haul in; to pluck (a fowl, etc.)

拉或拽,拉或拉;拔(鳥等)putput₁ [PAN]

Churchward 1959

141
fus-i ika

pull in fish (on a line), or a haul of fish caught in this way

拉魚(在釣線上),或用這種方法釣到的魚puput-i [POC]buCbuC

Churchward 1959

142
fus-i maea

tug-of-war: lit. to pull rope

拔河:點燃。拉繩子puput-i [POC]buCbuC

Churchward 1959

143
futu

a tree, Barringtonia. Its inedible fruit is almost pyramidal in shape, and is used for making fish-poison

putun₁ [POC]butun

Churchward 1959

144
fuʔi-fuʔi

throw or pour or sprinkle water on, to douse; fig. to quell (e.g. a disturbance or rebellion)

潑、倒、灑水,澆;無花果,平息(如騷亂或叛亂)puqi puqi [POC]buqi₂

Churchward 1959

145
fuʔi-fuʔi

to throw or pour or sprinkle water on, or to douse

潑水,潑水puqi [POC]

Churchward 1959

146
fuʔi tahi

douse with salt water

用鹽水澆buqi₂ [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

147
fuʔi vai

douse with fresh water

用清水澆buqi₂ [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

148
fuʔu niu

coconut tree

椰子樹niuR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

149
fuʔu ʔakau

wood; made of wood, wooden

木頭;木頭做的kayu [POC]kaSiw

Churchward 1959

150
ha

indefinite article: a, an, some, any

不定冠詞:a,an,some,anyesa [PAN]

Churchward 1959

151
hae

to tear, rend; to tear apart, pull apart; to tear off, strip off

撕開,撕開;撕開,撕開;撕開,撕開saRe [POC]

Churchward 1959

152
hafe

to carry by means of a strap or rope, etc. across the shoulder (as one carries a haversack)

用帶子或繩子等把(如背囊)sape [POC]sapay

Churchward 1959

153
hafu

to trickle down, run down; dribble; small waterfall

涓涓細流sabu [POC]

Churchward 1959

154
ha-hake

direction in which the sun rises, east

太陽升起的方向,東方sake [POC]sakay₄

Churchward 1959

155
haka

to stew or boil (food); to boil (clothes); to smelt (iron, etc.); to melt, render (fat); to brew beer; food put on to boil or stew; food which has been boiled or stewed

sakan [POC]zakan

Churchward 1959

156
hake

up, upwards, along, past, etc.; go up, esp. from the sea to the land

向上、向上、沿著、經過等;向上,尤指從海上到陸地sake [POC]sakay₄

Churchward 1959

157
haku

kind of fish, a young #hakulā

一種魚,一種幼魚saku-layaR [PMP]saku₂

Churchward 1959

158
haku

kind of fish, a young #hakulā

一種魚,一種幼魚saku₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

159
hakulā

swordfish

旗魚saku-layaR [PMP]saku₂

Churchward 1959

160
hala

path, road (lit. or fig.); gangway, stairway

小徑,小徑。或無花果);過道、樓梯jalan [POC]zalan

Churchward 1959

161
hala

to err, to be wrong or erroneous, to make an error, go wrong, be at fault; to fail or be unsuccessful; to be without, to have none; to ‘miss out on’, not to get any of; to be missing, not there or not in existence

salaq₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

162
hala-faki

take an indirect or roundabout route

走間接或迂回路線jalan [POC]zalan

Churchward 1959

163
hama

outrigger

支腿saman [POC]saRman

Churchward 1959

164
hani

to remove all the leaves (from tree or plant); to cut the hair short

剪短(從樹或植物上)所有的葉子;剪短頭髮sani [POC]

Churchward 1959

165
haŋa

span (about 9 inches)

跨度(約9英寸)zaŋan₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

166
haŋa

span (about 9”); augmented span (about 12”), measured by spanning and then bending the hand over to the knuckles; to measure by spans

saŋa₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

167
hao

succeed in getting out or in or through; escape, be acquitted, go free

成功地逃出、進入或通過;逃脫、無罪釋放、自由saRop [POC]saRep

Churchward 1959

168
hao-faki

rescue, deliver or bring safely through

營救、運送或安全通過saRop [POC]saRep

Churchward 1959

169
hapo

to catch (a ball, etc.)

接球sabot [POC]sapet

Churchward 1959

170
hau

thin dagger or stiletto, like a giant-sized needle, used in spearing bonito

細匕首或細高跟鞋,像一根巨大的針,用於刺鰹魚saRum [POC]zaRum

Churchward 1959

171
hau

instrument used for tattooing

紋身工具saRu [POC]saRu₃

Churchward 1959

172
haʔi

to bind (lit. or fig.); (of words) to bracket, put in brackets; binding; bond, that which binds, fetter, etc., or bracket (parenthesis)

saqit [POC]zaqit

Churchward 1959

173
haʔi-haʔi

to bind round and round so as to make a number of bundles; to bandage

包紮,包紮一圈又一圈地捆成若干捆;包紮saqit [POC]zaqit

Churchward 1959

174
heŋa

Vini australis

澳大利亞葡萄酒seŋa₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

175
heʔe-ku, ho-ku

definite 1sg exclusive: my

明確1sg獨家:我的-gu [POC]-ku

Churchward 1959

176
hifo

to go down, descend; to dismount, get down, get out (of a vehicle), alight; to get off, go ashore (from a boat), disembark; to go down to the beach (from farther inland) or into the water (from the land); to be deposed or dismissed from office

sipo [POC]

Churchward 1959

177
hihi

shellfish, like a hard-shelled snail

貝類,像硬殼蝸牛sisi₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

178
hihi

to scoop out, gouge out (of clams); to open with a knife and detach the flesh

挖出,挖出(蛤蜊);用刀打開,把肉分開sisi₃ [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

179
hihifo

direction in which the sun sets, west

太陽西沉的方向噪聲

Churchward 1959

180
hiki

to lift, raise (including the raising of prices, wages, etc.); to move from one place or position to another; to transfer; to copy; to quote; to translate

噪聲

Churchward 1959

181
hikof-i

to pick up with tongs

用鉗子夾sikop [POC]cikep

Churchward 1959

182
hiku

tail (especially of fish or reptile); end (e.g. of rope or string); tip (of a leaf); lower end

siku [POC]

Churchward 1959

183
hiku-hiku

top(s) or tip(s) projecting upwards; tip (of a branch), topmost branch (of a tree)

向上突出的頂端或頂端;頂端siku [POC]

Churchward 1959

184
hipa

to be slanting, crooked, out of line, out of alignment or not parallel

歪斜、歪斜、歪斜、歪斜、歪斜或不平行siba₂ [POC]simpa

Churchward 1959

185
hiva

nine

siwa [PMP]Siwa

Churchward 1959

186
hoa

to be partners (e.g. in a game); to be harmonious, appropriate, or befitting; to correspond, to be in harmony or accord with; to match

soRa [POC]

Churchward 1959

187
hoā

partner, one of two who work or play, etc. in partnership

合夥人,兩個合夥工作或玩耍的人中的一個soRa [POC]

Churchward 1959

188
hoka

upright pieces of timber in the roof of a Tongan house, standing on the #tuɁuŋahoka (Pedestal running lengthwise) and supporting the ridgepole

sokar [POC]seŋkar

Churchward 1959

189
hoka-Ɂi

to ram, jab, poke, or strike with the tip of a rod, etc.; to stab; to harpoon (whales); to husk (coconuts); to play billiards or snooker; to have bayonet practice

soka [POC]

Churchward 1959

190
holo

here and there, in various places, hither and thither, in various directions

到處,到處,到處,四面八方solo₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

191
holo

to go down, fall, sink, sink in (e.g. of a mine); (of a house) to fall, collapse

(指房子)倒塌solo₃ [POC]

Churchward 1959

192
hoŋe

to have a famine, to suffer from a famine, to be famine-stricken

鬧饑荒,受饑荒,受饑荒soŋe [POC]

Churchward 1959

193
hōŋe-a

(of people) to be famine-stricken

(指人)遭受饑荒soŋe [POC]

Churchward 1959

194
hoŋe (hoŋe) vale

to be in the grip of a severe famine

陷入嚴重饑荒soŋe [POC]

Churchward 1959

195
ho-ŋo-fulu

ten

esa [PAN]

Churchward 1959

196
ho-ŋo-fulu

ten

sa-ŋa-puluq [PMP]puluq

Churchward 1959

197
ho-ŋo-fulu

ten

ŋa [PMP]

Churchward 1959

198
hoputu

Lethrinus miniatus, possibly also Lutjanus gibbus

小葉赤眼蜂,也可能是盧特雅努斯sabutu [POC]

Churchward 1959

199

wet

潮濕的suRuq₁ [POC]zuRuq

Churchward 1959

200

to enter, to go in; to pass through an entrance (whether going in or out), put on, get into (clothes)

surup₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

201
hua

(of pigs) to root in the earth, to turn over the earth with the snout, to grout

(指豬)在土裏紮根,用鼻子翻土,灌漿sual [PMP]

Churchward 1959

202
hua

of a boat, to change from one tack to another

在船上,從一個大頭釘到另一個大頭釘suak [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

203
hua

food made from a mixture of #hili (arrowroot starch), and coconut cream

由希利(箭頭澱粉)和椰子忌廉混合製成的食物sua₂ [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

204
huhu

suck

吮吸cupcup [PMP]

Churchward 1959

205
huhu

prick, pierce (with a small hole); of a bee, to sting; give an injection to

刺,刺(用小孔);蜜蜂的,刺;注射susul₂ [POC]cu(l)cul

Churchward 1959

206
huhu

to suck (as a baby does) from breast or bottle

從乳房或奶瓶裏吮吸susu₁ [PAN]

Churchward 1959

207
huhu

to prick, pierce (with a small hole); (of a bee, etc.) to sting; to give an injection to

刺,刺(用小孔);刺(蜜蜂等);注射suksuk [PAN]

Churchward 1959

208
huhu

to suck (as a baby does) from breast or bottle

從乳房或奶瓶裏吮吸susup [POC]supsup

Churchward 1959

209
hūhūk-ia

pricked in many places, having many small holes as if pricked

在許多地方刺,有許多小洞好像刺susuk [POC]cukcuk

Churchward 1959

210
hūhūk-ia

pricked in many places, having many small holes as if pricked

在許多地方刺,有許多小洞好像刺suksuk [PAN]

Churchward 1959

211
hui

bone; needle; bony (of fish, etc.)

骨;針;骨(指魚等)suRi₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

212
hūk-ia

pricked

刺痛的susuk [POC]cukcuk

Churchward 1959

213
huli

shoot, sprout, twig or sucker; fig. scion, descendant; to send out one or more shoots or suckers

芽,芽,枝或吸盤;無花果接穗,後代;發出一個或多個芽或吸盤suli₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

214
huli

kind of fish

一種魚sulik [POC]sulig

Churchward 1959

215
huli-ŋa

node (of a plant or tree)

(植物或樹的)節suli₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

216
hulu

to show a light, or to give light, with a lantern, or a torch, etc.

用燈籠或手電筒等來照明。suluq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

217
hulu

to fix one’s loincloth by tucking in one end of it at the waist

把腰帶的一端塞進腰間suluŋ₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

218
hulu-hulu-ʔi

to give light to, throw light on (path, book, etc.)

照亮,照亮(路、書等)suluq-i [PWMP]suluq

Churchward 1959

219
humu

kind of fish

一種魚sumu [POC]

Churchward 1959

220
hunu

to singe

歌唱sunuR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

221
hunu-hunu

to singe for some time, or all over

歌唱一段時間sunuR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

222
ī

fan

風扇irir [POC]irid₁

Churchward 1959

223
i, ʔi

preposition: at, on, in, than, etc.

介詞:at,on,in,than等。i₂ [PAN]

Churchward 1959

224
ia

3sg. and pl.

3毫克。和pl。ia₁ [PAN]

Churchward 1959

225
ia

demonstrative pronoun: that, those

訓示代詞ia₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

226
ia

particle of emphasis or rhythm

重點或節奏qia [PAN]

Churchward 1959

227
ifi

blow with the mouth; blow or blow into or play (a whistle, or wind instrument)

用嘴吹;吹、吹或演奏(口哨或吹奏樂器)ipi₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

228
ifi

kind of tree bearing edible nuts about 3 inches long: the Tahitian chestnut, Inocarpus edulis

一種結有3英寸長的可食用堅果的樹:大溪地栗子,■ipi₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

229
ifi

blow with the mouth, blow into, blow up, inflate; to play a tune (on a bugle, etc.)

用嘴吹,吹,吹,吹;吹曲子(在號角上等)upi [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

230
ifi pula

blow bubbles

吹泡泡buraq [POC]budaq₁

Churchward 1959

231
ifo

tasty, lit. or fig. (interesting, etc.)

美味,明亮。或圖(有趣等)ipoR [POC]ibeR

Churchward 1959

232
ihe

fish sp.

魚苗。噪聲

Churchward 1959

233
ihu-

nose, (of an elephant) trunk

(大象的)鼻子icuŋ [POC]ijuŋ

Churchward 1959

234
i-iki

dual or plural of #siɁi (small, little; young, younger) when it means small, and sometimes when it means younger, etc.

rikit [POC]dikit

Churchward 1959

235
ika

fish, incl. also turtles (#fonu) and whales (#tofuaʔa), but not eels, cuttle-fish or jelly-fish

ikan [PEMP]Sikan

Churchward 1959

236
ike

mallet with which the inner bark of the paper mulberry tree is beaten in making #tapa cloth

用木槌敲打紙制桑樹的內部樹皮ike [POC]ikay

Churchward 1959

237
iku

tail (esp. of a quadruped); to end, terminate, culminate; issue, result; finish up

尾巴(尤指四足動物);結束,終止,達到頂點;問題,結果;結束ikuR [PAN]

Churchward 1959

238
ina

show the teeth, grin or laugh (esp. in derision or ridicule)

露出牙齒、咧嘴笑或大笑(尤指嘲笑或嘲笑)inap [POC]

Churchward 1959

239
ino

poise oneself for attack, hold fists or spear, etc. as if about to attack

準備進攻,握拳或矛等,好像要進攻似的噪聲

Churchward 1959

240
inu

to drink; to take (liquid medicine); drinking; drinking water or other beverage

飲用;服用(藥水);飲用;飲用水或其他飲料inum [PMP]

Churchward 1959

241
inu-inu

to drink (repetitive, continuative)

喝酒(重複的,持續的)inum-inum [POC]inum

Churchward 1959

242
inu-mia

consume by evaporation or by absorption

蒸發或吸收消耗inum-ia [POC]inum

Churchward 1959

243
ipu

cup

杯子ibu [POC]ibu₃

Churchward 1959

244

to hawk, clear the throat forcibly and noisily

大聲叫喊,用力清嗓子kak [PAN]

Churchward 1959

245
kahi

kind of shellfish

貝類kasi [POC]

Churchward 1959

246
kahi

shellfish

貝類kakas-i [POC]gasgas

Churchward 1959

247
kaho

reeds; a single reed is called a #va’a kaho

蘆葦;一根蘆葦被稱為“va'a kaho”kaso₁ [POC]kasaw₂

Churchward 1959

248
kai

to eat; (of fish) to bite (at the bait); (in games) to score, make a score

吃;(指魚)咬(餌);(在遊戲中)得分kani [POC]kaen

Churchward 1959

249
ka-kā

parrot

鸚鵡kaRa [POC]

Churchward 1959

250
kaka

fibrous integument at the top of coconut palms

椰子樹頂端的纖維狀珠被kaka₃ [POC]

Churchward 1959

251
ka-kai

people (collectively); to be peopled, inhabited, occupied; to be attended by people, to be more or less full of people

kai [POC]

Churchward 1959

252
ka-kano

flesh; lean (as opposed to #ngako, fat); muscle; contents or substance

肉;瘦肉(與“ngako,脂肪”相反);肌肉;內容物或物質kanon₂ [POC]kaen

Churchward 1959

253
ka-kano

flesh; lean (as opposed to fat); muscle

肉;瘦的(相對於脂肪);肌肉kanoŋ [POC]

Churchward 1959

254
ka-kau

to swim, of men and ducks, etc., but not fish

游泳,指人和鴨子等,但不指魚kaRu₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

255
kali

native wooden pillow or headrest (carved, with two short legs)

土生土長的木制枕頭或頭枕(雕刻,兩條短腿)kalik [POC]

Churchward 1959

256
kaliŋ

native wooden pillow or headrest

國產木質枕頭或頭枕噪聲

Churchward 1959

257
kanahe

mullet

鯔魚kanase [POC]kaNasay

Churchward 1959

258
kano

flesh or substance: generally used instead of #ka-kano when –#‘i (of) is attached, as in #kano ‘i puaka, pig’s flesh, pork, and in compound expressions such as #kano lelei, having good flesh or (of a sermon, etc.) meaty

kanon₂ [POC]kaen

Churchward 1959

259
kano

flesh or substance (generally used instead of kakano in genitive constructions and compounds)

肉或物質(通常在生殖結構和化合物中代替卡卡諾)kanoŋ [POC]

Churchward 1959

260
kanon-i

to increase or add to (object something already heavy or painful or otherwise unpleasant); to aggravate

kanon₂ [POC]kaen

Churchward 1959

261
kano ʔi mata

eyeball

眼球kanoŋ qi mata [POC]kanoŋ

Churchward 1959

262
kapa-kapa

side fin; to flap the wings

側翼kaba-kabak [POC]kapak

Churchward 1959

263
kapi-kapi

to drive a wedge into; loincloth with flowers, etc. stuck into it for ornamentation; wedge

把楔子插進去;纏上鮮花等以作裝潢的腰帶;楔子kapit [PMP]

Churchward 1959

264
kapu

form into a cup-like shape, esp. a banana leaf

形成杯狀,尤指香蕉葉kapuq [POC]kabuq

Churchward 1959

265
katea

main part of canoe as distinguished from the #hama (outrigger)

獨木舟的主要部分,區別於#hama(支腿)katae [POC]

Churchward 1959

266
kato

basket; suitcase; pouch; pocket

籃子;手提箱;郵袋;口袋kaso₂ [POC]kaso

Churchward 1959

267
kato

basket; suitcase; pouch; pocket

籃子;手提箱;郵袋;口袋噪聲

Churchward 1959

268
kau

stalk, stem (of leaf, without or with the midrib, or of a flower or fruit); something resembling a stalk or stem, e.g. stem of a tobacco pipe

kayu [POC]kaSiw

Churchward 1959

269
kau-kau-a

strong, especially physically strong; burly, sturdy or robust

強壯的,尤指身體強壯的;結實的kayu kayu [POC]

Churchward 1959

270
kava

kava: either the plant (Piper methysticum) or the beverage made from its crushed root

卡瓦:要麼是這種植物(胡椒),要麼是用壓碎的根製成的飲料借詞

Churchward 1959

271
kave

tentacle of cuttlefish or octopus

烏賊或章魚的觸鬚kawe₂ [POC]kaway₂

Churchward 1959

272
kave

tentacle of cuttlefish or octopus

烏賊或章魚的觸鬚kawe₁ [POC]gaway₁

Churchward 1959

273
kehe

different (either in kind or merely in identity); special, abnormal, unusual

不同的(在種類上或僅僅在身份上);特殊的、不正常的、不尋常的kese [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

274
kehe-kehe

different from one another; various

不同的;不同的kese-kese [PCEMP]kese

Churchward 1959

275
kekekeke

to shriek, screech, scream

尖叫,尖叫,尖叫kekekeke [POC]

Churchward 1959

276
keli

to dig; to dig up (but when speaking of yams , #keli is ‘to plant’)

挖;挖(但說到山藥,克裏是“種”的)keli [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

277

to squeak

吱吱叫kik [PMP]

Churchward 1959

278
ki

preposition: to, etc.

介詞:to等。ki₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

279
ki

preposition: to, toward

介詞:to,towardki₂ₐ [PMP]ki₂

Churchward 1959

280
kiato

timbers connecting the outrigger of a canoe with the canoe itself

連接獨木舟支腿和獨木舟本身的木材kiajo [POC]

Churchward 1959

281
kie

kind of pandanus; very fine mat made from the smooth side of #kie leaves

一種pandanus;非常精細的墊子,由光滑的葉子製成kiRe [POC]kiRay

Churchward 1959

282
kikī

to squeak, squeal --- of young pig, small child, ungreased cart-wheel, etc.; (of a dog) to yelp; to screech

kikik [PMP]

Churchward 1959

283
ki-kila

to look with widely open eyes, to stare (a rather impolite word)

睜大眼睛看,凝視(一個相當不禮貌的詞)kilat₂ [PMP]kilat

Churchward 1959

284
kili

skin; peel, rind; bark

皮;皮,皮;樹皮kulit [POC]kuliC

Churchward 1959

285
kilo

glance to one side, look out of the corner of the eyes

向一邊看,從眼角向外看kilep [PMP]

Churchward 1959

286
kilo

glance to one side, look out of the corner of the eyes

向一邊看,從眼角向外看kilo [POC]kilaw₃

Churchward 1959

287
kilof-i

keep glancing at

繼續看kilep [PMP]

Churchward 1959

288
kina

meat or fish portion of a baked or roasted meal

烤肉或烤肉中的肉或魚k〈in〉an [POC]kaen

Churchward 1959

289
kiokio

to squeak (of chicks), chirp, twitter, warble

吱吱叫kiaw [PAN]

Churchward 1959

290
kita-u-tolu

first person plural inclusive

第一人稱複數tolu [PEMP]telu

Churchward 1959

291
kite

(of distant objects) to appear, to be in sight or come into sight

(指遙遠的物體)出現、出現或出現kita₂ [PAN]kita

Churchward 1959

292
kite-ʔi

to ‘dream’, suspect, have an idea (that it might be so)

“做夢”,懷疑,有個想法(可能是這樣的)kita₂ [PAN]kita

Churchward 1959

293

(of fowls) to squawk

(指家禽)呱呱叫kek [PMP]

Churchward 1959

294

(of dogs) to bark

(指狗)吠叫keŋ₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

295
koe

2sg., you (thee, thou)

你(你,你)koe [POC]

Churchward 1959

296
kofu

garment; clothing; dress

服裝噪聲

Churchward 1959

297
kohu

to smoke, emit smoke, give off smoke or fumes

吸煙,冒煙,冒煙kasu [POC]

Churchward 1959

298
koka

tree with reddish wood: Bischofia javanica; stain for tapa cloth made from the bark of the #koka tree

koka [POC]

Churchward 1959

299
koko

press or squeeze so as to make smaller or alter the shape of

壓榨或擠壓使…變小或改變…的形狀keŋkeŋ₃ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

300
koko

to press or squeeze so as to make smaller or alter the shape of

擠壓或擠壓使變小或改變形狀kokom [POC]gemgem

Churchward 1959

301
kokoh-i ~ koh-i

to scratch (with a sharp point); to strike (a match)

劃傷(用尖頭);劃(火柴)kokos [POC]keskes₁

Churchward 1959

302
kolo

village, town, fortress; temporary fence of native cloth round an open grave

村莊、城鎮、要塞;用土布圍起的臨時圍牆koro₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

303
komi-komi

(of biting) be tenacious, refusing to let go

(指咬人)頑強,不肯放手komi [POC]gemi

Churchward 1959

304
komi-komi

(of biting) to be tenacious, refusing to let go

(指咬人)頑強,不肯放手kemi [PMP]

Churchward 1959

305
kosi

cut with scissors or shears or clippers, to clip or shear; to cut grass with a lawn-mower; (of rats) to gnaw through, to gnaw a hole in

ketil [PAN]

Churchward 1959

306
kuka

kind of crab

一種螃蟹kuka [POC]

Churchward 1959

307
kuku

to grasp, grip, clutch or hold on to

抓住、抓住、抓住或抓住kukuq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

308
kuku

to grasp, grip, clutch or hold on to

抓住、抓住、抓住或抓住kukup [POC]kupkup₃

Churchward 1959

309
kūkū

to coo, of the #kulukulu

庫魯庫魯的首席運營官kurukuru [POC]

Churchward 1959

310
kuku

pink-fleshed mussel (shellfish)

粉紅肉質貽貝(貝類)kukur [POC]kuDkuD

Churchward 1959

311
kulo

pot, cauldron (borrowed from Fiji)

鍋,鍋(從斐濟借來)kuden [PAN]

Churchward 1959

312
kulukulu

kind of small bluish-green dove

一種藍綠色的小鴿子kurukuru [POC]

Churchward 1959

313
kutu

louse, lice

蝨子,蝨子kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Churchward 1959

314
kutu-a

infested with lice, lousy

蝨子橫行,噁心kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Churchward 1959

315
kutu-fisi

flea (jumping louse)

跳蚤(跳虱)kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Churchward 1959

316

sail; canvas

layaR [PAN]

Churchward 1959

317
lafa

(to be affected with) ringworm

(受)癬lapa₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

318
lafa-lafa

flat (not curved or bulging)

扁平(不彎曲或凸起)rapaR [POC]dapaR

Churchward 1959

319
lafo

throw (rope, fishing line, net, etc.), or disks; disk-throwing game

投擲(繩子、釣魚線、網等)或圓盤;圓盤投擲遊戲lambeg [PMP]

Churchward 1959

320
laho

scrotum and testicles

陰囊和睾丸lasoR [POC]laseR

Churchward 1959

321
laka

go, walk, step

走,走,走rakat [PAN]

Churchward 1959

322
laka

to go or walk (esp. for a short distance only); to step; to march; to move on or forward, to proceed, progress, develop, or advance

lakas [POC]lakaj

Churchward 1959

323
laka

to go or walk (especially for a short distance only), to step; to march; to move on or forward; to proceed, progress, develop; to go beyond (literally or figuratively), to go or come past, to go or come over, to pass or cross over; to surpass, to exceed or be in excess of; to omit or skip over

laŋkaq₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

324
laka hala

to step incorrectly, to be out of step

走錯了步,走錯了步lakas [POC]lakaj

Churchward 1959

325
laka hala

to step incorrectly, to be out of step

走錯了步,走錯了步laŋkaq₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

326
lalo

place or space below or lower down; lower

在下面或更低的地方或空間;更低ralom [POC]dalem

Churchward 1959

327
lalo-ʔakau-a

be subject to, habitually give way to, defer to or be under the influence or control of (lit. ‘under the tree’?)

ralom [POC]dalem

Churchward 1959

328
lanu

to wash or rinse in fresh water (of something that has been in salt water); to wash oneself with fresh water after a sea bath

ranum [POC]daNum

Churchward 1959

329
laŋi

sky, heaven; eyes, face, mouth, ears, or head (of king or queen)

天空,天空;眼睛,臉,嘴,耳朵,頭(國王或王后的)laŋit [PMP]laŋiC

Churchward 1959

330
lāŋi-laŋi

splendor, glory, honor

榮耀,榮耀,榮譽laŋit [PMP]laŋiC

Churchward 1959

331
laŋi-laŋi havili

to look as if it is going to be windy

好像要颳風了laŋit [PMP]laŋiC

Churchward 1959

332
laŋo

fly (insect)

蒼蠅(昆蟲)laŋo [POC]laŋaw

Churchward 1959

333
lata

to feel at home or at ease, to be comfortable or happy and contented; to be friendly or at ease with

感到自在、自在、舒適、快樂、滿足;友好、自在lasa₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

334
lata

feel at home or at ease

有賓至如歸的感覺lajam [PAN]

Churchward 1959

335
lau ~ lou

leaf; sheet, layer, of paper, board, etc.; blade; flat, of bat, saw, etc.; hair of the head

葉子;紙、板等的薄片、層;刀片;扁的,蝙蝠的,鋸的;頭的毛raun [PEMP]dahun

Churchward 1959

336
lau-papa

board, plank

木板raun [PEMP]dahun

Churchward 1959

337
lave

feeler, antenna, as of a lobster; long tail feather, as of a rooster or a tavake (tropic bird)

lawi₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

338
lele

to run or sail or travel along (of boats, vehicles, bicycles, or of those in or on them); of fish, to swim or move through the water

噪聲

Churchward 1959

339
leʔo

voice, sound

聲音,聲音leqo [POC]

Churchward 1959

340
liha

nit, louse’s egg

尼特,蝨子蛋lisa [POC]liseqeS

Churchward 1959

341
liki

little, but only in certain compounds

很少,但只在某些化合物中liki [POC]

Churchward 1959

342
liki

little (plural, but only in certain compounds)

很少(複數,但僅限於某些化合物)rikiq [POC]dikiq

Churchward 1959

343
lili

be very angry, boil with rage, be furious; seethe with anger or discontent

大發雷霆,怒火中燒,怒火中燒,怒火中燒lilim [POC]

Churchward 1959

344
lili

to boil (of the sea). to be turbulent, violently rough; to be very angry, to boil with rage, to be furious

ririq [POC]diqdiq

Churchward 1959

345
liliu

turn around; turn or change into something else

轉身liliu [POC]

Churchward 1959

346
li-liu

turn around; turn or change into something else

轉身li-liu [POC]liu₂

Churchward 1959

347
limu tahi

seaweed

海藻limut [PMP]

Churchward 1959

348
limu ʔuta

moss or lichen

苔蘚limut [PMP]

Churchward 1959

349
liŋi

to pour or pour out, to shed (blood)

倒出倒出,流出(血)liŋi [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

350
liŋi-liŋi

to pour at little at a time

一次倒一點liŋi-liŋi [POC]liŋi

Churchward 1959

351
liŋi loto

pouring out mind(s) or heart(s)

傾訴心事liŋi [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

352
liŋo-liŋo

absolutely calm

絕對平靜噪聲

Churchward 1959

353

ant

螞蟻loRo [POC]

Churchward 1959

354
lōf-ia

be inundated

被淹沒lolop [POC]lebleb₂

Churchward 1959

355
lolo

to push or dip under water, to duck

在水下推或浸lolop [POC]lebleb₂

Churchward 1959

356
lomi

to press, press down or press in

按下、按下或按入lomiq [POC]lemiq₂

Churchward 1959

357
loto

inside, interior; mind, heart (seat of affections, etc.); desire, will, purpose; anger, ire, temper

loto₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

358
loto

inside, interior (as of a house); mind, heart (seat of affections, etc.); desire, will, purpose

噪聲

Churchward 1959

359
lua

to vomit

嘔吐luaq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

360
lulu

owl

貓頭鷹druru [POC]

Churchward 1959

361
lulu

to shake

搖動luluk [POC]luglug

Churchward 1959

362
luo

hole in the ground, pit, trench, rut, or other depression; hole

地面、坑、溝、車轍或其他凹陷處的洞;洞luaŋ₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

363

feel shame, be ashamed

感到羞恥,感到羞恥ma-mayaq [PCEMP]Seyaq

Churchward 1959

364
ma-

stative prefix (fossilized in #mahaki ‘sick person, patient; sickness, disease’ < PMP *ma-sakit ‘sick, painful’, etc.)

ma-₁ [PAN]

Churchward 1959

365

conjunction: and (only with numerals)

連詞:and(僅限數位)maS [PAN]

Churchward 1959

366
ma-fana

warm (of food, water, or drink); warm (to the touch)

溫暖的(指食物、水或飲料);溫暖的ma-panas [PMP]panas₁

Churchward 1959

367
mā-fana

warm (inwardly, subjectively)

溫暖的(內心的,主觀的)ma-panas [PMP]panas₁

Churchward 1959

368
ma-fana-fana

be fairly warm

相當暖和ma-panas-panas [POC]panas₁

Churchward 1959

369
mafu

stale (of food, etc.), fermented, sour

(指食物等)不新鮮的、發酵的、酸的mapu₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

370
maha

(of liquid or its container) finished, all gone, dry, empty; (of a battery) completely run down, giving no current at all; (of a cow) dry

maja [PMP]

Churchward 1959

371
mahaki

sick person, patient; sickness, disease, ailment; temperamental or characteristic fondness or liking, ‘weakness’, craze, addiction; sick, diseased, ailing; dead (polite for #mate)

masakit [POC]sakit

Churchward 1959

372
mahaki-ʔia

to be sick or unwell (a milder or more polite word than #puke): of persons, animals, etc., and trees or plants; of a woman, to have her monthly sickness

masakit-ia [POC]sakit

Churchward 1959

373
mahi

sour to the taste, or astrigent

酸味的,辛辣的maqasin [PCEMP]qasiN

Churchward 1959

374
mahi

sour (to the taste), or astringent

酸的(合口味的)或澀的maŋsit [PMP]

Churchward 1959

375
mahu

(of land, soil) productive, producing good crops; (of place or people) to have plenty of food, to be well off for food; (of food) plentiful

masuR [POC]

Churchward 1959

376
mai

to or towards me or us, etc.; also expression of desire, etc.

對我或我們的,或對我或我們的,等;也指欲望的表達等。mai [POC]ai₃

Churchward 1959

377
maka

stone

maga [POC]

Churchward 1959

378
maka

stone

噪聲

Churchward 1959

379
maka-tā

a sling; to sling stones, to use a sling (= ‘stone’ + ‘hit’)

吊帶;吊起石頭,用吊帶(‘石頭’+‘擊中’)maga [POC]

Churchward 1959

380
ma-keke

to bend, be bent, crouch up, withdraw

彎腰,彎腰,蹲下,撤退keke₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

381
mala

misfortune, bad luck or suffering, esp. as resulting from, or coming as the Nemesis of, wrongdoing

不幸,厄運或苦難,尤指由錯誤行為引起的或作為錯誤行為的報應而來的malaŋ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

382
ma-lama

to shine, to give light, or send out light

發光,發光或發出光ma-ramaR [POC]damaR₁

Churchward 1959

383
malaʔe

village green; park, playground, open market place, etc.

鄉村綠地;公園、遊樂場、露天市場等。malaqe [POC]

Churchward 1959

384
m-alu

shaded or sheltered

遮蔽的aluŋ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

385
malu

to be shaded or sheltered (lit. or fig.); to be safe, secure, watertight or airtight

遮蔽被遮蔽或遮蔽(照亮。或圖);安全、可靠、不漏水或不透氣maluRu [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

386
malu-malu

shady, affording shade

陰涼,提供陰涼maluRu maluRu [POC]maluRu

Churchward 1959

387
malu-malu-a

be shaded by something

被某物遮蔽maluRu maluRu [POC]maluRu

Churchward 1959

388
maluu

(of the wind, or of the sea or the day as affected by the wind) mild, pleasantly calm; (of pain) abated, gone

maluRu [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

389
malu-ʔi

to protect or defend; to make or keep safe or secure, to safeguard; to insure, to guarantee

保護或保衛;使或保持安全或保障;保證maluRu [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

390
mama

to chew: especially kava (in former times), or candlenuts preparatory to using them as soap, or food which, after being chewed, is to be fed to a baby; food which has been chewed in this way

mamaq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

391
mana

supernatural; superhuman; miraculous; attended or accompanied by supernatural or apparently supernatural happenings; to thunder

mana₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

392
manava

womb; heart; bowels (in Old English) as the seat of affections, of courage, etc.; stomach

子宮;心臟;腸(古英語)作為感情、勇氣等的所在地;胃mañawa [POC]NiSawa

Churchward 1959

393
mānava

breathe; breathing, breath

呼吸;呼吸,呼吸mañawa [POC]NiSawa

Churchward 1959

394
manava-fasi

suffering from lack of sufficient nourishment; undernourished

缺乏足夠營養的;營養不良的mañawa [POC]NiSawa

Churchward 1959

395
manifi

thin, --- of board or paper, etc., but not of stick or thread; thin, sparse, --- of mist, forest, etc.

ma-nipis [PMP]Nipis

Churchward 1959

396
manifi-nifi

comparatively thin, especially thin, quite thin

比較薄的,特別薄的,相當薄的manipi-nipis [POC]Nipis

Churchward 1959

397
manifi-nifiʔaŋa

place or spot where it is thinnest; temples

太陽穴最薄的地方或地點;太陽穴manipi-nipis [POC]Nipis

Churchward 1959

398
manoŋi

give off a pleasant odor

散發出宜人的氣味manoŋi [POC]

Churchward 1959

399
manoŋi-sia

fragrant with the odor of flowers, etc.

散發著花香等。manoŋi [POC]

Churchward 1959

400
manu

animal, esp. bird, but applied also to quadrupeds, reptiles, insects, etc., but not to fish, shell-fish, etc.

manuk [POC]

Churchward 1959

401
maŋa

to fork, branch out, branch off, become divided into two or more branches (of a tree, a road, a stream, etc.); to step across or over; to walk with big steps, to stride; branch, fork, crotch, bifurcation

ma-saŋa [PMP]saŋa₁

Churchward 1959

402
maŋa

to fork, branch out, branch off, become divided into two or more branches

分叉,分叉,分叉maŋa₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

403
ma-puna

to spout or squirt upwards

向上噴射puna₁ [POC]punaŋ

Churchward 1959

404
ma-siva

poor, needy, in want

貧窮,窮困,窮困噪聲

Churchward 1959

405
mata

(of fruit), green, unripe, or raw; (of copra) undried); (of timber) unseasoned, or not thoroughly seasoned (hence a newly made canoe is sometimes said to be #kei mata 'still unseasoned')

ma-hataq [PMP]hataq

Churchward 1959

406
mata

(of fruit) green, unripe or raw; (of timber) unseasoned, or not thoroughly seasoned (hence a newly made canoe is sometimes said to be #kei mata, still unseasoned)

mataq [POC]hataq

Churchward 1959

407
mata

eye(s) or face; (of cloth, etc.) right side, outer side; (of leaf) front, top, smooth side; (as preposed noun) front (of house, etc.); point (of spear, needle, etc.); point or prong (of fork); blade or cutting edge; head (of boil, etc.); (of coconut) eye, or end where the eyes are; (of net) mesh; (of wound) mouth, opening. Special uses: (a) feelings, (b) best (of a number of valuable things); to see

mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

408
mata afi

fire (single fire, not fire in general)

火災(單一火災,一般不火災)api [POC]Sapuy

Churchward 1959

409
mata fale

house front, front of the house

房子前面,房子前面mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

410
mata fasi

exact spot where a stick, or a limb, etc. is broken (‘eye of fracture’)

一根棍子或一根四肢等被折斷的確切位置(“骨折之眼”)mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

411
mata fonua

coast on the front side of an island (the side where the main settlement is)

島嶼正面的海岸(主要定居點所在的一側)mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

412
mata hoko

joint, place where two edges or surfaces join together

接合,將兩條邊或表面接合在一起mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

413
mata kali

tribe, clan

部族mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

414
mata keli

spot where one first inserts the spade when digging

挖掘時第一次插入鐵鍬的位置mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

415
ma-tala

to be clear or fresh (in one’s memory)

清晰或新鮮(在記憶中)借詞

Churchward 1959

416
mata-liki

Pleiades

昴宿星mata riki [POC]maCa

Churchward 1959

417
mata-mata

to appear, to look, to seem

出現,出現,出現mata-mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

418
mata nifo

edge of tooth or teeth; mark caused (actually or apparently) by the bite of a tooth, tooth-mark

牙齒或牙齒的邊緣;牙齒咬痕(實際上或表面上)引起的痕跡mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

419
mataŋi

wind; air

風;空氣mata ni aŋin [POC]maCa

Churchward 1959

420
mataŋi-a

(of a boat) to be caught or struck by a strong wind

(指船)被強風刮mata ni aŋin [POC]maCa

Churchward 1959

421
mata pā

gate, door, or window (#pā = ‘fence, wall, enclosure’)

門、門或窗(#pā='圍欄、牆、圍牆')mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

422
mata vai

spring (of water); source (of a river)

泉水;水源mata ni waiR [POC]maCa

Churchward 1959

423
mata ʔi huhu

nipple

乳頭mata ni susu [POC]maCa

Churchward 1959

424
mata ʔi ika

whitlow

惠特洛mata ni ikan [POC]maCa

Churchward 1959

425
mata ʔi palau

ploughshare

犁鏵mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

426
mata ʔi talo

taro tops (for planting)

芋頭(種植用)mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

427
mata ʔi tohi

letter of the alphabet

字母表中的字母mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

428
mata ʔi ʔuha

raindrop

雨滴mata [PMP]maCa

Churchward 1959

429
mataʔu

right-handed; right (not left)

右手的;右手的ma-taqu₂ [PMP]taqu

Churchward 1959

430
mate

die; sometimes used in the sense of stunned or quite unconscious; (of fire or light) go out, be out; (of a boat) be sunk or wrecked; (of a volcano) be extinct; (of wind) die down, cease; (of sun or moon) be eclipsed; (of clock or engine, etc.) to stop, not to be going; paralyzed (as a limb); dead; death; be utterly sick and tired of; be overcome or carried away with (laughter, weeping, desire, sleepiness, fear, etc.)

mate [POC]aCay

Churchward 1959

431
matolu

thick --- of board or paper, etc., but not of stick or thread; thick, dense --- of mist (#kakapu), forest (#vao), etc. Opp. #manifi; shrub with very thick leaves.

matolu [POC]təlu

Churchward 1959

432
mā-tu-tuʔa

(of persons) old; or mature, fully developed

(指人)年老的;成熟的matuqa [POC]tuqaS

Churchward 1959

433
ma-tuʔu

to cease flowing

停止流動tuquR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

434
mā-tuʔu

to be or become dry, of what was actually wet, not of what was merely green

變幹,變幹,變幹,變幹,變幹tuquR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

435
maʔanu

be afloat, not to be resting on or touching the bottom; kind of jelly-fish (#kolukalu) that stays at or near the top of the sea

maqañur [POC]qañud

Churchward 1959

436
mea

light red or light brown, reddish, brownish: esp. in names of plants, fish, etc.

淺紅色或淺棕色,帶紅色,帶褐色:尤指以植物、魚等的名義。meRaq [POC]ma-iRaq

Churchward 1959

437
mimi

urinate, pass water

小便、通水mimiq [POC]miqmiq

Churchward 1959

438
mimi

to urinate, pass water

小便、通水mimi [PMP]

Churchward 1959

439
mi-misi

suck up, suck in, absorb, or exert suction

吸,吸,吸miti [POC]

Churchward 1959

440
misi

suck

吮吸miti [POC]

Churchward 1959

441
mohe

to sleep, be asleep; (of a boat) to anchor or remain for the night; (of the wind) to blow from a specified direction during the night

噪聲

Churchward 1959

442
mohe-a

to be abounding in sleeping fish (of a reef)

(暗礁的)沉睡的魚比比皆是噪聲

Churchward 1959

443
mok-opu-na

grandchild

孫子mokobu [POC]empu

Churchward 1959

444
mo-kopu-na

grandchild

孫子mo-kobu [POC]kempu

Churchward 1959

445
momo

a little bit, crumb, fragment

一點點,碎屑,碎片mekmek [PMP]

Churchward 1959

446
mo-mona

fat; only of shellfish and crustaceans

脂肪;僅指貝類和甲殼類動物moñak₂ [POC]meñak

Churchward 1959

447
monū

good luck, good fortune or privilege

好運、好運或特權ma-nuRuq [PMP]nuRuq

Churchward 1959

448
m-oŋu, m-aŋu

scab

結痂ma-Raŋu [PCEMP]Raŋu

Churchward 1959

449
motu

island; break, become separated

離島motus [POC]

Churchward 1959

450
motuʔa

old or elderly person, or elder; male person of any age (even a baby) when one is speaking in a derogatory way; parent, especially father; husband (derogatory for #mali); (of things or animals) old; or mature, fully developed; being old; preposed adjective: original, former, first

matuqa [POC]tuqaS

Churchward 1959

451
motuʔa nima

thumb (lit. ‘parent finger’)

拇指(亮。'父手指')matuqa [POC]tuqaS

Churchward 1959

452
mo-ʔui

to live, be living or alive; be in health; recover (esp. from a serious illness)

活著,活著或活著;健康;康復(尤指從重病中)ma-qudip [PMP]qudip

Churchward 1959

453
mui

place or space behind or further back; rear; background; end, extremity, tip; back, rear, hind; later; young, immature, only partly grown or developed (as yet)

muri [POC]udehi

Churchward 1959

454
m-ula

(of yam) lower end while still soft and juicy (as it is while the yam is still immature)

(指山藥)仍然柔軟多汁的低端(山藥還不成熟的時候)muri [POC]udehi

Churchward 1959

455
mula

(of yam) lower end while still soft and juicy (as it is while the yam is still immature)

(指山藥)仍然柔軟多汁的低端(山藥還不成熟的時候)mura [POC]muda

Churchward 1959

456
mutu

cut off, amputate, make shorter by cutting a piece off

剪掉,截肢,剪短mutu₂ [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

457
mutu-mutu

kind of fish

一種魚mutu₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

458
muʔa

front, space or place in front or further forward; earlier time or period, earlier, once upon a time; time to come, time that lies ahead

muqa [POC]

Churchward 1959

459
na

that, those, esp. near you

那些,那些,特別是靠近你的-na [PAN]

Churchward 1959

460
namo

lagoon

瀉湖namo [POC]namaw

Churchward 1959

461
namu

mosquito

蚊子ñamuk [PMP]

Churchward 1959

462
namu-a

infested with mosquitoes

蚊子橫行ñamuk [PMP]

Churchward 1959

463
na-ran

fresh water

淡水ranum [POC]daNum

Churchward 1959

464
ni

this, these; now

這個,這些;現在-ni [PAN]

Churchward 1959

465
nifo

tooth

牙齒nipon [POC]nipen

Churchward 1959

466
nima

five

lima [PAN]

Churchward 1959

467
nima-ŋo-fulu

fifty

五十lima ŋa puluq [PMP]lima

Churchward 1959

468
niu kafa

kind of coconut; the fruit is very long and is mostly husk --- the best kind for making sennit (#kafa)

niuR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

469
nofo

to sit; to stay, live, dwell, reside (at or in or on)

nofo [POC]

Churchward 1959

470
nofo

to sit; to stay, dwell, live, reside at or in or on

噪聲

Churchward 1959

471
noku

to bend one’s body, stoop, crouch

彎腰、彎腰、蹲伏noku [POC]

Churchward 1959

472
nono

fruit fly

果蠅nonok [POC]neknek

Churchward 1959

473
no-nofo

to live together in one house or as one community; to live together as husband and wife

共同生活在一個房子裏或作為一個社區;作為丈夫和妻子一起生活nofo [POC]

Churchward 1959

474
nonu

tree with fruit that looks somewhat like custard apples: Morinda citrifolia. Its leaves and fruit are used medicinally.

ñoñu [POC]ñəñu

Churchward 1959

475
numi

to tuck or pleat; to make a tuck or pleat in; a tuck or pleat

numi [POC]

Churchward 1959

476
ŋā

(of a small child) to bawl, cry loudly

(指小孩子)大哭ŋak [PMP]

Churchward 1959

477
ŋafa

length or section of tapa cloth

塔帕布的長度或截面ŋapa₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

478
ŋalo

to sink (e.g. into one’s flesh); so submerge, to disappear or pass completely under the surface (e.g. of a diver or a submarine); to disappear from sight

mwaloq [POC]

Churchward 1959

479
ŋalu

wave (when rolling in), breaker or surf

波浪(滾入時)、破碎機或海浪ŋalu [POC]

Churchward 1959

480
ŋāŋā

(of a small child) to bawl, cry loudly

(指小孩子)大哭ŋaŋak [PCEMP]ŋakŋak

Churchward 1959

481
ŋa-ŋalu

(of the sea) to show a track where a fish has just been swimming near the surface

(指海洋)顯示一條魚剛剛在海面附近游泳的軌跡ŋalu [POC]

Churchward 1959

482
ŋata

snake, serpent (there are no snakes in Tonga)

蛇,蛇(東加沒有蛇)mwata [POC]

Churchward 1959

483
ŋau

gnaw, chew, as sugarcane, in order to appropriate the juice only

啃,嚼,如甘蔗,只為了榨汁ŋau₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

484
-ŋaʔane

(in composition) male

(成分)男性maRuqane [POC]RuqaNay

Churchward 1959

485
ŋī

whimper

嗚咽ŋik [PMP]

Churchward 1959

486
ŋīŋī (length unexplained)

whimper

嗚咽ŋikŋik [PMP]

Churchward 1959

487
ŋū

grunt, make a grunting noise

咕嚕,發出咕嚕聲ŋuk [PMP]

Churchward 1959

488
ŋū

to grunt, make a grunting noise

咕嚕,發出咕嚕聲ŋuRuR [POC]

Churchward 1959

489
ŋūŋū

to hum

ŋuŋuŋ [PCEMP]ŋu(ŋ)ŋuŋ

Churchward 1959

490
ŋutu

mouth (but the mouth of a river is its #muivai); beak; orifice; mouthpiece; brim; opening or hollow (of a canoe); mouth (muzzle) or barrel of a gun; orally, by word of mouth

ŋusuq [PAN]

Churchward 1959

491
ŋutu-ŋutu ua

double-tongued

雙舌ŋusuq [PAN]

Churchward 1959

492
ō

to go; sometimes #o mo = go with, be accompanied or combined with, in a figurative or spiritual sense

oRo [POC]

Churchward 1959

493
ofa

fathom, six feet; (in gardening) the distance between two consecutive rows of yams, etc.

六英尺(在園藝中)兩排連續的山藥之間的距離。ropa [POC]depah

Churchward 1959

494
ofe-ofe-ʔi

keep on bending by internal pressure

保持內壓彎曲ropeq [POC]

Churchward 1959

495
ofe-ʔi

to bend (in the form of a curve, not an angle)

彎曲(以曲線的形式,而不是角度)ropeq [POC]

Churchward 1959

496
ohu

dip up, ladle; to bale (a boat, or the water in it); catch little fish by dipping them up in large numbers

asu₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

497
oma

sponge

海綿噪聲

Churchward 1959

498
ono

six

onom [POC]enem

Churchward 1959

499
ono-ŋo-fulu

sixty

六十onom ŋa puluq [POC]enem

Churchward 1959

500
oŋo

to sound, be heard or to be heard about; to appeal, carry weight, impress; to be felt or perceived or realized or appreciated; to hear, to have the sense of hearing; to be sentient, able to feel; sound; report, story; fame, reputation; hearing, sense of hearing; feeling, emotion; report or story that is ‘floating about’ but is unauthenticated, rumor

roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Churchward 1959

501
oŋo-oŋo

news, report or reputation

新聞、報導或名譽roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Churchward 1959

502
oŋo-oŋo-a

famous, renowned

著名的roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Churchward 1959

503
oŋo-ʔi

to hear; to perceive, feel --- pain, pleasure, taste, smell, etc.; to be aware or conscious of, to realize, to appreciate; to feel for, sympathize with

roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Churchward 1959

504

touch; hit; knock against; collide with; slap (esp. on the head)

碰;打;撞;碰撞;拍打(尤指頭部)bak [POC]bak₁

Churchward 1959

505

fence, wall, enclosure

圍牆、圍牆、圍牆baRa [POC]baRa₂

Churchward 1959

506
paki

break or break off, esp. with the hand; pick or pluck

折斷或折斷,尤指用手;摘或拔baki₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

507
paku

crust (of bread)

(麵包)皮baku [PMP]

Churchward 1959

508
paku

crust (of bread); to have a crust

麵包皮;麵包皮借詞

Churchward 1959

509
pala

side, edge

邊,邊balaŋ₄ [POC]balaŋ₂

Churchward 1959

510
palai

kind of yam

一種山藥balai₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

511
palaŋi

fish sp.

魚苗。balaŋi [POC]

Churchward 1959

512
palolo

sea-worm

海蟲借詞

Churchward 1959

513
palu

mix and knead in water with the hands

用手在水中揉搓balut [POC]balut₁

Churchward 1959

514
palu

mix and knead in water with the hands

用手在水中揉搓balun₄ [POC]balun₁

Churchward 1959

515
pani

to smear, besmear, daub or stain; to rub the head with oil

塗,塗,塗抹或弄髒;用油擦頭pani₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

516
papa

sawn timber, plank(s), board(s); flat hard sandstone forming a layer or bed at the coast in certain places; flat and smooth and hard (as a well-trodden track)

baban [POC]papan

Churchward 1959

517
peka

bat, flying fox

蝙蝠,飛狐bweka [POC]

Churchward 1959

518
pele

small bush whose leaves are cooked and eaten like spinach: Abelmoschus manihot

葉子像菠菜一樣煮著吃的小灌木:黃秋葵bele [POC]

Churchward 1959

519
pelu

fold, bend, flex; reef a sail; to hem; to mark (e.g. a hymn) by folding the page; a fold, crease or hem

belu [POC]

Churchward 1959

520
pelu

fold, bend or flex; to reef (a sail); to hem; to mark (e.g. a hymn) by folding the page

折疊、彎曲或彎曲;使(帆)傾斜;使下擺;通過折疊書頁來標記(如讚美詩)piluq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

521
penu

pulp or residue left after straining out juice or oil; what is left of sugarcane after being chewed; regal for #kafu (cover oneself; cf. #kafukafu ‘husk or skin (of seeds or kernels)’)

benu [POC]

Churchward 1959

522
pepe

butterfly

蝴蝶bebe [POC]

Churchward 1959

523

throw, dash or splash water

潑水、沖水或潑水picik [PMP]

Churchward 1959

524
pihi

splash up, fly up, as spray does; to squirt

像水花一樣濺起,飛起;噴射bisik [POC]bicik

Churchward 1959

525
pihi

splash up, fly up, as spray

濺起,飛起來,像水花一樣picik [PMP]

Churchward 1959

526
piki

hold on, cling, stick or adhere

抓住、抓住、粘住或粘住bikit [POC]pikit

Churchward 1959

527
piki-piki

sticky

粘性的bikit [POC]pikit

Churchward 1959

528
piko

bent, crooked: if one bend only; if two or more: piko-piko

彎曲,彎曲:如果只有一個彎曲;如果有兩個或更多:piko pikobiko [POC]pikel

Churchward 1959

529
piko

bent, crooked: if one bend only

彎曲,彎曲:如果只有一個彎曲piko [POC]piŋkaw

Churchward 1959

530
piko-piko

bent, crooked (two or more bends)

彎曲,彎曲(兩個或更多彎曲)piko [POC]piŋkaw

Churchward 1959

531
pipi

kind of shellfish

貝類bibi₂ [POC]bibi

Churchward 1959

532
pito

navel

肚臍bito [POC]

Churchward 1959

533
pitu

yellow bamboo

黃竹bituŋ₂ [POC]bituŋ

Churchward 1959

534
piu, niu piu

fan palm: Eupritchardia pacifica

扇掌:太平洋海棠piRu [POC]biRu

Churchward 1959

535
poŋi-a

faint, collapse, swoon, lose consciousness, have a blackout

暈倒昏倒失去知覺昏厥boŋi-a [POC]beRŋi

Churchward 1959

536
poŋi-poŋi

be or become morning; by morning, early in the day; festival of a certain kind held after a wedding or a funeral and on various other occasions

boŋi [POC]beRŋi

Churchward 1959

537
popo

(of wood) rotten, decaying; (of palm of hand or sole of foot) be affected with a disease which makes it dry and cracked; (of clothes) old and worn out

popok [POC]bekbek₁

Churchward 1959

538

break wind through the back passage

逆風通過後通道puu [POC]buu₁

Churchward 1959

539

break wind through the back passage

逆風通過後通道buRu₁ [POC]buRu

Churchward 1959

540
pua

a tree: Fagraea berteroana

一棵樹:■buRat [POC]

Churchward 1959

541
pua

kind of tree bearing white flowers with yellowish centers, frangipani

一種開白色花的樹,花心淡黃色噪聲

Churchward 1959

542
pua

flowering bush: Fragraea berteriana

花叢:白花白蠟噪聲

Churchward 1959

543
puha

box, case; barrel (of beer, etc.)

盒子、箱子;桶(啤酒等)busa₃ [POC]busa₂

Churchward 1959

544
puhi

blow energetically with the mouth; (of a whale) to spout; to puff, puff at

用嘴大力吹氣;(指鯨魚)噴出;吹氣puRcit [PMP]

Churchward 1959

545
pula

bubble; toy balloon

泡泡;玩具氣球buraq [POC]budaq₁

Churchward 1959

546
pula

kind of tree, leaves velvety grey; flowers, mauve; fruit, round, borne in small bunches, inedible: Solanum sp.

噪聲

Churchward 1959

547
pule

kind of shellfish, the cowrie; be marked with spots or colored patterns

貝類;有斑點或彩色圖案buliq₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

548
pulu

coconut husk, coir

椰子殼,椰殼bulut₂ [POC]bulut

Churchward 1959

549
pulu

white sap, especially of the breadfruit tree

白色汁液,尤指麵包果樹的汁液bulut [POC]pulut

Churchward 1959

550
puna

of liquids, to squirt, to issue forth

噴出液體puna₁ [POC]punaŋ

Churchward 1959

551
puŋa

kind of rather soft rock or stone, apparently a compact kind of coral

一種相當軟的岩石或石頭,顯然是一種緻密的珊瑚buŋa₃ [POC]buŋa

Churchward 1959

552
pupu

be close together, be more or less crowded together

近在一起,或多或少擠在一起buburu [POC]

Churchward 1959

553
pūpū

rinse the mouth, gargle

漱口,漱口pupuR [PCEMP]

Churchward 1959

554
pupula

swell, be or become swollen, expand, bulge; swell-headed

膨脹,膨脹或變得膨脹,膨脹,膨脹;膨脹pupula [POC]

Churchward 1959

555
putu-putu

plant close together

緊密地種植putu, butu [POC]butu

Churchward 1959

556
sasau

fish sp.

魚苗。sasau [POC]

Churchward 1959

557

plant with ornamental leaves and a sweet root: Cordyline terminalis

具有觀賞性葉子和甜根的植物:燈盞花siRi [PMP]

Churchward 1959

558
sia

to weave (a net or a web)

編織(網或網)tia [POC]

Churchward 1959

559
sifi-sifi

small fish, almost triangular in shape

小魚,幾乎呈三角形tipi-tipi [POC]

Churchward 1959

560
sika

dart; to throw darts

擲飛鏢tika [POC]

Churchward 1959

561
sike

to squat, to sit on the heels

蹲下,坐在腳跟上tike [POC]

Churchward 1959

562
siko

to defecate, ease the bowels (an impolite word)

排便,通便(不禮貌的話)tiko [POC]

Churchward 1959

563
siko-tā

Halcyon chloris

氯安定sikek [PMP]

Churchward 1959

564
sila

yard (for a sail to hang from); to shorten the sheet (of a sail)

(用來懸掛帆的)船塢;縮短(帆的)帆片jila [POC]

Churchward 1959

565
sino

body; (of a tree) trunk; (of a ship) hull; to have a body

身體;(指樹)樹幹;(指船)船體;有身體借詞

Churchward 1959

566
sio

to look, look at, or see

看,看,看tiro [POC]tindaw

Churchward 1959

567
sio

kind of shellfish, the rock oyster

貝類,岩石牡蠣tiRom [POC]tiRem

Churchward 1959

568
sio ofi

short-sighted (#ofi = ‘near’)

短視tiro [POC]tindaw

Churchward 1959

569
sio-ʔi

to peer at, to look at in a critical or offensive way

以責備或冒犯的眼光看tiro [POC]tindaw

Churchward 1959

570
sipa

to stagger, reel, wobble

搖搖晃晃tibaŋ [POC]timpaŋ

Churchward 1959

571
sipi

smack, slap, hit with the palm of the hand

拍,拍,用手掌打

Churchward 1959

572
siʔi

small, little; young, younger, youngest; few; slightly

小的,小的;年輕的,年輕的,最小的;很少的;輕微的qitik₁ [PAN]

Churchward 1959

573

to hit (in various senses); to hit, strike, beat; scoop up coarse sand, also applied to scooping up fish with a hand net

taRaq₁ [PAN]

Churchward 1959

574
ta

1dl. incl; we

1升。包括我們da₂ [POC]ita₁

Churchward 1959

575
ta-ano

to be more or less flooded, to have pools of water in or on it; sheet of water, large pool

或多或少地被淹沒,在裏面或上面有一灘水;一灘水,大池子rano [POC]danaw

Churchward 1959

576
taaʔ-i

to chop, to cut or carve (e.g. a canoe) by chopping

砍通過砍來砍、砍或刻(如獨木舟)taRaq-i [PAN]taRaq₁

Churchward 1959

577
tafa

to cut into portions with a knife, carve up (e.g. a cooked pig or turtle); to lance, cut open (a boil, etc.)

tapa [POC]taba₃

Churchward 1959

578
tafe

to flow, to run (of liquids)

流動,流動(液體)tape₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

579
tāfe-a

to be flooded by running water, or to be washed away or carried along by a stream

被流水淹沒或被溪流沖走或帶走tape-a [POC]tape₁

Churchward 1959

580
tafe-ʔaŋa

place or gutter, etc. where something flows

某物流動的地方或排水溝等tape₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

581
tafi

to sweep; sweep away, get rid of

掃除tapis₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

582
tafi-a

be swept away, as by a wave

被卷走,如被海浪卷走tapis₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

583
tafola

to spread out or become scattered untidily

散開散開或散開tapola [POC]

Churchward 1959

584
taha

one; someone, anyone; person; other, another

一個;某人,任何人;某人;另一個,另一個tasa [POC]

Churchward 1959

585
tahi

sea; sea-water; tide

海;海水;潮汐tasik [PMP]

Churchward 1959

586
tainamu

mosquito net

蚊帳tai ñamuk [POC]

Churchward 1959

587
taka

(of animals) to be at large, to wander about freely; (of persons) to go about, walk round, wander round

takas [POC]taŋkas

Churchward 1959

588
taki

to carry in the hand; to lead by the hand; to lead (in general)

牽著手;牽著手;牽著手噪聲

Churchward 1959

589
tala

thorn, prickle, spike, barb, or bristle

刺,刺,刺,刺salaŋ [POC]

Churchward 1959

590
tala

thorn, prickle, spike, barb or bristle

刺,刺,刺,刺sala [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

591
ta-lafu

fireplace on a canoe or other small vessel

獨木舟或其他小容器上的壁爐rapuR [POC]dapuR₁

Churchward 1959

592
tali

to wait for, to expect, to wait (esp. in order to welcome); to receive (e.g. a visitor)

等待,期待,等待(尤指為了歡迎);接待(如來訪者)tari [POC]

Churchward 1959

593
talo

taro, kind of arum with edible tuberous root, Caladium esculentum

芋頭,一種具有可食用塊根的芝麻菜,■talos [POC]tales

Churchward 1959

594
tama-i

father, FB

父親,FBt-amax [PMP]amax

Churchward 1959

595
tamanu

tree sp.

樹木屬。tamanu [POC]

Churchward 1959

596
tano

place of burial, cemetery (obsolescent)

埋葬地、墓地(廢棄)tanom [POC]CaNem

Churchward 1959

597
tanu

to bury, inter; to cover with earth or fill in a hole with earth; to metal (a road)

掩埋tanum₂ [POC]tanum

Churchward 1959

598
tanu-a

to bury, inter

埋葬,國米tanum₂ [POC]tanum

Churchward 1959

599
tanu-maki

to cover with earth or bury above the ground; to earth up (a plant or tree)

用土覆蓋或埋在地上;把(植物或樹)接地tanum₂ [POC]tanum

Churchward 1959

600
taŋa

mouth, or mouth and throat: but only in the language of abuse

口,或口和喉:但只限於辱罵的語言taŋa [PMP]taŋa₁

Churchward 1959

601
taŋafa

kind of fish

一種魚taŋapa [POC]

Churchward 1959

602
taŋata

man (human being), man (not woman), man (not boy)

男人(人),男人(不是女人),男人(不是男孩)tau-mata [PMP]Cau

Churchward 1959

603
taŋi

to cry, weep; (of horses) to neigh or whinny, (of dogs) to howl, (of cats) to mew; to ask or appeal or make a petition

taŋis [PMP]Caŋis

Churchward 1959

604
tao

spear or javelin

矛或標槍jaot [POC]saet

Churchward 1959

605
tapa

edge, rim, border; boundary, boundary line; side (of a square, triangle, etc.)

邊、邊緣、邊界;邊界、邊界線;邊(正方形、三角形等)噪聲

Churchward 1959

606
tapaka

tobacco

煙草借詞

Churchward 1959

607
tape

shallow basket

淺籃tabe [POC]

Churchward 1959

608
tapu

prohibited, unlawful

禁止,非法tabu [POC]tambu

Churchward 1959

609
ta-sipa

to go along with a staggering gait; to reel to and fro; (of a wheel) to wobble

搖搖晃晃地走;來回搖晃;(指輪子)搖晃tibaŋ [POC]timpaŋ

Churchward 1959

610
tata

near

近的tata₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

611
tā-ta-tau

to tattoo

紋身sau₃ [POC]

Churchward 1959

612
tau

chorus, refrain

合唱,副歌saRup₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

613
tau

be or remain at anchor (or at the wharf or mooring-place)

錨泊或停留在錨泊處(或碼頭或系泊處)sauq₂ [PMP]sauq

Churchward 1959

614
tau

chorus, refrain

合唱,副歌jaRu [POC]

Churchward 1959

615
tau

to hang, etc.

絞刑等。tau₂ [POC]tau

Churchward 1959

616
tāu-poʔou

virgin, maiden; nun; virginity

處女;修女;處女tau paqoRu [POC]baqeRuh

Churchward 1959

617
tau-tau

to suspend, hang, hang up

暫停、掛斷、掛斷tau₂ [POC]tau

Churchward 1959

618
tava

kind of tree bearing fruit with a large stone surrounded by jelly-like flesh

一種結果實的樹,有一塊大石頭,周圍有果凍狀的果肉tawan [PMP]

Churchward 1959

619
tavahi

tree that grows to a large size and has good timber: Rhus taitensis

一種長得很大的樹,有很好的木材:■tawasi [POC]

Churchward 1959

620
taʔa

kind of red, edible fish

一種紅色的食用魚taRaqan [PMP]

Churchward 1959

621
ta-ʔalo

wave or beckon with the hand

揮手或招手qalop [POC]qalep

Churchward 1959

622
taʔe

feces, excrement, dung; also used in the language of anger, contempt, or pity for #me‘a (thing, stuff)

taqe₂ [POC]taqay

Churchward 1959

623
taʔe

(preposed or prefixed), not, un-, in-, non- or without

(介詞或首碼),不,不-,在-,不-或不taqe₁ [POC]taqe

Churchward 1959

624
taʔe-ʔi

(lit. ‘dung-of’), as in #ho‘o ta‘e‘i peni (your rotten old pen, etc.) --- in the language of abuse

taqe₂ [POC]taqay

Churchward 1959

625
taʔo

to bake

烘烤taqo [POC]

Churchward 1959

626
taʔu

year; age; yam season, yam crop or harvest

年份;年齡;山藥季節、山藥作物或收穫taqun [PMP]

Churchward 1959

627
taʔu motuʔa

age

年齡taqun [PMP]

Churchward 1959

628
t-ehi-na

younger sibling of the same sex, younger cousin of the same sex

同性的弟弟,同性的表妹taci [POC]Suaji

Churchward 1959

629
telie

kind of tree somewhat resembling an oak in appearance, but bearing almond-like fruit: Terminalia sp.

talise₁ [POC]talisay

Churchward 1959

630
teliŋa

ear

耳朵taliŋa [POC]Caliŋa

Churchward 1959

631
teŋi-hia

to weep for

哭泣taŋis-ia [POC]Caŋis

Churchward 1959

632
tete

tremble, shiver, quiver or vibrate; (of the teeth) to chatter

顫抖、顫抖、顫抖或顫動;(指牙齒)打顫tirtir₁ [PAN]

Churchward 1959

633
teʔe-tuli

wax in the ear (#teʔe = #taʔe ‘excrement’, in compounds)

耳垢(teʔe=#taʔe‘排泄物’,化合物)tuli₁ [POC]Culi

Churchward 1959

634
toa

kind of tree with very hard wood: the casuarina or ironwood tree

一種木材非常堅硬的樹:木麻黃樹或鐵木樹toRas [POC]teRas

Churchward 1959

635
tofi

cut, cut up, cut off

切,切,切topiq [POC]Cebiq

Churchward 1959

636
tofi-ŋa

piece cut off, esp. from a yam

切塊,尤指從山藥上切下來的topiq [POC]Cebiq

Churchward 1959

637
tofiʔ-a

inheritance, patrimony

遺產,遺產topiq [POC]Cebiq

Churchward 1959

638
tohi

make marks or designs on; to write, write about

在上面做標記或設計;寫,寫tosi [PEMP]

Churchward 1959

639
toh-i

to split (a leaf, usually a pandanus leaf), with a sharp shell

用鋒利的殼劈開(一片葉子,通常是一片大馬哈魚的葉子)噪聲

Churchward 1959

640
toka

(of a boat) to run aground, or to rest on the bottom; (of running water, of particles in suspension, or of people, etc.) to come to rest, to settle down, to reach a calm or settled state

toka₃ [POC]tekas

Churchward 1959

641
toka

(of a boat) to run aground, or to rest on the bottom; (of running water, of particles in suspension, or of people, etc.) to come to rest, to settle down, to reach a calm or settled state; to set, jelly, coagulate; (of chiefs) to sleep (honorific for #mohe)

toka₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

642
tokelau

north (wind direction)

北(風向)tokalaur [POC]

Churchward 1959

643
toko-ʔi

to pole a boat or canoe along, to punt; the pole used in this way

撐船或獨木舟;以這種管道使用的杆子tokon [POC]teken

Churchward 1959

644
tolu

three

tolu [PEMP]telu

Churchward 1959

645
tolu-ŋo-fulu

thirty

三十tolu-ŋa-puluq [POC]telu

Churchward 1959

646
tonu

to be exact, correct, right, as it ought to be, or exactly suited to the occasion

準確地說,正確地說,正確地說,它應該是,或者完全適合這個場合tonuq [POC]

Churchward 1959

647
tonu-mia

be covered or buried by a fall of earth or lava, etc.

被泥土或熔岩等覆蓋或掩埋。tanum₂ [POC]tanum

Churchward 1959

648
toŋo

mangrove; native hair-dye (originally made from the bark of the mangrove; to dye the hair

紅樹林;本地染發劑(最初由紅樹林樹皮製成;用來染發teŋeR [PMP]

Churchward 1959

649
topu-tapu

sacred, holy

神聖,神聖tapu-tapu [POC]tambu

Churchward 1959

650
toto

blood

toto [POC]

Churchward 1959

651
tou

a tree: Cordia aspera

一棵樹:■toRu [POC]

Churchward 1959

652
toʔa

daring, courageous, or strong in fight

勇敢的,勇敢的在戰鬥中勇敢、勇敢或堅強的toqa [POC]

Churchward 1959

653
tuai

from of old, from days long since gone by, since very early times; ancient

從古到今,從古到今,從古到今;古老的tuaRi [POC]

Churchward 1959

654
tufa

to share out, divide out, allot; to deal (cards)

分、分、分;辦(牌)tupa₃ [POC]tupa₂

Churchward 1959

655
tufa-kaŋa

what is allotted to one by nature: (a) natural gift(s), talent(s), endowment(s); (b) fate, destiny

tupa₃ [POC]tupa₂

Churchward 1959

656
tufu

spring of water, esp. one on the beach

泉水,尤指海灘上的泉水tupuR [POC]tubuR

Churchward 1959

657
tuhu

finger, especially forefinger, index finger, to point, point to

手指,尤指食指,食指,指tusuq [POC]tuzuq₁

Churchward 1959

658
tuhu-tuhu

to keep on pointing as one talks, or to talk with the hands or fingers

說話時不停地指指點點,或用手或手指說話tuzu-tuzuq [PMP]tuzuq₁

Churchward 1959

659
tuhuʔ-i

to point to, point at, or point out

指向、指向或指出tusuq [POC]tuzuq₁

Churchward 1959

660
tuhuʔ-i

point to, point at, or point out

指向、指向或指出tuzuq-i [PMP]tuzuq₁

Churchward 1959

661
tui

put in, insert, e.g. hand into pocket, or thread into needle; to thread (needle, beads, etc.); make by threading (as a necklace); to stab, pierce, gore; thing for threading with, such as the small forked stick used for threading sennit when reeding a house; put on, wear (clothes)

tuRi₁ [POC]CuSuR

Churchward 1959

662
tui-tui

candlenut; balls made of chewed candlenuts pressed together were formerly used (and are still used occasionally) as soap

tuRi₂ [PEMP]tuRi

Churchward 1959

663
tuk-i

to rap, tap, knock (e.g. on a door); to hit or strike with something hard, to pound, grind, ram, or hammer; to punch, thump, strike with the fist

tuktuk-i [PMP]tuktuk₃

Churchward 1959

664
tukuku

kind of fish (very small)

魚的種類(非常小)tokuku [POC]

Churchward 1959

665
tuli

deaf

聾的tuli₁ [POC]Culi

Churchward 1959

666
tulu-tā

drop (of a liquid); to drip

滴水turuq [POC]tuduq

Churchward 1959

667
tulu-tulu

eaves

屋簷turuq [POC]tuduq

Churchward 1959

668
tuluʔ-ia

to be wet (or damaged by wetness) as a result of leaks in the roof, etc.

由於屋頂等處的滲漏而弄濕(或被弄濕而損壞)。turuq [POC]tuduq

Churchward 1959

669
tuma

kind of louse

有點噁心tuma [PCEMP]CumeS

Churchward 1959

670
tuna

kind of eel

一種鰻魚tuna [PMP]tuNa

Churchward 1959

671
tuna tahi

marine eel

海鰻tuna [PMP]tuNa

Churchward 1959

672
tuna vai

freshwater eel

淡水鰻魚tuna [PMP]tuNa

Churchward 1959

673
tunu

cook over an open fire, to roast, grill or toast; roasted, grilled, toasted; roasting, etc.; what is roasted or being roasted, etc.; fire for roasting, etc.

tunu [PMP]CuNuh

Churchward 1959

674
tupa

kind of land crab

一種陸地蟹tubaRa [POC]

Churchward 1959

675
tupa

kind of land crab

一種陸地蟹噪聲

Churchward 1959

676
tupu

to grow up, spring up or come into existence, originate; to grow, increase in size, etc. (of cake, rice, etc.) to rise or swell; to bring in profit; growing, bringing in profit; and more, and one or more over; coming into existence, originating; origin, growing, growth, etc.

tubuq, tupuq [POC]Cubuq

Churchward 1959

677
tupuʔa

ancient, belonging to ancient times, esp. as implying and hallowed by its historical associations; riddle, conundrum

tupuqa [POC]

Churchward 1959

678
tutu

to light a lamp or a pipe, to set on fire, or to burn up (rubbish, etc.); you #tutu the firewood, but you #tafu (make or light) the fire

tutuŋ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

679
tutuk-i

to knock or nail hard or roughly or without due care

用力敲打或釘牢tuktuk-i [PMP]tuktuk₃

Churchward 1959

680
tu-tulu

to leak or be leaky, of a roof or anything above one

漏雨屋頂或屋頂上的任何東西的漏雨或漏水turuq [POC]tuduq

Churchward 1959

681
tuʔa

back, space or place or time behind or beyond, back or rougher side or inner or under surface (of leaf, cloth, garment, mat, etc.); outside surface, place or space outside, exterior

tuqa₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

682
tuʔu

to stand; come to a standstill; to stop; to be, to be situated; to be in existence; to have been set up or established; to arise, spring up, come into existence

tuqur₁ [POC]tuqud

Churchward 1959

683
ū

be sheltered, esp. from wind or rain; sheltered (as a sheltered harbor)

被遮蔽,尤指不受風或雨的影響;被遮蔽(如被遮蔽的港口)ruruŋ [POC]duŋduŋ

Churchward 1959

684
ū

make a big (but soft) bumping noise, to thud

發出很大(但很柔和)的撞擊聲uRuŋ [POC]huRuŋ

Churchward 1959

685
ū

be sheltered (esp. from wind or rain)

被遮蔽(尤指不受風或雨的影響)uruŋ [POC]uduŋ

Churchward 1959

686
ua

two

rua [POC]duSa

Churchward 1959

687
uho

pith (lit. or fig.); central thick root of kava plant; core or core-like center (of plantain, pineapple, apple, etc., but not of breadfruit)

uso [POC]

Churchward 1959

688
uhuh-i

pull out, draw out, e.g. a sword from its sheath, or a tooth

拔出,拔出,如從鞘中拔出劍或牙齒unus-i [POC]SuNus

Churchward 1959

689
ui

call, call out, call out to

呼叫,呼叫,呼叫ui [POC]huy

Churchward 1959

690
uka

bowstring (obsolescent)

弓弦(過時)uka₂ [POC]uka₁

Churchward 1959

691
ule

penis

陰莖ule₁ [POC]ule

Churchward 1959

692
ule

penis

陰莖噪聲

Churchward 1959

693
unu

to slough, shed its skin (as snakes do), or its shell (as crabs, etc. do); skin or shell which has been shed, slough

uñus [POC]huñus

Churchward 1959

694
unu

pull out, draw out

拉出來,拉出來unus [POC]SuNus

Churchward 1959

695
uo-ua

sinew; tendon; muscle or ligament

肌腱;肌腱;肌肉或韌帶uRat uRat [PMP]huRaC

Churchward 1959

696
uta

to carry or convey by boat or vehicle or on horseback; carrying or conveying in this manner, or goods (or load) so carried

ucan [POC]ujan

Churchward 1959

697
uto

floaters of fish-net

魚網漂浮物uton [POC]

Churchward 1959

698
uton-i

provide a net with floaters

為網提供漂浮物uton [POC]

Churchward 1959

699
uʔa

honorific or regal for #kia, neck, or #monga, throat

尊稱或帝王,用於克雅、頸部或蒙古、咽喉Ruqa [POC]

Churchward 1959

700
vaha

space between, space apart; space, distance, extended area, esp. at sea; open sea, high seas; strait, channel

sawaŋ₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

701
vaha-mohe

(of two islands) so far apart that at least one night must be spent at sea in travelling from one to the other

sawaŋ₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

702
vahe

to divide, divide out, allot, distribute; division, e.g. division of country, district

劃分wa(n)se [POC]

Churchward 1959

703
vahe-a

to divide

分割wa(n)se-a [POC]wa(n)se

Churchward 1959

704
vāhe-ŋa

division, portion

分割,部分wa(n)se-ŋa [POC]wa(n)se

Churchward 1959

705
vahe-vahe

to divide into more than two. Also, to share between two or more

分成兩個以上。另外,在兩個或更多人之間共亯wa(n)se wa(n)se [POC]wa(n)se

Churchward 1959

706
vai

liquid, esp. fresh water (as opposed to #tahi = saltwater)

液體,尤其是淡水(與#tahi=鹽水相反)waiR [PCEMP]wahiR

Churchward 1959

707
vai fā

flood (from a river), river in flood

洪水waiR pāq [POC]wahiR

Churchward 1959

708
vai-tupu

spring, well, or water from a spring or well

泉水、井或泉水或井水waiR [PCEMP]wahiR

Churchward 1959

709
vaka

boat, canoe, ship, of any kind; aeroplane

任何種類的船、獨木舟、輪船;飛機waga [POC]waŋka

Churchward 1959

710
vali

paint or smear (house with paint, sore with iodine)

油漆或汙跡(有油漆的房子,碘的傷口)wali₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

711
valu

eight

walu [PAN]

Churchward 1959

712
vao

forest, bush-land, scrub, land or tract of land in its natural uncultivated state

天然未開墾的森林、灌木叢、灌木叢、土地或一小塊土地wao [POC]

Churchward 1959

713
vaʔe

foot, leg (including foot); wheel (of cart or car); weights along the bottom edge of a fishing net

waqe [POC]waqay

Churchward 1959

714
vili

to drill, bore

鑽孔wirit [PMP]

Churchward 1959

715
ʔā

fence, wall; enclosure, pen

圍欄,牆;圍欄,圍欄qaRa₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

716
ʔafuha

build a family

建立家庭噪聲

Churchward 1959

717
ʔaho

day; birthday

天;生日qaco [POC]qajaw

Churchward 1959

718
ʔahu

gall, gall bladder

膽囊qasu₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

719
ʔahu

smoke, soot; emit smoke

冒煙qasu₃ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

720
ʔa-kau

tree, plant

樹,植物kayu [POC]kaSiw

Churchward 1959

721
ʔanu-hi

(trans.) to spit, spit on, spit out

(trans.)吐,吐,吐qanus-i [POC]qanus₂

Churchward 1959

722
ʔanuh-i

to spit, spit on, spit out

吐,吐,吐qanusi [POC]

Churchward 1959

723
ʔao

front (esp. of a person), presence; head of a coin; private parts, genitals

正面(尤指人的正面),存在;硬幣的頭部;私處,生殖器qarop [POC]qadep

Churchward 1959

724
ʔatā

roomy, spacious; free, at liberty; space, room; clearing; air, atmosphere, space between earth and sky; freedom, etc.

噪聲

Churchward 1959

725
ʔate

liver

肝臟qatay [PMP]qaCay

Churchward 1959

726
ʔate ʔi vaʔe

calf (of the leg)

小腿qate qate [POC]qaCay

Churchward 1959

727
ʔato

thatch; roof; be thatched, have a roof

茅草屋頂qatop [POC]qatep

Churchward 1959

728
ʔatu

kind of fish, the bonito

有點像魚,義大利面qatun [POC]

Churchward 1959

729
ʔau

current, stream; (of pus) to ooze out, flow (but blood is said to #tafe); (of a boil, etc.) to give out pus

qaRus [PMP]

Churchward 1959

730
ʔaua

mullet sp.

鯔魚。qaRuas [PMP]

Churchward 1959

731
ʔava

mullet sp. (Hooper 1994)

鯔魚(Hooper 1994)qawas [PMP]

Churchward 1959

732
ʔava

fish sp.

魚苗。qawa₁ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

733
ʔawa

kind of fish

一種魚qawan [PMP]

Churchward 1959

734
ʔa-ʔanu

to spit

吐痰qanus₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

735
ʔa-ʔanu

to spit

吐痰qanusi [POC]

Churchward 1959

736
ʔefi

hold or carry under the arm

夾在胳膊下麵qapit [PMP]qapiC

Churchward 1959

737
ʔefi-hi

push or squeeze in between two things which are already close together; hold, grip or pick up between two things

qapit [PMP]qapiC

Churchward 1959

738
ʔeitu-matupuʔa

name of a certain supernatural being

某個超自然生物的名字qanitu [PMP]qaNiCu

Churchward 1959

739
ʔeku ŋafa

fathom, six feet; but #ofa is more usual in this sense

英尋,六英尺;但是#ofa在這個意義上更常見ŋapa₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

740
ʔi

genitive marker

基因標記qi₂ [PMP]

Churchward 1959

741
ʔila

(having a) freckle, mole, speck, stain or spot, or patch of dirt or discoloration

(有)雀斑、痣、斑點、污漬、斑點、污垢或變色qila [PMP]

Churchward 1959

742
ʔilo

to see, espy, catch sight of, notice, perceive; find out, discover; be conscious or aware of; recognize, know

qiro [POC]

Churchward 1959

743
ʔilo

to see, espy, catch sight of, notice, perceive; find out, discover; be conscious or aware of

發現,發現,發現噪聲

Churchward 1959

744
ʔilo-ʔilo

to know to some extent

在某種程度上知道噪聲

Churchward 1959

745
ʔiŋo, ʔiŋo-ʔiŋo

irritated, upset or disagreeable -- esp. as seen in one's face; harbor a grudge or ill-will

惱怒的、不安的或不愉快的(尤指從某人的臉上看到的);懷有怨恨或惡意qiŋet [PMP]

Churchward 1959

746
ʔio

yes

qio [PMP]

Churchward 1959

747
ʔisa

interjection indicating that what one has just said was wrong and is now to be corrected

感歎詞,表示剛才說的話是錯的,現在需要改正qisaq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

748
ʔisaʔisa

interjection, dreadful!

感歎,可怕!qisaq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

749
ʔise-ʔisa

indicating interest, wonder, or appreciation

表示興趣、驚奇或欣賞qisaq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

750
ʔita

angry; anger

生氣qitaq [PMP]

Churchward 1959

751
ʔofato

kind of white grub found in timber (sometimes eaten by Tongans)

在木材中發現的一種白色蠐螬(有時被湯加人吃)qapator [POC]qabated

Churchward 1959

752
ʔofato

kind of white grub found in timber (sometimes eaten by Tongans)

在木材中發現的一種白色蠐螬(有時被湯加人吃)qapatoR [POC]qabateR

Churchward 1959

753
ʔoho

provisions, esp. for voyagers or for workmen

給養,尤指航海者或工人的給養qoso [POC]

Churchward 1959

754
ʔone

sand (in compounds)

砂(化合物中)qone [POC]qenay

Churchward 1959

755
ʔone-ʔone

sand

qone qone [POC]qenay

Churchward 1959

756
ʔono

a fish, the barracuda

一條魚,梭魚qono₁ [POC]

Churchward 1959

757
ʔosi

be finished, finished up, spent, all used up, or all sold, etc.; or to be completely ended, past, over

qoti [POC]qeti₃

Churchward 1959

758
ʔota

raw, uncooked -- mostly of meat, fish, shell-fish, or eggs; eat raw fish or shell-fish

生的,未煮熟的--主要是肉、魚、貝類或蛋;吃生的魚或貝類qodaq [POC]qetaq

Churchward 1959

759
ʔotaʔota

rubbish, refuse, what is rejected or thrown away as worthless

垃圾,垃圾,被拒絕或扔掉的毫無價值的東西借詞

Churchward 1959

760
ʔotu

row, line, series, chain or long group (e.g. of islands)

行、線、系列、鏈或長組(如島嶼)qatuR₂ [PCEMP]qatuR

Churchward 1959

761
ʔotua

object of worship, deity, god

崇拜的對象,神,神qatuan [PMP]

Churchward 1959

762
ʔotule

kind of fish (= pilchard?)

一種魚(=比查德?)qatulay [PMP]

Churchward 1959

763
(ʔo)-ʔo-na

objective pronominal adjective, 3sg., his, her/hers, its

客觀代詞形容詞,3sg.,his,her/hers,itso₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

764
(ʔo)-ʔo-ou

objective pronominal adjective, 2sg., your (thy), yours (thine)

客觀代詞形容詞,2sg.,your(thy),your(thy)o₂ [POC]

Churchward 1959

765
ʔufi

the yam: Dioscorea alata

山藥:薯蕷qubi [PMP]

Churchward 1959

766
ʔuha

rain; to rain; rainy, wet

下雨;下雨;下雨,潮濕qusan [POC]quzaN

Churchward 1959

767
ʔuha tea

sunshower ( = "white rain")

太陽照耀(「白雨」)qusan [POC]quzaN

Churchward 1959

768
ʔuhi

black

黑色quciŋ [POC]qujiŋ

Churchward 1959

769
ʔuhila

lightning; electricity

閃電;電qusila [POC]

Churchward 1959

770
ʔuho-ʔuha

rain off and on, be wet, rainy

斷斷續續地下雨,淋濕,下雨qusan qusan [POC]quzaN

Churchward 1959

771
ʔuli

to steer

駕駛qulin [PMP]

Churchward 1959

772
ʔuli

dirty; black

髒的;黑的偶然性

Churchward 1959

773
ʔuli-ʔuli

black

黑色偶然性

Churchward 1959

774
ʔulu

head (lit. or fig.), upper end

頭部(發光。或圖),上端qulu [POC]quluh

Churchward 1959

775
ʔulua

very large fish: a full-sized #lupo (trevally)

非常大的魚:一條全尺寸的盧波魚(特雷瓦利)qulua [POC]

Churchward 1959

776
ʔulu ʔi ʔufi

yam-top

山藥面qulu [POC]quluh

Churchward 1959

777
ʔume

kind of leather-jacket (fish)

皮夾克類(魚)qumay [PMP]

Churchward 1959

778
ʔumu

native oven or fire-hole; food cooked in a native oven

本地烤箱或火坑;用本地烤箱烹製的食物qumun [PMP]

Churchward 1959

779
ʔunu

move over or along; approach or draw near

越過或沿著;接近或接近qunus [PMP]

Churchward 1959

780
ʔunu-ʔunu

move over or along; approach or draw near

越過或沿著;接近或接近qunus qunus [PMP]qunus

Churchward 1959

781
ʔuŋa

large hermit crab

大型寄居蟹qumwaŋ [POC]qumaŋ

Churchward 1959

782
ʔuŋā

(imitative of the sound) to whine or cry in a plaintive way

(模仿聲音)哀鳴或哭泣quŋal [PMP]

Churchward 1959

783
ʔuo

lobster

龍蝦quraŋ [POC]qudaŋ

Churchward 1959

784
ʔuta

land (not sea); interior or inland (not coast)

陸地(非海洋);內陸或內陸(非海岸)qutan [PMP]quCaN

Churchward 1959

785
ʔuto

(of a coconut) beginning to sprout; soft kernel or "apple" of a sprouting nut; brain

(指椰子)開始發芽;發芽的堅果的軟核或“蘋果”;大腦quto [POC]

Churchward 1959

786
ʔuto

brain

qutok [POC]qutek

Churchward 1959

787
ʔutu

get or draw (water or other liquid); pour liquid into (bottle, jug, etc.)

獲取或吸取(水或其他液體);將液體倒入(瓶、罐等)qutup [POC]qutub

Churchward 1959

788
ʔutuf-i

fill with liquid, pour liquid into

灌滿液體,將液體倒入qutup-i [POC]qutub

Churchward 1959

789
ʔutuf-ia

be filled with, be poured into

灌滿,灌入qutup-ia [POC]qutub

Churchward 1959

790
 
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