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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 396條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
WMP
Tboli
WMP Philippines [tbk]
abat

to dig out, as a sliver or thorn; for the sick to go to a traditional healer to remove a curse or sickness encountered

abat₄ [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

1
amak

a masticatory composed of betel nut or tree bark mixed with lime and wrapped in #ikô 〈Piper betle〉 leaves; to chew betel nut

mamaq [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

2
asay

axe

斧頭wasay [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

3
atul

plan; idea; decision

計畫;想法;決定借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

4
awam

ignorant, uneducated; poor

無知的,未受教育的;貧窮的借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

5
baduŋ

a bolo with a curved wide blade, used for work, cutting wood

一種有彎曲的寬刃的原子筆,用於工作、切割木頭baduŋ [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

6
bagaʔ

lung

baRaq₁ [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

7
bak

mouth

bahaq₁ [PMP]bahaq

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

8
bak

bark of a dog

狗叫bak₁ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

9
bala

embers

餘燼baRah [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

10
bala

supporting poles for a house

房屋的支柱bara₂ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

11
bálaʔ

reply, respond

回復,回復bajaq₂ [PMP]bajaq

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

12
bali

spoiled, soured, rotten

變質、變質、腐爛baRiw [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

13
banal

thorny plant, the sap of which is used as medicine for pimples

帶刺植物,其汁液用作治療粉刺的藥物banaR₁ [PMP]baNaR

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

14
basak

puddle on table or floor where liquid has been spilt; rice paddy; irrigated rice

潑灑液體的桌子或地板上的水坑;稻田;灌溉的水稻bacak [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

15
basal

clearness, pleasantness, as the sound of a gong, bell or anvil

清晰、愉快,如鑼、鐘或鐵砧的聲音basal [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

16
bataŋ

kind of pig trap made from string, wood and small, sharpened bamboo stakes placed in a small, fenced, planted area.

batéŋ [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

17
batun

to be transported from earth to heaven (mythology)

從地上運到天上(神話)batun [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

18
bawik

to come back to life; to revive

復活báwiq [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

19
bayad

payment

付款bayaD [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

20
bayug

k.o. small bamboo used for tying and building houses

k、o.用於捆綁和建造房屋的小竹子bayug [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

21
bedak

face powder made by pounding rice into a fine powder. After a little water is added it is pounded again. Then it is formed into small, marble-sized balls, dried in the sun, and stored in a tightly covered container for a time before using

借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

22
bekes

strip of abaca, vine, ribbon, etc. used for tying

用來系結的阿巴卡、藤條、絲帶等beRkes [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

23
bekl-en

to choke on something, as a bone

噎住某物,如骨頭bekeR₁ [PWMP]bekeR

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

24
bekut

a bend or fold

彎曲或折疊bekut [PMP]bekuC

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

25
belaŋguʔ

prisoner

囚犯借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

26
belaŋguʔ

prisoner

囚犯借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

27
belat

heavy (also of emotions, hence "sad")

沉重的(也指情緒,囙此是“悲傷的”)beReqat [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

28
belatik

spring-spear trap for wild pigs

野豬用春矛誘捕器bala(n)tik [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

29
belay

give

beRay [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

30
belek

male pig

公豬beRek [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

31
beles

vengeance; to take revenge, to pay back a bad deed or insult

報復beles [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

32
beli

buy

購買beli [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

33
be-loyo

sag, droop

下垂luyu [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

34
bénék

kernel or seed rice

稻穀binehiq [PMP]bineSiq

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

35
benes

grass

benes [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

36
benon

to sneeze

打噴嚏beñan [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

37
beŋ

wall

embeŋ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

38
beŋ

wall

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

39
beŋet

whiskers

絡腮鬍子beŋet₂ [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

40
beŋ keti

dam

水壩embeŋ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

41
besék

a tear, crack or split

裂口、裂縫或裂口besiq [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

42
betol

straight, as straight hair

直發借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

43
betuʔ

break open, as an egg; open, as a tin can; break, as a dish

像雞蛋一樣打碎;像罐頭一樣打開;像盤子一樣打碎betu₂ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

44
beyabas

guava

芭樂借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

45
bigu

winnowing basket

風選籃噪聲

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

46
bilaŋ

fair; honest; accurate

公正;誠實;準確bilaŋ₁ [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

47
bilaʔ

a taro plant having very large leaves and an edible root stalk

芋頭一種芋頭植物,葉子很大,根莖可食biRaʔ [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

48
bilaʔ

pal, friend; friendship name used by two people living in different areas

朋友,朋友;兩個居住在不同地區的人使用的友誼名稱bilaq₂ [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

49
bilaʔ

friend made through a contract. The two men concerned agree upon an exchange of property. If for some reason one cannot pay, the contract will not be completed, and he will become ill. But if the property is exchanged, the contract is completed by the following ceremony. An egg is put in a pot; the two concerned hold a length of rattan across the top. A third person hits the rattan with a bolo. If he cuts the egg in two the contract is completed, and the two will be friends always

借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

50
bitek

hookworm; any type of thread or abaca already threaded in a needle

鉤蟲;任何一種已經穿進針裏的線或鉤蟲bitek [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

51
bitil

hungry

饑餓的bitil₁ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

52
bkut

to bend or fold something up, as the legs of a table

把某物彎曲或折疊起來,如桌子的腿bekut [PMP]bekuC

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

53
blubu

a large hardwood tree which produces clusters of small, green, round edible nuts; the wood is used for houseposts

baRubu [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

54
b〈n〉otu

stony, full of rocks

滿是石頭b〈in〉atu [PWMP]batux

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

55
bótóŋ

fallen log; main part, point of something

倒下的原木;某物的主要部分、點bataŋ [PMP]bataŋ₁

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

56
bótóŋ iluŋ

bridge of the nose

鼻樑bataŋ qijuŋ [PWMP]bataŋ₁

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

57
botu

rock, stone

石頭,石頭batu [PMP]batux

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

58
bu

fishing net made from the hard central stem of the coconut leaf

用椰葉堅硬的中心莖製成的漁網buʔu [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

59
budas

to fade (as colors in clothes)

褪色(如衣服上的顏色)偶然性

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

60
buduk

sores on a baby's head, commonly called 'cradle cap'

嬰兒頭上的瘡,通常稱為“搖籃蓋”buduk [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

61
bukol

knee

buqel [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

62
bul

body hair, fur, feather

體毛、毛皮、羽毛bulbúl [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

63
bulaʔ

ball, may be made by weaving strips of coconut leaves into a circular form

球,可以用椰子葉編織成圓形借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

64
buliŋ

spotted, mottled; print with many figures

斑駁的;有許多圖案的budiŋ [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

65
bulok

bubbling up

冒泡bujeq₂ [PMP]bujeq

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

66
bulol

cataract, a white substance covering the eye, hindering vision

白內障,一種覆蓋眼睛的白色物質,妨礙視力bulaR₁ [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

67
bulon

moon, month

月,月bulan₃ [PMP]bulaN

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

68
bulul

mountain

bulud₃ [PMP]buled₁

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

69
bulul

mountain

bulud₂ [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

70
buluŋ

medicine (also taken to increase abilities or produce physical results by magical means, as medicine which confers the ability to play a guitar, medicine which makes a horse run faster, medicine which drives away the rain, etc.)

buluŋ₂ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

71
buni

to keep something secret, hidden

保守秘密buni₁ [PMP]buNi

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

72
busaw

spirit, probably the spirit of the dead; many stories are told about Bong Busaw ('Big Spirit'), who is greatly feared by the people

busaw [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

73
butél

wart, any growth on the skin

疣,皮膚上有任何生長buteliR [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

74
buut

bark of the coconut palm, often used for a torch

椰子樹的樹皮,常用作火炬buʔut [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

75
dalum

needle

zaRum [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

76
danaʔ

a pressure mark, imprint; to imprint, make a mark on

壓印;壓印danáq₁ [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

77
datal

a plain; a flat area; level place; flat, level; ironed out, as a problem

平原;平地;平地;平地dataR [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

78
datu-ʔ

a traditional leader over a group of people living in a particular geographical area … it was expected that the position would be passed on from father to son

datu [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

79
dawa

alibi, excuse

不在場證明,藉口dawa [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

80
d〈em〉ket

to pin down

固定d〈um〉eket [PWMP]dekeC

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

81
d〈em〉yo

to bathe

洗澡diRus [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

82
dilak

tongue

舌頭dilaq₁ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

83
dilak kukuʔ

an edible mushroom that grows on dry wood and looks like a cat’s tongue

一種可食用的蘑菇,生長在乾燥的木頭上,看起來像貓的舌頭dilaq₁ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

84
dilof

flame

火焰dilap₂ [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

85
dilós

spleen

脾臟dilas [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

86
dket

a sticky substance; glue; tape; to stick or tack something together; to pin down

粘性物質;膠水;膠帶;把某物粘在一起;固定deket₁ [PMP]dekeC

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

87
dloŋ

a large, soft-wood tree with beautiful grain, good for house building

一種大而軟的木樹,有美麗的紋理,適於建造房屋deRuŋ₂ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

88
d〈m〉alum

needle-like (as young rice plant)

針狀(如幼稻)zaRum [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

89
d〈m〉ulak

to spit

吐痰dulaq [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

90
dobuŋ

edible bamboo shoots

食用竹筍dabuŋ [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

91
dolil

root of a tree, problem; to take root, of plants

樹根,問題;紮根dalij [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

92
doloŋ

a groan, moan; to groan, moan from sickness

呻吟,呻吟;呻吟,呻吟deReŋ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

93
doun

(of trees, plants) leaf; to leaf out

(指樹、植物)葉子dahun [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

94
dulak

to spit

吐痰zulaq [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

95
duluŋ

the front end, bow of a ship, boat; tip end of the roof on a house

船、船的前端、船首;房屋屋頂的頂端duluŋ [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

96
dumu

companion, other part of something; relatives; to be a relative or a companion to someone

同伴,某物的另一部分;親戚;成為某人的親戚或同伴duma [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

97
dyo

to take a bath, including washing one’s hair

洗澡,包括洗頭diRus [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

98
è e

c’mon, come on!

來吧,來吧!ai₃ [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

99
eted

deliver

傳送hateD [PMP]SateD

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

100
fat

four

epat [PMP]Sepat

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

101
filak

money; silver; tin; coins

錢;銀;錫;硬幣借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

102
fól

thickness; thick, heavy, as cloth; difficult, having deep meaning, as riddles; abundant, as branches

厚;厚,重,如布;難,有深意,如謎語;豐富,如樹枝kepal [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

103
fun

(of land, fields, houses, possessions, bamboo, slaves) the owner

(指土地、田地、房屋、財產、竹子、奴隸)所有人puqun [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

104
gbaʔ

(of inanimage objects) be destroyed

(指無生命的物體)被摧毀gebáq [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

105
g〈(e)m〉iliŋ

to wind something onto a spool, as thread; to mill, as rice or corn

把某物纏繞線上軸上,如線;碾磨,如大米或玉米g〈um〉iliŋ [PWMP]giliŋ

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

106
ge-tlu

third

第三的ika-telu [PMP]telu

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

107
g-hitu-hen

seventh

第七pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

108
giliŋ

to wind something onto a spool, as thread; to mill, as rice or corn

把某物纏繞線上軸上,如線;碾磨,如大米或玉米giliŋ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

109
guluk

hunting knife, dagger; a short double-bladed knife that a man carries in his pocked or tucked in his waist for defense

guluk [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

110
guntiŋ

scissors

剪刀借詞

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

111
h- ~ he-

causative prefix

致使首碼pa-₂ [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

112
haha

thigh of person or animal; lap of a person

人或動物的大腿;人的大腿paqa₁ [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

113
hait

minnow, a certain freshwater fish

小魚,一種淡水魚paqit₁ [PWMP]paqit

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

114
hala

suspended platform above the firetable, used to dry wood, corn, tobacco, etc.

燃燒臺上方的懸掛平臺,用於乾燥木材、玉米、煙草等。paRa₁ [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

115
halas

appearance

外觀paras₂ [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

116
halay

Oryza sativa. Rice, unhusked, a staple food of the Philippines

水稻。米飯,未煮熟,菲律賓的主食pajay [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

117
hanak

arrow with small metal point

小金屬尖箭頭panaq [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

118
haŋa

branch of a tree; antlers

樹枝;鹿角paŋa₁ [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

119
h-atay

kill

殺死p-atay [PMP]aCay

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

120
he-betuʔ

shoot off, as a firecracker

像鞭炮一樣射擊pa-betu [PPH]betu₂

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

121
hedék

sting; smart (as salt in an open wound)

刺痛;聰明(如傷口上的鹽)hapejiq [PMP]Sapejiq

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

122
héét

bitter, salty

苦的,鹹的paqit₂ [PMP]paqiC

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

123
h〈em〉nok

to fill up

填滿p〈um〉enuq [PWMP]peNuq

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

124
hendem

think, ponder

思考,思考

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

125
hifi

cheek

臉頰pihpih [PMP]piSpiS

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

126
hilu

how many?, how much?

有多少?,多少錢?pijax [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

127
hisa

a boil

沸騰pi(R)sa [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

128
hitas

to tear open, as a hole; (of a hole) torn open, as in the earlobe caused by heavy earrings

撕開,如一個洞;(指一個洞)撕開pi(n)tas [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

129
hitu

seven

pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

130
h〈m〉ulut

to set a sticky trap for birds

給鳥設陷阱pulut [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

131
hnok

to fill up (as a glass with water); full (as a sack full of corn)

裝滿(如一杯水);裝滿(如一袋玉米)peNuq [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

132
hnok

to fill up (as a glass with water)

注滿(如一杯水)peNuq [PAN]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

133
hnok-en

fill it!

加油!penuq-en [PWMP]peNuq

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

134
holol

palm of the hand

手掌palaj₁ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

135
hosoʔ

heart

pusuq₁ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

136
hosoʔ ti

the calf of a person’s leg

小腿pusuq₁ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

137
huhed

umbilicus, navel; core of the ocean

臍,肚臍;海洋的覈心pusej [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

138
huket

a large net used for fishing in deep water

深海捕魚用的大網puket₁ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

139
huloʔ

red

紅色pulaq [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

140
hulut

glutinous (sticky) rice or corn; sticky tree sap used to trap birds

糯米或玉米;用來捕鳥的樹液pulut [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

141
husek

to enter

進入pusek [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

142
iba

mistake, blunder

錯誤,失誤iba₂ [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

143
ikoŋ

tail

ikuŋ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

144
ilu

orphan

孤兒ilu [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

145
iluŋ

nose

鼻子ijuŋ [PMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

146
inal

thin ray of light; dim light, tiny spark

微弱的光線inaR [PPH]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

147
inut

to economize; to use little by little; gradually, bit by bit, little by little

節約;一點一點地使用;逐漸地,一點一點地,一點一點地inut [PWMP]

Awed, Underwood and van Wynen 2004

148
iwol

saliva; to want something very much, i.e. to drool over, to desire

唾液;非常想要某物,即流口水,渴望ibeR [PMP]

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149
kabaŋ

to make something spotted, speckled black and white

使某物有斑點,有斑點的黑白kabáŋ [PPH]

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kafa

chaff; empty husks

糠;空殼qapah [PMP]

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kafus

to lack, be deficient, needing; to run out of something before everyone has received some

缺乏,缺乏,需要kapus [PPH]

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kaŋa

toothless; gaps, as when several teeth are missing

無牙的;缺幾顆牙時的縫隙kaŋa [PMP]

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katay

liver

肝臟qatay [PMP]qaCay

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kawit

to cling to something, as bats in a cave holding on to one another as links in a chain; to make a chain; to link together

kawit [PAN]

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ke

if

如果ka₂ [PAN]

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kebeg

Greater Philippine short-nosed or dog-faced fruit bat: Ptenochirus jagorii

大菲律賓短鼻或狗臉果蝠:■kabég [PPH]

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kebel

smoke, steam

煙、蒸汽qebel [PAN]

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kedaw

sun; day

太陽;白天qalejaw [PMP]

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kedut

pull out

拔出

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keliŋ

bamboo of small circumference

小圓竹qeliŋ [PWMP]

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kelot

tight

緊的qeRut [PMP]

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k〈em〉ukub

be put in jail or an enclosure

被關進監獄或圈地k〈um〉ubkub [PPH]kubkub₁

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k-em-ulon

to rain

下雨q〈um〉uzan [PMP]quzaN

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ken

food; to eat; to swallow up; to consume, as by fire, debt; to beat an opponent, as in a game

食物;吃;吞下;像用火一樣消耗債務;像在遊戲中打敗對手kaen [PAN]

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kenalum

a tree; black dye for the abaca fiber is obtained by boiling its leaves

一種樹;阿巴卡纖維的黑色染料是通過煮沸它的葉子而獲得的kanarum [PMP]

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kenilaw

tree used for building, as medicine for conjunctivitis (obtained by squeezing the skin just under the bark), and for a chewing mixture

qanilaw [PMP]

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ketef

roof

屋頂qatep [PMP]

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ketel

to itch (as scabies)

癢(如疥瘡)gatel [PMP]gaCel

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ketel sigu

said of someone who gives something to someone and then partakes of it also (lit. ‘itchy elbow’)

sikux [PAN]

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keti

dried up; water absorbed

乾涸的;吸水的keti [PWMP]

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keti

dried up, water absorbed

乾燥,吸水qeti₁ [PMP]

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ketolu

caterpillar, about six inches long, smooth skin, bright green color with red markings

毛毛蟲,長約6英寸,皮膚光滑,亮綠色,有紅色斑紋katadu [PMP]

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ketolu

caterpillar, about six inches long, smooth skin, bright green color with red markings

毛毛蟲,長約6英寸,皮膚光滑,亮綠色,有紅色斑紋qantatadu [PWMP]

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kiaʔ

expression of contempt or satisfaction at the punishment of another

對他人的懲罰表示蔑視或滿意qia [PAN]

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kigúʔ

crooked; winding, as a road

彎曲的;蜿蜒的kikuʔ [PWMP]

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kilay

pandanus sp.

pandanus屬。kiRay [PMP]

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kiliŋ

sound of brass anklets with little metal balls in them

黃銅腳鐲裏有小金屬球的聲音kilíŋ₁ [PPH]

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kilok

to tickle; ticklish

使發癢;使發癢giruk [PPH]

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k-ilón

when?

什麼時候?ijan [PAN]

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kilu

large spoon or ladle; shell of a coconut with an attached handle

大勺子或大勺子;有柄的椰子殼qiduS [PAN]

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kima

seashell, the horse conch (the Tboli believe that a piece of this shell placed in the middle of a rice field will give a better harvest)

kima [PMP]

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kimu

property; material

性質;資料借詞

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kitay

bridge

kitey [PWMP]

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klifen

slave; servant; to enslave someone

奴隸;僕人;奴役某人qadipen [PPH]

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klifót

to forget, not remember something, as in sleep

忘記,不記得某事,如在睡夢中lipat [PPH]

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klifus

whirlwind; cowlick

龍捲風qali-puspus [PMP]

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k-liha

lice eggs

蝨子卵lisehaq, liseqah [PMP]liseqeS

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klutay

a plant similar to the banana or abaca plant, with inedible fruit

類似香蕉或阿巴卡植物的一種植物,果實不可食用qaRutay [PPH]

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kmatiʔ

tomato: Lycopersicon lycopersicum

蕃茄:蕃茄借詞

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k〈n〉-liha

infested with lice eggs

蝨子卵lisehaq, liseqah [PMP]liseqeS

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knugu

fingernail

指甲k〈an〉uhkuh [PMP]kuSkuS₁

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kolon

cogon grass, a tall wild grass used for roofing: Imperata cylindrica

一種高大的野草,用作屋頂:白茅guRun [PMP]

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konul

carried by water

由水攜帶qañud [PAN]

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kooŋ

mushroom, similar to #guwong, but darker in color

蘑菇,類似於古王,但顏色較深quhuŋ [PMP]quSuŋ

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kotuk

nod (the head)

點頭(頭)kantuk [PWMP]

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kotuk

nod (the head)

點頭(頭)qantuk [PWMP]

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koyu

tree; wood

樹木kahiw [PMP]kaSiw

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kukub

jail; pen; enclosure; to put in jail or an enclosure

監獄;圍欄;圍欄;關在監獄或圍欄裏kubkub₁ [PPH]

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kuled

worm; any insect

蟲子;任何昆蟲qulej [PMP]

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kulen

pot of earth or metal

泥土或金屬罐kuden [PAN]

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kulon

rain

quzan [PMP]quzaN

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kulót

Cookeina, Octospora, or Sarcosoma, an edible fungus found on fallen logs

在倒下的原木上發現的食用菌Cookeina、Octospora或Sarcosomakulat₂ [PMP]kulaC

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kulu

head; beehive

頭;蜂巢qulu [PMP]quluh

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kunil

turmeric: Curcuma domestica

薑黃:薑黃kunij [PMP]

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kutu

Pediculus humanus, head lice; flea; to have head lice or fleas

人足,頭蝨;跳蚤;有頭蝨或跳蚤kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

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kutu él

aquatic bug; black, tiny, fast backswimmer with a painful bite

水棲昆蟲;黑色,微小,咬得很痛的快速後彎蟲kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

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kuyag

life; inherent characteristics, one's abilities

生命;固有的特性、能力quyag [PPH]

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laan

lightness, as in weight, mood

輕盈,如在體重、心情上Raqan [PMP]

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labat

fence; to put a fence around something

籬笆labat [PPH]

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labat

fence

柵欄alabat [PPH]

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labuk

the bottle gourd: Lagenaria siceraria

葫蘆:■labuq₂ [PWMP]

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labut

involvement or part in something; to get involved, be a part of an activity, argument

參與或參與某事;參與,成為活動、爭論的一部分labut [PPH]

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lafaŋ

walk around

四處走走lampaŋ [PMP]

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lafi

to fold up, turn over

折疊,翻身lapi [PPH]

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lafin

layer, as layers of clothing, sheet of paper, as a page in a book; to add another layer

一層,如衣服、一張紙的一層,如書中的一頁;新增另一層lampin [PWMP]

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lafiʔ

fold up (< *-pi)

折疊(<*-pi)

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lakuf

to include, be a part of, as an area

包括,成為一個區域的一部分lakup [PAN]

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lakun

to coil up, as a rope, or as a snake coils up; to fold something, as abaca fiber

卷起,如繩子或蛇卷起;折疊某物,如阿巴卡纖維lakun [PPH]

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lan

path, way, road; area worked on; handiwork; to pass through, follow a path

路,路,路;工作區;手工藝品;通過zalan [PMP]

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lanab

high tide

漲潮lanab [PWMP]

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lanaw

lake

danaw [PAN]

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lanut

to reject strands of abaca fiber that are smaller and softer than the rest

拒絕比其他纖維更小更柔軟的阿巴卡纖維lánut [PPH]

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lasaŋ

moulting fowls; dry, dead tree without leaves

脫毛的家禽;枯樹,無葉lasaŋ₁ [PWMP]

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lata

tin can, usually referring to a 5 gallon kerosene can

錫罐,通常指5加侖的煤油罐借詞

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latu

the cardinal number 100

基數100Ratus [PMP]RaCus

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lawa

a friendly visit

友好的訪問lawa₃ [PWMP]

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lawit

to cry in mourning and at the same time tell what the dead person is remembered for (from the time a person dies until the time of the funeral)

lawit₂ [PPH]

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layuk

distance; to be a long way off; to go away

距離;很遠;離開adayúq [PPH]

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lebol

to make turbid, murky or muddy, rile up

使渾濁lebuR [PWMP]

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le hilu he

an expression meaning ‘It isn’t that much, a little is enough’

意思是“沒那麼多,一點點就夠了”pijax [PAN]

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lekakas

quickly

迅速地lekas₂ [PWMP]

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lekas

to use something (as a lever) to open something up; to give something in order to obtain what one wants; to get a separation from one’s spouse

lekas₁ [PMP]

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l〈em〉afin

to apply an additional layer, one on top of the other

要應用附加層,一個在另一個上面lampin [PWMP]

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l〈em〉atu

a hundred

一百Ratus [PMP]RaCus

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lemek

soft spot on the head of a newborn, a portion above the forehead where the bone formation is not yet completed; to soften by cooking

lemeq [PWMP]

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l〈em〉inol

to tremble, shake, of the earth

震動大地linuR [PAN]

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lemkaʔ

take off, open forcibly

起飛,強行打開

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le-m-kef

hug, embrace

擁抱,擁抱

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lemtub

blister

水泡lem(e)tub [PWMP]

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lenaw

the color green; the green part of something; green, immature, young (of rice)

綠色;某物的綠色部分;綠色,未成熟,年輕(指大米)luh(e)naw [PPH]

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letak

a big crack, as in a glass or wood

裂縫大的裂縫,如在玻璃或木頭上Retak [PWMP]

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letak

a big crack, as in a glass or wood

裂縫大的裂縫,如在玻璃或木頭上Retaq [PPH]

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letek

thunder

打雷letiq [PWMP]

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letub

to blister, puff up

起泡letub [PWMP]

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lewi nawa

undecided (lit. ‘to have two breaths’)

未決定(點燃。“呼吸兩次”duha [PMP]duSa

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lewu

the cardinal number two; second in a series

基數二;數列中的第二個duha [PMP]duSa

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leʔiye

ginger, Zingiber officinale

生薑,生薑laqia [PMP]

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libed

to wind rope or anything around something

把繩子或任何東西繞在某物周圍libej [PWMP]

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libut

surround, around

環繞,環繞libut [PWMP]

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lihol

throat, neck

喉嚨,脖子liqeR [PAN]

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liket

the stickiness of a thing; to make something sticky; to stick to

粘著某物的粘性;使某物粘著;粘著liket [PMP]

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limbas

file, hack saw, fingernail file

銼刀,鋼鋸,指甲銼liŋ(e)bas [PWMP]

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limes

to drown

淹死limes [PPH]

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límu

five

lima [PAN]

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limun

to cover something up with cloth, leaves; cover something by payment of a fine

用布、樹葉蓋住某物;用罰款蓋住某物limun [PMP]

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linol

earthquake

地震linuR [PAN]

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liŋu

mistake, error

錯誤,錯誤liŋu [PWMP]

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liŋu

wrong, disordered, disarranged

錯誤,混亂,混亂liŋu [PWMP]

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lobun

cloud; fog; cloudy

雲;霧;多雲Rabun [PMP]

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logi

man, boy, male; brother, a male sibling

兄弟,兄弟,兄弟laki₁ [PMP]

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loguŋ

deep rumble of thunder

雷聲隆隆

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lohok

rib

肋骨Rusuk [PAN]

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loŋit

sky, heaven

天空,天堂laŋit [PMP]laŋiC

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lufi

thin, as paper, cloth, skin; to make something thin; to simplify, of questions and riddles so that they can be understood easily

lupis₁ [PWMP]

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lufit

pincers; hair clip, bobby pin

鉗子;髮夾,髮夾luqepit [PMP]

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lulul

shin

小腿luluj [PAN]

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lulun

to roll something up in cylindrical form, as a mat or a body for burial

把某物卷成圓柱形,如墊子或屍體lulun [PMP]luluN

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lumak

scabbard; sheath for sword or dagger; put a bolo into a scabbard; to sheathe; to wear a sheath around the waist

Rumaq [PAN]

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lumut

algae; moss on rocks in a river, on a clay water jar

藻類;河中岩石上的苔蘚,粘土水罐上的苔蘚lumut [PMP]

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man-tag

even if, even so, even then, even when

即使,即使如此,即使在那時,即使在man [PPH]

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mata

eye

眼睛mata [PMP]maCa

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mata hisa

the eye of a boil that has to be opened

必須打開的沸騰之眼mata nu piRsa [PWMP]maCa

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mata kdaw

sun (‘eye of the day’)

太陽(“每日之眼”)mata nu qalejaw [PAN]maCa

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mata kudaʔ

ankle joint/bone (‘eye of a horse’)

踝關節/骨頭(“馬眼”)mata [PMP]maCa

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m-atay

die

死亡m-atay [PMP]aCay

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mayad

to pay

支付bayaD [PMP]

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maʔ

father

父親ama-q [PMP]amax

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ma-ʔ

father, used in teknonyms with reference to the eldest child

父親,用於特克諾姆語中,指長子ema-q [PMP]ema₁

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m-ebed

tie knots, wind about

打結,繞圈子embej [PWMP]

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m-edom

borrow

hezam [PMP]Sezam

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m-ekik

cry

哭泣e(ŋ)kik [PMP]

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meloy (〈 *l-um-aRiw)

run

運行laRiw [PAN]

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melus

loosen, come off

鬆開,鬆開

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me-nagaw

steal

ma-nakaw [PWMP]Cakaw

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metek

leech

水蛭qali-matek [PWMP]-matek

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meyak

shy, ashamed

害羞,羞愧ma-heyaq [PMP]Seyaq

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m-eyuf

to blow, as with one's breath

吹氣,如用呼吸heyup [PMP]Seyup

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m-fól

thick

厚的kepal [PPH]

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mi(h)

sweet

甜的hemis [PMP]

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m-nawa

to breathe

呼吸ma-ñawa [PMP]NiSawa

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mógów

come, go

來,去makaw [PWMP]

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m-onuk

to have many chickens

養很多雞manuk [PMP]

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m-sɨf

suck

吮吸q〈um〉esep [PAN]qesep

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mutok

solidified matter in the corner of the eyes

眼角的凝固物muteq [PWMP]

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m-yak

ashamed

慚愧的ma-heyaq [PMP]Seyaq

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nanak

pus; to have a core, as a boil; to be full of pus; a pocket of pus

膿;有核,如沸騰;充滿膿;一袋膿nanaq [PMP]naNaq

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natuk

a kind of tree producing first class wood; its bark is used for chewing

一種生產一級木材的樹;樹皮用來咀嚼ñatuq [PMP]

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nawa

breath; spirit; character; feelings

呼吸;精神;性格;感情nihawa [PMP]NiSawa

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ne

and

na₅ [PMP]Na₁

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nem

six

enem [PAN]

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ŋaŋa

to open one’s mouth wide

張大嘴巴ŋaŋa₂ [PMP]

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ŋayaw

(of people) to raid at night, to kill and take things

(指人)夜間突襲,殺人搶奪ma-ŋayaw [PMP]ŋayaw

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ofi

fire

hapuy [PMP]Sapuy

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304
ohu

dog

asu₁ [PAN]

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305
oluŋ

shadow, reflection

陰影,反射aluŋ [PMP]

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306
onuk

chicken, fowl; bird

雞,雞;鳥manuk [PMP]

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ɔʔuh

1sg. nominative pronoun: I

1毫克。主格代詞:Iaku [PAN]

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sabut

(of abaca) waste from the stripping

(指abaca)剝離產生的廢物sabut [PWMP]

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sadab

to roast meat, corn, bananas or tubers in the flame of the fire rather than the coals

在火焰中烤肉、玉米、香蕉或塊莖sadab [PWMP]

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sala

nest

salaR [PMP]

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salaʔ

mistake, error; sin; missing the mark, as an arrow

錯誤,錯誤;罪惡;漏掉標記,如箭salaq₁ [PMP]

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saŋay

to harmonize, blend well together, as gongs

調和,融為一體,如鑼saŋay [PWMP]

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sefel

make a dam in a stream, using rocks, leaves, as when looking for small fish, in the river bed

在河裏築壩,用石頭、樹葉,如在河床裏尋找小魚sáRep [PPH]

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s〈em〉wól

to root, as pigs

紮根,像豬一樣sual [PMP]

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seŋek

snuffle

鼻塞seŋek [PWMP]

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316
se-solu

to face each other; to confront, as in an issue; facing each other, as one’s feet or pupils of the eyes

saru [PPH]

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317
sfut

a natural spring; to spring, burst out, as a spring of water

天然的泉水;如泉水般湧出seput [PWMP]

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sigol

crooked, curved

彎曲的,彎曲的siŋkul [PMP]

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sigu

elbow

肘部sikux [PAN]

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silól

buri palm, the leaves of which are used for weaving baskets, mats and hats

竹葉棕櫚,其葉用於編織籃子、墊子和帽子silaR [PPH]

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sinaŋ

to shine, as polished glass or dazzling white clothes

閃耀如拋光的玻璃或耀眼的白色衣服sinaŋ [PWMP]

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322
siŋkamas

Pachyrrhizus erosus, yam bean (from #Tagalog)

厚根蘿蔔,山藥豆(來自#Tagalog)借詞

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sledeŋ

spotted sambar deer: Cervus alfredi

梅花鹿:歐洲鹿saladeŋ [PMP]

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s-logi

to be a brother or a male relative to other females

作為兄弟或男性相對於其他女性laki₁ [PMP]

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325
s〈m〉uŋet

moody

喜怒無常的suŋet [PPH]

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solu

the front of something or someone; to face toward; to be facing something as a responsibility

面對某物或某人的前面;面對;作為責任面對某物saru [PPH]

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sowu

python, boa constrictor

蟒蛇,大蟒蛇sawa [PMP]

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sufit

tongs, usually a piece of bamboo about 8-10in. long bent in half and used as kitchen tongs or by a blacksmith in moving coals of fire, kettle lids; crab pincers; to use tongs to get or move something; to carry something under the arm by squeezing it’; to get stuck or caught between something, as one’s finger pinched in a door, lid of a trunk

supit [PWMP]

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sukub

a lid of something, usually bigger than what is covered

蓋子某物的蓋子,通常比蓋上的東西大suŋkub [PWMP]

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330
suliʔ

(of plants such as banana, abaca, ginger, pineapple, bamboo) new shoots

(指香蕉、阿巴卡、薑、鳳梨、竹子等植物)新芽suli₁ [PMP]

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sulud

comb; to comb one’s hair

梳頭sulud₁ [PWMP]

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sumuŋ

lips

嘴唇mu(n)cuŋ [PWMP]

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333
suntuk

boxing, fistfight; to fistfight

拳擊,拳擊suntúk [PPH]

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334
suŋ

mortar made from hollowed-out log

挖空的原木製成的灰漿esuŋ [PMP]

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335
suŋet

to snap at anyone

攻擊任何人suŋet [PPH]

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suʔal

thorn

suqaR [PAN]

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337
swól

rooting, as by pigs

生根的,如豬sual [PMP]

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338
syóm

nine

siám [PPH]

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taboŋ galag

a plant: Ixora bartlingii Elm., Rubiaceae

一株植物:■Elm.,■tabuŋ [PWMP]

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340
tagad

to wait

等待taRad [PPH]

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341
tánud

to take care of, to watch

照顧,觀察tánud [PPH]

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342
tanul

anything that serves as thread; to thread a needle

用作線的任何東西;把針穿上tanúd [PPH]

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taŋ

bass gong, a large gong emitting a deep, somber sound (used for transmitting calls to someone in the field, or calling a meeting)

taŋ [PMP]

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344
taŋguŋ

to use a pole to carry water or something very heavy

用杆子挑水或其他很重的東西taŋguŋ [PWMP]

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345
taŋkis

denial; to deny, as charges made against one; to be dissenting

否認;否認,如對某人的指控;持抗告taŋkis [PWMP]

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346
taŋkuŋ ~ tlaŋkuŋ

swamp cabbage, a smooth, widely-spreading vine with stems trailing on mud or floating on stagnant pools; young leaves and stems are eaten as a leafy vegetable: Ipomoea aquatica

taŋkuŋ [PPH]

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347
tawal

a potent medicine used to remove the poison of snakebites

一種有效的藥物,用於消除毒蛇咬傷的毒素tawaR₁ [PWMP]

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348
tawal

a potent medicine used to remove the poison of snakebites

一種有效的藥物,用於消除毒蛇咬傷的毒素tabaR [PWMP]

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349
tbag

a washout in the middle, center of a field

在場地中央的沖刷tebág [PPH]

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tdes

to crush, as head lice between fingernails

碾碎,如指甲間的頭蝨tedes [PWMP]

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tdok

finger, pointer; to point out, point at

手指,指針;指,指tuzuq₁ [PAN]

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tebek

fork; any sharp instrument

叉子;任何鋒利的工具tebek [PAN]

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353
tebug

a stagnant pool of water, carabao wallow

一潭死水tebug [PPH]

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tebul

continuous trickle of water, as a spring

涓涓細流,如泉水tebuR [PMP]

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355
tedok

finger, pointer

手指,指針tulduq [PPH]

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tekok

the sound produced when one gags

堵嘴時發出的聲音tekuk₂ [PPH]

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t〈em〉edok

to point

指向tulduq [PPH]

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358
tikeb

door

ti(ŋ)keb [PWMP]

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tikeb

gate, door

門,門

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tiked

heel

腳後跟tiked [PMP]

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361
tiŋkuk

bump, hit against

撞,撞tiŋkuq [PMP]

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362
tkak

hen’s cackle after she lays an egg; loud laughter

母雞下蛋後咯咯地笑;大笑tekak [PWMP]

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tken

to press or weigh something down; to hold or put something heavy on top of something else to keep it from moving (as a paperweight)

teken [PMP]

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tlu

cardinal number 3

基數3telu [PAN]

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365
t〈m〉onok

to walk, hike; to be dirty from the soil

走路、徒步旅行;被泥土弄髒t〈um〉aneq [PPH]taneq

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t〈m〉ulud

to push

推動s〈um〉ulud [PAN]sulud₂

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tonok

earth, ground, soil; land as distinguished from sea or sky

地,地,土;區別於海或天的土地taneq [PMP]

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tool

thread on which beads are strung; to string beads into a necklace

串珠的線;把串珠串成項鍊tuhuR [PMP]CuSuR

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369
toul

the howl or whine of a dog, as when he wants out

狗的嚎叫狗的嚎叫或叫聲,當它想出去時tahúl [PPH]

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tudaʔ

throw

tudaq [PMP]

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tud bukol

kneel down to show humbleness; descendants, strength of supporting relatives, grandchildren; supporter (#bukol = knee)

tuhud [PMP]tuduS

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tuhod

tree stump; stubble; roots of teeth

樹樁;樹樁;牙根tuqed [PAN]

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tulud

push

sulud₂ [PAN]

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tutul

story; account; to tell a story

故事;敘述;講故事tutur₁ [PMP]

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tuwil

any instrument used in prying off a lid

任何用來撬開蓋子的工具tuil [PWMP]

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t-woli

younger sibling, relative, friend of the same sex

弟弟妹妹,親戚,同性朋友ta-huaji [PMP]Suaji

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-u

I, me, my, mine

一、我,我的,我的-ku [PAN]

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378
ubat

bullet

子彈借詞

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379
ubek

rice husks

稻殼ubek [PWMP]

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380
ubi koyu

cassava

木薯qubi kahiw [PWMP]qubi

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381
ufuk

to flap (as wings), clap

拍打upuk [PWMP]

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382
ulal

general term for snake

蛇的總稱hulaR [PMP]SulaR

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ulat

vein of body

體靜脈uRat [PMP]huRaC

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ulék

return; repetition; regrowth

回歸;重複;再生uliq₁ [PMP]

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385
umew

mute, dumb

啞巴,啞巴umaw [PPH]

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386
unaf

scale of fish

魚鱗quhenap [PMP]quSeNap

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uni

noise

譟音huni [PMP]Suni

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unsuy

tobacco pipe

煙斗借詞

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389
uŋkul

good luck; fortunate

好運;幸運借詞

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usiŋ

dirt, charcoal

污垢、木炭usiŋ [PPH]

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utek

brain; bone marrow

腦;骨髓hutek [PMP]

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wak

a bird similar to the crow

類似烏鴉的鳥uak₁ [PMP]

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wak

a bird similar to the crow

類似烏鴉的鳥wáak [PPH]

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wogu

uncultivated abaca, usually not good to strip

未開墾的阿巴卡,通常不適於剝去abaká [PPH]

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395
yón

to sit down on something; to ride on; to take office; to be seated as an elected official; to rule as a leader

ian₂ [PAN]

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