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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 385條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
WMP
Chamorro
WMP Guam [cha]
achai

chin

下巴qazay [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

1
achom, hachem

to sneeze

打噴嚏噪聲

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

2
a-fagao

hoarse

沙啞的paRaw [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

3
afaʔfaʔ

armpit, crotch

腋窩、胯部apaqpaq [PWMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

4
afok

lime, birdlime, limestone (soft), quicklime

石灰、樺木、石灰石(軟質)、生石灰qapuR [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

5
aft-e

to roof, cover with a roof

到屋頂,蓋上屋頂qatep [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

6
agagaʔ

red

紅色

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

7
aguas

baby mullet: Neomyxus chaptalii

鯔魚寶寶:幼魚qawas [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

8
agwa

the milkfish: Chanos chanos

乳魚:香腸qawa₁ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

9
agwas

baby mullet: Neomyxus chaptalii

鯔魚寶寶:幼魚qaRuas [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

10
akihom

clench, grip

握緊

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

11
akmaŋao

the mangrove crab: Scylla serrata

紅樹林蟹:鋸緣青蟹qali-maŋaw [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

12
alileŋ

cateye shell

兒茶殼qaliliŋ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

13
alof

beckon, signal, summon by signs, call by signs, wave

招手,發訊號,用手勢召喚,用手勢召喚,揮手qalep [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

14
alu

barracuda

梭魚qalu [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

15
alunan

pillow

枕頭qalunan [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

16
amaka

hammock, swing, hanging bed or couch

吊床、秋千、吊床或沙發借詞

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

17
am-anu

where, which?

哪里,哪個?a-nu [PMP]-nu₁

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

18
-an

attributive suffix. It is difficult to find an appropriate name for this suffix. It is usually added to nouns. The affixed form then describes something that has attributes or features of the stem... The stem usually, but not always, takes the infix #-in- (e.g. #bosbos 'skin rash' : #b-in-esbus-an 'condition of having a skin rash', #chugoʔ 'sap, juice' : #chiguʔ-an 'salty fish sauce', #palaoʔan 'woman' : #p-in-alaoʔan-an 'effeminate male' or 'having attributes of woman', #pao 'odor' : #pagu-an 'smelly')

-an [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

19
anineŋ

shadow; seclusion

隱居qaninuŋ [PWMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

20
aniti

devil, satan

魔鬼,撒旦qanitu [PMP]qaNiCu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

21
apaga

carry (something) on the shoulder; shoulder

肩上扛(某物);肩qabaRa₁ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

22
apu

ash -- the remaining substance of what was burned

灰燼——燃燒後剩下的物質qabu [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

23
arak

distilled liquor made from fermented coconut sap

發酵椰汁蒸餾酒借詞

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

24
asagua

spouse, husband, wife, mate

配偶,丈夫,妻子,配偶qasawa [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

25
asgu-e

smoke out

冒煙qasu₃ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

26
ásidu

acid

酸的借詞

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

27
asiga

salt

qasiRa [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

28
asiʔ-i

forgive, pardon, excuse, condone, grant forgiveness, exculpate

原諒,原諒,原諒,寬恕,寬恕,開脫qasiq [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

29
asiʔ-i-yon

excusable, pardonable, forgivable

可以原諒,可以原諒,可以原諒qasiq [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

30
asn-e

pickle, apply salt

泡菜,加鹽qasin-i [PWMP]qasiN

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

31
asu

smoke, smudge, steam, vapor, fog, the gaseous products of burning organic materials which finally settle as soot

qasu₃ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

32
asugi

quicksilver, mercury

水銀借詞

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

33
ataggaʔ

reddish

略帶紅色

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

34
atdaw

sun

太陽qalejaw [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

35
atdaw

sun

太陽qalejaw [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

36
ates

plant sp.: sweetsop, sugar apple: Anona squamosa

植物sp.:甜蘋果、甜蘋果:鱗翅按蚊借詞

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

37
atmaŋao

spotted sea crab

斑點海蟹qali-maŋaw [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

38
atof

roof; put a roof on a house

屋頂qatep [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

39
atof higai

roof made of palm leaves

棕櫚葉屋頂qatep [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

40
atulay

type of fish, big-eye scad: Trachurops crumenophthalmus

魚的種類,大眼魚qatulay [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

41
atupat, katupat

woven container used for cooking rice, a box-like container woven from coconut leaves, into which rice is placed, then submerged into boiling water for cooking

借詞

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

42
ayuyu

the coconut crab, robber crab: Birgus latro L.

椰子蟹,強盜蟹:■qayuyu [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

43
bali

worth, value

價值,價值借詞

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

44
baʔbaʔ

to spank, to whip

鞭打噪聲

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

45
cecet

hiss, call by hissing sound, call attention to

嘶嘶聲,通過嘶嘶聲呼叫,引起注意zitzit [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

46
chagoʔ

far, afar, distant

遠,遠,遠zauq [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

47
chagoʔ-ña

further, more distant

更遠,更遠zauq [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

48
chahan

cook in an underground pit; underground pit oven

在地下坑裏做飯zakan [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

49
chalan

road, highway, street, path

道路、公路、街道、小徑zalan [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

50
chugoʔ

sap, juice (as from an orange); pus; semen

汁液,果汁(如橙汁);膿;精液zuRuq [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

51
cicéʔ

grin (showing teeth); smile (toothy), gritting teeth

咧嘴一笑ziziq [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

52
fa-faʔet

a snapper: Lutjanus gibbus

笛鯛魚:盧雅努斯·吉布斯paqit₁ [PWMP]paqit

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

53
fa-fitu

seven (of living things)

七(生物)pa-pitu [PAN]pitu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

54
fa-fiʔa

how many? (of living things)

有多少?(指生物)pa-pija [PAN]pijax

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

55
faga

slightly sloping roof of house, which is poor for water runoff

屋頂有點傾斜,不利於排水噪聲

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

56
fagoʔ

a tree: Ochrosia oppositifolia

一棵樹:對生赭pauq [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

57
faha-

causative/multiplicative prefix with numeral bases

帶數位基的致使/乘法首碼pa-ka- [PAN]pa-₂

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

58
faha-dma

five times

五次paka-lima₁ [PMP]lima

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

59
faha-fad

four times

四次paka-epat [PMP]Sepat

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

60
faha-gwa

twice (Costenoble 1940:263; < #faha-hugwa)

兩次(成本表1940:263;<#faha hugwa)paka-duha [PMP]duSa

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

61
faha-to

three times

三次paka-telu [PMP]telu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

62
faha-ulu

eight times

八次paka-walu [PMP]walu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

63
faha-unum

six times

六次paka-enem [PMP]enem

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

64
faha-uti

seven times

七次paka-pitu [PMP]pitu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

65
fakmata

wake up, get up from sleep (imperative form)

醒來,從睡夢中醒來(命令式)paR-mata [PWMP]maCa

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

66
fákmata

light sleeper

迷幻人生paR-mata [PWMP]maCa

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

67
fa-lagu

run (imper.), move swiftly, hasten, go rapidly; elope, escape, flee

快跑,快走,快走;私奔,逃跑,逃跑pa-laRiw [PMP]laRiw

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

68
fa-lulon

wrap, infold, enwrap, roll up

包裹,資訊,包裹,卷起lulun [PMP]luluN

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

69
fan-agu

bear (offspring), give birth

生育噪聲

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

70
fañagu

bear (offspring), give birth

生育pañaRu [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

71
fanihi

bat (mammal), fruit bat

蝙蝠(哺乳動物),果蝠paniki [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

72
fasu

cheek, face

臉頰,臉pasu₁ [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

73
fat-a

four days

四天pat-a [PAN]Sepat

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

74
faya

anchovy: Thrissina baelama (family Engraulidae)

鳳尾魚:■(鳳尾魚科)paya [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

75
faʔet

salty

鹹鹹的paqit₂ [PMP]paqiC

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

76
faʔi

type of plant - Oryza sativa. rice --- when growing

植物類型——水稻。水稻---生長時pajay [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

77
f-in-aha-unum

sixth

第六paka-enem [PMP]enem

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

78
f〈in〉atay

death

死亡p〈in〉atay [PWMP]aCay

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

79
fitu

seven (used in serial counting)

七(用於連續計數)pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

80
fiʔa

how many?

有多少?pijax [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

81
foks-e

to squeeze

peRes [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

82
fugoʔ

wring, squeeze

擰,擠peReq [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

83
fulot

sensation or taste on tongue from eating unripe banana; tingling sensation from eating certain things

peled [PWMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

84
fulot

sensation or taste on tongue from eating unripe banana, tingling sensation from eating certain things

pelet [PWMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

85
fuluʔ

ten

puluq₁ [PAN]puluq

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

86
funas

eradicate, erase, rub out, , wipe out, put an end to, clear (of sin)

根除,抹去,擦掉,抹去,結束,清除(罪惡)punas [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

87
gagu

ironwood tree: Casuarina equisetifolia

鐵木樹:木麻黃aRuhu [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

88
gái-ʔaseʔ

have mercy, be merciful, have pity, have forgiveness

憐憫,憐憫,憐憫,寬恕qasiq [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

89
gapot

pull by the hair

扯著頭髮Rabut [PMP]RabuC

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

90
gatus

hundred (Costenoble 1940)

一百(1940年)Ratus [PMP]RaCus

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

91
goʔnaf (〈 *huqenap)

to scale, separate and come off in scales, shed scales, pare off; fish scale

去鱗,去鱗,去鱗,去鱗quhenap [PMP]quSeNap

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

92
guafi

fire, combustion, conflagration, burning mass of material; to anger, to vex

火,燃燒,火災,燃燒的物質;憤怒,惱怒hapuy [PMP]Sapuy

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

93
guaha

have, there is, there exists

有,有,有wada [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

94
guasaŋ

gill (of fish)

(魚的)鰓hasaŋ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

95
guasaʔ

sharpen, make sharp

銳利,銳利hasaq [PMP]Sasaq

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

96
guasaʔ-on

sharpener (for metal tools), grindstone, whetstone

磨刀器(用於金屬工具)、磨刀石、磨石hasaq-en [PWMP]Sasaq

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

97
guatu

there -- in that direction (away from speaker and addressee)

在那裏——朝那個方向(遠離說話人和收件人)a-tu [PMP]-Cu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

98
guatu

there -- in that direction (away from speaker and addressee)

在那裏——朝那個方向(遠離說話人和收件人)wa-tu [PMP]-Cu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

99
gugat

vein; muscle; tendon; artery; fishing line

靜脈;肌肉;肌腱;動脈;釣魚線uRat [PMP]huRaC

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

100
guifi

a dream

夢想hipi [PMP]Sipi

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

101
guihan

fish (generic)

魚(通用)hikan [PMP]Sikan

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

102
guihi

there (3p)

那裏(3p)i-di [PMP]-di

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

103
gu-in-aha

wealth, affluence, riches, large possessions esp. of worldly estate

財富,富裕,財富,特別是世俗財產wada [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

104
guini

here, in this place

在這裏,在這個地方i-ni [PAN]-ni

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

105
gu-in-ifi

dream

夢想h〈in〉ipi [PMP]Sipi

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

106
guiya

3sg. (emphatic)

3毫克。(強調)ia₁ [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

107
guiʔeŋ

nose

鼻子ijuŋ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

108
gumaʔ

house, home, shelter, refuge, dwelling, dormitory, building

房子,家,住所,避難所,住所,宿舍,建築物Rumaq [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

109
gunos

wean, accustom (a child or other young animal) to loss of mother's milk

斷奶,使(兒童或其他幼小動物)習慣於失去母乳hunus [PMP]SuNus

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

110
gunot

coconut fiber, from trunk of coconut tree, used especially for straining #tuba (coconut toddy) and other liquids

Runut [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

111
gunum

six

enem [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

112
gupu

to fly, move through the air, travel through the air

飛行,在空中移動,在空中旅行Rebek [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

113
gutos

break off (rubber band; string, etc.), snap off (neck of chicken, root)

折斷(橡皮筋、線等)、折斷(雞頸、雞根)getus [PWMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

114
gutos

break off (rubber band, string, etc.), snap off (neck of chicken, root)

折斷(橡皮筋、線等)、折斷(雞頸、雞根)utus₁ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

115
gwa-gunum

six (of living creatures)

六(生物)a-enem [PAN]enem

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

116
gwa-gwalu

eight (of living creatures)

八(生物)wa-walu [PAN]walu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

117
gwahu

1sg. emphatic subject pronoun: I

1毫克。強調主語代詞:Iaku [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

118
gwalu

eight

walu [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

119
gwatu

there --- in that direction (away from speaker and addressee)

在那裏---朝那個方向(遠離說話人和收件人)atu [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

120
haga

daughter

女兒daRa₂ [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

121
hagahaf

rock crab: Crapsus tenuicrustatus Herbst

岩蟹:石蟹kaRakap [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

122
hagaʔ

blood

daRaq [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

123
hagi

a fish: Scomberoides santi-petri (family Carangidae), pompano or jack crevally

一條魚:■(科■)、龐巴諾或jack crevallydaRi [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

124
hagon

leaf, foliage, frond

葉,葉,葉dahun [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

125
hagon faha

filefish: Oxymonacanthus longirostris

魚片:長喙氧單胞菌dahun [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

126
hagu

you, emphatic singular

你,特別的kahu [PMP]kaSu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

127
haguhi

sand crab

沙蟹kaRuki [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

128
hagwet

hook; fishhook

魚鉤kawit [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

129
hakot

snatch, grab

抓住,抓住dakuC [PAN]

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130
haleʔ

root (of a plant); source, origin

(植物的)根;來源dalij [PMP]

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131
hali

to harvest root crop

收割根莖作物kali₂ [PMP]kalih

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

132
halihan

stone -- used for forming a fireplace for cooking; fireplace

石頭——用於形成一個用於烹飪的壁爐;壁爐dalikan [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

133
halihan

stone used for forming a fireplace for cooking; fireplace

用於形成用於烹飪的壁爐的石頭;壁爐dalikan [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

134
halom

in, into, inside; enter

進入;進入dalem [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

135
ham

1pl. excl., we, us

1pl.不包括我們k-ami [PAN]ami

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136
hamafak

fragile, brittle, easily broken

易碎,易碎,易破碎

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137
hamyo

2pl., you all

2pl.,各位kamu-yu [PMP]amu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

138
hanom

water, liquid

水,液體danum [PMP]daNum

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

139
ha-spok

full (from food), satiated, glutted, sated

飽的(從食物中),飽的,飽的,飽的ka-besuR [PMP]besuR

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

140
(h)asuli

freshwater eel: Anguilla marmorata

淡水鰻魚:歐洲鰻鱺kasuli [PWMP]

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141
haw

you – intransitive subject singular pronoun, transitive subject singular pronoun with indefinite object, transitive object singular pronoun

kahu [PMP]kaSu

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

142
haya

south (in Guam and Rota); east (in Saipan)

南部(關島和羅塔);東部(塞班島)daya [PAN]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

143
hayu

stick, wood

木棍kahiw [PMP]kaSiw

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

144
haʔani

day

白天daqani [PMP]daqaNi

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

145
haʔfe

brace, put on splint

撐住,用夾板夾住kaq(e)pi [PMP]

Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975

146
haʔi

forehead

額頭daqih [PMP]daqiS

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higam

traditional adze of clam shell or stone

傳統蛤殼或蛤石貼面kiRam [PMP]

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hima

clam – various bivalve mollusks (venus mercenaria)

蛤–各種雙殼軟體動物(維納斯雇傭軍)kima [PMP]

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hita

we, us (emphatic, inclusive)

我們,我們(強調,包容)k-ita [PAN]ita₁

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hiteŋ

Rabbitfish: Siganus punctatus (family siganidae)

兔魚:■(siganidae家族)kiteŋ [PWMP]

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homhom

dark, dim, obscure, dusky, gloomy, not light-colored; bleak

黑暗的,暗淡的,朦朧的,昏暗的,陰鬱的,不是淺色的;暗淡的demdem₂ [PAN]

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-hu ~ -ku

1sg possessive suffix and preverbal subject pronoun

1sg所有格尾碼和前置主語代詞-ku [PAN]

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hugom

squeeze with arms or legs, as in wrestling

用胳膊或腿擠壓,如在摔跤中kugem [PWMP]

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hugwa

two (old numeral)

二(舊數位)duha [PMP]duSa

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hulu

thunder

打雷delek [PWMP]

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hun

quotative marker; used to distinguish a reported statement from a statement known to be fact

引用標記;用於區分已報告的陳述和已知的事實陳述ken [PWMP]

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huŋok

hear; heed; be informed; perceive by the ear; gain knowledge

deŋeR [PMP]

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i

definite article

定冠詞噪聲

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ibbaʔ

a tree, Phyllanthus acidus, with sour fruit that makes the lips pucker up

一種名為“酸葉下珠”的樹,果實酸,使嘴唇皺縮借詞

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ifet

a tree, Intsia bijuga. A very hard and heavy wood resembling black walnut in color

一棵樹,■。黑胡桃木一種顏色象黑胡桃木的非常堅硬和沉重的木材qipil [PMP]

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-in-

nominalizing and goal focus infix

名物化與目標焦點中綴〈in〉 [PAN]-in-

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ina

exclamation, oh!, wow!

感歎,哦!,哇!qina [PMP]

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isaʔ

an exclamation of surprise

驚呼qisaq [PMP]

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iteŋ

pick, break off, esp. from flowers, fruit, bananas, etc.; banana bunch

摘下,折斷,尤指從花、水果、香蕉等上摘下;香蕉束qitiŋ [PMP]

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ka-nifes

thin, flimsy, not thick, sheer

薄,薄,不厚,薄nipis [PMP]Nipis

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kísami

ceiling

天花板借詞

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lagoʔ

tear --- a saline fluid secreted by the lachrymal gland

淚腺分泌的鹽水luheq [PMP]luSeq

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lagu

north (in Guam and Rota); west (in Saipan)

北部(關島和羅塔);西部(塞班島)lahud [PAN]

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laguas

long, skinny, long and slender (refers to plants or animals)

又長又瘦又長又細(指植物或動物)lawas₁ [PAN]

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laguaʔ

scoop net, hand net

勺網、手網lawaq₁ [PMP]

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laguet

catch with a hook

用鉤子鉤住lawit₁ [PMP]

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lahe-n

son of, man of

兒子,男人laki₁ [PMP]

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lahi

man, male, boy; also used in direct address among friends in the same way that #lai (‘friend’, ‘man’) is used

laki₁ [PMP]

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lá-laŋu

unconscious; faint, fall in a swoon

昏迷的;昏倒的laŋu [PAN]

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la-lima

five (living things)

五(生物)la-lima [PAN]lima

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laloʔ

housefly

家蠅lalej [PMP]

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lamot

type of seaweed

海藻種類lamut [PMP]

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laña

oil (generic)

油(通用)laña [PMP]

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lanka, nanka

jackfruit

菠蘿蜜借詞

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laŋet

heaven, sky, outer space

天,天,外太空laŋit [PMP]laŋiC

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laŋŋaʔ (gemination unexpl.)

gape, hold mouth agape

張嘴,張嘴laŋaq₁ [PMP]

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læsoʔ

penis, testicle

陰莖、睾丸lasuq₂ [PMP]

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layak

mast; sails

桅杆layaR [PAN]

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liheŋ

saved, safeguarded, rescued, sheltered (as from rain); shelter, refuge; make safe

被拯救的,被保護的,被拯救的,被保護的liduŋ [PAN]

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lima

five (Costenoble 1940)

五(1940年)lima [PAN]

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liyaŋ

cave (natural), cavern

洞穴(自然)、洞穴liaŋ [PMP]

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lugaʔ

spit out (mouthful), to spew or spray out of mouth by blowing, such as a mouthful of chewed coconut meat after juice is gone

luaq [PMP]

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lú-luhot

a vine: Maytenus thompsonii

藤蔓植物:Maytenus thompsoniilukuC [PAN]

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lumos

to drown, suffocate

淹死lemes [PMP]

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lumot

moss, lichen, type of seaweed, green vegetation covering still water

苔蘚、地衣、海藻、覆蓋靜水的綠色植被lumut [PMP]

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lupok

deep hole in the ground, crevasse

地上的深洞,裂縫lubuk₁ [PWMP]

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lusoŋ

mortar

灰漿lusuŋ [PMP]Nusuŋ

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lutu

mourning, sorrow, grief; mourning dress, dress up in black (when a husband or wife dies)

哀悼,悲傷,悲傷;喪服,穿黑色衣服(當丈夫或妻子去世時)借詞

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ma-gap

evaporate (expected **#magwap)

蒸發(預期**#magwap)ma-huab₂ [PWMP]huab

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magi

here (toward or in the direction of the speaker)

這裏(朝著或朝著揚聲器的方向)um-aRi [PAN]aRi

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ma-layu

wilted, dry (leaves), showing lack of fluid

枯萎、乾燥(葉子),缺乏水分ma-layu [PMP]layu

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mamaʔ

chew betel nut mixed with lime, pepper leaf and tobacco

嚼檳榔拌青檸、胡椒葉和煙草mamaq [PMP]

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mamaʔ-on

betel nut mixed with lime, pepper leaf and tobacco

檳榔拌青檸、胡椒葉和煙草mamaq-en [PWMP]mamaq

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mames

sweet

甜的ma-hemis [PAN]hemis

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maña

custom, habit, tradition

習俗、習慣、傳統maña [PWMP]

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ma-neŋheŋ (〈 *maniŋdiŋ)

cold, frigid, chilled

冷,冷,冷diŋdiŋ₂ [PMP]

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manu

which, whichever -- interrogative

哪一個——疑問的manu [PAN]

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m-anu

which, whichever?

哪個,哪個?a-nu [PMP]-nu₁

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maŋ-guifi

to dream

夢想maŋ-hipi [PWMP]Sipi

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masa

ripe, cooked

熟的ma-esak [PMP]esak

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masa

ripe; cooked

熟的;熟的ma-qesak [PMP]qesak

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masa

ripe, cooked

熟的ma-hasak [PMP]Sasak

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mata

eye, eyeball; face; hole for planting

眼睛,眼球;臉;種植孔mata [PMP]maCa

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matai

dead; corpse; die

死亡;屍體;死亡m-atay [PMP]aCay

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matai-ñalaŋ

famine, die of hunger

饑荒,餓死m-atay [PMP]aCay

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mata-n hanom

spring, source of water

泉水,水源mata nu wahiR [PMP]maCa

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mataʔ

raw, uncooked

生的、生的ma-hataq [PMP]hataq

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ma-tmos

drown, be drowned

淹死,淹死ma-lemes [PPH]lemes

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matua

noble, magnanimous, lofty, highborn, person possessing high qualities; archaic form referring to higher class in pre-Spanish Chamorro society

ma-tuqah [PMP]tuqaS

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maysa

one (of living things)

生物之一ma-isa [PMP]isa₁

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ma-ʔaksom

sour, acid, acidulous, tart

酸的,酸的,酸的,酸的ma-qaRsem [PWMP]qaRsem

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ma-ʔasen

salty, saline, briny, brackish

鹹的、鹹的、鹹的、微鹹的ma-qasin [PMP]qasiN

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ma-ʔaseʔ

mercy, merciful, pity; forgiveness, sympathy

仁慈,仁慈,憐憫;寬恕,同情ma-qasiq [PMP]qasiq

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ma-ʔasn-e

salted

鹽漬的ma-qasin [PMP]qasiN

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ma-ʔiʔot

narrow, acute, not wide or broad

窄的,銳利的,不寬的qiqut [PWMP]

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maʔte

low tide

低潮ma-qati [PMP]qaCi

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maʔte

low tide

低潮ma-qeti [PMP]qeti₁

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maʔte i tasi

the sea is at low tide

海處於低潮ma-qati [PMP]qaCi

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méʔméʔ

urinate, urine

小便,小便miqmiq [PMP]

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mokmok

gargle, wash the throat with a liquid

漱口,用液體清洗喉嚨muRmuR [PAN]

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-mu

2sg. possessor, your, yours

2毫克。擁有者,你的,你的-mu [PMP]

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na

particle used 1. to link a modifier with a following noun, 2. to link demonstratives with the nouns or noun phrases that follow, 3. to connect the numbers beyond the number ‘one’ with the following noun, 4. to link certain question words with the following noun, 5. to connect a complement clause with a main clause, thus functioning as a complementizer (Topping 1973:138-141)

na₂ [PAN]

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-ña

3sg. agent and possessor (Topping 1973:225)

3毫克。代理人和佔有人(排名1973:225)ni-a [PAN]-a₂

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ñamñam

chew, sound of chewing, eat

咀嚼,咀嚼的聲音,吃ñamñam [PAN]

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ñamu

mosquito

蚊子ñamuk [PMP]

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231
næŋu

to swim

游泳naŋuy [PMP]Naŋuy

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232
napu

wave, rough water, surf

波浪、洶湧的海水、海浪nabek [PMP]Nabek

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naʔan

name

名稱ŋajan [PMP]

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nifen

tooth

牙齒nipen [PAN]

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nigap

yesterday

昨天niRab [PWMP]

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niyok

coconut tree and fruit: Cocos nucifera

椰子樹和果實:椰子niuR [PMP]

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nosnos

squid, cuttlefish

烏賊nues [PMP]

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nufoʔ

stonefish, scorpionfish (highly poisonout if dorsal spines penetrate the skin)

石首魚,蠍子魚(如果背刺穿透皮膚,則劇毒)nepuq [PMP]

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ñufoʔ

scorpionfish, stonefish

蠍子魚,石首魚ñepuq [PMP]

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nunu

banyan tree; type of plant: Ficus prolixa

榕樹;植物類型:榕樹nunuk [PMP]

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ŋahaʔ

look up, with head tilted back

抬頭,頭向後仰ŋadaq [PWMP]

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ŋa-iʔan

when?

什麼時候?ŋa-ijan [PMP]ijan

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ŋaŋas

chew

咀嚼ŋasŋas [PMP]

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ŋaŋas

chew, masticate, grind with the teeth

咀嚼,咀嚼,用牙齒磨碎ŋasŋas [PMP]

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ŋaŋaʔ

duck (fowl)

鴨(禽)ŋaRaq [PMP]

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ŋaʔŋaʔ

open-mouthed while staring blankly; look up with mouth open; gape

張嘴茫然地凝視;張嘴仰望;目瞪口呆ŋaqŋaq₁ [PWMP]

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ŋokŋok

unclear speech, sometimes a temporary condition resulting from accident

言語不清,有時是事故造成的暫時情況ŋukŋuk [PMP]

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pagoʔ

irritate skin, cause skin irritation

刺激皮膚,引起皮膚刺激baReq [PAN]

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249
pagu

a plant: Hibiscus tiliaceus

一株:木槿baRu [PMP]

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pagu-an

give off scent, odor, aroma, smell (as cooking)

散發氣味,氣味,氣味,氣味(如烹調)bahu-an [PWMP]bahu

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pagw-an

scent; give off odor, aroma, smell

氣味;散發氣味、氣味、氣味bahu-an [PWMP]bahu

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pahoŋ

pandanus, screw pine --- bears edible fruit

松樹-結可食用果實bakuŋ₂ [PMP]

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pakyo

typhoon, storm, tropical cyclone

颱風、風暴、熱帶氣旋baRiuS [PAN]

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p-al-aŋpaŋ

loud noise, fall down (noisily)

大聲喧嘩,摔倒(吵鬧)baŋbaŋ₆ [PAN]

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palaspas

splash (as a fish in the water)

飛濺(如水中的魚)barasbas [PWMP]

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palu

some, some more

一些,更多balu₃ [PMP]

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pantek

handslap

手提電話

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paŋon

wake (someone) up, rouse someone from sleep, awaken

喚醒某人,喚醒某人baŋun₂ [PMP]baŋuN

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pao

odor, smell, scent, aroma (as of perfume, gas, etc.)

氣味、氣味、氣味、氣味(如香水、煤氣等)bahu [PMP]

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papaʔ

down, below, bottom, southward, downward, beneath

向下,下方,底部,向南,向下,下方babaq₁ [PMP]

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pappa

strip off (bark of a tree), skin (an animal), peel off, rip off (as skin, bark)

剝去(樹皮),剝皮(動物),剝皮,剝皮(如皮,樹皮)bakbak₁ [PMP]

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pappa

wing

bakbak₂ [PAN]

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pares

pair; divisible by two; placenta, afterbirth

成對的;可被兩個分開的;胎盤,產後的借詞

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264
paʔgo

now, today

現在,今天baqeRu [PMP]baqeRuh

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pigaʔ

kind of acrid, inedible taro: Alocasia indica

有點辛辣,不能吃的芋頭:印度蘆薈biRaq₁ [PMP]

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pokkaʔ

shatter, crack open; abortion (〈 *beRkaq?)

粉碎,裂開;流產(〈*beRkaq?)bekaq [PMP]

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pokkaʔ

shatter, crack open; abortion

破碎,裂開;流產buŋkaq [PWMP]

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poksai

to paddle, propel, row

劃槳、推進、划船beRsay [PMP]

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pontan

ripe coconut -- usually refers to that which has fallen from the tree

成熟的椰子--通常指從樹上掉下來的椰子buntan [PWMP]

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poppo

scum, powder substance from a decayed plant; dropping -- termites, dirty substance on top of liquid such as dust, or soot. Not fungus

bukbuk₃ [PMP]

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pugas

uncooked rice

上撒生米beRas [PMP]

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pugaw

cause to scatter, to scatter a group, flock, herd, school of fish, etc.

使分散,使分散一個群體、羊群、牛群、魚群等。buRaw [PAN]

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pugwaʔ

betel nut palm: Areca catechu

檳榔掌:檳榔buaq [PMP]

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pugwaʔ machena

type of bush: Davallia solida

灌木類型:■buaq [PMP]

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pulan

type of fish, family elopidae, the tarpon: Megalops cyprinoides

魚的種類,科魚科,魟魟魟:魟魟魟魟魟魟魟bulan-bulan₁ [PMP]bulan-bulan

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pulan

moon

月亮bulan₃ [PMP]bulaN

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pulan

eye of cateye shell

貝殼眼bulan₁ [PMP]

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pulaʔ

untie, unwrap, unfold, unravel; translate

解開、解開、展開、解開;翻譯bekelaj [PMP]

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pulo-n gaʔgaʔ

fur, hair of animals

動物的皮毛bulu-n [PMP]bulu₁

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280
pulo-n teŋho

mane

鬃毛bulu-n [PMP]bulu₁

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281
pulu

feather, hair

羽毛,頭髮bulu₁ [PMP]

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punot

coconut husk

椰子殼bunut₁ [PMP]

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283
punoʔ

kill, murder, slay, assassinate; shut off, turn off, extinguish; execute

殺,殺,殺,刺殺;關閉,關閉,熄滅;處決bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

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punoʔ guafi

fire extinguisher

滅火器bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

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punoʔ laloʔ

fly-swatter, insect spray, fly killer

蒼蠅拍,昆蟲噴霧,蒼蠅殺手bunuq₂ [PMP]buNuq₂

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pupoŋ

ridge of roof, peak of roof

屋脊,屋脊bubuŋ₁ [PMP]

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pu-pulu

betel pepper: Piper betle

檳榔椒:胡椒bu-bulu [PMP]

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putaʔ

split, cleave, burst

劈開,劈開,爆裂betaq₂ [PMP]

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puteŋ

type of tree used for poisoning fish: Barringtonia asiatica

魚中毒樹的種類:亞洲巴靈芝butuŋ [PWMP]

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putiʔon

star

藝員bituqen [PAN]

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sagu

bad cold, runny nose, influenza, epidemic

重感冒、流鼻涕、流感、流行病saRu₂ [PWMP]

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sagu

bad cold, runny nose, influenza, epidemic

重感冒、流鼻涕、流感、流行病sagu₂ [PWMP]

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sagu

type of plant, arrowroot: Maranta arundinacea

植物類型,慈姑sagu₁ [PMP]

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sagwaleɁ

thatched house, usually made with #karisu (Swamp bamboo: Phragmites karka)

茅草屋,通常用#karisu(沼澤竹:蘆葦karka)sawaliq [PWMP]

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sagwaʔ

channel, inlet of water, canal, narrow passage of water breaking the reef barrier

航道、進水口、運河、破礁窄水道sawaq [PMP]

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sahagu

deep water

深水sakaRu [PMP]

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sahy-an

automobile, small vehicle, jeep, sedan, car

汽車、小型車、吉普車、轎車、轎車sakay-an [PWMP]sakay₁

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sahy-an

automobile, small vehicle

汽車、小型車sakay₁ [PMP]

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sakman

large canoe --- from Polynesia or Papua, no outrigger, capable of carrying over 100 people

大型獨木舟——產自波利尼西亞或巴布亞,無外伸支架,可載100人以上saRman [PMP]

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salaʔ

late, far gone, incurable (as a disease that has gone too far to cure)

遲了,遠了,不治之症salaq₁ [PMP]

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sampagita

type of flowering plant: Jasminum sambac

開花植物類型:茉莉借詞

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san-halom

inside, interior; internal; in, into

內,內;內;內dalem [PMP]

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sapi-sapi

type of kite

風箏類型借詞

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satg-e

install a floor; floor, platform

安裝地板;地板,平臺saleR-i [PWMP]saleR

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sesse (〈 *sehseh)

delouse

德洛斯siksik₁ [PWMP]

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si

article, used with proper names, but not used for direct address

文章,與專有名稱一起使用,但不用於直接地址si₁ [PAN]

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sigi

go on, advance, continue, forward

繼續前進繼續前進借詞

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sigwa

nine

siwa [PMP]Siwa

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siha

they -- intransitive subject pronoun, transitive object pronoun, emphatic pronoun

它們——不及物主語代詞、及物賓語代詞、強調代詞si ida [PMP]ida

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sihek

Micronesian kingfisher: Halcyon cinnamomina

密克羅尼西亞翠鳥:清真肉桂sikek [PMP]

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s〈in〉etsot

repentance

懺悔selsel₂ [PWMP]

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somnak

sunshine, sunlight, ray (from the sun)

陽光,陽光,光線(來自太陽)

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soŋsoŋ

plug up, close up (hole); stopper, plug

塞上,封閉(孔);塞,塞suŋsuŋ₂ [PWMP]

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soŋsoŋ

plug up, close up (hole); stopper, plug

塞上,封閉(孔);塞,塞seŋseŋ [PAN]

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sotsot

contrite, repentent

悔恨selsel₂ [PWMP]

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soʔsoʔ

scrape coconut meat from its shell, make copra, pry loose, scrape (with thrusting motion) -- as in scraping a pancake from the griddle

suqsuq [PWMP]

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sugoɁ

stop by, stop for awhile, visit briefly, drop in on

過來,停一會兒,短暫拜訪,順便來看看suRuq₂ [PAN]suRuq

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suhu

dip water (with container); water container

用容器蘸水sudu [PMP]

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suloʔ

type of fishing, torch-fishing

釣魚類型,火炬釣魚suluq [PMP]

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susu

breast; suckle, breast feeding

哺乳susu₁ [PAN]

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tafy-e

thresh, remove husk from grain by threshing

脫粒,把穀殼脫粒tapi [PMP]

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tagaʔ

hack, chop

砍,砍taRaq₁ [PAN]

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tag-lima-n

five (in linear measurement)

五(線性量測)taR-lima [PWMP]lima

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taktak

mince, chop, cut up into slices, cut by striking repeatedly with a sharp instrument; pecking sound

剁碎,切碎,切成片,用鋒利的工具反復敲擊而成;啄音taktak₂ [PAN]

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t〈al〉aktak

rattle, tapping, clicking, clacking, clink, clatter

嘎嘎聲、敲擊聲、哢嚓聲、哢嚓聲、哢嚓聲、哢嚓聲taktak₂ [PAN]

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talisay

a tree that bears edible nuts, the Indian almond: Terminalia catappa

產可食用堅果的樹,印度杏仁talisay [PMP]

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tambot

drum

借詞

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tampat

type of fish: Bothus mancus (Bothidae), flounder, flatfish

魚類種類:曼氏肉毒桿菌(肉毒桿菌科)、比目魚、比目魚tampar₁ [PWMP]

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tamtam

test, try out, sip, taste

測試,嘗試,啜飲,品嘗tamtam [PAN]

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t〈an〉choʔ

select, nominate, point, elect

選擇,提名,點,選t〈an〉uzuq [PMP]tuzuq₁

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tanom

to plant seeds or seedlings

播種tanem [PMP]CaNem

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tanoʔ

world, earth, land, soil, ground

世界,地球,土地,土壤,土地taneq [PMP]

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taŋan-taŋan

a large bush that proliferates on many of the high islands in Micronesia, good for cattle feed and fuel: Leucaena leucocephala

借詞

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taŋes

a cry, a sob

哭泣,哭泣taŋis [PMP]Caŋis

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tasi

sea, ocean, beach

大海,大海,海灘tasik [PMP]

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tasm-e

sharpen to a point

銳化到某一點tasim-i [PMP]tasim

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tata

father

父親tata₁ [PAN]

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tata

father

父親tata₁ [PAN]

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tá-tagaʔ

unicorn fishes: Naso unicornis (family Acanthuridae)

獨角獸魚:■(棘魚科)taRaq₂ [PMP]

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tá-t〈an〉choʔ

forefinger, index finger

食指、食指t〈an〉uzuq [PMP]tuzuq₁

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taʔpaŋ

rinse -- salt water by using fresh water

用淡水沖洗鹽水taq(e)baŋ [PWMP]

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teʔteʔ

drain pus, puncture an infection for purposes of draining

排出膿液,刺穿感染以排出膿液tiqtiq [PWMP]

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timón

steer (with a rudder), guide (with a rudder); rudder

借詞

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t〈in〉aktak

a meat dish in which the meat is chopped into small pieces; the process of chopping or mincing meat

把肉切成小塊的肉盤;切肉或切肉的過程taktak₂ [PAN]

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tiŋteŋ

clink, ding, tinkle, jingle

叮噹,叮噹,叮噹,叮噹tiŋtiŋ [PMP]

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tiʔao

goatfishes: Upeneus vittatus (family Mullidae)

目標魚:■(Mullidae家族)tiqaw₂ [PMP]Ciqaw

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tiʔao

goatfishes: Upeneus vittatus (family Mullidae)

目標魚:■(Mullidae家族)tiqaw₁ [PMP]tiqaw

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tohn-e

to brace, support so as to give firmness, support with a brace; brace, strut, prop, stanchion

支撐,支撐以使其牢固,用支撐支撐;支撐,支柱,支柱teken [PMP]

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toktok

cluck, as when the hen calls for her chicks

咯咯,就像母雞叫小雞一樣tektek₂ [PAN]

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toŋho

nape of the neck

頸背teŋkuk [PWMP]

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toŋtoŋ

pound, beat, batter, bang against, strike heavily or repeatedly with fist

重擊、捶打、重擊、重擊或重擊CuŋCuŋ [PAN]

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totŋ-e

ignite (a fire)

點火tutuŋ [PMP]

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toʔlaŋ

bone, skeleton

骨頭,骨骼tuqelaŋ [PWMP]

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tronkon hayu

tree

kahiw [PMP]kaSiw

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tugap

burp, belch, eruct

打嗝、打嗝、學究teRab [PMP]CeRab

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tuhoŋ

hat, sombrero, cap

帽子,帽tuduŋ [PMP]

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tuhoŋ

hat, sombrero

帽子,索姆佈雷羅teduŋ₁ [PMP]

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tuhoʔ

drip, leak, trickle, fall in or form drops, spot with rain, pour drop by drop

滴,漏,滴,滴,滴,滴,滴,滴,滴tuduq [PAN]

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tulu

three

telu [PAN]

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t〈um〉a-taŋes

to be crying

哭泣C〈um〉aŋis [PAN]Caŋis

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tumates

tomato: Solanum lycopersicum (< Spanish)

蕃茄:蕃茄茄借詞

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t〈um〉unok

get down, let down (as from a tree or bed)

下來,放下(如從樹上或床上)t〈um〉uRun [PWMP]tuRun₁

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tunok

get down, let down (as from a tree or bed)

下來,放下(如從樹上或床上)tuRun₁ [PMP]

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tunu

burn, barbecue, scald, broil

燒、燒烤、燙傷、燒烤tunu [PMP]CuNuh

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tupoʔ

well, pit sunk into the earth to reach a supply of water

好吧,把坑埋在土裏以獲得水源Cebuj [PAN]

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tupu

type of plant -- Saccharum officinarum, sugarcane

植物類型——甘蔗tebuh₁ [PMP]tebuS

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tutu

pound, strike heavily or repeatedly with the fist; beat, pulverize, make into pulp by beating

用拳頭捶打、重擊或反復捶打;拍打、粉碎,拍打成漿tutuh [PAN]

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uchan

rain

quzan [PMP]quzaN

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udu

dumb, mute, speechless

啞巴,啞巴,無言噪聲

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ugoŋ

moan, groan, lament, mourn, utter in lamentation

呻吟,呻吟,哀號,哀號,哀號heReŋ [PMP]

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ugoŋ

moan, groan, lament, mourn, utter in lamentation

呻吟,呻吟,哀號,哀號,哀號quRuŋ [PWMP]

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ugot

massage (with the feet), usually by walking on the body

按摩(用腳),通常在身體上行走quRut [PMP]

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uhaŋ

shrimp

qudaŋ [PAN]

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uhaʔ

pry open

撬開qukaq [PMP]

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uhaʔ

pry open

撬開qu(ŋ)kaq [PMP]

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uloʔ

worm, germ, bacteria, caterpillar, maggot

蠕蟲、細菌、細菌、毛蟲、蛆qulej [PMP]

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ulu

head

qulu [PMP]quluh

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-um-

"Almost any noun can be converted to a verb-like word -- a word that can function as a predicate -- by adding the verbalizing infix #-um-." Contrasts with #man-, used with plural subjects. (Topping, Ogo, and Dungca 1975:226).

〈um〉 [PMP]-um-

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umaŋ

hermit crab -- land (Paguridae)

寄居蟹——陸地(跳蚤科)qumaŋ [PAN]

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unai

sand

qenay [PAN]

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upos

pass, go beyond

過去,過去qubus [PMP]

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uʔos

peel with teeth, tear off with teeth when eating such things as sugarcane, green coconut

用牙齒剝皮,吃甘蔗、椰子等食物時用牙齒撕掉ququs [PMP]

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wahu

type of fish: Acanthocybium solandri (family scombridae). Wahoo, type of tuna

魚類種類:太陽棘球絛蟲(科鯖科)。哇哦,金槍魚的種類借詞

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yo-ʔaseʔ

merciful person, forgiving person

仁慈的人,寬容的人qasiq [PMP]

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