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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 414條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
WMP
Simalur
WMP Indonesia (Sumatra) [smr]
abaŋ

to fly

飛翔qabaŋ₂ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

1
abawaŋ

large mango: Mangifera odorata

大芒果:芒果qambawaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

2
aea

father

父親aya₂ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

3
aeam

toy

玩具qayam₃ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

4
aeran

ladder

梯子haRezan [PMP]

Kähler 1961

5
aeu-aeu

wood

木材kahi-kahiw [PMP]kaSiw

Kähler 1961

6
a-faear

paid; payment

已付bayaD [PMP]

Kähler 1961

7
a-fela

be split

分裂ma-belaq [PAN]belaq

Kähler 1961

8
afu

kitchen, hearth, cooking place

廚房、壁爐、烹飪場所qabu [PMP]

Kähler 1961

9
afu-afu

fireplace for warming women after childbirth

婦女產後取暖壁爐qabu [PMP]

Kähler 1961

10
a-futa

blind

失明的buta₁ [PMP]buCa

Kähler 1961

11
agamo

faith, belief, religion

信仰,信仰,宗教借詞

Kähler 1961

12
agaʔ

opinion, presumption

意見、推定借詞

Kähler 1961

13
a-itoʔ

make small, reduce in size

縮小尺寸itek [PMP]

Kähler 1961

14
alian

centipede

蜈蚣qalu-hipan [PMP]qalu-Sipan

Kähler 1961

15
alus

pulling, dragging (said of rivers)

拉,拉(指河流)qaRus [PMP]

Kähler 1961

16
alus-alus

name of a river on the south coast of the island of Simalur

西馬魯爾島南岸一條河流的名字qaRus [PMP]

Kähler 1961

17
ama

father

父親amax [PAN]

Kähler 1961

18
a-maear-an

means of payment

付款方式bayaD [PMP]

Kähler 1961

19
ami

1pl. excl., we, us

1pl.不包括我們ami [PAN]

Kähler 1961

20
a-munu-n-an

place where something is killed

有東西被害的地方bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Kähler 1961

21
-an

suffix used to form: 1. abstract nouns, 2. nouns which express a nominal perfect participle, 3. nouns of location; verbal suffix used to express various relationships between the action and the object; added to qualitative and intransitive constructions it has a causative function

-an [PAN]

Kähler 1961

22
anae anae

termite

白蟻aNay [PAN]

Kähler 1961

23
a-nawan

right side

右側wanan [PMP]wanaN

Kähler 1961

24
anaʔ

child, boy

孩子,孩子anak [PMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

25
anaʔ aeran

rung of a ladder

梯子的橫檔anak i haRezan [PWMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

26
anaʔ anaʔ

small child

小孩anak anak [PWMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

27
anaʔ axoe

sparks of fire

火花anak i hapuy [PWMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

28
anaʔ banwo

subject (of state), serf; native of a place

(國家的)臣民,農奴;本地人anak i banua [PMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

29
anaʔ batu-fatu

small stones, gravel

小石頭、礫石anak i batu [PMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

30
anaʔ kaokaə

little finger/toe

小指/腳趾anak i lima [PMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

31
anaʔ kaol

banana shoot

香蕉筍anak i kahiw [PMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

32
anaʔ mariam

cannot shot

不能射擊anak i sumpit [PMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

33
ancaʔ

cook, make ripe

煮熟hasak [PMP]Sasak

Kähler 1961

34
anifuŋ

palms of the genus Oncosperma

腫瘤子屬棕櫚qanibuŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

35
antimon

cucumber, gherkin: Cucumis sativa L.

黃瓜,小黃瓜:黃瓜qatimun [PMP]

Kähler 1961

36
aŋos

snout, beak, bill

嘴,嘴,比爾噪聲

Kähler 1961

37
ao

thirsty

口渴的借詞

Kähler 1961

38
asa

sharpen, whet

磨快hasaq [PMP]Sasaq

Kähler 1961

39
asal

origin, cause; provided that

起源,原因;前提是借詞

Kähler 1961

40
asaŋ

cheek

臉頰hasaŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

41
asar falal

time of the Moslim afternoon prayer, between about 3:30 and 6 P.M.

摩斯林下午祈禱時間,大約在下午3:30到6:00之間。借詞

Kähler 1961

42
asaw

rafters

椽子kasaw₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

43
asem

sour

酸的qalesem [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

44
aseŋ

breath

呼吸qaseŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

45
aseŋ-aseŋ

cane for the air supply in a bellows

風箱供風用的手杖qaseŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

46
aseŋ-aseŋ bano

lit. 'breath of the land') prince

“亮的。”土地的氣息)王子qaseŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

47
asila

salt

qasiRa [PAN]

Kähler 1961

48
asu

dog

asu₁ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

49
at

four (in combination)

四(組合)epat [PMP]Sepat

Kähler 1961

50
ata

person, human being

人,人qaRta [PMP]

Kähler 1961

51
atae

high

高的atas [PMP]aCas

Kähler 1961

52
atiŋ

sweat, perspiration

出汗qatiŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

53
atiŋ-atiŋ aʔu

I am sweating

我出汗了qatiŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

54
atiŋ-en

covered with sweat

汗流浹背qatiŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

55
awa

fish sp.

魚苗。qawa₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

56
awal-awal

spider

蜘蛛lawaq-lawaq [PMP]lawaq₂

Kähler 1961

57
awaʔ

body, trunk, stem

身體,軀幹,莖hawak [PMP]Sawak

Kähler 1961

58
awi

carry over the shoulders

扛在肩上qawis [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

59
awi-awi

load that one carries in one of the four pointed and knotted cloths over the shoulder or under the armpits

qawis [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

60
axeŋ

charcoal

木炭qajeŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

61
axi

younger sibling

弟弟妹妹huaji [PMP]Suaji

Kähler 1961

62
axoe

fire

hapuy [PMP]Sapuy

Kähler 1961

63
axul

lime, calcium

石灰、鈣qapuR [PAN]

Kähler 1961

64
a-ʔan

to feed

pa-kaen [PAN]kaen

Kähler 1961

65
aʔu

1sg. nominative and accusative pronoun: I, me

1毫克。主格和賓格代詞:I,meaku [PAN]

Kähler 1961

66
bafu

domesticated pig

家養豬babuy₃ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

67
bahuʔ, baxuʔ

swelling under the sole of the foot (apparently tertiary Framboesia)

足底以下腫脹(明顯為第三紀■)baguq [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

68
bakad

wave, billow

波浪,巨浪bakat [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

69
bala

lung; liver

肺;肝baRaq₁ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

70
bala, fala

glowing coal; red

灼熱的煤;紅色baRah [PMP]

Kähler 1961

71
bala, fala

embers; red

灰燼;紅色噪聲

Kähler 1961

72
bala-fala

tree sp.

樹木屬。噪聲

Kähler 1961

73
balal, falal

day, sun

白天,太陽噪聲

Kähler 1961

74
balanaʔ

a river fish, family Mugilidae

河魚科balanak [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

75
balaŋ

small pot

小鍋借詞

Kähler 1961

76
baliŋ-baliŋ

child's toy windmill

兒童玩具風車baliŋ baliŋ [PWMP]baliŋ₂

Kähler 1961

77
balixi, falixi

grass (generic)

草(通用)baliji [PMP]

Kähler 1961

78
balud

bundle

balut₂ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

79
balulaŋ

corn, callus

玉米,老繭balulaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

80
baluŋ

heron: Ardea sumatrana

蒼鷺:蘇門答臘島亞爾達噪聲

Kähler 1961

81
banæ

Lombok pepper tree

龍目胡椒樹噪聲

Kähler 1961

82
bano, fano

land, place, district

土地、地點、地區banua [PMP]

Kähler 1961

83
bantal ~ fantal

cushion, pillow

靠墊、枕頭bantal [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

84
baŋke

body (of a living person)

(活人的)身體baŋkay [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

85
bara

architrave of a house, the horizontal support beams on the front and back sides of the house

房屋的頂梁,房屋前後的水準支撐梁bara₂ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

86
bataŋ

tree trunk

樹幹bataŋ [PMP]bataŋ₁

Kähler 1961

87
bataŋ pinaŋ

a weaving model or design

編織模型或設計bataŋ [PMP]bataŋ₁

Kähler 1961

88
bataŋ taliŋa

a rotting log covered with bracket fungi or mushrooms

腐朽的原木上覆蓋著菌類或蘑菇bataŋ [PMP]bataŋ₁

Kähler 1961

89
batu ~ fatu

stone, coral

石頭,珊瑚batu [PMP]batux

Kähler 1961

90
(batu) asa-n

whetstone

磨石hasaq-an [PMP]Sasaq

Kähler 1961

91
ba-utaŋ

be in debt

負債累累qutaŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

92
baʔ

no, not

不,不是噪聲

Kähler 1961

93
baʔ, faʔ

no, not

不,不是bak₂ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

94
baʔba

mouth, beak, opening

嘴,嘴,開口baqbaq [PMP]

Kähler 1961

95
bə_ŋi

night

beRŋi [PMP]

Kähler 1961

96
bə_ŋi-fə_ŋi-i

night by night, nightly

夜以繼日,夜以繼日beRŋi beRŋi [PMP]beRŋi

Kähler 1961

97
béawaʔ, féawaʔ

monitor lizard: Varanus neculosus

巨蜥:大蜥蜴bayawak [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

98
bedil

weapon

武器借詞

Kähler 1961

99
bedil-fedil

play weapon made of rattan

玩藤制武器借詞

Kähler 1961

100
beka

be different, other

與眾不同,其他人bekaq [PMP]

Kähler 1961

101
béla

revenge, retaliation; compensation

報復,報復;補償借詞

Kähler 1961

102
benaŋ

thread, yarn

線,紗線benaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

103
bendil

weapon

武器借詞

Kähler 1961

104
benem

sink; sunken

下沉benem₂ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

105
bərae

husked rice

糙米beRas [PMP]

Kähler 1961

106
bériʔ-bériʔ

kind of bird (owl?)

一種鳥(貓頭鷹?)借詞

Kähler 1961

107
besi(x)

iron

借詞

Kähler 1961

108
betis

shinbone

脛骨beties [PAN]

Kähler 1961

109
betiʔ

shin bone

脛骨betiq₁ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

110
biaso

be in the habit of doing something, used to, accustomed; practiced in something; be able to

習慣於做某事,習慣於,習慣於;實踐於某事;能夠借詞

Kähler 1961

111
bidan

midwife

助產士借詞

Kähler 1961

112
bila

a taro: Alocasia indica

芋頭:印度蘆薈biRaq₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

113
bilalaŋ

grasshopper

蚱蜢bilalaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

114
bilalaŋ əlor

flying fish

飛魚bilalaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

115
biliʔ

room

房間bilik [PMP]

Kähler 1961

116
biludu

velvet

天鵝絨借詞

Kähler 1961

117
bilug

large boat

大船bilug [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

118
biluʔ, filuʔ, bilug, filug

large boat

大船借詞

Kähler 1961

119
binasa

damaged, devastated

損壞,毀壞借詞

Kähler 1961

120
binataŋ

animal

動物借詞

Kähler 1961

121
bini

blossom, bud

花兒,花蕾binehiq [PMP]bineSiq

Kähler 1961

122
bintaŋ tumabar

Orion, name of a weaving design

獵戶座,織布設計的名字借詞

Kähler 1961

123
bintol, fintol

tree sp.

樹木屬。bitaquR [PMP]

Kähler 1961

124
bintun

star; name of a carving motif

星星;雕刻圖案的名稱bituqen [PAN]

Kähler 1961

125
bintun hali

a constellation, the Southern Cross

南十字星座paRih [PMP]paRiS

Kähler 1961

126
biŋoŋ, fiŋoŋ

stupid, silly

愚蠢,愚蠢借詞

Kähler 1961

127
biŋoŋ, fiŋoŋ

stupid, silly

愚蠢,愚蠢噪聲

Kähler 1961

128
biola

violin ..#be-biolaplay the violin

小提琴..#把小提琴演奏得栩栩如生借詞

Kähler 1961

129
biri-biri

sheep

借詞

Kähler 1961

130
bisan-bisan

parents-in-law

公婆baisan [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

131
bisaro

cunning, ruse, trick; acumen, craftiness

狡猾,詭計,詭計;敏銳,狡猾借詞

Kähler 1961

132
biso

poison; poisonous

毒藥借詞

Kähler 1961

133
boea, foea

crocodile

鱷魚buqaya [PMP]

Kähler 1961

134
bua

fruit

水果buaq [PMP]

Kähler 1961

135
bua hati

sweetheart

親愛的buaq qatay [PWMP]buaq

Kähler 1961

136
bua pao

('mango fruit') name of a weaving pattern

(“芒果”)編織圖案的名稱buaq [PMP]

Kähler 1961

137
bubuŋ

roof covering, thatch

屋頂覆蓋層,茅草bubuŋ₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

138
budaʔ

slave, servant

奴隸,僕人借詞

Kähler 1961

139
buff

tree sp.

樹木屬。噪聲

Kähler 1961

140
bulawan

gold

bulaw-an [PAN]bulaw

Kähler 1961

141
buleʔ

round

buled₂ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

142
bulu, fulu

bamboo (generic)

竹子(通用)buluq₂ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

143
bumbuŋ-an

roof covering, thatch

屋頂覆蓋層,茅草bubuŋ-an [PMP]bubuŋ₁

Kähler 1961

144
buntil-funtil

cloth bag, knapsack

布袋、背包buntil [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

145
bunu

kill; fight

殺戮bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Kähler 1961

146
bunu-i

extinguish (as a fire), wipe out

把火撲滅bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Kähler 1961

147
buŋo

flower, blossom, bud

花,花,芽buŋa [PMP]

Kähler 1961

148
buŋo karaŋ

name of a weaving motif

編織圖案的名稱buŋa na batu [PMP]buŋa

Kähler 1961

149
buruŋ

bird

借詞

Kähler 1961

150
buruŋ antu

owl

貓頭鷹借詞

Kähler 1961

151
butu

penis

陰莖butuq [PMP]buCuq

Kähler 1961

152
butun

tree sp.: Barringtonia speciosa Forst.

樹sp.:大斑紫羅蘭.butun [PMP]

Kähler 1961

153
buʔ, fuʔ

hair, feather

頭髮,羽毛buhek [PMP]bukeS

Kähler 1961

154
buʔa-e

open it!

打開它!buka [PMP]

Kähler 1961

155
buʔu

knot, node, joint

結,節點,關節bukuh [PMP]

Kähler 1961

156
da-ama

the fathers

父親們da-amax [PAN]amax

Kähler 1961

157
dai ~ daxi

dirt on the skin

皮膚上的污垢daki [PMP]

Kähler 1961

158
dai-m balaŋ

soot on the bottom of a cooking pot

鍋底的煤煙daki [PMP]

Kähler 1961

159
da-ixa

how many? (people)

有多少?(人)pijax [PAN]

Kähler 1961

160
dala

blood

daRaq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

161
dalig

buttress root

扶壁根dalij [PMP]

Kähler 1961

162
da-lima

five (people)

五(人)la-lima [PAN]lima

Kähler 1961

163
dalog

housefly

家蠅dalej [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

164
datu-ʔ

head of a kin group and guardian of traditional law

宗族首領和傳統法律的守護者datu [PMP]

Kähler 1961

165
daʔu

kind of tree

一棵樹daqu₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

166
di

locative preposition indicating the place of rest (only in borrowed expressions)

表示休息地點的處所介詞(僅在借詞中)di [PAN]

Kähler 1961

167
dila

tongue

舌頭dilaq₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

168
dindiŋ

wall

diŋdiŋ₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

169
d-ita

we (plural incl.), emphatic form

we(複數,含),強調形式k-ita [PAN]ita₁

Kähler 1961

170
duo

two

duha [PMP]duSa

Kähler 1961

171
eluʔ

bay

海灣qeluk [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

172
əmbek, mal-əmbek

to bleat

叫聲借詞

Kähler 1961

173
ənəmə ŋa ulu

sixty

六十ŋa [PMP]

Kähler 1961

174
əno

sea turtle

海龜peñu [PMP]

Kähler 1961

175
əno-e

to fill, as a bamboo water container

裝滿,如竹制的水容器peNuq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

176
entuʔ

knock, pound, beat

敲,敲,敲etuk [PMP]

Kähler 1961

177
eŋiʔ

weep, cry (children)

哭,哭(孩子們)eŋik [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

178
eti

ebb

退潮qeti₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

179
étiʔ

wild duck

野鴨itik₂ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

180
fa

still, yet, then, because

儘管如此,因為ba₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

181
fa-falu

widow, spinster

寡婦,老處女balu balu [PWMP]balu₄

Kähler 1961

182
falə_(x)

swollen

腫脹的baReq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

183
falu

tree sp.

樹木屬。balu₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

184
fambaŋ-an

extend outward

向外延伸baŋbaŋ₁ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

185
fanan

to sneeze

打噴嚏baqeñan [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

186
fanan

to sneeze

打噴嚏bañen [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

187
faŋi

odor, fragrance

氣味、香味baŋehih [PMP]baŋeSiS

Kähler 1961

188
fasə-a

dampen, wash

弄濕,沖洗baseq [PMP]

Kähler 1961

189
fela

split

分裂belaq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

190
feli

price, value

價格,價值beli [PMP]

Kähler 1961

191
feli-n

price, cost of something

價格,成本beli-en [PWMP]beli

Kähler 1961

192
fenem

bundle, package

包裹benem₁ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

193
fetud

fart

放屁bentut [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

194
fetud

flatus ventris

腹扁平

Kähler 1961

195
fias

growth rings in wood

木材生長輪biqas [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

196
fisa

poison

毒藥借詞

Kähler 1961

197
forus

slip, slide (as down a coconut tree when climbing it)

滑倒,滑倒(就像爬椰子樹一樣)

Kähler 1961

198
funen ~ bunen

keep secret, hide, conceal

保守秘密,隱藏,隱藏buni-an [PWMP]buNi

Kähler 1961

199
futa-e

to blind, make blind

瞎,瞎buta₁ [PMP]buCa

Kähler 1961

200
hali

stingray

黃貂魚paRih [PMP]paRiS

Kähler 1961

201
halo

hoarse

沙啞的paRaw [PAN]

Kähler 1961

202
hantu

evil spirit, demon, ghost

惡魔,魔鬼,幽靈qanitu [PMP]qaNiCu

Kähler 1961

203
ia

3sg.

3毫克。ia₁ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

204
ila

know, be acquainted with, understand; cunning, craft

知道,熟悉,理解;狡猾,狡猾ila₂ [PWMP]ila

Kähler 1961

205
ilix

choose, pick out

選擇,挑出piliq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

206
ilul

spittle, slaver

唾沫,奴隸iluR₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

207
ina

M

ina [PMP]

Kähler 1961

208
ində_-x

mother (as address)

母親(作為地址)indu-q [PWMP]indu

Kähler 1961

209
ində_-ʔ

mother animal

母畜indu-q [PWMP]indu

Kähler 1961

210
inəm

to drink

inem [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

211
isi

contents, inhabitants; flesh

內容物,居民;肉isi₅ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

212
ita

we (plural incl.)

我們(包括複數)k-ita [PAN]ita₁

Kähler 1961

213
ito ~ itu

seven

pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Kähler 1961

214
itoʔ

small

小的itek [PMP]

Kähler 1961

215
ituŋ

grandmother (#Lekon dial.)

祖母(列康撥號)噪聲

Kähler 1961

216
i-tu-turu

index finger

食指tu-tuzuq [PWMP]tuzuq₁

Kähler 1961

217
iu

shark

鯊魚qiSu [PAN]

Kähler 1961

218
iub

blow on, fan something

吹吧,扇子什麼的heyup [PMP]Seyup

Kähler 1961

219
iuf-iub

hollow cane or tube for blowing on the fire

吹火用的空心手杖或管子heyup heyup [PWMP]Seyup

Kähler 1961

220
ixa-o

how many? (things)

有多少?(事情)pijax [PAN]

Kähler 1961

221
ixən

tooth

牙齒ipen [PMP]

Kähler 1961

222
kampuŋ

village, settlement

村莊、定居點借詞

Kähler 1961

223
karəm

annihilate, destroy

消滅,毀滅kaRem [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

224
k-asi

pity

憐憫ka-qasiq [PMP]qasiq

Kähler 1961

225
kiliŋ

to grind up, pulverize

磨碎giliŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

226
kimo

giant clam, Tridacna spp.

巨蛤。kima [PMP]

Kähler 1961

227
labur

color

顏色借詞

Kähler 1961

228
laeal

sail

layaR [PAN]

Kähler 1961

229
lai

husband

丈夫laki₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

230
lalateŋ

stinging nettle (several types are distinguished)

刺蕁麻(有幾種)la-lateŋ [PMP]laCeŋ

Kähler 1961

231
lalatu

ant

螞蟻lalatu₁ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

232
lana

oil

laña [PMP]

Kähler 1961

233
laŋiʔ-laŋiʔ

canopy

天蓬laŋit laŋit [PWMP]laŋiC

Kähler 1961

234
latus

hundred (in women’s speech)

一百(婦女演講)Ratus [PMP]RaCus

Kähler 1961

235
lima

five

lima [PAN]

Kähler 1961

236
limas yalur

that part of a boat’s bottom in which the water gathers

船底積水的地方limas [PMP]

Kähler 1961

237
liŋ

word, speech, sound, noise

文字、言語、聲音、譟音liŋ₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

238
loŋkob

cover; door

蓋;門lekeb [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

239
lotuŋ

monkey with dark fur and long tail: Semnopithecus maurus

黑毛長尾猴luCuŋ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

240
luma

house

房子Rumaq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

241
luma-luma

miniature house (playhouse for children)

小房子(兒童遊樂場)Rumaq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

242
lunas

keel of a boat

船的龍骨lunas [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

243
lusuʔ

ribs

肋骨Rusuk [PAN]

Kähler 1961

244
m(a)-asem

sour

酸的ma-qalesem [PWMP]qalesem

Kähler 1961

245
ma-əno

full, filled

滿的,滿的ma-penuq [PMP]peNuq

Kähler 1961

246
ma-labur

to color

著色借詞

Kähler 1961

247
mal-aea

have a father

有個父親aya₂ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

248
ma-laeal

to sail, set out on a voyage

啟航,啟航layaR [PAN]

Kähler 1961

249
mal-aeu-aeu

gather firewood

拾柴kahi-kahiw [PMP]kaSiw

Kähler 1961

250
mal-ama

have a father

有個父親maR-amax [PAN]amax

Kähler 1961

251
mal-anaʔ

have children, bear children, give birth

生兒育女maR-anak [PMP]aNak

Kähler 1961

252
ma-lapa

cut up, slaughter (as a buffalo)

切,宰(像水牛一樣)lapaq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

253
mal-fuʔ

have hair or feathers

有頭髮或羽毛buhek [PMP]bukeS

Kähler 1961

254
mali

come (here, hither)

來(這兒,這兒)um-aRi [PAN]aRi

Kähler 1961

255
mal-isi

full, filled

滿的,滿的maR-isi [PWMP]isi₅

Kähler 1961

256
mal-mata

germinate, sprout (‘have eyes’)

發芽,發芽('有眼睛')mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

257
ma-maear

to pay

支付bayaD [PMP]

Kähler 1961

258
mamaʔ

maternal uncle

舅舅mama [PMP]mamah

Kähler 1961

259
ma-mela

to split, cleave in two

一分為二maŋ-belaq [PWMP]belaq

Kähler 1961

260
ma-misa-e

to poison

毒害借詞

Kähler 1961

261
mam-paeʔ

to chisel something

鑿出某物paqet [PMP]

Kähler 1961

262
ma-mukeʔ

fish with a dragnet

魚鉤ma-muket [PWMP]puket₁

Kähler 1961

263
ma-munu

kill

殺死maŋ-bunuq [PWMP]buNuq₂

Kähler 1961

264
ma-muta-e

to blind, make blind

瞎,瞎maŋ-buta [PWMP]buCa

Kähler 1961

265
ma-nabid

to use such a hook

用這樣的鉤子saqebit [PMP]

Kähler 1961

266
ma-nanəm

to plant, to bury

種,埋tanem [PMP]CaNem

Kähler 1961

267
mana-taʔud

to frighten

嚇唬takut [PAN]

Kähler 1961

268
m-ancaʔ

cooked, ripe

熟的、熟的ma-hasak [PMP]Sasak

Kähler 1961

269
manoʔ

chicken

manuk [PMP]

Kähler 1961

270
manoʔ-manoʔ

bird

manu(k)-manuk [PMP]manuk

Kähler 1961

271
man-sinal

dry something in the sun

在陽光下曬乾某物sinaR [PMP]siNaR

Kähler 1961

272
mansi-tuʔa-tuʔa

to be of the same age (as one another)

同齡tuqah [PMP]tuqaS

Kähler 1961

273
mansiʔ-bunu

fight one another; kill each other

互相爭鬥;互相殘殺bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Kähler 1961

274
man-tai

to defecate

排便taqi [PMP]Caqi

Kähler 1961

275
ma-nufa-e

to stupefy fish with #tufa

用凝灰岩使魚昏迷ma-nuba [PWMP]tubah

Kähler 1961

276
ma-nulu(h)

to fish by torchlight

用火把釣魚me-ñuluq [PWMP]suluq

Kähler 1961

277
ma-nuru

to show, point out to someone

向某人指出ma-nuzuq [PWMP]tuzuq₁

Kähler 1961

278
maŋ-a-itoʔ

make small, reduce in size

縮小尺寸itek [PMP]

Kähler 1961

279
maŋ-al-isi

to fill

填補isi₅ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

280
ma-ŋan

to eat; to bite (of a fish taking the bait)

吃;咬(指上鉤的魚)ma-ŋaen [PMP]kaen

Kähler 1961

281
ma-ŋan ma-ŋan

to eat on and on, to go on eating

不停地吃,不停地吃ma-ŋaen [PMP]kaen

Kähler 1961

282
maŋ-ansiʔ-beka-n

separate, sever, divide

分開,分開,分開bekaq [PMP]

Kähler 1961

283
maŋ-ao

be thirsty

口渴借詞

Kähler 1961

284
ma-ŋarəm

annihilate, destroy

消滅,毀滅ma-ŋaRem [PWMP]kaRem

Kähler 1961

285
ma-ŋarəm-kən

destroy something

摧毀某物ma-ŋaRem [PWMP]kaRem

Kähler 1961

286
maŋ-asa

sharpen, whet

磨快maŋ-hasaq [PWMP]Sasaq

Kähler 1961

287
maŋ-asu

hunt with dogs

用狗打獵maŋ-asu [PWMP]asu₁

Kähler 1961

288
maŋ-əno-e

to fill, as a bamboo water container

裝滿,如竹制的水容器maŋ-penuq [PWMP]peNuq

Kähler 1961

289
maŋ-iup

blow, blow on

吹啊,吹啊maŋ-heyup [PWMP]Seyup

Kähler 1961

290
maŋ-uba

to change

改變借詞

Kähler 1961

291
ma-ŋura

young, virginal

年輕,處女ŋuda [PMP]

Kähler 1961

292
maŋ-uta-n

vomit something up

吐出一些東西maŋ-utaq [PWMP]utaq

Kähler 1961

293
mata

eye; point; shoot, sprout, bud; blade of a knife

眼;尖;芽,芽;刀鋒mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

294
mata aeran

steps of a ladder

階梯mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

295
mata alau

striking end of a pestle

杵的末端mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

296
mata-d dela

mesh of a casting net; kind of weaving design

網的網眼;編織設計mata nu puket [PWMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

297
mata-m bajaʔ

plowshare

犁鏵mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

298
mata-m balal

sun (‘eye of the day’)

太陽(“每日之眼”)mata nu qalejaw [PAN]maCa

Kähler 1961

299
mata-m biliʔ

entrance to a room

房間的入口mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

300
mata-m boxul

kneecap (‘eye of the knee’)

膝蓋骨(膝蓋的眼睛)mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

301
mata-n dəlog

slope of a mountain

山坡mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

302
mata-n oruŋ

promontory, cape

海角mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

303
mata-n saʔa

heel, hock

腳跟,飛節mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

304
mata-n siʔu

elbow

肘部mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

305
mata-n soʔud

glowing firewood

發光的木柴mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

306
mata-n taduʔ

point of a horn

號角mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

307
mata-n toxuʔ

tip of a lance

矛尖mata [PMP]maCa

Kähler 1961

308
ma-taʔud

anxious, afraid

焦慮,害怕ma-takut [PAN]takut

Kähler 1961

309
ma-tuʔa

old, grown up, mature

老的,成熟的,成熟的ma-tuqah [PMP]tuqaS

Kähler 1961

310
ma-ʔta

unripe (as bananas), uncooked

未熟的(如香蕉),生的ma-qetaq [PAN]qetaq

Kähler 1961

311
m-aʔtaʔ

unripe, raw (as a banana)

生的,生的(如香蕉)ma-qataq [PAN]qataq

Kähler 1961

312
namog

mosquito

蚊子ñamuk [PMP]

Kähler 1961

313
namog-namog

a small, very unpleasant kind of fly

一種很小,很討厭的蒼蠅ñamuk [PMP]

Kähler 1961

314
nana

pus

膿液nanaq [PMP]naNaq

Kähler 1961

315
nem

six

enem [PAN]

Kähler 1961

316
-nia

3sg. possessor

3毫克。佔有人ni-a [PAN]-a₂

Kähler 1961

317
-ŋʔu

1sg suffixed possessive pronoun after vowel-final bases)

1sg尾碼所有格代詞後母音詞尾)ni-ku [PMP]-ku

Kähler 1961

318
oil

water, sap

水、樹液wahiR [PMP]

Kähler 1961

319
olor

root; vein, tendon

根;靜脈,腱waRej [PMP]

Kähler 1961

320
olu

eight

walu [PAN]

Kähler 1961

321
oni

wild bee

野蜂wani [PMP]

Kähler 1961

322
padaŋ

grassland, meadow

草地,草地padaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

323
paeʔ

chisel

鑿子paqet [PMP]

Kähler 1961

324
paku

fern

蕨類植物paku [PWMP]paheku

Kähler 1961

325
paku gajah

ordinary tree fern (lit. ‘elephant fern’)

普通的樹蕨(點燃。‘大象蕨’)paku [PWMP]paheku

Kähler 1961

326
palis

bad luck

厄運palis₂ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

327
pandan

pandanus palm: Pandanus odoratissimus

大熊貓掌:大熊貓paŋedan [PMP]paŋudaN

Kähler 1961

328
pasaŋ-an

yoke on the neck of a carabao

枷鎖pasaŋ₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

329
pukeʔ

dragnet

拉格涅特puket₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

330
putiʔ

newly-formed fruit

新形成的果實putik₂ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

331
rəpa

fathom

英尋depah [PAN]

Kähler 1961

332
rumbio

sago palm, Metroxylon Rumphii L.

西米棕櫚,酸模甲氧隆L。Rumbia [PMP]

Kähler 1961

333
sa-

one

esa [PAN]

Kähler 1961

334
sabid

hook for pulling down fruit from a high branch

從高枝上摘下水果的鉤子saqebit [PMP]

Kähler 1961

335
sala

fault, error, mistake; offense

錯誤,錯誤,錯誤;冒犯salaq₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

336
salapa

metal tobacco box

金屬煙盒calapaʔ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

337
salul

valley, gorge; name of a river in the region of Təpa

峽谷山谷;特帕地區的一條河流的名稱saluR [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

338
saŋgal

to roast, bake, cook

烤、烤、煮saŋelaR [PMP]

Kähler 1961

339
sa-pasaŋ

one pair

一對pasaŋ₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

340
sa-rəpa

one fathom

一英尋esa [PAN]

Kähler 1961

341
sawa

snake (generic)

蛇(通用)sawa [PMP]

Kähler 1961

342
səduɁ

spoon, ladle, scoop out with a spoon or ladle

勺子,勺子,用勺子或勺子舀出來senduk [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

343
si-lai

male, masculine (men and animals)

男性,男性(男性和動物)laki₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

344
siwa

nine (in certain combinations, and in women’s speech)

九(在某些組合中,在婦女的演講中)siwa [PMP]Siwa

Kähler 1961

345
sixəm

ant

螞蟻sijem [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

346
sixi

to sift, strain, as rice

篩,濾,如米siji [PMP]

Kähler 1961

347
siʔu

elbow; forearm; hand; push someone back with the elbow

肘部;前臂;手;用肘部把某人向後推sikux [PAN]

Kähler 1961

348
sulu(h)

torch

火炬suluq [PMP]

Kähler 1961

349
sumaŋar

soul, life-force

靈魂,生命力sumaŋed [PMP]

Kähler 1961

350
sumpit

blowpipe

吹管sumpit [PMP]

Kähler 1961

351
sun

carry on the head

抬著頭suquN [PAN]

Kähler 1961

352
surad

book; writing

借詞

Kähler 1961

353
suʔa

kind of tree: Gnetum gnemon L.

樹種:片麻岩suka₁ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

354
-ta

possessive suffix, our (incl.)

所有格尾碼,our(incl.)-ta [PAN]

Kähler 1961

355
ta- ~ tal-

prefix of spontaneous action

自發行為首碼taR- [PAN]

Kähler 1961

356
ta-benem

sink; sunken

下沉taR-benem [PWMP]benem₂

Kähler 1961

357
tai

feces, excrement

糞便taqi [PMP]Caqi

Kähler 1961

358
talaŋ-talaŋ

kind of fish

一種魚talaŋ-talaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

359
tali

binding, rope, cord, string

捆綁,繩索,繩索,繩索talih [PMP]CaliS

Kähler 1961

360
talon

spot, place, locale

地點、地點、地點talun₁ [PMP]CaluN

Kähler 1961

361
tambago

copper

借詞

Kähler 1961

362
tambaʔ

grave; canal

墳墓;運河tambak₂ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

363
tanəm

to plant, to bury

種,埋tanem [PMP]CaNem

Kähler 1961

364
tanəm-ən

what is planted = seedling

種什麼=幼苗tanem [PMP]CaNem

Kähler 1961

365
tanəm-ən

what is planted, seedling

種什麼,幼苗CaNem-en [PAN]CaNem

Kähler 1961

366
tanəm-tanəm

plants, growing things

植物,生長的東西tanem [PMP]CaNem

Kähler 1961

367
taŋaʔ

bug; wall louse

臭蟲;壁虱taŋaq₃ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

368
tara

artificial cockspur

人工雞冠tada [PMP]

Kähler 1961

369
tara

artificial cockspur

人工雞冠tara [PMP]

Kähler 1961

370
taʔut-i

to frighten

嚇唬takut [PAN]

Kähler 1961

371
təlu ~ təlo

three (in some combinations, and in women’s speech)

三個(在一些組合中,在女性演講中)telu [PAN]

Kähler 1961

372
təlu fəŋi

in three days/the day after tomorrow

三天後telu [PAN]

Kähler 1961

373
timbalaŋ

bucket made from the folded leaf sheath of the areca palm; bowl

用檳榔的折疊葉鞘製成的桶;碗timbalaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

374
titi

bridge

taytay [PMP]

Kähler 1961

375
titi-n tiuʔ

two thin beams on the roof scaffolding that run parallel to the roof beams (lit. ‘rat path’ or ‘rat footbridge’)

taytay [PMP]

Kähler 1961

376
tufa

a plant, Derris elliptica and (fish) poison from its roots

一種植物,水曲柳tubah [PAN]

Kähler 1961

377
tuŋaw

small insect, mite

小蟲、蟎tuŋaw₁ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

378
turu

to show, point out to someone

向某人指出tuzuq₁ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

379
tuʔa

old, grown up

老了,長大了tuqah [PMP]tuqaS

Kähler 1961

380
tuʔa-tuʔa

the elders

長者tuqah [PMP]tuqaS

Kähler 1961

381
uae, ue

rattan

藤條quay [PAN]

Kähler 1961

382
uba

distinction, difference

區別,區別借詞

Kähler 1961

383
udo

father's sister's husband

父親的姐姐的丈夫quay [PAN]

Kähler 1961

384
ufad

gunpowder

火藥借詞

Kähler 1961

385
ufan

white head hair

白髮quban [PMP]qubaN

Kähler 1961

386
ufan-en

to get white or gray hair

白髮quban-en [PWMP]qubaN

Kähler 1961

387
uji

test, try

試,試uzi [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

388
ukil

to carve out

開拓ukir [PMP]

Kähler 1961

389
ular

snake

hulaR [PMP]SulaR

Kähler 1961

390
ulu

head; chief; upper part; hilt, handle

頭;頭;上部;柄qulu [PMP]quluh

Kähler 1961

391
ulu

ten

puluq₁ [PAN]puluq

Kähler 1961

392
ulu-ulu

upper part, upper end, head end

上部、上端、前端qulu qulu [PAN]quluh

Kähler 1961

393
umaŋ

land crab

陸地蟹qumaŋ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

394
um-aseŋ

breathe

呼吸qaseŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

395
um-aseŋ-aseŋ

breath violently, pant, puff, gasp

劇烈地呼吸,喘氣,喘氣,喘氣qaseŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

396
um-uŋkaŋ-uŋkaŋ

squat with the legs spread wide

伸開雙腿蹲下u(ŋ)kaŋ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

397
um-uta

to vomit

嘔吐um-utaq [PAN]utaq

Kähler 1961

398
unab

fish scale

魚鱗quhenap [PMP]quSeNap

Kähler 1961

399
unog

pith, marrow, kernel, core

髓,髓,仁,核qunej [PMP]

Kähler 1961

400
untuŋ

fate, destiny, lot

命運,命運,命運借詞

Kähler 1961

401
upa

wages, payment

薪水、付款upaq [PMP]

Kähler 1961

402
uraŋ

crayfish

小龍蝦qudaŋ [PAN]

Kähler 1961

403
uri

backside, back; afterwards, later

後面,後面;之後,稍後udehi [PMP]

Kähler 1961

404
uta

vomit

嘔吐物utaq [PAN]

Kähler 1961

405
utaŋ

debt, debts

債務,債務qutaŋ [PMP]

Kähler 1961

406
utaʔ

brain; bone marrow

腦;骨髓hutek [PMP]

Kähler 1961

407
utu

(head) louse

(頭)蝨子kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Kähler 1961

408
utu-n asu

canine flea

犬蚤kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Kähler 1961

409
uxə̅ʔ

navel

肚臍pusej [PMP]

Kähler 1961

410
uxə̅ʔ bano

mid-point of the world

世界中點pusej [PMP]

Kähler 1961

411
waris

heir

繼承人借詞

Kähler 1961

412
xeŋkem

a closed handful

緊握的一把kemkem₁ [PWMP]

Kähler 1961

413
-ʔu

1sg suffixed possessive pronoun after consonant-final bases)

1sg尾碼所有格代詞後輔音詞尾)-ku [PAN]

Kähler 1961

414
 
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