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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 144條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
WMP
Minangkabau
WMP Indonesia (Sumatra) [min]
adat laŋkah

extra fee for marrying a younger sister before the elder has been married off

大姐出嫁前娶小妹的額外費用laŋkaq₁ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

1
amak

yes; very well; alright

是的;很好;好的噪聲

Wilkinson 1959

2
ambat

to obstruct

妨礙qambat [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

3
ambun

dew

露水ambun [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

4
ampas

dashing down

沖下噪聲

Wilkinson 1959

5
andas

base for working on; surface support; anvil, as used by goldsmiths

工作底座;表面支撐;鐵砧,金匠用噪聲

Wilkinson 1959

6
andoŋ

ancestor; grandfather

祖先;祖父anduŋ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

7
atah

rice-chaff

米糠ataq [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

8
ayam

to plait

編結ayam [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

9
babal

dull-witted

愚鈍的balbal₂ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

10
bagak

bold, undaunted

勇敢,無畏bagak [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

11
baku

coagulation (of a liquid that has become viscous or solid)

凝固(指變粘或固體的液體)baku [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

12
balah

split, divide

分開,分開balaq [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

13
baŋar

temporary dullness of hearing, e.g. after much diving or a stiff dose of quinine

暫時性聽力遲鈍,如在大量潛水或服了大量奎寧後beŋeR [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

14
baŋis

cruel, hard

殘酷,殘酷baŋis [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

15
basin

sneezing

打噴嚏buresin [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

16
bateh

parched rice

幹米beRtiq [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

17
bilalaŋ

grasshopper; cricket; mantis

蚱蜢;蟋蟀;螳螂bilalaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

18
b-inuaŋ

big, heavily built (of carabaos and deer)

大而結實的(由卡拉寶和鹿組成)qiNuaŋ [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

19
biruaŋ

the Malayan honey bear: Ursus malayanus

馬來蜜熊:馬來熊biRuaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

20
bubun-bubun

fontanelle

囟門bubun bubun [PWMP]buNbuN

Wilkinson 1959

21
bulalai

proboscis

長鼻借詞

Wilkinson 1959

22
busu

youngest child in family

家中最小的孩子借詞

Wilkinson 1959

23
busuəŋ

swollen; belligerent attitude (tabooed behavior toward the guardian of customary law)

膨脹的;好戰的態度(對習慣法監護人的禁忌行為)busuŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

24
cacak

common house lizard

普通家蜥cekcek [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

25
cirit

diarrhoea

腹瀉cirit [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

26
cirit

looseness of the bowels; diarrhoea

腹瀉ciderit [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

27
cucup

suck (e.g. the blood from a wound)

吸(如傷口的血)cupcup [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

28
dalam tian

pregnant

懷孕的tian [PMP]tiaN

Wilkinson 1959

29
datu

title for a native medical practitioner; clever, learned

本地醫生的頭銜;聰明的、有學問的datu [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

30
datu-aʔ

title for administrators of customary law; term of address to an elder; grandfather (van der Toorn 1891)

datu [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

31
diri

person, individual

個人借詞

Wilkinson 1959

32
duo

two

duha [PMP]duSa

Wilkinson 1959

33
endah

fine; handsome

好的;英俊的借詞

Wilkinson 1959

34
eŋék

crying of a child

孩子的哭聲eŋik [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

35
eŋkaŋ

walking with legs wide astretch

雙腿伸直行走eŋkaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

36
éŋkaŋ

walking with legs wide astretch

雙腿伸直行走iŋkaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

37
gagar

brave, plucky, gallant

勇敢,勇敢,勇敢gagar [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

38
garaŋ bəkərja

a great worker

偉大的工人garaŋ₁ [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

39
garaŋ makan

a big eater

食量大的人garaŋ₁ [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

40
garis

to touch or pat, as a hint; to wink

撫摸或輕拍,作為暗示;使眼色garis [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

41
(h)antak

ramming down; tapping with the forepart of the foot, the heel remaining stationary

夯實;用腳的前部敲擊,腳後跟保持靜止qantak [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

42
hantimun

cucumber

黃瓜qatimun [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

43
(h)aŋap

gasp

喘息qaŋab [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

44
(h)aŋap

gasp

喘息qaŋap [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

45
(h)aru

a tree: Casuarina equisetifolia

一棵樹:木麻黃qaRuhu [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

46
indu

mother

母親indu [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

47
injak

step, tread

踏步,踏步inzak [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

48
injak-injak

pedals, stirrups

踏板、馬鐙inzak [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

49
jariaŋau

the sweet flag, Acorus calamus. A medicinal plant much used as a family remedy for children's complaints

zariaŋaw [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

50
jijir

grinning, showing the teeth

露齒而笑zizir [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

51
jilataŋ

stinging nettle: Laportea spp.

刺蕁麻。zilateŋ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

52
jujut

picking fibrous stuff, e.g. oakum

採摘纖維資料,如麻絮zutzut [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

53
ka-aŋin-an

to have suffered from the wind, be under the influence of the wind

受風的影響ka-haŋin-an [PWMP]haŋin

Wilkinson 1959

54
kabat

binding round; band; wrapper; circlet

包紮圈kabat₁ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

55
kabat

binding round; band; wrapper; circlet

包紮圈kabej [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

56
kaka-Ɂ

older sister (in some places also older brother); term of address used with the wife of an older brother or for women who the speaker regards as older than himself

kaka₂ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

57
kakap

to grasp

抓住kepkep [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

58
k〈al〉iŋkiŋ

little finger

小指k〈al〉iŋkiŋ [PWMP]kiŋkiŋ₃

Wilkinson 1959

59
ka-pataŋ

yesterday (cp. #pataŋ ‘evening’)

昨天(晚上)ka-₁ [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

60
keléntaŋ, kelintaŋ

harmonica with keys of bell-metal

金屬喇叭口琴kulintaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

61
kelikéh

papaya

番木瓜kalikiq [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

62
kota

a defended village or a village generally

保衛的村莊或一般的村莊借詞

Wilkinson 1959

63
k-udi-an

afterwards

之後ka-udehi-an [PWMP]udehi

Wilkinson 1959

64
kuliliŋ

situation around

周圍的情況kuliliŋ [PMP]kuliliŋ₁

Wilkinson 1959

65
lagak

talk big, boast (Also #Balinese #laŋgak 'proud, vain, conceited')

大談大話,誇耀(還有巴厘人的驕傲、虛榮、自負)

Wilkinson 1959

66
lampus

through and through

貫穿始終la(m)pus₂ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

67
lapak

to fall with a thud, of fruit dropping continuously

砰的一聲倒下,果實不斷地落下lapak [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

68
lapas

after; subsequent to

之後lapas [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

69
latiŋ

to spring back, of an elastic cord or rod

彈回,彈回latiŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

70
léwaŋ

gate

大門liwaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

71
liku

bend; angle of road; turning

彎道liku₂ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

72
lombar

pay out rope in working a vessel

在船上放繩lu(m)baR [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

73
lumboŋ

rice barn, granary

糧倉lumbuŋ₂ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

74
lunaw

slimy mud at the bottom of a sea or river

海底或河底的粘泥lunaw [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

75
ma-uduah-kan

place a taboo sign as proof of ownership (usually accompanied by a spoken formula intended to bring sickness or misfortune to anyone who steals what is so marked)

uduq₂ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

76
mə-lasaŋ

to sit astride on anything; to handle roughly (fig.)

跨坐在任何東西上;粗暴地處理(圖)lasaŋ₂ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

77
mə-lombar

pay out rope in working a vessel

在船上放繩lumbaR [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

78
mem-bébék

to bleat

叫聲借詞

Wilkinson 1959

79
mem-bubus

to swarm (of flying ants)

成群結隊busbus [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

80
məŋ-garus

to calender (cloth)

壓延機(布)garus [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

81
meŋ-injak

to step, tread

maŋ-inzak [PWMP]inzak

Wilkinson 1959

82
m-utah

to vomit

嘔吐um-utaq [PAN]utaq

Wilkinson 1959

83
ñamur

dewdrop

露珠ñamuR [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

84
nunaŋ

tree with fruit producing a sticky sap used as gum

一種結有果實的樹,樹液粘稠,用作樹膠hanunaŋ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

85
nunaŋ

tree with fruit producing a sticky sap used as gum

一種結有果實的樹,樹液粘稠,用作樹膠qaNuNaŋ [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

86
nunaŋ

tree with fruit producing a sticky sap used as gum

一種結有果實的樹,樹液粘稠,用作樹膠quNuNaŋ [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

87
ŋaŋap

snap at flies, of a dog

咬蒼蠅,咬狗的ŋabŋab [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

88
ŋaŋap

to snap at flies, of a dog

咬蒼蠅

Wilkinson 1959

89
ŋéak

whine or cry complainingly -- of a very young child

抱怨或抱怨地哭--一個很小的孩子ŋiak [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

90
ŋéŋék

to fret, of little children, whine continuously

煩躁,對小孩子,不斷地抱怨ŋikŋik [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

91
padi mə-ŋandoŋ

rice in the ear

稻穗kanduŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

92
pagu

the upper and more solid shelf over the kitchen fire (the lower light rack being #salaian)

廚房爐火上方更結實的架子(下方的燈架是薩拉安式的)pagu [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

93
palak

feel hot; #palak hati dan I am annoyed

感覺很熱;帕拉克哈蒂丹我很生氣palak [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

94
pandoŋ

hut in rice fields

稻田小屋pa(n)duŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

95
paŋat

stuffing fish or flesh and stewing it in a rich spicy sauce

把魚或肉塞進濃辣醬裏燉paŋat [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

96
paŋat

stuffing (fish or flesh) and stewing it in a rich, spicy sauce

把(魚或肉)塞進濃烈的辣醬裏燉借詞

Wilkinson 1959

97
paŋgak

pride oneself on anything; swagger

自傲

Wilkinson 1959

98
pe-lindis

roller (for smoothing soil)

壓路機(用於平整土壤)li(n)dis [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

99
ra(n)sam

forest fern: Gleichenia linearis, of which some parts are like whalebone and make Malay pens

林蕨:■,其中有些部分像鯨骨和馬來筆aResam [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

100
ra(n)sam

a fern: Gleichenia linearis

一種蕨類植物:■qaRsam [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

101
raŋkaŋ

a forked branch

分叉的樹枝raŋkaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

102
ratas

severing with a slit

割裂Ratas₁ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

103
rumah belah bumboŋ

house with a broken or tiered pattern of roof

屋頂破損或分層的房子bubuŋ₁ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

104
rumbio

sago palm

西米棕櫚Rumbia [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

105
sakaŋ

crossbar

橫杆sekaŋ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

106
salam

immersing oneself in water; diving

潛水salem [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

107
samak

scrub, undergrowth

灌木叢samek [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

108
sanda

pledge, pawn

當押借詞

Wilkinson 1959

109
sandat

narrow, confined, squeezed

狹窄、狹窄、擠壓sa(n)det [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

110
saŋlar ~ salar

broiling

燒烤saŋelaR [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

111
sapaŋ

a low thorny tree with yellow flowers: Caesalpinia sappan; it produces sappan wood which is cut to pieces and boiled to produce a red dye

sapaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

112
saraw

ill-starred, unlucky, accursed

星光黯淡,不幸,詛咒saraw [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

113
sibak

to part, to divide

分開,分開sibak [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

114
simbur

throwing water into the air so that it may fall in drops

把水拋向空中,使其滴落simbuR [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

115
simpaŋ

branching off; turning off at an angle (of crossroads branching off in three, four, five or six directions; fig., of a man controverting another’s words)

simpaŋ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

116
sintak

to jerk

抽搐sintak [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

117
siŋar

ray of light; gleam; radiance

光線;閃光;光輝siŋaR [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

118
si-ŋiaŋ-ŋiaŋ

whining ghosts of unwanted children, taking the form of frogs

不想要孩子的鬼魂,以青蛙的形式ŋiaŋ [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

119
si-padas

gambier

甘比亞hapejes [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

120
sirah

red

紅色siRaq [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

121
soŋgak

handsome, showy

英俊,豔麗

Wilkinson 1959

122
suligi

wooden dart or javelin

木鏢或標槍借詞

Wilkinson 1959

123
suyok

projecting part of the roof at the narrower ends of a Malay house

馬來人房屋較窄端的屋頂突出部分suy(e)quk [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

124
talas

a cultivated yam, Colocasia antiquorum

栽培山藥tales [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

125
tambal

to patch; to paste on; to plaster; to overlay

修補;粘貼;塗抹;覆蓋tambal₁ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

126
tanun

weaving

編織tenun [PAN]

Wilkinson 1959

127
taŋgíri

Spanish mackerel: Scomberomorus (Cybium) spp.

西班牙鯖魚:■(■)spp。taŋgiRi [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

128
tatau

bewildered, mazed

不知所措tawtaw [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

129
tawai

to test; to put to the proof; to try the taste (of anything)

檢驗;證實;嘗試(任何事物的)味道taway [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

130
tian

uterus

子宮tian [PMP]tiaN

Wilkinson 1959

131
tijak

stepping, treading

踏步ti(n)zak [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

132
tijak

stepping, treading

踏步tinzak [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

133
tijak

stepping, treading

踏步

Wilkinson 1959

134
tiŋkah

to reply, of a person answering another; also of drum answering drum

回答,指一個人回答另一個人;也指接鼓借詞

Wilkinson 1959

135
tiŋ-kuluk

headcloth worn by women; it is of the nature of a wrapper, and provides the long pendent ends that are seen hanging behind the large #payakombo headdress worn on gala occasions

借詞

Wilkinson 1959

136
tokok

to hammer

錘擊tu(ŋ)kuk [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

137
tuhur

dried up and therefore shallow

乾涸,因而淺薄tuquR [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

138
tukup

cover; lid; coverlet

tuŋkup [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

139
tumiʔ

heel

腳後跟tumid [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

140
tunjok

index finger

食指tuzuk [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

141
uduah

incantation; kind of basket with cooked rice, sugar and grated coconut, set in the field during rice-planting to guard against calamity

uduq₂ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

142
undoŋ-undoŋ

screen or veil thrown over the head as a protection against rain

把紗布或面紗披在頭上以防雨uduŋ [PMP]

Wilkinson 1959

143
unjat

to start; to spring up with a start

開始unzet [PWMP]

Wilkinson 1959

144
 
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