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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 421條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
WMP
Nias
WMP Indonesia (Sumatra) [nia]
a

conjunction: and (in counting and determining dimensions), then

連接:和(在計算和確定尺寸時),然後a₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

1
a-basõ

become wet

變濕baseq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

2
adu

idol

偶像anduŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

3
adulo

egg

雞蛋qateluR [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

4
adulo mbisi

calf of the leg

小腿bities [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

5
adu zatua

ancestor figure

祖先形象anduŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

6
afiʔafi

kind of wood

一種木頭hapuy hapuy₂ [PWMP]Sapuy

Sundermann 1905

7
a-fusi

white

白色putiq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

8
a-fusi-fusi

whitish

白色的ma-putiq-putiq [PWMP]putiq

Sundermann 1905

9
ahe

foot, fruit stalk (of palms)

足,果柄(掌心)qaqay [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

10
ai

interjection: hey!

感歎:嘿!ai₂ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

11
a-iso

sour

酸的isem₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

12
alifa

centipede

蜈蚣qalu-hipan [PMP]qalu-Sipan

Sundermann 1905

13
alimaŋo

sea crab

海蟹qali-maŋaw [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

14
alitõ

fire

aliten [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

15
aluxa

rudder, steering paddle

方向舵aluja [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

16
ama

father, uncle (also more distant relatives), father-in-law

父親,叔叔(還有更遠親),岳父amax [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

17
a-mate-la

corpse

屍體m-atay [PMP]aCay

Sundermann 1905

18
a-nifi

thin, flat; to ameliorate, as a debt

薄的,平的;改善,如債務nipis [PMP]Nipis

Sundermann 1905

19
aŋi

wind, air; rumor; epidemic, pestilence

風,空氣;謠言;流行病,瘟疫haŋin [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

20
asi

sea, saltwater

海水,鹽水qasiN [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

21
aso

sourness, tartness, acidity

酸味、酸味、酸度qalesem [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

22
aso zaw~a

tamarind

羅望子qalesem [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

23
asu

dog

asu₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

24
ata

person, human being; ancestor

人,人類;祖先qaRta [PMP]

Southern

Sundermann 1905

25
ate

liver

肝臟qatay [PMP]qaCay

Sundermann 1905

26
ate-la

burial place for the dead

埋葬死者的地方atay [PMP]aCay

Sundermann 1905

27
a-tifa

have one short leg, crippled

一條腿短,瘸了timpaŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

28
awi

girdle, belt (for women)

腰帶,腰帶(女性)habit [PMP]Sabit

Sundermann 1905

29
awõchu

gall

膽子qapejux [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

30
a-wuʔa

change location, emigrate; alter, change

改變位置,移民;改變,改變ka-buhat [PWMP]buhat₂

Sundermann 1905

31
axi

younger sibling

弟弟妹妹huaji [PMP]Suaji

Sundermann 1905

32
axo

charcoal

木炭qajeŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

33
aya

sieve

篩子ayak₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

34
ba

interjection

感歎詞ba₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

35
ba

in, at, on, upon, through

在,在,在,在,通過ba₃ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

36
baba

fish sp.

魚苗。baŋbaŋ₅ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

37
ba-bara

lie across

橫臥barat₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

38
ba hunõ niha

in the middle of a crowd of people

在人群中qunej [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

39
bala

day

白天噪聲

Sundermann 1905

40
balə

revenge

報復bales₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

41
bali

sever, cut, split

割斷噪聲

Sundermann 1905

42
balu

clothing

服裝balun₅ [PMP]baluN

Sundermann 1905

43
bana

yarn, twine

紗線、麻線banaeŋ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

44
bano

wash the hands (before eating)

洗手(飯前)bañaw [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

45
banua

sky, heaven, thunder; village; homeland; fellow villager; serf

天,天,雷;村;鄉;同鄉;農奴banua [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

46
banua tou

underworld

黑社會banua [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

47
bao

swollen

腫脹的baReq [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

48
bara-bara

crossbeam

橫樑barat₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

49
bara-bara

crossbeams

橫樑barabara₁ [PMP]bara₂

Sundermann 1905

50
baru

jacket, coat, clothing

夾克、外套、衣服barut [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

51
bawa

troupe, herd, swarm

團、群、群baban [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

52
bawõ

shallow

淺的babaw₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

53
bawõ

highland, plateau; upper surface; on, upon

高原,高原;上表面;上babaw₃ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

54
béla

ghost, a fabulous demi-human; friend

鬼魂,傳說中的半人類;朋友借詞

Sundermann 1905

55
beo

tribute, toll, tax

貢品、通行費、稅金借詞

Sundermann 1905

56
beʔe

give, deliver; make, do

給予,交付;製造,做beRay [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

57
biola

stringed instrument, violin

絃樂器,小提琴借詞

Sundermann 1905

58
biri-biri

sheep

借詞

Sundermann 1905

59
bisa

be able to do something, know how to do

能做點什麼,知道怎麼做借詞

Sundermann 1905

60
bisi

shin bone

脛骨bities [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

61
bita

medal, medallion

獎章借詞

Sundermann 1905

62
biti

trifle, small matter

小事bitiq₁ [PMP]bitiq

Sundermann 1905

63
bito

kind of wood

一種木頭bitaquR [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

64
bõbõ

band, fetters, ring

帶子,腳鐐,戒指bejbej₂ [PMP]bejbej

Sundermann 1905

65
bõbõ dalu

waist band (for women)

腰帶(女性)bejbej₂ [PMP]bejbej

Sundermann 1905

66
bõbõ lae

kind of snake

一種蛇bejbej₂ [PMP]bejbej

Sundermann 1905

67
bõbõ lou

encircling iron band

環抱鐵箍bejbej₂ [PMP]bejbej

Sundermann 1905

68
bõbõ talu

belt

bejbej₂ [PMP]bejbej

Sundermann 1905

69
bohou

new, recent

新的,最近的baqeRu [PMP]baqeRuh

Sundermann 1905

70
bõli

no, not (forbidding)

不,不(禁止)beliq₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

71
bõna

decoration of gold wire (in weaving)

金絲裝潢(編織)benaŋ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

72
boŋi

night; term, time

晚上;學期,時間beRŋi [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

73
boŋi-boŋi

in the evening

在晚上beRŋi beRŋi [PMP]beRŋi

Sundermann 1905

74
boro

hiring out

商品出租借詞

Sundermann 1905

75
bu

hair, bristle, feather

毛髮、鬃毛、羽毛buhek [PMP]bukeS

Sundermann 1905

76
bua

fruit; kidneys; marble

水果;腎臟;大理石buaq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

77
bua

take away, confiscate,,remove, compensate for; defend oneself, justify oneself, vindicate oneself; retort

buhat₃ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

78
bua-bua

good deeds

善行buaq buaq [PMP]buaq

Sundermann 1905

79
bua danõ

grain

糧食buaq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

80
bua geu

fruit of a tree; eye

樹的果實;眼睛buaq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

81
bua mbaru

button, stud

鈕扣,螺柱buaq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

82
buaya

crocodile

鱷魚buqaya [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

83
buaya horõ

a god in the form of a crocodile

鱷魚形狀的神buqaya [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

84
bubu

rice porridge

米粥buRbuR₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

85
budu

tip, outermost point, extremity

尖端,最外點,末端budu [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

86
budu

kind of dried fish

一種幹魚借詞

Sundermann 1905

87
bulu

leaf

buluŋ₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

88
buna

a sea fish

海魚buna [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

89
bunu

kill; extinguish, wipe out, strike through, close up (an umbrella), lower (a sail)

殺戮;熄滅,消滅,擊破,收起(傘),放下(帆)bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Sundermann 1905

90
bunu-i

fill up

加滿bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Sundermann 1905

91
buŋa

flower, blossom

花,花buŋa [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

92
buru

fish sp.

魚苗。buzuk [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

93
bu-si

make someone drunk

使某人喝醉ma-buhuk [PMP]buSuk

Sundermann 1905

94
buwu

fish trap

魚陷阱bubu₂ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

95
buwu

to water

到水裏buqbuq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

96
buʔu

knot; node, joint (as of bamboo); knee

結;節,關節(如竹子);膝bukuh [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

97
buʔu-buʔu

knobby excresence, hump

多節的排泄物,駝峰buŋkul [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

98
buʔul-o

wart

肉贅buŋkul-en [PWMP]buŋkul

Sundermann 1905

99
dami

stemlet on the rice kernel; chaff

穀殼zaRami [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

100
da-rua

two, of humans

兩個,人類wa-walu [PAN]walu

Sundermann 1905

101
da-rua

two, of people

兩個人da-duha [PMP]duSa

Sundermann 1905

102
daʔi

dirt (especially on body and clothing)

污垢(特別是在身體和衣服上)daki [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

103
dõfa

fathom

英尋depah [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

104
dõfa-i

to measure in fathoms

以英尋為組織depa-i [PWMP]depah

Sundermann 1905

105
dua

two

duha [PMP]duSa

Sundermann 1905

106
dua dədə

to doubt, to suspect

懷疑,懷疑duha [PMP]duSa

Sundermann 1905

107
dua-dua

two each, two at a time

每人兩個,一次兩個walu walu [PMP]walu

Sundermann 1905

108
dua dua

two each, two by two

兩個一個,兩個接兩個duha duha₁ [PMP]duSa

Sundermann 1905

109
dua-na

uncertain

不確定的duha [PMP]duSa

Sundermann 1905

110
duʔu

grass, weeds

草,雜草zukut [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

111
ete

small bridge

小橋

Sundermann 1905

112
eu

wood; firewood

木柴kahiw [PMP]kaSiw

Sundermann 1905

113
fa-béla

befriend

交朋友借詞

Sundermann 1905

114
fa-bua

play marbles; fasten a button

玩彈珠;系上扣子buaq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

115
fa-bunu

kill

殺死pa-bunuq [PMP]buNuq₂

Sundermann 1905

116
fa-bunu-sa

murder; death blow

謀殺;致命一擊bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Sundermann 1905

117
fa-fuka

catch birds with a net

用網捉鳥pa-puket [PWMP]puket₁

Sundermann 1905

118
faga

roast (in the flames)

烤(在火焰中)paŋgaŋ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

119
fahõ

chisel

鑿子paqet [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

120
fa-hotu

to break wind

破風pa-qetut [PAN]qetut

Sundermann 1905

121
fake

to use

使用借詞

Sundermann 1905

122
falo

nutmeg

肉豆蔻借詞

Sundermann 1905

123
fa-m-asi

take pleasure in something, be fond of

樂在其中,樂在其中ma-qasiq [PMP]qasiq

Sundermann 1905

124
fa-muwu

kind of tree (cited under #bubu)

樹的種類(引用在“bubu”下麵)噪聲

Sundermann 1905

125
fana

bow, weapon

弓,武器panaq [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

126
fanõ

go away, depart; go

走開,走開;走開panaw₂ [PMP]paNaw

Sundermann 1905

127
fa-õli

to marry (of a man)

結婚(指男人)pa-beli [PMP]beli

Sundermann 1905

128
fari

excavated conduit; embankment

開挖筦道;堤防parij [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

129
fari

excavated conduit; embankment

開挖筦道;堤防parik [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

130
fa-roŋo

to hear from all sides

從四面八方聽到pa-deŋeR [PWMP]deŋeR

Sundermann 1905

131
fasa

stake, nail; to pound in a stake or nail

pacek [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

132
fa-sala

be blemished, defective, erroneous; commit an error

有缺陷的、有缺陷的、錯誤的;犯錯誤pa(ka)-salaq [PMP]salaq₁

Sundermann 1905

133
fa-siʔu

knock something with the elbow

用手肘敲東西pa-siku [PMP]sikux

Sundermann 1905

134
fa-tali

twist around one another

互相扭動pa-talih [PWMP]CaliS

Sundermann 1905

135
fa-tamba

become equal, be even (of a number)

相等,偶數tambak₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

136
fa-uli(fa-uli)

happen repeatedly

反復發生pa-uliq [PMP]uliq₁

Sundermann 1905

137
fa-uli-ta

new moon

新月pa-uliq [PMP]uliq₁

Sundermann 1905

138
fa-wuka

get ensnared or entangled

被誘捕或糾纏pa-puket [PWMP]puket₁

Sundermann 1905

139
fa-wuxõ

to foam, to froth

泡沫,泡沫pa-bujeq [PWMP]bujeq

Sundermann 1905

140
faxe

rice (in general as a plant, and in its cooked state)

大米(一般作為植物,在煮熟狀態下)pajay [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

141
fa-ʔama

call father

打電話給父親pa(ka)-amax [PMP]amax

Sundermann 1905

142
fa-ʔinu

let someone drink, give drink to, to water (animals)

讓人喝,給人喝,給水(動物)喝pa-inum [PMP]inum

Sundermann 1905

143
fa-ʔoto

cut with a sword

刀砍etes₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

144
fifi

forehead

額頭pihpih [PMP]piSpiS

Sundermann 1905

145
fili

choose

選擇piliq [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

146
fitu

seven

pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Sundermann 1905

147
fõnu

sea turtle

海龜peñu [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

148
fuka

a bird net

鳥網puket₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

149
fune

kind of small dove

一種小鴿子punay [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

150
furi

back, behind; person in the rear; later; closing, termination, end, the last

後面,後面;後面的人;後面;結束,結束,最後噪聲

Sundermann 1905

151
furu

collection, gathering

收集,收集pudun [PMP]puduN

Sundermann 1905

152
fusi

white

白色putiq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

153
fusõ

navel

肚臍pusej [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

154
gambe

a plant with leaves and sap that are chewed with betel to color it red

有葉子和樹液的植物,用檳榔咀嚼使其變紅借詞

Sundermann 1905

155
gazi boro

salary for a piecemeal job

零碎工作的薪水借詞

Sundermann 1905

156
gima

a large shellfish

大貝類kima [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

157
guti

scissors

剪刀借詞

Sundermann 1905

158
halu

wooden pole for pounding rice

搗米木杆qahelu [PMP]qaSelu

Sundermann 1905

159
hambawa

fruit tree

果樹qambawaŋ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

160
hawi

perform something with vehemence

做一些激烈的事情噪聲

Sundermann 1905

161
hawu

fine ash, as cigarette ash; remainder, sweepings, rubbish, dust, powder

細灰,如煙灰;餘燼、掃帚、垃圾、灰塵、粉末qabu [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

162
hawu-hawu

that with which something is cast or strewn

投下或散落某物的東西qambuR [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

163
(h)ide

small, gentle, light

小巧、柔和、輕盈噪聲

Sundermann 1905

164
hifa

hang loosely, fit badly, shake, tremble, wobble, totter

鬆弛地懸掛,身體不適,搖晃,顫抖,搖晃,搖晃噪聲

Sundermann 1905

165
hifo

poison

毒藥qipuq [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

166
hili

mountain, hill, mountain chain, row of hills

山,山,山脈,一排山qilih [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

167
hili-hili

hill, knoll

小山,小山qilih [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

168
his

interjection to chase away an animal

驅趕動物的感歎詞qis [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

169
hita

creeper with fruits used as gold weight measures

果實作黃金度量衡的藤蔓植物借詞

Sundermann 1905

170
hiu

shark

鯊魚qiSu [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

171
hiwo

mildew, mold

發黴,發黴qibaw₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

172
hiwo

fungus, mold, mildew

真菌、黴菌、黴菌噪聲

Sundermann 1905

173
ho-hou

current (in a river)

水流qaRus [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

174
hotu

wind, fart

風,屁qetut [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

175
hotu-hotu

a small insect

小昆蟲qetut qetut [PWMP]qetut

Sundermann 1905

176
hou

current (in the sea)

海流qaRus [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

177
hu

here! here I am!

在這裏!我來了!qu₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

178
hudu

projecting point or peak

突出點或峰值quzuŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

179
huma

hermit crab

寄居蟹qumaŋ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

180
huna-huna

scales

規模qunap qunap [PMP]quSeNap

Sundermann 1905

181
hundra

tread, step on

踩,踩qundak [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

182
hunõ

pith, seed, kernel

髓、籽、仁qunej [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

183
hunõ gadulo

egg yolk

蛋黃qunej [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

184
hunõ-hunõ

intestines (used by children)

腸子(兒童用)qunej qunej [PWMP]qunej

Sundermann 1905

185
huta

cut off, cut down

切斷,切斷qutas [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

186
huwa

gray hair (as on an elderly person)

白髮(如老人的頭髮)quban [PMP]qubaN

Sundermann 1905

187
idá

exclamation of wonder, etc.

驚歎等。inda₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

188
ifi

dream

夢想hipi [PMP]Sipi

Sundermann 1905

189
ifõ

incisor teeth

門牙ipen [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

190
ifo-ʔifo-

mealworm, bug

粉虱噪聲

Sundermann 1905

191
iki

laugh at, ridicule

嘲笑hikhik [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

192
ila

see, know, be able; foresee

看,知道,能夠;預見ila₂ [PWMP]ila

Sundermann 1905

193
ilo

spittle, slaver

唾沫,奴隸iluR₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

194
ina

mother, aunt

媽媽,阿姨ina [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

195
inu

to drink

inum [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

196

urine

尿iSeq [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

197
isi

contents

目錄isi₅ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

198
isi

to sough, of the wind

變酸,變酸

Sundermann 1905

199
isõ

smoke a pipe

抽煙鬥hisep [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

200
isõ

sour fruits

酸果isem₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

201
ita

1st person pronoun, now used for the singular as an impolite gesture, but still normally used for the plural

ita₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

202
iti

wild duck

野鴨itik₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

203
itiʔ-iti

climbing plant, creeper

攀緣植物itik₃ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

204
iwa

waver, vacillate, sway, totter

搖擺,搖擺,搖擺,搖晃hiwal [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

205
iwa

tribe, clan; (in southern Nias) brother, sister

部落,部落;(在尼亞斯南部)兄弟姐妹ibah-an [PMP]ibaS

Sundermann 1905

206
ixu

nose; snout, trunk, proboscis

鼻子ijuŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

207
iʔo

tail

ikuR [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

208
kaka

bridle, harness (for horse)

韁繩(馬用)kakaŋ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

209
kara

stone, coral

石頭,珊瑚karaŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

210
kata

wood plane

木刨借詞

Sundermann 1905

211
kiki

a small flute

小笛子kikik [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

212
k-iõ

urinate

小便器iSeq [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

213
kõkõ

growl, grumble

咆哮,抱怨keŋkeŋ₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

214
kori-kori

scraper; rake

耙子kerit [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

215
kundri

water pitcher

水罐借詞

Sundermann 1905

216
kura

ringworm

kurap [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

217
kuri

speckled, spotted

有斑點的kuriŋ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

218
labu

kind of gourd

一種葫蘆labuq₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

219
labu

to pour out (especially of molten metal)

傾瀉(尤指熔化的金屬)借詞

Sundermann 1905

220
lada

pepper

胡椒粉借詞

Sundermann 1905

221
lada niha

smaller native pepper

小辣椒借詞

Nias

Sundermann 1905

222
lada sebua

Spanish pepper

西班牙胡椒借詞

Nias

Sundermann 1905

223
lai

peak, crown, as of a tree

樹冠,樹冠lawi₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

224
lala

path, road

路,路zalan [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

225
lali

buttress root

扶壁根dalij [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

226
lam-bana

(listed under #bana) kind of vine

(列在#bana下)一種藤蔓植物banaR₁ [PMP]baNaR

Sundermann 1905

227
laŋi

atmosphere, sky

大氣,天空laŋit [PMP]laŋiC

Sundermann 1905

228
laŋi-laŋi

material for making clothing

制衣資料laŋit laŋit [PWMP]laŋiC

Sundermann 1905

229
laŋu

poison

毒藥laŋu [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

230
lato

a tree with stinging, pain-producing leaves

長有刺痛的葉子的樹lateŋ [PMP]laCeŋ

Sundermann 1905

231
lato manu

a plant like the stinging nettle

像蕁麻一樣的植物lateŋ [PMP]laCeŋ

Sundermann 1905

232
law̃a

spider

蜘蛛lawaq₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

233
lawa-lawa

spider

蜘蛛lawaq-lawaq [PMP]lawaq₂

Sundermann 1905

234
lawu-lawu

waterfall

瀑布labuq₁ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

235
laʔi

male mousedeer; man, male

雄性老鼠;男,雄性laki₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

236
lela

tongue

舌頭zelaq [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

237
li

word, speech, utterance, accent

單詞、言語、話語、口音liŋ₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

238
lili w̃ani

beeswax

蜂蠟lilin [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

239
lima

five

lima [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

240
lima-lima

five each

每人五個lima-lima [PMP]lima

Sundermann 1905

241
lita

leech

水蛭qali-metaq [PWMP]-meCaq

Sundermann 1905

242
liza

nit, baby louse

不,小蝨子lisehaq, liseqah [PMP]liseqeS

Sundermann 1905

243
lõ boŋi

night and day

日日夜夜beRŋi [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

244
lofo

hungry

饑餓的lapaR₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

245
lõsu

rice mortar

米漿lesuŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

246
loyo

sail

layaR [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

247
mā-bu

drunk

醉的ma-buhuk [PMP]buSuk

Sundermann 1905

248
madala

evening star, morning star

晚星,晨星mantalaq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

249
mamahõ

to chisel, work with a chisel

鑿,用鑿paqet [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

250
ma-make

to use, employ

使用借詞

Nias

Sundermann 1905

251
ma-mana

shoot an arrow

射箭ma-manaq [PWMP]panaq

Sundermann 1905

252
mam-bõbõ

bind, tie

捆綁,捆綁maŋ-bejbej [PWMP]bejbej

Sundermann 1905

253
mam-bohou

renew

更新baqeRu [PMP]baqeRuh

Sundermann 1905

254
mam-bunu

kill; extinguish, wipe out, strike through, close up (an umbrella), lower (a sail)

殺戮;熄滅,消滅,擊破,收起(傘),放下(帆)maŋ-bunuq [PWMP]buNuq₂

Sundermann 1905

255
ma-mili

to choose

選擇ma-miliq [PWMP]piliq

Sundermann 1905

256
ma-mitu

divide into seven

分成七份pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Sundermann 1905

257
ma-musi

make something white

做點白色的ma-mutiq [PWMP]putiq

Sundermann 1905

258
ma-muxõ

to foam, to froth

泡沫,泡沫maŋ-bujeq [PWMP]bujeq

Sundermann 1905

259
ma-naba

to cut off, shorten (as payment); to slaughter (by slitting the throat)

切斷,縮短(作為報酬);屠宰(割喉)taba₃ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

260
ma-nafa

to strike with the open hand, slap

用張開的手拍打ta(m)pak [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

261
ma-nafi

to sift, filter

篩選tapis₃ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

262
ma-nali

make something into a rope

把某物做成繩子ma-nalih [PWMP]CaliS

Sundermann 1905

263
ma-namba

to fill up

填滿tambak₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

264
man-sala

to roast

saŋelaR [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

265
man-sixi

to shake (in winnowing)

搖動siji [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

266
man-tawa

conjure up by magical formula

用魔法公式變魔術tawaR₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

267
manu

chicken; suckling pig given as a gift, as to newlyweds

雞;作為禮物送給新婚夫婦的乳豬manuk [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

268
ma-nulu

use a torch

使用手電筒me-ñuluq [PWMP]suluq

Sundermann 1905

269
ma-nunu

light, kindle, ignite; roast in a fire; burn; to shoot, fire a weapon

點燃,點燃;在火中烤;燃燒;射出,射出武器ma-nunuh [PMP]CuNuh

Sundermann 1905

270
ma-nura

to write

寫作借詞

Sundermann 1905

271
ma-nuru

to point at with the index finger

用食指指指ma-nuzuq [PWMP]tuzuq₁

Sundermann 1905

272
ma-nusu

to string, sew through, to thread

穿線susun [PMP]susuN

Sundermann 1905

273
ma-nuwa

to poison fish with #tuwa

用土窪毒死魚ma-nuba [PWMP]tubah

Sundermann 1905

274
maŋ-aluxa

to steer a canoe

劃獨木舟aluja [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

275
maŋ-asi

to salt, pickle

醃制maŋ-qasin [PWMP]qasiN

Sundermann 1905

276
maŋ-asi-o

make salt from sea water

用海水制鹽qasiN [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

277
maŋ-bua

make happy

使快樂maŋ-buaq [PWMP]buaq

Sundermann 1905

278
maŋ-ifi

to dream

夢想maŋ-hipi [PWMP]Sipi

Sundermann 1905

279
maŋ-ito

to blacken, make black

變黑,變黑maŋ-qitem [PWMP]qitem

Sundermann 1905

280
maŋ-iwa

move, be unsteady, waver

移動,不穩定,搖擺hiwal [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

281
maŋ-lima

divide into five parts

分成五部分maŋ-lima [PWMP]lima

Sundermann 1905

282
maŋo

sea crab

海蟹qali-maŋaw [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

283
maŋ-o-bubu

cook rice porridge

煮米粥buRbuR₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

284
maŋ-ono

give birth

分娩maŋ-anak [PWMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

285
maŋ-uru

erect a protective image in front of the village to ward off pestilence

在村前樹立防疫形象uduq₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

286
maŋ-uta

to spew out, to vomit

吐出,吐出maŋ-utaq [PWMP]utaq

Sundermann 1905

287
m-asi m-asi

love, affection; charity, kindness; pleasure, satisfaction

愛,愛;仁慈,仁慈;快樂,滿足ma-qasiq [PMP]qasiq

Sundermann 1905

288
mata

eye

眼睛mata [PMP]maCa

Sundermann 1905

289
mate

die; become paralyzed; dry up, wither; extinguish

死亡;癱瘓;乾枯;枯萎;熄滅m-atay [PMP]aCay

Sundermann 1905

290
mate dõdõ

make a deep impression on something

在某物上留下深刻的印象m-atay [PMP]aCay

Sundermann 1905

291
matiana

ghost of woman who dies in childbirth (cited by Verheijen 1967-70 sub MGG #pontiana)

死於分娩的女人的鬼魂(引自Verheijen 1967-70 sub-MGG#pontiana)借詞

Sundermann 1905

292
matua

parent-in-law (man speaking), wife’s father, wife’s mother

岳母(說男人),妻子的父親,妻子的母親ma-tuqah [PMP]tuqaS

Sundermann 1905

293
maʔa-siʔu

distance from the elbow to the tip of the outstretched hand

從肘部到伸出的手尖的距離maka-siku [PWMP]sikux

Sundermann 1905

294
men-drua

twice

兩次man-duha [PWMP]duSa

Sundermann 1905

295
me-witu

seven times

七次pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Sundermann 1905

296
me-wulu

ten times

十次ma-puluq [PWMP]puluq

Sundermann 1905

297
me-ziwa

nine times (also as an expression of completeness)

九次(也作為完整性的表達)siwa [PMP]Siwa

Sundermann 1905

298
mo-aya

to sift

篩選ayak₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

299
mo-bu

have hair or feathers

有頭髮或羽毛buhek [PMP]bukeS

Sundermann 1905

300
mo-buŋa

to bloom, to blossom

開花,開花ma-buŋa [PWMP]buŋa

Sundermann 1905

301
mo-daʔi

dirty

骯髒的daki [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

302
mo-duʔu

be overgrown with grass or weeds

雜草叢生zukut [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

303
mo-guti

to cut with scissors

用剪刀剪借詞

Sundermann 1905

304
mo-hili

mountainous

多山的qilih [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

305
mo-ho-hou

run, stampede (of a crowd of people)

(人群的)奔跑、踩踏qaRus [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

306
mo-huwa

be gray, have gray hair

白髮蒼蒼ma-quban [PWMP]qubaN

Sundermann 1905

307
mo-kaka-kaka

to laugh loudly

大聲笑kakakₐ [PMP]kakak

Sundermann 1905

308
mo-kata

to plane wood

刨木借詞

Nias

Sundermann 1905

309
mo-laŋi

to swim

游泳laŋuy [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

310
mo-lili

circumvent, bypass, go around something

繞過,繞過,繞過liliŋ₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

311
mo-loyo

to sail, travel over the sea

航行,橫渡大海layaR [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

312
mom-bano

wash the hands (before eating)

洗手(飯前)mam-bañaw [PWMP]bañaw

Sundermann 1905

313
mo-nana

to fester, suppurate

化膿nanaq [PMP]naNaq

Sundermann 1905

314
mo-ŋaŋa

to chew betel

嚼檳榔ŋaŋa₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

315
mo-ŋaŋa

to chew; chew betel

咀嚼;咀嚼檳榔ŋasŋas [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

316
mo-ŋaŋa

to chew, as betel

咀嚼,如檳榔ŋatŋat [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

317
mo-sixi

to quiver, tremble

顫抖siji [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

318
mo-wua

bear fruit

結果實ma-buaq [PMP]buaq

Sundermann 1905

319
mo-ʔaŋi

windy

有風的haŋin [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

320
moʔ-ono

have a child, get a child, give birth

生孩子,生孩子,生孩子maR-anak [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

321
mumu

nearly decayed tree trunk

幾乎腐爛的樹幹mukmuk [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

322
mutõ

mucus in the corner of the eye

眼角粘液muteq [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

323
nami-namit-õ

sweet

甜的ñamit [PMP]

Southern

Sundermann 1905

324
nana

pus

nanaq [PMP]naNaq

Sundermann 1905

325
nete-nete

path, bridge

小徑,橋ma-naytay [PWMP]taytay

Sundermann 1905

326
nõfu

kind of fish

一種魚nepuq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

327
nuza

island, place

島,地方nusa₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

328
ŋa-fulu

ten (in plural forms?)

十(複數形式?)sa-ŋa-puluq [PMP]puluq

Sundermann 1905

329
ŋa-fulu

ten

ŋa [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

330
ŋetep

bite off something with the incisors, gnaw on

用門牙咬東西,啃ketep₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

331
o-dro--

bent

彎曲噪聲

Sundermann 1905

332
õfa

four

epat [PMP]Sepat

Sundermann 1905

333
õli

to buy

購買beli [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

334
õlõ

expenditure of strength or effort (for something)

力量或努力的消耗(為某事)elet₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

335
õlu

popliteal space

文字空間qeluk [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

336
ono

child, children; boys; calf; suckling pig; plant shoot

孩子,孩子;男孩;小牛;乳豬;植物芽anak [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

337
õnõ

six

enem [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

338
ono dorosi

clapper of a bell

鐘聲anak [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

339
ono fana

arrow; bullet

箭頭;專案符號anak i panaq [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

340
ono fõna

stepchild

繼子anak [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

341
ono ganaʔa

interest on a loan

借款利息anak [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

342
ono hene

firstborn (of animals)

(動物的)長子anak a qulu [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

343
ono horõ

illegitimate child

私生子anak [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

344
ono hõrõ

pupil of the eye

瞳孔anak i mata [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

345
ono mbanua

common man, villager

普通人,村民anak i banua [PMP]aNak

Sundermann 1905

346
ora

ladder, stairs

梯子、樓梯haRezan [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

347
oro

name of a spirit

靈魂的名字taliŋa [PMP]Caliŋa

Sundermann 1905

348
õsa

some, a part

一些,一部分esa [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

349
ösi

contents; flesh

內容物;肉hesi [PMP]Sesi

Sundermann 1905

350
õsi zusu

milk (breast contents)

牛奶(含乳量)susu₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

351
õtõ

chop to pieces, cut down

剁碎,切碎etes₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

352
õtõ

cross over (a river); step over

跨過(河);跨過etes₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

353
õtõ

chop to pieces, chop up

切碎,切碎hetek [PMP]Setek

Sundermann 1905

354
otu

hundred

一百Ratus [PMP]RaCus

Sundermann 1905

355
roŋo

to hear

deŋeR [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

356
ruru

rustling sound (of someone pushing through vegetation, earth descending in a landslide, etc.)

沙沙聲(指有人穿過植被,泥土在滑坡中下落等)rusrus₁ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

357
sabi

sickle

鐮刀saqebit [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

358
sa-fasa

a pair

一對pasaŋ₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

359
sag-eu

a piece (of wood, of pork, cloth, etc.)

一塊(木頭、豬肉、布等)kahiw [PMP]kaSiw

Sundermann 1905

360
sala

blemish, defect; fault, error; make a mistake

瑕疵salaq₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

361
salafa

tobacco box

煙盒calapaʔ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

362
sam-bua

one

sa-buaq [PMP]buaq

Sundermann 1905

363
sara woŋi

a night

一夜beRŋi [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

364
sawa

python

蟒蛇sawa [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

365
si

article for proper names (said to be borrowed from #Malay)

冠名物品(據說是從馬來語借來的)si₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

366
si axi

youngest child

最小的孩子si huaji [PWMP]Suaji

Sundermann 1905

367
s〈in〉aba

a portion that is cut off

切掉的部分taba₃ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

368
s-in-ago

stolen goods

贓物t〈in〉akaw [PWMP]Cakaw

Sundermann 1905

369
s-in-ali

rope, string, line

繩子,繩子,繩子t〈in〉alih [PMP]CaliS

Sundermann 1905

370
sisi

go along the side of something; pursue something

沿著某物的一邊走;追求某物sisiq₁ [PWMP]sisiq

Sundermann 1905

371
siwa

nine

siwa [PMP]Siwa

Sundermann 1905

372
sixõ

ant; rat, mouse

螞蟻;老鼠sijem [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

373
siʔu

elbow

肘部sikux [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

374
siʔu-a

shuttle (in weaving and repairing of nets)

梭子(用於編織和修理網)siku-an [PWMP]sikux

Sundermann 1905

375
so-nusa

native, indigenous

本地的,本地的nusa₁ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

376
sulu

torch; eye

手電筒suluq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

377
sulu-i

to illuminate, cast light on; to light, kindle

照亮,照亮;照亮,點燃suluq-i [PWMP]suluq

Sundermann 1905

378
sura

a letter; book; writing

信;書;寫作借詞

Sundermann 1905

379
susu

breast, udder

乳房susu₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

380
suxa

place bamboo spikes in the ground (as against thieves)

把竹釘放在地上(以防賊)suja [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

381
suxu

comb

梳子sujud [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

382
ta

excrement, feces; slag; lightning

糞便;爐渣;閃電taqi [PMP]Caqi

Sundermann 1905

383
tafi

filter, sieve

篩檢程式、篩子tapis₃ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

384
tagõ

steal

takaw₁ [PMP]Cakaw

Sundermann 1905

385
tala-tala

kind of fish

一種魚talaŋ-talaŋ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

386
tali

rope, cord, string

繩子,繩子,繩子talih [PMP]CaliS

Sundermann 1905

387
tali fusõ

brother, sister, kinsman

兄弟姐妹,親戚pusej [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

388
taliŋa

ear

耳朵taliŋa [PMP]Caliŋa

Sundermann 1905

389
taliŋa-oro

kind of mushroom

一種蘑菇taliŋa [PMP]Caliŋa

Sundermann 1905

390
taliŋa ziʔu

a measurement from the elbow to the tip of the longest finger

從肘到最長手指尖的距離sikux [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

391
talõ

a tuber: Caladium

塊莖tales [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

392
tamba

a filling up

填充物tambak₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

393
tanõ

earth, soil, land

土,土,地taneq [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

394
tanõmõ

seed, seedling

種子、幼苗CaNem-en [PAN]CaNem

Sundermann 1905

395
tawa

magical formula

神奇配方tawaR₂ [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

396
tifa

to limp

跛行timpaŋ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

397
tõlu

three

telu [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

398
tõlu-tõlu

three each, three by three

每人三個,三乘三個telu-telu [PMP]telu

Sundermann 1905

399
towo

shave, cut with a razor

刮鬍子,用剃刀切tebek [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

400
tõwu

sugarcane

甘蔗tebuh₁ [PMP]tebuS

Sundermann 1905

401
tua

primary forest

原始森林tuqan [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

402
turu ~ tu-turu

finger

手指tuzuq₁ [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

403
tutu

the bite of a snake

蛇咬tuktuk₁ [PAN]

Southern

Sundermann 1905

404
tu-turu

finger

手指tu-tuzuq [PWMP]tuzuq₁

Sundermann 1905

405
tuwa

a poisonous creeper used to stupefy fish in the water

用來使水中的魚昏迷的有毒爬行動物tubah [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

406
uga

how much, how many?

多少,多少?kuja [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

407
ulo

snake

hulaR [PMP]SulaR

Sundermann 1905

408
umbu

spring, well, fountain

春天,好吧,噴泉umbul [PWMP]

Sundermann 1905

409
uo

blood vein, vessel

血管uRat [PMP]huRaC

Sundermann 1905

410
uru

idol, kept for protection

偶像,為了保護uduq₂ [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

411
utaʔ-õ

vomit up

嘔吐utaq-en [PAN]utaq

Sundermann 1905

412
uta-ʔuta

what is vomited

嘔吐物utaq [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

413
w̃alu

eight

walu [PAN]

Sundermann 1905

414
walu ŋa fulu

eighty

八十walu ŋa puluq [PMP]walu

Sundermann 1905

415
wani

bee

蜜蜂wani [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

416
waʔa

root

wakaR [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

417
w̃e

sap

活力wahiR [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

418
wuxõ-wuxõ

foam, spume, froth, suds

泡沫,泡沫,泡沫,泡沫bujeq₂ [PMP]bujeq

Sundermann 1905

419
wuʔu-wuʔu

young fruit

幼果buŋkul [PMP]

Sundermann 1905

420
y-aʔó

1sg. nominative and accusative pronoun: I, me

1毫克。主格和賓格代詞:I,mei-aku [PAN]aku

Sundermann 1905

421
 
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