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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 243條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
OC
Manam
OC Papua New Guinea [mva]
a-buro

heart

puso₃ [POC]puso₂

Böhm 1975

1
aine

woman

女人papine [POC]bahi

Böhm 1975

2
aku

pandanus with big leaves used to make grass skirt

用來做草裙的大葉子的大麻pakum [POC]

Böhm 1975

3
alale

to walk

走路pajale [POC]

Böhm 1975

4
alia

centipede

蜈蚣qalipan [PCEMP]qalu-Sipan

Böhm 1975

5
alo-i

to beckon

招手qalop [POC]qalep

Böhm 1975

6
alu

another, others; some

另一個,其他的;一些palu₆ [POC]balu₃

Böhm 1975

7
Ɂana-

marker of edible possession

食用標誌物kana- [POC]

Böhm 1975

8
anako

thief; steal

小偷panako [POC]Cakaw

Böhm 1975

9
ani

give

pani₁ [POC]

Böhm 1975

10
anua

village

村莊panua [POC]banua

Böhm 1975

11
anua idaradara

evening glow, sunset glow

晚霞,晚霞panua [POC]banua

Böhm 1975

12
anua izara

dawn

黎明panua [POC]banua

Böhm 1975

13
anunu

shadow; reflection

陰影;反射qanunu [POC]

Böhm 1975

14
aŋo-aŋo

turmeric; yellow

薑黃aŋo-aŋo-ana [POC]aŋo

Böhm 1975

15
aŋun

to wake up, to bring to life

醒來,讓生命復活paŋun [POC]baŋuN

Böhm 1975

16
aoa

mouth

qawa₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

17
ao-sisi

to smile

微笑sisiq₂ [POC]ziziq

Böhm 1975

18
ao-sisi

to smile

微笑sisi₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

19
ao-sisi

to smile

微笑sisir₂ [POC]zizir

Böhm 1975

20
ara-

name

名稱acan [POC]ajan

Böhm 1975

21
ara

sharpen

銳化asaq [PEMP]Sasaq

Böhm 1975

22
ara-i

sharpen

銳化asaq-i [POC]Sasaq

Böhm 1975

23
are

chin

下巴qase [POC]qazay

Böhm 1975

24
are patu

jawbone

頜骨qase [POC]qazay

Böhm 1975

25
ariri

pillar

支柱ariRi [POC]SadiRi

Böhm 1975

26
ariri aine

female post (short)

女性崗位(短)ariRi [POC]SadiRi

Böhm 1975

27
ariri moane

male post (long)

男柱(長)ariRi [POC]SadiRi

Böhm 1975

28
aro

space in front

前方空間qarop [POC]qadep

Böhm 1975

29
atuŋ

a fish, the skipjack tuna, or bonito

魚、金槍魚或鰹魚qatun [POC]

Böhm 1975

30
au

lime

石灰qapuR [PAN]

Böhm 1975

31
awara

northwest wind

西北風habaRat [PMP]SabaRat

Böhm 1975

32
baba

flat; palm of the hand

平的;手掌baban [POC]papan

Böhm 1975

33
bara

dry

幹的噪聲

Böhm 1975

34
boŋ

day, time

天,時間boŋi [POC]beRŋi

Böhm 1975

35
boro

pig

boRok [POC]beRek

Böhm 1975

36
bou

smell, odor

氣味,氣味bou [POC]bahu

Böhm 1975

37
bou loŋo

to smell

bou roŋoR [POC]bahu

Böhm 1975

38
bua

betel nut

檳榔buaq [POC]

Böhm 1975

39
buku

mountain; knuckle

山;關節buku [POC]bukuh

Böhm 1975

40
buku-buku

mountainous

多山的buku-buku [POC]bukuh

Böhm 1975

41
bula

set (something) alight

點燃(某物)bula₁ [POC]

Böhm 1975

42
bune

dove

鴿子bune [POC]punay

Böhm 1975

43
bune-bune

small dove with red, blue, and green breast feathers

胸部有紅色、藍色和綠色羽毛的小鴿子bune bune [POC]punay

Böhm 1975

44
buso

foam

泡沫pucoq pucoq [POC]bujeq

Böhm 1975

45
buto-

navel

肚臍buto [POC]

Böhm 1975

46
damwa

forehead

額頭damwa [POC]

Böhm 1975

47
daŋ

fresh water

淡水ranum [POC]daNum

Böhm 1975

48
dara

blood

draRaq [POC]daRaq

Böhm 1975

49
dara-dara

bloody

血腥的draRaq [POC]daRaq

Böhm 1975

50
dau

leaf

raun [PEMP]dahun

Böhm 1975

51
eno

sleep, lie down

睡覺,躺下qenop [POC]qenəp

Böhm 1975

52
gili

to tickle

搔癢kilik₁ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

53
go mai

Come here! (= ‘you come’)

過來!(='你來了')mai [POC]ai₃

Böhm 1975

54
-gu

1sg possessive suffix; my

1sg所有格尾碼;my-gu [POC]-ku

Böhm 1975

55
guru

grunt

咕噥kuruq [PMP]

Böhm 1975

56
ika

fish

ikan [PEMP]Sikan

Böhm 1975

57
i-laul-o

seaward

向海i-laur [POC]lahud

Böhm 1975

58
ilo

the interior, inner life; remember, think of somebody

內心的生活;記住,想想某人ilo₁ [POC]ilo

Böhm 1975

59
io

spear

io [POC]

Böhm 1975

60
ira

how many?, how much?

有多少?,多少錢?pica [POC]pijax

Böhm 1975

61
jala

path, way, road

路,路,路jalan [POC]zalan

Böhm 1975

62
kai

tree; to be strong, to be stubborn

樹;要堅強,要固執kayu [POC]kaSiw

Böhm 1975

63
kai

tree; to be strong, to be stubborn

樹;要堅強,要固執kayu kayu [POC]

Böhm 1975

64
kai-kai

firm; to be strong, to be stubborn

堅強;堅強;固執kayu kayu [POC]

Böhm 1975

65
kai-kai iter

firm, to be strong or stubborn

堅強,堅強或固執kayu [POC]kaSiw

Böhm 1975

66
kaka

elder brother

哥哥kaka₂ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

67
kakasi

to scrape, sharpen

刮削kakas-i [POC]gasgas

Böhm 1975

68
ka-leti

foreigner, white man

外國人,白人ka₅ [POC]

Böhm 1975

69
kaluari

cassowary

砂鍋借詞

Böhm 1975

70
kanul-aki

to shake

搖動kañul [POC]

Böhm 1975

71
kaŋ

to eat, to consume

吃,吃kani [POC]kaen

Böhm 1975

72
kaŋari

canarium almond

加拿大杏仁kaŋaRi [POC]

Böhm 1975

73
kati

outrigger canoe

有舷外支架的木舟katiR [POC]

Böhm 1975

74
kati

outrigger canoe

有舷外支架的木舟katiR [POC]

Böhm 1975

75
katuk

knock against

撞擊katuk [PMP]

Böhm 1975

76
kau

to catch something with a hook

用鉤子鉤住某物kau₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

77
kau-la

a fish hook

魚鉤kau₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

78
kilala

sign; to give a sign; to recognize

標誌;給予標誌;承認kilala [PAN]

Böhm 1975

79
kilala-ŋ

to know to recognize (me)

知道認識(我)kilala [PAN]

Böhm 1975

80
kira

stone axe, axe blade

石斧,斧刃kiRam [PMP]

Böhm 1975

81
kiti

to knock, tick (of a clock)

敲(鐘的)滴答聲kitik₂ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

82
kiti

knock, tick (of a clock)

敲打(鐘的)滴答聲

Böhm 1975

83
kori-kori

scraper

刮刀korit [POC]kerit

Böhm 1975

84
koro ~ koro-koro

to lie, tell a lie

說謊,說謊koron [POC]

Böhm 1975

85
kulit-i

to peel galip nut

剝加利普堅果kulit [POC]kuliC

Böhm 1975

86
kulu

breadfruit, breadfruit tree (Böhm 1975)

麵包果,麵包果樹(Bóhm 1975)kuluR [PMP]

Böhm 1975

87
kurita

octopus

章魚kuRita [PMP]guRiCa

Böhm 1975

88
kutu paopao

louse (Böhm 1975)

蝨子(Bóhm 1975)kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Böhm 1975

89
lako-lako

to go, go away

走開,走開lako lako [POC]lakaw

Böhm 1975

90
laŋ

sky

天空laŋit [PMP]laŋiC

Böhm 1975

91
laŋo

housefly

家蠅laŋo [POC]laŋaw

Böhm 1975

92
lau

a fish: the banded sweetlips

一條魚:帶狀的甜唇lau [POC]

Böhm 1975

93
laʔo

to go, go away

走開,走開lako [POC]lakaw

Böhm 1975

94
lima

five

lima [PAN]

Böhm 1975

95
loku

to fold up

折疊leku [PMP]

Böhm 1975

96
loŋo

to hear

roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Böhm 1975

97
loŋo-loŋo

to hear

roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Böhm 1975

98
loŋor-i

to obey, to listen

服從,傾聽roŋoR [POC]deŋeR

Böhm 1975

99
lumt-a

moss

苔蘚lumut-an [PMP]lumut

Böhm 1975

100
madidi mate

feel cold

感到寒冷mate [POC]aCay

Böhm 1975

101
mai

to come

即將到來mai [POC]ai₃

Böhm 1975

102
maia, maya, maya-maya

ashamed

慚愧的ma-mayaq [PCEMP]Seyaq

Böhm 1975

103
malala

market place, assembly place

集市、集合地malala [POC]

Böhm 1975

104
ma-lazi

slippery

滑的maralis [POC]dalis

Böhm 1975

105
malazi

slippery

滑的madrali [POC]

Böhm 1975

106
malo

bark belt

樹皮帶malaw [PCEMP]

Böhm 1975

107
mama

father

父親mama [POC]mamah

Böhm 1975

108
manawa

to rest, take a rest, repose

休息,休息,休息mañawa [POC]NiSawa

Böhm 1975

109
manipi

thin, fine

瘦,好ma-nipis [PMP]Nipis

Böhm 1975

110
maŋ

bird; fowl

manuk [POC]

Böhm 1975

111
mapu

to smell bad

聞起來難聞mapu₂ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

112
ma-puru

to rot, to putrefy

腐爛,腐爛ma-buRuk [PMP]buRuk

Böhm 1975

113
mapuru

to rot, putrefy

腐爛,腐爛mabusuk [POC]busuk

Böhm 1975

114
ma-raŋo

dry, arid

乾燥,乾燥Raŋaw₂ [PCEMP]

Böhm 1975

115
mata

eye

眼睛mata [PMP]maCa

Böhm 1975

116
mata otioti

to be sharp

銳利mata [PMP]maCa

Böhm 1975

117
mate

die, suffer

死,受mate [POC]aCay

Böhm 1975

118
mate-lako

die

死亡mate [POC]aCay

Böhm 1975

119
mate mate

to die (iterative), to suffer

死亡(反復),受苦m-atay m-atay [PMP]aCay

Böhm 1975

120
mati

reef

暗礁maqati [POC]qaCi

Böhm 1975

121
mati ibara

ebb, ebb-tide; low-water (the reef is dry)

落潮,落潮;落潮(暗礁是幹的)maqati [POC]qaCi

Böhm 1975

122
mawa

yawn

打哈欠mawap [POC]Suab

Böhm 1975

123
maʔasi

saltwater

鹽水maqasin [PCEMP]qasiN

Böhm 1975

124
meme-

tongue

舌頭meme [POC]

Böhm 1975

125
motu

island

motus [POC]

Böhm 1975

126
muku

to gargle

漱口muku [POC]

Böhm 1975

127
m-ule

return

返回m-ule [POC]uliq₁

Böhm 1975

128
mwa-guru

to shout, cry aloud

大聲喊叫kuruq [PMP]

Böhm 1975

129
(mʷa)mʷari

to roast, to warm, to heat, to set on fire

烤、暖、熱、生火mwaRi [POC]

Böhm 1975

130
mwata

snake, serpent

蛇,蛇mwata [POC]

Böhm 1975

131
mwata-mwata

worm

蠕蟲mwata [POC]

Böhm 1975

132
nana

pus

膿液nanaq [PMP]naNaq

Böhm 1975

133
natu-

child (to the age of 15 years)

兒童(15歲)natu [PEMP]

Böhm 1975

134
natu-mi

to adopt (him/her)

收養(他/她)natu [PEMP]

Böhm 1975

135
natu-ra

to be childish

幼稚natu [PEMP]

Böhm 1975

136
niu

coconut tree and fruit

椰子樹和水果niuR [PMP]

Böhm 1975

137
niu daŋ

coconut water

椰子水niuR [PMP]

Böhm 1975

138
nono

to eat (only of mangoes) (Böhm 1975), to suck (Blust n.d.)

吃(只吃芒果)(Bóhm 1975),吸(腮紅n.d.)ñoñop [POC]ñepñep

Böhm 1975

139
nono

to suck mangoes

吸芒果ñoñop [POC]ñopñop

Böhm 1975

140
nunu

to slough (snake)

蛻皮(蛇)nunu₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

141
ŋara

to swim

游泳ŋaraŋara [POC]

Böhm 1975

142
ŋau

1sg.: I

1sg.:一ŋau₂ [POC]aku

Böhm 1975

143
o

locative and directional suffix basically corresponding to 'on', 'onto', 'from the surface of' (Lichtenberk 1983:358)

o₁ [POC]

Böhm 1975

144
oki

dig, break up grass-soil

挖、碎草皮噪聲

Böhm 1975

145
ono

to shut

關閉qonop [POC]qeNeb₁

Böhm 1975

146
ore

oar; to row

劃槳pose [POC]beRsay

Böhm 1975

147
oro

go landwards (away from the sea)

上岸(遠離大海)oro [POC]

Böhm 1975

148
oro

to landwards (away from the sea)

向陸地(遠離大海)koro₃ [POC]

Böhm 1975

149
palala

bald head

禿頭palala [POC]

Böhm 1975

150
patu

stone

patu [POC]batux

Böhm 1975

151
piti

to spring (of a ball)

(球的)彈跳pintik [POC]bitik₁

Böhm 1975

152
pitik-awa

lightning

閃電pitik₂ [POC]bitik₂

Böhm 1975

153
poŋ

sea turtle

海龜poñu [POC]peñu

Böhm 1975

154
pulu-pulu

hairy

多毛的pulu pulu [POC]bulu₁

Böhm 1975

155
pura

(of a baby) be born; come, arrive

(指嬰兒)出生;來,到pusa₁ [POC]

Böhm 1975

156
rai-rai

afternoon (from noon til sunset)

下午(從中午到日落)Rabi-Rabi [PAN]Rabiqi

Böhm 1975

157
raráŋ

to warm many things

溫暖許多事物daŋdaŋ₁ [PMP]daŋdaŋ

Böhm 1975

158
ráraŋ-i

to warm something (food)

加熱某物(食物)daŋdaŋ₁ [PMP]daŋdaŋ

Böhm 1975

159
rat-a

bad; great

壞的;好的saqat [POC]zaqat

Böhm 1975

160
rua

two

rua [POC]duSa

Böhm 1975

161
rua-rua

two at a time

一次兩個rua rua₁ [POC]duSa

Böhm 1975

162
ruat-i

to comb

梳理suat₁ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

163
ruru

milk; breast (of a woman)

牛奶;乳房susu₁ [PAN]

Böhm 1975

164
saba

arm

噪聲

Böhm 1975

165
saki

stamp one’s foot on the floor of the house

把腳踩在房子的地板上sakil [PMP]

Böhm 1975

166
sakil-i

stamp one’s foot on the floor of the house

把腳踩在房子的地板上sakil [PMP]

Böhm 1975

167
sala

sea urchin

海膽salaŋ [POC]

Böhm 1975

168
saŋa-ŋa

open (as the mouth, or a door)

打開(如嘴或閘)saŋa₁ [POC]

Böhm 1975

169
sare

to tear; split

撕裂;分裂saRe [POC]

Böhm 1975

170
saru

comb

梳子saRu₁ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

171
saur-aki

to hang something up

掛東西saur₁ [POC]

Böhm 1975

172
seŋ

parrot sp.

鸚鵡屬。seŋa₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

173
siko

bird with short body, red beak and head, black wings and long white tail

身體短,喙頭紅,翅膀黑,尾巴長而白的鳥sikek [PMP]

Böhm 1975

174
siko

bird with short body, red beak and head, black wings and long white tail

身體短,喙頭紅,翅膀黑,尾巴長而白的鳥siko₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

175
siko-i

to catch (while in motion)

捕捉(運動中)sikop [POC]cikep

Böhm 1975

176
sisi

to pare, to peel

削皮sisi₃ [PCEMP]

Böhm 1975

177
sisi-ki

to pare, to peel

削皮sisi₃ [PCEMP]

Böhm 1975

178
suar-i

to dig, grub up, turn up the ground

挖,挖,翻地suaR₁ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

179
sua-sua

goatfish, catfish

鯰魚suaR₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

180
suli

slip, layer, cut, shoot

滑,層,切,射suli₁ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

181
suru

soup

suRuq₁ [POC]zuRuq

Böhm 1975

182
taba-i

to reward; sacrifice

獎賞;犧牲taba₁ [POC]

Böhm 1975

183
tabira

dish, bowl, plate

碟、碗、盤tabiRa [POC]

Böhm 1975

184
tada

to look up

抬頭tadal [POC]

Böhm 1975

185
tada

to look up

抬頭tadra [POC]

Böhm 1975

186
tádal-i

to look up to somebody, something

尊敬某人tadal [POC]

Böhm 1975

187
tádal-i

to look up to somebody, something

尊敬某人tadra [POC]

Böhm 1975

188
taile

a shore tree: Terminalia catappa L.

一棵濱樹:總狀卡塔帕L。talise₁ [POC]talisay

Böhm 1975

189
take

feces, excrement

糞便take₂ [POC]take

Böhm 1975

190
tama-

father, uncle

父親,叔叔t-amax [PMP]amax

Böhm 1975

191
tamwata

person, human being

人,人tau-mata [PMP]Cau

Böhm 1975

192
tano

to plant

種植tanom [POC]CaNem

Böhm 1975

193
tano-mi

to plant something

種東西tanom [POC]CaNem

Böhm 1975

194
tano-tano

to plant

種植tanom [POC]CaNem

Böhm 1975

195
taŋ

to weep, cry

哭泣,哭泣taŋis [PMP]Caŋis

Böhm 1975

196
taŋiri

kind of fish

一種魚taŋiRi [PMP]

Böhm 1975

197
tara

to beat off, to strike off (branches), to hollow out (of canoes)

敲打(樹枝),挖空(獨木舟)taRaq₁ [PAN]

Böhm 1975

198
taragau

fish eagle

魚鷹taragau [POC]

Böhm 1975

199
t-ari-

younger sibling of the same sex

同性的弟弟妹妹taci [POC]Suaji

Böhm 1975

200
tari

streaming, flood

水流,洪水tasik [PMP]

Böhm 1975

201
tauru

conch shell trumpet

貝殼喇叭tapuRi [POC]tabuRi

Böhm 1975

202
taʔe

feces, excrement

糞便taqe₂ [POC]taqay

Böhm 1975

203
tete

stairs, ladder

樓梯,梯子tete [POC]taytay

Böhm 1975

204
tí-tiri

to pour over

傾瀉tiRis [PMP]

Böhm 1975

205
to-aka (〈 *toa-aka)

to imitate, copy, mimic, mock

模仿,模仿,模仿toa [POC]

Böhm 1975

206
toka

elder same sex sibling

年長的同性兄弟姐妹tuaka [POC]

Böhm 1975

207
toka

to land, get ashore

登入,上岸toka₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

208
toka ~ toʔa

elder sibling

兄妹toka [POC]teka₂

Böhm 1975

209
tole mate

be hungry

挨餓mate [POC]aCay

Böhm 1975

210
toli

three

tolu [PEMP]telu

Böhm 1975

211
tólila

a few, only three

幾個,只有三個tolira [POC]

Böhm 1975

212
tono

to swallow

吞咽toñom [POC]

Böhm 1975

213
toto

to cut off, to cut down

切斷,切斷totok [POC]tektek₁

Böhm 1975

214
tótok-i

to cut down, to cut off

砍掉,砍掉totok [POC]tektek₁

Böhm 1975

215
tou

sugarcane

甘蔗na topu [POC]tebuS

Böhm 1975

216
-tuku-ra

to be short

tuku₂ [POC]

Böhm 1975

217
tútuk-i

to crush, to smash food or betelnut (trans. sg.)

粉碎,粉碎食物或檳榔(trans。sg.)tuktuk-i [PMP]tuktuk₃

Böhm 1975

218
tutúk-i

to crush, to smash food or betelnut (trans. pl.)

粉碎,粉碎食物或檳榔(trans。損益)tuktuk-i [PMP]tuktuk₃

Böhm 1975

219
u

large basket trap for fish (made of willow withes)

大魚籠(柳條做成)pupu₂ [POC]bubu₂

Böhm 1975

220
u

generic for nets; big fish creel (of willow)

漁網通用;大魚溪(柳樹的)pukot [POC]puket₁

Böhm 1975

221
udi

banana

香蕉pudi [POC]punti₁

Böhm 1975

222
udi suli-di

banana cuttings

香蕉插條suli₁ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

223
ulu-salaga

big variety of betel vine (#salaga ‘be long’)

檳榔藤的大品種(#salaga'be long')puqulu [POC]

Böhm 1975

224
uma

garden

花園quma [PMP]qumah

Böhm 1975

225
un

beat; punish; kill

毆打;懲罰;殺死punuq-i [POC]buNuq₂

Böhm 1975

226
ung

to fight, quarrel

吵架punuq₃ [POC]buNuq₂

Böhm 1975

227
ura

rain

qusan [POC]quzaN

Böhm 1975

228
uti-

penis

陰莖na qutin [POC]qutiN

Böhm 1975

229
wana

right (side)

右(側)wanan [PMP]waNan

Böhm 1975

230
wana

right (side)

右(側)wanan [PMP]wanaN

Böhm 1975

231
wati

four

pat-i [PCEMP]Sepat

Böhm 1975

232
wati-wati

four each, four at a time

每人四個,一次四個pati pati [POC]Sepat

Böhm 1975

233
waya-waya

sardine

沙丁魚paya [PMP]

Böhm 1975

234
zalato

stinging nettle: Laportea spp.

刺蕁麻。salatoŋ [POC]zalateŋ

Böhm 1975

235
ʔa

and

ka₁ [PAN]

Böhm 1975

236
ʔaro

topmost rafters (laid on top of cross sticks that are laid on lower rafters)

最上面的椽子(放在橫木上,橫木放在下麵的椽子上)kasaw₁ [PMP]

Böhm 1975

237
ʔa-sau

far

遠的sauq₁ [POC]zauq

Böhm 1975

238
ʔasu

smoke

kasu [POC]

Böhm 1975

239
ʔiadzo

outrigger boom

支腿吊杆kiajo [POC]

Böhm 1975

240
ʔodora

cuscus, phalanger

陰莖尖kadoRa [POC]kandoRa

Böhm 1975

241
ʔulu

breadfruit (Blust n.d. (1975))

麵包果(Blut n.d.(1975))kuluR [PMP]

Böhm 1975

242
ʔutu

louse (Blust n.d. (1975))

蝨子(布魯斯特n.d.(1975))kutu₁ [PMP]kuCux

Böhm 1975

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