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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 143條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
Form.
Rukai
Form. Taiwan [dru]
-a

imperative suffix (Li 1973:37, 286)

祈使尾碼(Li 1973:37286)-a₁ [PAN]

Li 1977

1
a-ba-báy

woman

女人ba-bahi [PAN]bahi

Tanan

Li 1977

2
a-bay-ánə

woman

女人bahi [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

3
a-Doo

soapberry

肥皂果daqu₂ [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

4
agis-nə

boundary

邊界qajiS [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

5
ak-ini

that (near hearer)

(近聽者)i-ni [PAN]-ni

Tona

Li 1977

6
aɭəŋə

pine tree

松樹saleŋ [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

7
aɭisəəsə

nit

尼特liseqeS [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

8
ama

father (addr.)

父親(地址)amax [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

9
atavaŋe

cockroach

蟑螂借詞

Mantauran

Li 1977

10
aúDu

downhill

下坡lahud [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

11
a-vai

woman

女人bahi [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

12
baŋásə

a tree: Melia azedarach

一棵樹:■baŋaS [PAN]

Tanan

Li 1977

13
beceŋe

millet

小米beCeŋ [PAN]

Tanan

Li 1977

14
bəʔásə

husked rice (#Tona)

糙米beRas [PAN]

Li 1977

15
bicúka

stomach (#Tona)

胃(#Tona)biCuka [PAN]

Li 1977

16
biʔa

wild taro: Alocasia macrorrhiza

野生芋頭:蘆薈biRaq₁ [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

17
bósə

husked rice (#Maga)

糙米beRas [PAN]

Li 1977

18
boso

Rhus semialata Murr. var. roxburghiana DC

半翅Rhus。刺梨變種beRuS [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

19
bsee

a hairy vine: Pueraria hirsuta

多毛的藤蔓植物:葛根baSay [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

20
bútu

squirrel (Maga)

松鼠(Maga)buhet [PAN]

Li 1977

21
buu-búutu

squirrel

松鼠buhet [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

22
caki

excrement (#Tona)

排泄物Caki [PAN]

Li 1977

23
caliŋa

ear

耳朵Caliŋa [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

24
caliŋa

ear

耳朵Caliŋa [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

25
cálisi

rope (#Budai)

繩索(#布岱)CaliS [PAN]

Li 1977

26
cekeʔe

thin bamboo sp.

細竹。CekeS [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

27
ckee

excrement (#Maga)

排泄物(Maga)Caki [PAN]

Li 1977

28
cŋira

ear (Maga)

耳朵(Maga)Caŋila [PAN]

Li 1977

29
coboso

sugarcane

甘蔗CebuS [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

30
cooɭale

bone

CuqelaN [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

31
da-dránə

road

za-zalan [PAN]zalan

Maga

Li 1977

32
Dakese

camphor laurel: Cinnamomum camphora

樟樹:樟樹dakeS [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

33
ðaɭa

above

在上面daya [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

34
Daw

soapberry

肥皂果daqu₂ [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

35
daʔé

earth, soil

土,土daReq [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

36
ɖósa

two

duSa [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

37
Drése

bowstring

弓弦deles [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

38
iná-a

mother (address)

母親(地址)ina [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

39
isíi

urine

尿iSiq [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

40
ita

we, us (incl.), topic pronoun

我們,我們(包括),話題代詞ita₁ [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

41
iθa

one

isa₁ [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

42
ka

oblique case marker for common nouns

常用名詞的斜格標記ka₃ [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

43
ka-daa-dalán-anə

road

ka-zalan-an [PAN]zalan

Budai

Li 1977

44
káka

elder sibling (address)

兄妹(住址)kaka₂ [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

45
káka

elder sibling (address)

兄妹(住址)kaka₂ [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

46
kavaðanə

Bambusa spinosa

刺竹kawayan [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

47
kəiga

when? (past; Ferrell 1971)

什麼時候?(過去;費雷爾1971)kaija [PAN]

Li 1977

48
ki

oblique case marker for personal nouns

人稱名詞的斜格標記ki₂ [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

49
ki

oblique case marker for personal nouns

人稱名詞的斜格標記ki₂ [PAN]

Labuan

Li 1977

50
ki

nominative case marker for personal nouns

人稱名詞的主格標記ki₂ [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

51
ki

oblique case marker for personal nouns

人稱名詞的斜格標記ki₂ [PAN]

Tanan

Li 1977

52
ki

nominal case marker for personal nouns

人稱名詞的名詞格標記ki₂ [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

53
ki-

harvest (millet, rice), gather (brushwood), fetch (water), earn (money, kill (animal, enemy)

ki- [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

54
ki-ɖəməɖəmə

think/mind

思考/頭腦demdem₁ [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

55
ko-akó

1sg.; I’

1sg.;我aku [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

56
ku

oblique case marker for common nouns

常用名詞的斜格標記ku [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

57
ku-ini

that (near hearer)

(近聽者)i-ni [PAN]-ni

Budai

Li 1977

58
kwáw

hawk

kuaw [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

59
ɭacəŋə

vegetables

蔬菜NaCeŋ [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

60
ɭacəŋə

a vegetable: Solanum nigrum

蔬菜:龍葵NaCeŋ [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

61
la-sia-sina

a plant: Erechtites spp.

植物:直立岩。Sina [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

62
látaɖə

outside

外部NataD [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

63
latáɖə

outside

外部NataD [PAN]

Tanan

Li 1977

64
laudu

downwards

向下lahud [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

65
ɭiaɭiváranə

butterfly

蝴蝶qaNi- [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

66
Liluk

a plant with edible berry: Rubus parvifolius

有可食用漿果的植物:小懸鉤子RiNuk [PAN]

Tanan

Li 1977

67
Lotoko

rabbit, hare

兔子,兔子lutuk₁ [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

68
ma-banáw

wash, bathe (#Tanan)

洗漱、洗澡(塔南)ma-bañaw [PAN]bañaw

Li 1977

69
ma-ca-cava

to laugh (#Tona)

開懷大笑Ca-Cawa [PAN]Cawa

Li 1977

70
ma-liu-liús

turn round (Ferrell 1969)

轉身(費雷爾1969)liuS [PAN]

Li 1977

71
ma-ma-ɭima-le

fifty

五十ma-lima-N [PAN]lima

Mantauran

Li 1977

72
ma-nəma

what? (Ferrell 1969)

什麼?(費雷爾1969)nema [PAN]

Li 1977

73
ma-poli

white

白色ma-puNi [PAN]puNi

Mantauran

Li 1977

74
ma-posale

twenty

二十ma-puSaN [PAN]puSaN

Budai

Li 1977

75
maʔa-davili

far

遠的dawiN [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

76
ma-ʔoli

white

白色ma-puNi [PAN]puNi

Tona

Li 1977

77
ma-ʔosale

twenty

二十ma-puSaN [PAN]puSaN

Tona

Li 1977

78
me-tgútgu

bump the head

撞到頭上CugCug₂ [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

79
mo-caki

defecate (#Tona)

排便C〈um〉aki [PAN]Caki

Li 1977

80
mu-

movement prefix; #latadre ‘outside’, #mu-latadre ‘to go outside’, #gaku ‘school’, #mu-gaku ‘go to school’

mu- [PAN]

Li 1977

81
mua-cíŋasə

food particles caught between the teeth (#Budai)

食物顆粒夾在牙齒之間CiŋaS [PAN]

Li 1977

82
mu-áɭuDu

adrift

漂泊qañud [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

83
mu-ckee

defecate (#Maga)

排便(Maga)C〈um〉aki [PAN]Caki

Li 1977

84
naganə

name

名稱ŋajan [PAN]

Li 1977

85
-nai

1pl. excl. nominative and genitive

1pl.不包括主格和格n-ami [PAN]ami

Budai

Li 1977

86
namɨ

1pl. excl. nominative and genitive

1pl.不包括主格和格n-ami [PAN]ami

Maga

Li 1977

87
nwáŋə

cow

奶牛qaNuaŋ [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

88
ŋisiŋisi

beard

鬍鬚ŋiSŋiS [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

89
ŋiʔiŋiʔi

beard

鬍鬚ŋiSŋiS [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

90
ŋú-ŋu

type of mushroom

蘑菇的種類quSuŋ [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

91
obisi

pubic hair

陰毛qubiS [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

92
otoko

rabbit, hare

兔子,兔子lutuk₁ [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

93
oviʔi

pubic hair

陰毛qubiS [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

94
pa-

causative prefix

致使首碼pa-₂ [PAN]

Li 1977

95
pagay

rice plant, unhusked rice

稻穀、稻穀pajay [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

96
paŋuDaɭ

pineapple

鳳梨paŋudaN [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

97
pono

forehead

額頭punuq₁ [PAN]punuq

Budai

Li 1977

98
po-poli

white

白色puNi [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

99
puca

foam (#Tona)

泡沫(托納)puCaq [PAN]

Li 1977

100
punáy

wild pigeon

野鴿punay [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

101
sama

plant sp.: Lactuca indica

植物sp.:印度乳菇Samaq [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

102
saviki

areca palm and nut; betel nut

檳榔Sawiki [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

103
si-kiʔiŋ

to wear clothes

穿衣服Si-₃ [PAN]

Tanan

Li 1977

104
silo

beads

SiNuq [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

105
si-vi-vríi

come back, return

回來,回來wili [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

106
srə́ŋə

pine tree

松樹saleŋ [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

107
taɭíuDu

mulberry tree and fruit

桑樹和果實taNiud [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

108
t-áma

father (ref.)

父親(參攷)ta-amax [PAN]amax

Budai

Li 1977

109
t-amá

father (ref.)

父親(參攷)ta-amax [PAN]amax

Tanan

Li 1977

110
tana

a plant: Aralia decaisneana (Hance)

一種植物:Aralia decasneana(漢斯)tanaq [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

111
təə́bəsə

a tree: Zelkova Formosana

一棵樹:臺灣櫸樹teRebeS [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

112
timus

salt

timus [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

113
t-ina

M

ta-ina [PAN]ina

Budai

Li 1977

114
toɭo

three

telu [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

115
tua-bálə

to answer

回答bales₁ [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

116
túru

three

telu [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

117
ua-cuɬu

to roast right on the fire

在火上烤CuNuh [PAN]

Budai

Li 1977

118
ubisi

pubic hair

陰毛qubiS [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

119
u-dila

to lick

dilaq₁ [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

120
u-íki

thresh by scraping with the soles of one's feet

用腳底刮脫粒iRik [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

121
u-íki

thresh by scraping with the soles of one's feet

用腳底刮脫粒qiRik [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

122
uɭuɭaŋe

tree with sticky fruits: Cordia myxa

粘果樹:粘膠樹quNuNaŋ [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

123
uɭuɭaŋə (〈?

Cordia myxa, plant with small sticky fruits

粘液堇qaNuNaŋ [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

124
unipi

type of white mushroom

白蘑菇類型借詞

Budai

Li 1977

125
u-pili

to choose

選擇piliq [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

126
u-príi

to choose

選擇piliq [PAN]

Maga

Li 1977

127
u-ʔa-kəla

to hit the mark

擊中目標keNa [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

128
vaɭau

a plant: Smilax sp.

植物:菝葜。baNaw [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

129
valis-anə

wild boar

野豬waNiS-an [PAN]waNiS

Tona

Li 1977

130
valísi

tooth

牙齒waNiS [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

131
valo-valo

bamboo

竹子噪聲

Li 1977

132
vanalə

right (side)

右(側)wanaN [PAN]

Tanan

Li 1977

133
viʔa

wild taro: Alocasia macrorrhiza

野生芋頭:蘆薈biRaq₁ [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

134
wa-baay

give

beRay [PAN]

Tona

Li 1977

135
wa-gəmgəm

squeeze in the hand (Ferrell 1969)

握緊手(費雷爾1969)gemgem [PAN]

Li 1977

136
wa-senay

sing

借詞

Tanan

Li 1977

137
wa-θenay

sing

借詞

Tona

Li 1977

138
ʔaLibaubaŋ

butterfly

蝴蝶qali- [PAN]

Tanan

Li 1977

139
ʔau- viliɭi

to follow

跟隨biliN [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

140
ʔəna-ʔənau

wash clothing

洗衣服Señaw [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

141
ʔunipi

type of white mushroom

白蘑菇類型借詞

Mantauran

Li 1977

142
ʔuŋu

type of mushroom

蘑菇的種類quSuŋ [PAN]

Mantauran

Li 1977

143
 
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