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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 398條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
WMP
Dairi-Pakpak Batak
WMP Indonesia (Sumatra) [btd]
abak

waist, hips

腰、臀hawak [PMP]Sawak

Manik 1977

1
aban

atmosphere, the firmament

大氣,天空hawan [PWMP]

Manik 1977

2
abaŋ-abaŋ

fly about in the air like a bird

像鳥一樣在空中飛翔qabaŋ qabaŋ [PWMP]qabaŋ₂

Manik 1977

3
abir

to edge away, move aside

讓開,讓開

Manik 1977

4
abit

sarong

紗籠habit [PMP]Sabit

Manik 1977

5
acem

sour, sour taste of fruits, especially lime juice

酸味水果的酸味,尤指酸橙汁qalesem [PWMP]

Manik 1977

6
adep

breast

乳房qadep [PMP]

Manik 1977

7
agak

approximately; more-or-less

大約;或多或少借詞

Manik 1977

8
ageŋ

charcoal

木炭qajeŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

9
alket

viscous

粘性的la(ŋ)ket [PMP]

Manik 1977

10
alket

viscous

粘性的

Manik 1977

11
ambalaŋ, arimbalaŋ

sling, catapult

彈弓吊索噪聲

Manik 1977

12
ampar

nearly, almost

差不多,差不多噪聲

Manik 1977

13
ampar-ampar

almost ready

差不多準備好了噪聲

Manik 1977

14
ampas

something that is thrown away

扔掉的東西借詞

Manik 1977

15
ampen

fishline

魚線hapen [PMP]

Manik 1977

16
anak

son; young of an animal

兒子;小動物anak [PMP]aNak

Manik 1977

17
anak anak

child, without regard to sex

孩子,不管性別anak anak [PWMP]aNak

Manik 1977

18
anak céur

arrow

箭頭anak i panaq [PMP]aNak

Manik 1977

19
anak embara

baby, suckling, newborn (lit. 'red child')

嬰兒,哺乳期,新生兒(點燃紅孩子')anak a ma-iRaq [PMP]aNak

Manik 1977

20
anak hamba

said to a person whose conduct is rude

對行為粗魯的人說anak i qaRta [PMP]aNak

Manik 1977

21
anak raja

said to persons whose behavior is praiseworthy

對行為值得稱讚的人說anak [PMP]aNak

Manik 1977

22
anceŋ

stench of sweaty armpits

狐臭aŋ(e)ceŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

23
ane ane

white ant

白蟻aNay [PAN]

Manik 1977

24
aŋin

wind, breeze

風,風haŋin [PMP]

Manik 1977

25
aŋin-aŋin

rumor

謠言haŋin-haŋin [PMP]haŋin

Manik 1977

26
aŋkup

small pincers used for plucking

採摘用的小鉗子aŋkup₁ [PMP]aŋkup

Manik 1977

27
apa-apa

empty rice husk

空稻殼qapah qapah [PWMP]qapah

Manik 1977

28
apa-i

interrogative of person: who?

審問者:誰?apa-i [PMP]apa₁

Manik 1977

29
apa-i-na

which? which part?

哪個?哪部分?apa-i [PMP]apa₁

Manik 1977

30
ara

generic for banyans: Ficus benjamina and F. retusa

榕樹屬植物:■和■qaRa₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

31
a-r-mak

mat that is not rolled up

未卷起的墊子hamak [PWMP]

Manik 1977

32
arsam

kind of upright fern

一種直立的蕨類植物aResam [PMP]

Manik 1977

33
arsam

kind of upright fern

一種直立的蕨類植物qaRsam [PMP]

Manik 1977

34
asah

whet, sharpen something on a heavy whetstone or touchstone; stone used to test the purity of gold

磨刀,在重的磨刀石或試金石上磨東西;用來檢驗黃金純度的石頭hasaq [PMP]Sasaq

Manik 1977

35
asak

fill a gun, stuff or cram something in; press against

把槍、東西或東西塞滿;壓住qasak [PWMP]

Manik 1977

36
asal

origin; provided that

起源;前提是借詞

Manik 1977

37
asih

pity, compassion, mercy

憐憫、憐憫、憐憫qasiq [PMP]

Manik 1977

38
asuŋ

incite, spur to action

煽動、鼓動行動asuŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

39
ati

exclamation used to attract someone's attention from what he is saying

用來引起某人注意的感歎詞噪聲

Manik 1977

40
auŋ

to howl, of a dog

對狗嚎叫qauŋ [PAN]

Manik 1977

41
awe

face

面對away₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

42
babo

shallow (as a river)

淺的(如河流)babaw₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

43
bagah

say, announce something; introduce

說,宣佈某事;介紹bajaq₂ [PMP]bajaq

Manik 1977

44
bagah bagah

promise

承諾bajaq₂ [PMP]bajaq

Manik 1977

45
bagah-en

someone who may be summoned, like a servant

可能被召喚的人,如僕人bajaq₂ [PMP]bajaq

Manik 1977

46
bak

sound of a large object falling on a wooden floor

一個大物體落在木地板上的聲音bak₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

47
balak-balak

menses

月經期噪聲

Manik 1977

48
balaŋ

grasshopper

蚱蜢balalaŋ₁ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

49
baleŋ

boundary between two rice fields

兩個稻田的界線balej [PWMP]

Manik 1977

50
bali

easily repaid, of a debt; same, identical

容易償還的,指債務的;相同的bali₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

51
baliŋ

bent, as a board

彎曲,如木板baliŋ₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

52
bantun

fetch something in the entirety, take all

把東西全部拿出來,全部拿走bantun [PMP]

Manik 1977

53
baŋgal

large, of inanimate things

巨大的,無生命的東西bagal [PMP]

Manik 1977

54
baŋun-en

a gift, usually consisting of a plot of land given by a father to his child when the latter marries

一種禮物,通常由父親在孩子結婚時給孩子的一塊土地組成baŋun-en [PWMP]baŋuN

Manik 1977

55
baŋun-en ni até

sweetheart

親愛的baŋun-en [PWMP]baŋuN

Manik 1977

56
bara

red

紅色baRah [PMP]

Manik 1977

57
bara-bara

menses

月經期噪聲

Manik 1977

58
baraŋ

or; some; whoever, whatever

或者;一些;任何人,無論什麼baraŋ₁ [PMP]baraŋ

Manik 1977

59
baraŋan

turpentine fruit

松節油水果baraŋan₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

60
barat

athwart or across (as a barrier)

橫著或橫著(作為屏障)baRat₁ [PAN]

Manik 1977

61
baroh

abscess, swelling

膿腫baReq [PAN]

Manik 1977

62
basbas

flowering of the rice plant before the grain appears

水稻在結實前開花噪聲

Manik 1977

63
bataŋ

tree trunk; casket, container for corpse

樹幹;棺材,屍體容器bataŋ [PMP]bataŋ₁

Manik 1977

64
bataŋ-i

irrigation canal for paddy field

水田灌溉渠bataŋ [PMP]bataŋ₁

Manik 1977

65
bataŋ laé

river (#laé = water, river)

河流(laé=水,河流)bataŋ [PMP]bataŋ₁

Manik 1977

66
batbat

hit with something hard

遭受重創batbat [PWMP]

Manik 1977

67
bebek

bundle of firewood

一捆柴火bejbej₂ [PMP]bejbej

Manik 1977

68
bedil

rifle, weapon

步槍,武器借詞

Manik 1977

69
beka

split in two

一分為二beka [PMP]

Manik 1977

70
bekas

place into which something can enter (as a box), time in which something takes place

某物可以進入的地方(如盒子),某物發生的時間bekas₃ [PMP]

Manik 1977

71
bekel

life-support needed while on a journey

旅途中需要生命支持bekel [PWMP]

Manik 1977

72
bela

person who must be killed as a sacrifice in blood revenge

為了復仇必須犧牲的人借詞

Manik 1977

73
belag-en

mat, sleeping mat

墊子,睡墊bekelaj-en [PWMP]bekelaj

Manik 1977

74
belaŋ

wide, extensive

寬,寬bekelaj [PMP]

Manik 1977

75
-belassuffix in empat-belas

'fourteen'

“十四”借詞

Manik 1977

76
belat

partition in a room

房間的隔板belat₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

77
belbel

dull sound

沉悶的聲音belbel₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

78
belguk

swallow

Manik 1977

79
bena

beginning, largest part at the base of a tree

開始,樹底部最大的部分bena [PMP]

Manik 1977

80
benaŋ

thread, fishnet thread

魚網線benaŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

81
benaŋ benalu

kind of cotton thread

棉線的種類banaeŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

82
benda

belongings, property

財物借詞

Manik 1977

83
benem

wrap something in leaves and roast it on the fire

把東西包在葉子裏,在火上烤benem₁ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

84
benih

seed for sowing, esp. seed-rice which is broadcast into the dibble holes of a swidden

播種用種子benehiq [PWMP]

Manik 1977

85
bentuk

structure, form, shape

結構、形式、形狀bentuk [PMP]

Manik 1977

86
beŋaŋ-en

gaping, agape

張嘴beŋaŋ₂ [PMP]

Manik 1977

87
beŋap

surprised, astonished

驚訝,驚訝beŋap [PMP]

Manik 1977

88
beŋbeŋ

block, hinder, obstruct, hold up

阻擋,阻礙,阻礙,封鎖beŋbeŋ [PWMP]beŋbeŋ₁

Manik 1977

89
beŋis

someone who easily becomes angry

容易生氣的人beŋis₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

90
beras

fruit, especially husked rice

水果,尤指糙米beRas [PMP]

Manik 1977

91
berat

heavy burden, as a person being carried by many; heavy, of things

沉重的負擔,如一個人被許多人扛著;沉重的beReqat [PMP]

Manik 1977

92
bere

give to, present gifts to

送禮beRay [PMP]

Manik 1977

93
beret

tether, tie to something, tie with a rope (as horse, carabao)

系繩,系在某物上,用繩子系(如馬,卡拉寶)beRet [PWMP]

Manik 1977

94
bergnin

night

beRŋi-n [PAN]beRŋi

Manik 1977

95
berkes

tied into a bundle; #sirih/ leaves (for the betel chew) which are tied into a bundle

捆成一捆;#sirih/捆成一捆的葉子(用於嚼檳榔)beRkes [PMP]

Manik 1977

96
berŋin-berŋin

nighttime, at night

晚上,晚上beRŋi beRŋi [PMP]beRŋi

Manik 1977

97
bertih

roasted or popped rice; figuratively: fruit of the womb of a pregnant woman

炒飯或爆米飯;比喻:孕婦子宮裏的果實beRtiq [PWMP]

Manik 1977

98
beru ni puhun

mother’s brother’s daughter; also used of one to whom one is pledged in marriage

母親兄弟的女兒puqun [PMP]

Manik 1977

99
besah

swimming trunks, in general clothes worn while fishing or doing dirty work

游泳褲,一般為釣魚或幹髒活時穿的衣服besaq [PMP]

Manik 1977

100
besar

swell, swollen, of the skin or other body parts

皮膚或身體其他部位的腫脹噪聲

Manik 1977

101
besi

iron; made of iron; kinds of iron

鐵;由鐵製成;鐵的種類借詞

Manik 1977

102
besur

satisfied from having eaten enough

吃得夠飽的besuR [PAN]

Manik 1977

103
besur-en

more satisfied than, fuller than

比…更滿足besuR-en [PWMP]besuR

Manik 1977

104
betah

the hardest rice grains which remain unhusked after the pounding

最堅硬的米粒,在搗碎後仍然沒有被搗碎betaq₁ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

105
beteken

upper part of the front leg of a sacrificial animal that must be surrendered at a fixed time to the one who has a right to receive it; upper arm

beteken [PWMP]

Manik 1977

106
betik

papaya tree and fruit

木瓜樹和水果借詞

Manik 1977

107
biasa

accustomed, used to

習慣,習慣借詞

Manik 1977

108
biaya

costs, expenses (as for a feast); money to spend on a journey

花費,花費(如宴席);花費在旅行上的錢借詞

Manik 1977

109
bibi

duck

鴨子借詞

Manik 1977

110
bibir

lip

嘴唇bibiR [PMP]biRbiR

Manik 1977

111
bibir

bank (of a ravine, river)

(峽谷、河流的)堤岸birbir₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

112
bibit

seedling

幼苗借詞

Manik 1977

113
bidak

open (of the eyes)

睜開(眼睛)bidak [PMP]

Manik 1977

114
bidiŋ

edge, side, as of the road

邊,邊,如路bidiŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

115
bilah

classifier used in counting bones

用於計算骨骼的分類器bilaq₁ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

116
bilaŋ

reckon, count

算了,算了bilaŋ₁ [PAN]

Manik 1977

117
bilaŋ-en

total, quantity, amount; types of

總數、數量、金額;類型bilaŋ-en [PWMP]bilaŋ₁

Manik 1977

118
bilik

room

房間bilik [PMP]

Manik 1977

119
b-in-aŋun

post, pillar, post of a house or granary

房子或糧倉的柱子、柱子、柱子baŋun₂ [PMP]baŋuN

Manik 1977

120
binar

light, radiance

光,光輝binaR [PMP]

Manik 1977

121
binar

light, radiance

光,光輝

Manik 1977

122
binataŋ

animal, four-footed animal

動物,四足動物借詞

Manik 1977

123
bincara

regulations, rules that must be obeyed or followed

必須遵守的規章制度借詞

Manik 1977

124
bintaŋ

star; medal, medallion

藝員;獎章借詞

Manik 1977

125
biŋit

patient in suffering, long-suffering

受苦受難,長期受苦biŋiC [PAN]

Manik 1977

126
birah

kind of taro with very large leaves and edible root

一種葉大根可食的芋頭biRaq₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

127
biri-biri

sheep

借詞

Manik 1977

128
birik-birik

bird sp.,

鳥屬植物。,借詞

Manik 1977

129
biriŋ

kind of running sore on the shin: Framboesia tropica

脛骨有點酸痛:熱帶軟骨病biRiŋ₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

130
bisa

force, power

力量,力量借詞

Manik 1977

131
bisik

keep silent, bear a grudge

保持沉默,懷恨在心bisik₃ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

132
bitis

lower leg

小腿bities [PMP]

Manik 1977

133
bituka

stomach, intestines

胃、腸bituka [PMP]biCuka

Manik 1977

134
buah

fruit

水果buaq [PMP]

Manik 1977

135
buah bedil

ammunition for a gun

槍支彈藥buaq [PMP]

Manik 1977

136
buah buah

testicles

睾丸buaq buaq [PMP]buaq

Manik 1977

137
buah mbitis

calf of the leg

小腿buaq ni bities [PMP]buaq

Manik 1977

138
buaŋ

throw out, cast away something regarded as useless or dangerous

扔掉,扔掉被認為無用或危險的東西buqaŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

139
buas

easy, pleasant, sweet-natured, good

輕鬆,愉快,溫柔,善良buas [PWMP]

Manik 1977

140
buat

fetch, get, obtain

取,取,取buhat₃ [PMP]

Manik 1977

141
buaya

crocodile

鱷魚buqaya [PMP]

Manik 1977

142
bubu

basket trap for fish

漁網bubu₂ [PAN]

Manik 1977

143
bubuŋ

ridge of the roof

屋脊bubuŋ₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

144
buka

open, opened

打開,打開buka [PMP]

Manik 1977

145
buka-buka

dawn

黎明buka [PMP]

Manik 1977

146
bukkuk

bent; bowed

彎腰buŋkuk [PMP]

Manik 1977

147
buku

node, joint, as in sugarcane or bamboo

節,節,節,如甘蔗或竹子中的節bukuh [PMP]

Manik 1977

148
buku-buku

nodes, joints

節點,關節buku buku [PMP]bukuh

Manik 1977

149
bulan

moon, month

月,月bulan₃ [PMP]bulaN

Manik 1977

150
bulaŋ-bulaŋ

cloth that is wrapped around the head

裹在頭上的布bulaŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

151
bulawan

a promise that is bound by oath

受誓言約束的諾言bulaw-an [PAN]bulaw

Manik 1977

152
bulele

trunk of an elephant

象鼻借詞

Manik 1977

153
buluh

bamboo (generic); kind of rattan

竹子(屬);藤類buluq₂ [PAN]

Manik 1977

154
buluŋ

leaf

buluŋ₂ [PMP]

Manik 1977

155
bulut

tangled, twisted

煩亂,扭曲

Manik 1977

156
bulut

tangled, of rope, thread, thoughts

煩亂的,煩亂的,煩亂的,煩亂的噪聲

Manik 1977

157
bunuh

kill

殺死bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Manik 1977

158
buŋa

flower; interest on a loan

花;貸款利息buŋa [PMP]

Manik 1977

159
buŋkar

uproot a tree

把樹連根拔起buŋkaR [PMP]

Manik 1977

160
buŋkul

ridge of the roof

屋脊buŋkul [PMP]

Manik 1977

161
burbur

kind of wood worm that destroys timbers from within and leaves behind a black powder from its boring

一種木蟲,能從內部破壞木材,在鑽孔時留下黑色粉末buRbuR₂ [PMP]

Manik 1977

162
burbur-en

infested with wood worms

寄生有木蟲buRbuR₂ [PMP]

Manik 1977

163
burtas

break, of a dyke or dam

堤壩或水壩的斷裂

Manik 1977

164
buruk

old, worn-out (in contrast with what is new), crumbling, decaying (as a log)

舊的、破舊的(與新的形成對比)、破碎的、腐爛的(如原木)buRuk [PAN]

Manik 1977

165
burut-en

have a child

生個孩子借詞

Manik 1977

166
burut-en

have a child

生個孩子噪聲

Manik 1977

167
busbus

pierced, perforated from one side to the other, as clothing or thatch

穿孔的從一邊到另一邊穿孔的,如衣服或茅草busbus [PMP]

Manik 1977

168
busuk

behave in a foul manner toward others, nasty or vindictive behavior

對他人表現出惡劣的態度,惡劣的或報復性的行為busuk [PMP]

Manik 1977

169
busuŋ

kind of sorcery used to cause the abdomen to (as in punishing a thief)

用來使腹部(如懲罰小偷)的一種巫術busuŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

170
busuŋ-en

suffer from a swollen abdomen

腹部腫大busuŋ-en [PWMP]busuŋ

Manik 1977

171
butbut, bubut

uproot a tree from the earth; pull out tubers

把樹從地上連根拔起;拔出塊莖butbut₂ [PMP]buCbuC

Manik 1977

172
cepak

snap, break off

折斷,折斷cep(e)qak [PMP]

Manik 1977

173
cibal mak mer-bekas

located somewhere without leaving a trace

不留痕跡的地方bekas₃ [PMP]

Manik 1977

174
daliŋ

buttress root

扶壁根daliŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

175
dalit

smooth, slippery

光滑,光滑dalit₂ [PMP]

Manik 1977

176
da-l-ŋah

wide open (as the mouth)

張大(如嘴)daŋaq [PWMP]

Manik 1977

177
dalŋah

wide open, as the mouth

張大嘴巴

Manik 1977

178
daŋkah

branch of a tree

樹枝daŋkaq [PMP]

Manik 1977

179
daŋkah

fork, branch

叉子,樹枝

Manik 1977

180
darket

be parasitic on

寄生於

Manik 1977

181
datu

function among animists (‘#orang kafir’) worshipping idols; shaman

在崇拜偶像的萬物有靈論者中的作用;薩滿datu [PMP]

Manik 1977

182
deger

to shake (as a tree, to make its fruit fall)

搖動(如樹,使其果實落下)

Manik 1977

183
dekeŋ

sound made by the #rusa deer (Cervus equinus)

盧薩鹿發出的聲音(馬鹿)

Manik 1977

184
deket

together; and; with

一起;和deket₁ [PMP]dekeC

Manik 1977

185
dergek

gulp, swallow

吞咽

Manik 1977

186
dua

two

duha [PMP]duSa

Manik 1977

187
dua-dua-na

both

二者都duha [PMP]duSa

Manik 1977

188
duru

side, edge of a field

邊,場的邊zuRu [PWMP]

Manik 1977

189
ema

a kiss

一個吻ema₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

190
émbak

work the soil with a hoe

用鋤頭鋤地

Manik 1977

191
embara

red (as eyes)

紅色(如眼睛)噪聲

Manik 1977

192
em-beras

increase in number, of cattle

牛的數量新增beRas [PMP]

Manik 1977

193
em-bersih

holy, clean, undefiled

神聖、乾淨、純潔借詞

Manik 1977

194
em-binar

to rise, of the moon

從月亮升起binaR [PMP]

Manik 1977

195
em-bisa

strong

堅強的借詞

Manik 1977

196
emem

hold a liquid in the mouth without swallowing it

把液體放在嘴裏,不要吞下去qemqem [PAN]

Manik 1977

197
empak

cut, sever

切斷,切斷hepak [PWMP]

Manik 1977

198
en-dabuh

to fall; to set, of the sun

落下;落下dabuq [PWMP]

Manik 1977

199
en-dapdap

kind of shade tree known for its connection with the cultivation of coffee: Erythrina indica

一種以與咖啡種植有關而聞名的遮蔭樹:印度刺桐dapdap₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

200
enjak

place the foot on

把腳放在enzak [PWMP]

Manik 1977

201
eŋkeŋ

sound made by a sleeping person during a nightmare

夢魘中睡著的人發出的聲音eŋkeŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

202
eŋket

with, and, together with

和,和,一起eket [PWMP]

Manik 1977

203
e-r-jak

step, tread on

踩,踩enzak [PWMP]

Manik 1977

204
erjak

step, tread

踏步,踏步re(n)zak [PMP]

Manik 1977

205
e-r-seŋ

blow the nose

擤鼻涕eseŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

206
ések

tightness in breathing, e.g. of asthma

呼吸緊張,如哮喘isek [PWMP]

Manik 1977

207
etes

hack a path by felling trees and brush

砍伐樹木和灌木叢來開闢道路etes₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

208
etes

hack a path by felling trees and brush

砍伐樹木和灌木叢來開闢道路qetes [PMP]

Manik 1977

209
etes

hack a path by felling trees and bushes

砍伐樹木和灌木叢來開闢道路

Manik 1977

210
gamber ~ gambir

Uncaria gambir Roxb.

鉤藤。借詞

Manik 1977

211
garis

scratch mark

劃痕garis [PMP]

Manik 1977

212
gebak-gebak

sound of wings flapping

翅膀拍打的聲音

Manik 1977

213
gedek

clamor, riotous noise; sound of galloping horse

喧鬧的喧鬧聲;奔馬的聲音gedek [PMP]

Manik 1977

214
gedek

sound of a galloping horse

奔馬聲

Manik 1977

215
genep

each, every; every time; even, of numbers

每次,每次;每次;偶數genep [PWMP]

Manik 1977

216
genep ari

every day, daily

每天,每天genep [PWMP]

Manik 1977

217
gidik

to tickle

搔癢gidik [PMP]

Manik 1977

218
giriŋ

a bell

giRiŋ [PAN]

Manik 1977

219
giriŋ

a bell

Manik 1977

220
gondem

overcast weather, sign of approaching rain

陰天,有下雨的跡象gu(n)dem [PMP]

Manik 1977

221
gondem

overcast weather, sign of approaching rain

陰天,有下雨的跡象

Manik 1977

222
gotik

spotted or striped, of animals (as the tiger)

有斑點或條紋的動物(如老虎)getik [PMP]

Manik 1977

223
gotik

spotted or striped, of animals (as the tiger)

有斑點或條紋的動物(如老虎)

Manik 1977

224
gugut

inner two incisors (both upper and lower)

內兩門牙(上下)gutgut₁ [PMP]gutgut

Manik 1977

225
g-um-edek

boiling (water)

沸騰(水)gedek [PMP]

Manik 1977

226
gutik

move momentarily, as a fishing line by the tug of a fish on the bait

瞬間移動,如魚餌上的魚線

Manik 1977

227
hantu

ghost, spirit

幽靈,幽靈qanitu [PMP]qaNiCu

Manik 1977

228
(h)asil

rent, tax

租金、稅金借詞

Manik 1977

229
(h)endem

sulk, brood

生氣,鬱悶qendem [PWMP]

Manik 1977

230
ian

reside, dwell

居住,居住ian₂ [PAN]

Manik 1977

231
i-aŋin

winnow rice by exposing it to the wind so that the chaff is carried away

把米糠放在風中篩去haŋin [PMP]

Manik 1977

232
i-benem

cook in hot ashes, of fish or other meat wrapped in leaves

用熱灰燼、魚或其他包在葉子裏的肉烹調benem₁ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

233
idam

crave certain foods (pregnant women)

渴望某些食物(孕婦)qidam [PWMP]

Manik 1977

234
idi

that one, there, over there

那個,那邊,那邊i-di [PMP]-di

Manik 1977

235
imbaŋ

friend; compared with

朋友imbaŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

236
ina-ina

mother animal

母畜ina [PMP]

Manik 1977

237
ina-ŋ

M

iná-ŋ [PMP]ina

Manik 1977

238
indu-ŋ

mother animal

母畜indu-ŋ [PWMP]indu

Manik 1977

239
ipa

pay close heed to someone

密切注意某人hipaʔ [PMP]

Manik 1977

240
iriŋ

to lead, guide

引導,引導iriŋ₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

241
itah

expression inviting or inciting someone to leave together with the speaker; come on! let's go!

邀請或煽動某人和演講者一起離開的表達;來吧!走吧!itaq [PWMP]

Manik 1977

242
itil

clitoris

陰蒂itil [PWMP]

Manik 1977

243
i-tuduh-ken

to point at something

指向某物i-tuzuq [PWMP]tuzuq₁

Manik 1977

244
ituk

little, not much

少,不多ituk [PMP]

Manik 1977

245
jemak

grasp in the hand

握在手裏zemak [PMP]

Manik 1977

246
jeŋjeŋ

to stand up

站起來zegzeg [PWMP]

Manik 1977

247
kaluŋ

curved, of carabao horns

彎角kaluŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

248
kastuk

resound, of bamboo water containers that strike together when they are carried in fetching water

迴響,是指竹制的水容器,當它們被帶進取水桶時,會碰撞在一起

Manik 1977

249
kastuk

resound, of bamboo water containers that strike together when they are carried in fetching water

迴響,是指竹制的水容器,當它們被帶進取水桶時,會碰撞在一起

Manik 1977

250
kebel

invulnerable, not reachable with weapons

刀槍不入kebel [PWMP]

Manik 1977

251
ke-buro-n

protection

保護buRaw [PAN]

Manik 1977

252
keleŋ

to like, be attached to

喜歡,依戀keleŋ₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

253
ke-mate-n anak

one who has lost a child through death

因死亡失去孩子的人ka-m-atay-an [PWMP]aCay

Manik 1977

254
kendaŋ peŋ-aŋin-en

winnowing basket used to winnow rice by exposing it to the wind

用來把米晾在風中簸的籃子haŋin [PMP]

Manik 1977

255
kèpak

sound of wings clapping

拍打翅膀的聲音kipak [PWMP]

Manik 1977

256
kerbo ina-ina

mother carabao

卡拉寶媽媽ina ina [PWMP]ina

Manik 1977

257
keritik

sound of sand ground between the teeth, oil sizzling in a frying pan

牙齒間沙沙作響,油鍋裏的油噝噝作響

Manik 1977

258
kersik bulbul

sand

bulbul [PAN]

Manik 1977

259
kerteŋ

hum made by a wasp when it comes to attack

黃蜂攻擊時發出的嗡嗡聲

Manik 1977

260
kertiŋ

ringing sound, as of a coin

響聲,如硬幣的響聲

Manik 1977

261
ke-telu-n

the period of the third planting of rice, at which time yam plantings are seen here and there

水稻第三次播種的時期,那時山藥的種植隨處可見ka-telu-en [PWMP]telu

Manik 1977

262
ki-

verbal prefix (#gadoŋ ‘yam’, #ki-gadoŋ ‘gather yams’, #haraŋ ‘charcoal’, #ki-haraŋ ‘gather charcoal’, #tarutuŋ ‘durian’, #ki-tarutuŋ ‘gather durians’)

ki- [PAN]

Manik 1977

263
kimbaŋ

open a book, open a letter

打開一本書,打開一封信

Manik 1977

264
kurpak

clap the hands

拍手

Manik 1977

265
kuyuk kuyuk

way of calling a puppy

叫小狗的管道kuyuk [PWMP]

Manik 1977

266
laŋkah-laŋkah

a trip

旅行laŋkaq₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

267
lembaŋ

valley, watercourse between two hills or mountains

兩山或兩山之間的山谷、水道le(m)baŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

268
lének

sleep soundly

酣睡

Manik 1977

269
lima

five

lima [PAN]

Manik 1977

270
lisa

nit, egg of a louse

尼特,蝨子蛋lisehaq, liseqah [PMP]liseqeS

Manik 1977

271
lubaŋ

hole, having a hole; vagina; nostril

洞,有洞;陰道;鼻孔lubaŋ₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

272
lumut

moss, seaweed

苔蘚、海藻lumut [PMP]

Manik 1977

273
lumut-en

covered with moss, mossy

長滿青苔lumut-en [PWMP]lumut

Manik 1977

274
m-acem

sour, of the expression on a person's face

酸溜溜的,一個人臉上的表情ma-qalesem [PWMP]qalesem

Manik 1977

275
mamah

chew food to give to an infant; food that is regurgitated by a bird for its young

咀嚼食物給嬰兒;鳥為幼鳥反芻的食物mamaq [PMP]

Manik 1977

276
m-anun

adrift, carried away on a current

隨波逐流ma-qañud [PMP]qañud

Manik 1977

277
m-arir

to flow

流動qaliR [PMP]

Manik 1977

278
m-asih

pitiful, compassionate, merciful

可憐的,有同情心的,仁慈的ma-qasiq [PMP]qasiq

Manik 1977

279
mata wari

sun

太陽waRi₁ [PAN]

Manik 1977

280
mate

die; dead; blocked path; go out (fire); new moon; paralyzed

死亡;死亡;阻塞的道路;熄滅(火);新月;癱瘓m-atay [PMP]aCay

Manik 1977

281
me-hantu

arouse sentiments of respect, awe or fear

引起尊敬、敬畏或恐懼的情緒qanitu [PMP]qaNiCu

Manik 1977

282
me-medil-i

shoot someone with with a weapon

用武器射擊某人借詞

Manik 1977

283
me-milaŋ

reckon, calculate, count

計算,計算,計算maŋ-bilaŋ [PWMP]bilaŋ₁

Manik 1977

284
me-muka

open something (door, business, etc.)

打開某物(門、生意等)maŋ-buka [PWMP]buka

Manik 1977

285
me-munuh

kill a person

殺人maŋ-bunuq [PWMP]buNuq₂

Manik 1977

286
me-munuh-i

tie a 'dead' knot (one that is hard to undo)

打一個“死”結(一個很難解開的結)maŋ-bunuq [PWMP]buNuq₂

Manik 1977

287
me-muro-i

chase off birds, scare away birds

趕走鳥,嚇跑鳥maŋ-buRaw [PWMP]buRaw

Manik 1977

288
me-nalin

to translate, interpret

翻譯salin [PWMP]

Manik 1977

289
me-naŋis-i

to cry over someone or something

為某人或某事哭泣taŋis-i [PMP]Caŋis

Manik 1977

290
men-duru-duru

keep at a distance; commit adultery

保持距離;通姦zuRu [PWMP]

Manik 1977

291
me-nuan

to plant

種植suan [PWMP]

Manik 1977

292
me-nuŋkup-i

to cover, hide, conceal

遮掩tuŋkup [PWMP]

Manik 1977

293
meŋ-abur

to scatter, as rice grains in sowing

撒播qambuR [PWMP]

Manik 1977

294
meŋ-aku-i

guarantee, be responsible for

保證,負責maŋ-aku [PWMP]aku

Manik 1977

295
meŋ-ambit

fetch or take in a figurative sense: take a woman from her lineage because she must reside with the lineage of her husband

maŋ-ambit [PWMP]ambit

Manik 1977

296
meŋ-anak-i

yield interest (money)

收益率利息(貨幣)maŋ-anak-i [PWMP]aNak

Manik 1977

297
meŋ-aŋkat

leap; lift, raise

跳躍maŋ-aŋkat [PWMP]aŋkat

Manik 1977

298
meŋ-aŋkat-ŋ-aŋkat

leap, spring, rise on one's toes

一躍,一躍,一躍而起maŋ-aŋkat-aŋkat [PWMP]aŋkat

Manik 1977

299
meŋ-ema

to kiss

親吻ema₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

300
meŋe-rusuk-i jukut

string meat on a rope

把肉串在繩子上Rusuk [PAN]

Manik 1977

301
meŋ-gaŋgaŋ-i

heat up

加熱gaŋgaŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

302
meŋi-bua

have meaning; have an exceptionally great value

有意義;有非凡的價值maŋ-buaq [PWMP]buaq

Manik 1977

303
m-eŋkak-eŋkak

pant, gasp for breath

喘氣eŋkak-eŋkak [PWMP]e(ŋ)kak

Manik 1977

304
meŋ-kiap

make the fire flare up, as by fanning it with a winnowing fan

使火旺起來,如用簸箕扇風kiab [PWMP]

Manik 1977

305
mer-anak-anak-en

having lots of children

有很多孩子maR-anak [PMP]aNak

Manik 1977

306
mer-bua

bear fruit, have results, have a meaning

結出果實,有結果,有意義maR-buaq [PAN]buaq

Manik 1977

307
mer-buŋa

to bloom, blossom, flower

開花,開花,開花maR-buŋa [PWMP]buŋa

Manik 1977

308
mer-jual

to borrow something that can be returned in monetary value

借一些能以貨幣價值償還的東西借詞

Manik 1977

309
mer-sakit

sick; bedridden because of sickness

生病的;因病臥床不起的maR-sakit [PWMP]sakit

Manik 1977

310
mer-salin

to change clothes

換衣服salin [PWMP]

Manik 1977

311
mer-salin tempa

to change form or shape

改變形狀salin [PWMP]

Manik 1977

312
mer-saoŋ

having a head cover

有頭罩saeŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

313
mer-sapu daroh

smeared with blood

沾滿鮮血sapu [PMP]

Manik 1977

314
mer-taban

fall into the hands of someone through plunder; capture someone from his village in a raid

通過掠奪落入某人手中maR-taban [PWMP]tabaN

Manik 1977

315
mer-taŋis-en

to weep, of many people at once

一下子為許多人哭泣taŋis-en [PWMP]Caŋis

Manik 1977

316
mumuk

broken; in pieces, as a rope or chain

斷掉的;碎裂的,如繩子或鏈條mukmuk [PWMP]

Manik 1977

317
neŋneŋ

thrown into the river

扔進河裏

Manik 1977

318
oŋkam

break open, lift up

打開,抬起e(ŋ)kab [PWMP]

Manik 1977

319
paka-dua

the second month

第二個月paka-duha [PMP]duSa

Manik 1977

320
paka-pitu

the seventh month

第七個月paka-pitu [PMP]pitu

Manik 1977

321
palaŋ

palm of the hand

手掌palaj₁ [PMP]

Manik 1977

322
paliŋ

lean to the side, list

靠邊站,名單paliŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

323
paŋgil

invoke the spirits to bring sickness or misfortune to someone #tabas p-em-aŋgil incantation for summoning the spirits

借詞

Manik 1977

324
paŋi

flattish seed which is eaten after being cooked; if eaten uncooked it can cause intoxication

扁平的種子,煮熟後食用;生吃會引起中毒paŋi [PWMP]

Manik 1977

325
parah

extremely sick

病得很重借詞

Manik 1977

326
paspas-en

a place on the ground where rain dripping from a roof makes a groove or channel; the dripline from a house (which is made by rain dripping from the roof)

paspas₃ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

327
pe-belaŋ

extend, widen

擴大,擴大bekelaj [PMP]

Manik 1977

328
peges

poor, miserable

可憐,可憐hapejes [PMP]

Manik 1977

329
pe-hantuk

come in contact with, collide with and produce a clattering sound, as of stones colliding

接觸、碰撞併發出撞擊聲,如石頭碰撞的聲音借詞

Manik 1977

330
pe-hantuk

come in contact with, collide with and produce a clattering sound, as of stones colliding

接觸、碰撞併發出撞擊聲,如石頭碰撞的聲音噪聲

Manik 1977

331
peke-lima

the fifth month

第五個月paka-lima₁ [PMP]lima

Manik 1977

332
peke-telu

name of the third month

第三個月的名稱paka-telu [PMP]telu

Manik 1977

333
pe-munuh-en

place where a stab wound brings about death

刺傷導致死亡的地方bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

Manik 1977

334
peŋ-aŋkat

way of leaping

跳躍管道aŋkat [PWMP]

Manik 1977

335
pe-pitu-ken

the seventh

第七pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Manik 1977

336
per-anak

the father of the bridegroom or his substitute

新郎的父親或他的替代者paR-anak [PWMP]aNak

Manik 1977

337
per-dua

divide into two

一分為二duha [PMP]duSa

Manik 1977

338
perlak

enclosed garden, orchard; fruit orchard

果園parelak [PWMP]

Manik 1977

339
per-sakit-en

sickness, illness, disease

疾病,疾病,疾病sakit [PMP]

Manik 1977

340
per-si-buka

person who begins or precedes in an activity, as in the dance at a traditional festival

在一項活動中開始或開始的人,如在傳統節日的舞蹈中buka [PMP]

Manik 1977

341
pesiŋ

dizzy

頭暈

Manik 1977

342
pipi

cheek

臉頰pihpih [PMP]piSpiS

Manik 1977

343
pitu

seven

pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Manik 1977

344
puaŋ

bride-givers

新娘送禮人puaŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

345
puaŋ bena

kin group represented by the mother's brother

以母親的兄弟為代表的親屬團體puaŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

346
pukpak

sound of many knives cutting at once

一刀多斬的聲音

Manik 1977

347
pu-l-kas

opened; broken, of a dam or water tap

打開的;破裂的,水壩或水龍頭的pukas₂ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

348
pulkas

open; broken, of a dam

打開的;斷開的

Manik 1977

349
putik

to pick, as a fruit

採摘

Manik 1977

350
rabur

mixing up (foods); to mix

混合(食物);混合labuR [PWMP]

Manik 1977

351
rabur

mix

混合

Manik 1977

352
rakep

wrestle with someone

與某人摔跤Rakep [PWMP]

Manik 1977

353
rakep

wrestle with someone

與某人摔跤

Manik 1977

354
raŋgut

seize or grasp someone roughly; snatch something with a jerk

粗暴地抓住或抓住某人;猛地抓住某物raŋgut [PWMP]

Manik 1977

355
rebut

bustle, confusion, as during a squabble

喧鬧,混亂,如在爭吵中re(m)but [PWMP]

Manik 1977

356
rumah

house

房子Rumaq [PAN]

Manik 1977

357
rusuk

string meat on a line

把肉串在一條線上rusuk [PMP]

Manik 1977

358
rusuk

spars of house roof used to support the thatch

用於支撐茅草屋頂的屋頂梁Rusuk [PAN]

Manik 1977

359
rusuk silao

side, flank; armpit

側面,側面;腋窩Rusuk [PAN]

Manik 1977

360
sabah

wet ricefield, rice paddy

濕稻田sabaq [PWMP]

Manik 1977

361
sakit

sickness

疾病sakit [PMP]

Manik 1977

362
sakit-en

sick

生病的sakit-en [PWMP]sakit

Manik 1977

363
salin-tubuh

images or statues that represent people

代表人的形象或雕像salin [PWMP]

Manik 1977

364
saŋket

hanging from; attached, sticking to

懸掛的;附著的ca(ŋ)ket [PMP]

Manik 1977

365
saoŋ

roof, house cover of split bamboo or wood; whatever may be improvised as an umbrella, as large banana leaves; women’s head cover

saeŋ [PWMP]

Manik 1977

366
sapu

broom

掃帚sapu [PMP]

Manik 1977

367
sapu-i

to sweep something

掃除某物sapu [PMP]

Manik 1977

368
selpuk

snap or break in the middle (as young bamboo stalks)

中間折斷(如幼嫩的竹竿)

Manik 1977

369
sempek

break off (sugarcane, etc.) close to the ground so as to produce the sound n/pek/u

靠近地面折斷(甘蔗等),發出聲音

Manik 1977

370
sim-berkes

a bundle

一捆beRkes [PMP]

Manik 1977

371
siuk

sucked down into a whirlpool

被捲入漩渦siuk [PMP]

Manik 1977

372
suan-suan-en

plants, things that have been planted

植物,已經種植的東西suan [PWMP]

Manik 1977

373
taban

what is plundered, looted or taken captive

被掠奪、掠奪或俘虜的東西taban [PMP]tabaN

Manik 1977

374
taban-en

war captive

戰俘taban-en [PWMP]tabaN

Manik 1977

375
talkas

free, of a person who was previously detained; loosened, of clothes that are removed

自由的,以前被拘留的人的;鬆開的,脫下的衣服的

Manik 1977

376
tanoh ke-buaŋ-en

place of banishment

流放地buqaŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

377
taŋkep

face downward; to fall face downward

面朝下;面朝下taŋkeb [PWMP]taŋkeb₂

Manik 1977

378
telu

three

telu [PAN]

Manik 1977

379
tempus

conclusion, end, as of a conversation or discussion

結束,結束,如談話或討論te(m)pus [PMP]

Manik 1977

380
ter-buaŋ

banished, exiled

流放buqaŋ [PMP]

Manik 1977

381
ter-dua

two each

每人兩個taR-duha [PWMP]duSa

Manik 1977

382
ter-duru

be put on the side, as someone who will receive attention later

被放在一邊,作為一個稍後會受到關注的人zuRu [PWMP]

Manik 1977

383
terkaŋ

stiff, inflexible

僵硬的

Manik 1977

384
terpuk

cluster, group

羣集,組

Manik 1977

385
te-tuduh

index finger

食指tu-tuzuq [PWMP]tuzuq₁

Manik 1977

386
tompel

blunt, dull

鈍,鈍tumpel [PMP]

Manik 1977

387
torik-en (*u 〉 o unexpl.)

pock-marked; spotted, freckled

有麻點;斑點,雀斑turik [PMP]

Manik 1977

388
tulan bitis

shin bone

脛骨bities [PMP]

Manik 1977

389
tuma

clothes louse

衣虱tumah [PMP]CumeS

Manik 1977

390
tunas

seed bud, plant shoot

芽,芽tunas [PWMP]

Manik 1977

391
tuŋkuk

bow or lower the head; to bend over, humble oneself

低頭tukuk [PWMP]

Manik 1977

392
tuŋkuk

bent down, of the head

低頭

Manik 1977

393
uar-puar

kind of plant that is woven into rope

一種被編織成繩子的植物huaR [PMP]

Manik 1977

394
umbak-umbak

bellows, instrument for fanning the fire

風箱,用來煽火的工具umbak umbak [PWMP]

Manik 1977

395
urup

to help, support

幫助、支持uRup [PWMP]

Manik 1977

396
wani

large bee that nests in a wooden or bark box, or nests near the village

在木箱或樹皮箱中築巢或在村莊附近築巢的大蜜蜂wani [PMP]

Manik 1977

397
wari

day

白天waRi₁ [PAN]

Manik 1977

398
 
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