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分區 語言點 分區-位置-ISO名 160條 英義 漢義 機翻 同源詞 類組 備註 方言 文獻出處
Form.
Atayal
Form. Taiwan [tay]
-a

suffix forming active subjunctive from the reduced stem, sometimes preceded by the prefix #m-

從減少的詞幹構成主動虛擬語氣的尾碼,有時前面有首碼#m--a₃ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

1
aaa

maybe; hesitation syllable

可能;猶豫音節a₄ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

2
aba

father. Used in direct address only; otherwise #i-aba (〈 #i 'prefix for persons' + #aba)

父親。僅用於直接地址;否則為i-aba(〈i'個人首碼'+#aba)aba₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

3
ai

exclamation

感嘆號ai₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

4
ai

final particle

最終粒子噪聲

Egerod 1980

5
aia

mother, mother's sister. Used in direct address only; otherwise #iaia ( 〈 #i 'prefix for persons', plus #aia)

aya₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

6
akiʔ

paternal or maternal grandmother

阿罵aki [PAN]

Egerod 1980

7
-an

suffix forming first passive indicative from the reduced stem, and suffix forming first passive perfect from the reduced stem in connection with the infix #-in-. Forms an imperative with the reduced or extra reduced stem. Forms nouns indicating place or time. Common suffix in place names, and less common suffix in personal names (e.g. #qalup 'to hunt' : #qlup-an 'hunting ground')

-an [PAN]

Egerod 1980

8
aras

take, take along, bring

帶上,帶上,帶上adaS [PAN]

Egerod 1980

9
au

exclamation: yes; alright; oh!

感歎:是的;好的;哦!au₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

10
babaw

surface; on top of, above; later, get ahead, cross over

表面;在上面,在上面;稍後,向前,越過babaw₃ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

11
bahoq

to wash (clothes)

洗(衣服)basuq [PAN]

Egerod 1980

12
baq

can; know, understand; learn, teach

能;知道,理解;學習,教導bajaq₁ [PAN]bajaq

Egerod 1980

13
basay

type of vine

藤蔓植物類型baSay [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

14
bhut

squirrel

松鼠buhet [PAN]

Egerod 1980

15
(b)lukuʔ

large bamboo basket; umbrella

大竹籃噪聲

Egerod 1980

16
buax

hulled, uncooked cereal; grains (of rice or millet)

去殼的,未煮熟的穀類;穀類(米或小米的)beRas [PAN]

Egerod 1980

17
buay

fruit (occurs as the head of fruit names such as banana, plum and peach)

水果(出現在水果名稱的頭部,如香蕉、李子和桃子)buay₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

18
bunaʔi

sand

偶然性

Cʔuliʔ

Egerod 1980

19
busuk

drunk

醉的buSuk [PAN]

Egerod 1980

20
buuŋ

sound of buzzing (as a fly)

嗡嗡聲(如蒼蠅)buuŋ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

21
ca-capuh

broom (women’s speech)

掃帚(婦女演講)Ca-Capuh [PAN]Capuh

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

22
cimu

salt

timu [PAN]

Egerod 1980

23
cinun

weaving

編織tinun [PAN]

Egerod 1980

24
c〈um〉apuh

to sweep (women’s speech)

掃除(婦女演講)C〈um〉apu [PAN]Capuh

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

25
gahap

seeds for sowing

播種用種子Rahap [PAN]

Egerod 1980

26
gbi-an

late afternoon, evening

下午晚些時候Rabi-an [PAN]Rabiqi

Egerod 1980

27
g〈əm〉ahap

to sow

播種R〈um〉ahap [PAN]Rahap

Egerod 1980

28
ginuʔ

a small-sized winnowing basket

小型的簸箕Rinu [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

29
gitu

evergreen tree with yellow plumlike fruit: the loquat: Eriobotrya deflexa

常綠喬木,果實黃色,李子狀;枇杷:枇杷Ritu [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

30
hakut

carry, bring

攜帶,攜帶sakut [PAN]

Egerod 1980

31
hayuŋ

pine tree

松樹saleŋ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

32
hia

3sg.

3毫克。si ia₁ [PAN]ia₁

Egerod 1980

33
hira

yesterday

昨天siRa₁ [PAN]

Cʔuliʔ

Egerod 1980

34
h〈m〉akut

to carry, bring

攜帶s〈um〉akut [PAN]sakut

Egerod 1980

35
hopau

pocket

口袋借詞

Egerod 1980

36
htgan wagi

East

waRi₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

37
i

prefix for persons

人員首碼i₃ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

38
-i

suffix forming first passive negatable indicative and imperative from the reduced stem

從歸約詞幹構成第一個被動否定訓示性和祈使性尾碼-i₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

39
iani

this; here; now

這個;這裏;現在ia-ni [PAN]-ni

Egerod 1980

40
iluk

a plant with edible berry: Rubus parvifolius

有可食用漿果的植物:小懸鉤子RiNuk [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

41
ima

who; anyone

誰;任何人ima [PAN]

Egerod 1980

42
imaʔ

who; anyone

誰;任何人噪聲

Egerod 1980

43
(-)in-

infix or prefix forming the passive perfect; infix forming nouns

構成被動完成的中綴或首碼;構成名詞的中綴〈in〉 [PAN]-in-

Egerod 1980

44
ini

preverbal negator, usually negating past tense (less commonly present tense); negated possibility or a prohibition

ini [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

45
inu

where? anywhere

哪里?在任何地方inu [PAN]

Egerod 1980

46
i-nu

where, anywhere?

哪里,哪里?i-nu [PAN]-nu₁

Egerod 1980

47
irah

sister-in-law; wife's elder sister, husband's elder sister, elder brother's wife (man or woman speaking

idas₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

48
isu

nominalized pronoun II; you sg.

名詞化代詞II;you sg。iSu [PAN]

Egerod 1980

49
ita

we (incl.)

我們(包括)ita₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

50
kawas

year

kawaS₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

51
kaʔ

nominative case marker for common nouns

常用名詞的主格標記ka₃ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

52
kgiy

hemp plant

大麻植物keRiw [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

53
kiopan wagi

West

西waRi₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

54
kita

to see, look upon, see in a dream; a mirror

在夢中看、看、看;鏡子kita₂ [PAN]kita

Egerod 1980

55
kiʔ

locative case marker for personal nouns

人稱名詞的位置格標記ki₂ [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

56
kkagaŋ

crab

gaRaŋ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

57
k〈m〉at

to bite

k〈um〉aRaC [PAN]kaRaC

Egerod 1980

58
k〈n〉at-an

a bite (dog, snake, etc.)

咬傷(狗、蛇等)k〈in〉aRaC-an [PAN]kaRaC

Egerod 1980

59
kta-n

be seen by someone

被人看見kita-en [PAN]kita

Egerod 1980

60
-ku

primary pronoun, I

第一代詞,I-ku [PAN]

Egerod 1980

61
kumis

hair (of animal), fur

(動物的)毛髮kumiS [PAN]

Cʔuliʔ

Egerod 1980

62
lamaʔ

first, do first, before

先做,先做lama₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

63
luhuŋ

mortar

灰漿Nusuŋ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

64
lukus

clothes, put on clothes

穿上衣服,穿上衣服借詞

Egerod 1980

65
l〈um〉aŋuy

to swim

游泳N〈um〉aŋuy [PAN]Naŋuy

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

66
-m-

infix forming an active indicative corresponding to active negatable indicative without affixes

構成主動訓示符的中綴,對應於無詞綴的主動可否定訓示符〈um〉 [PAN]-um-

Egerod 1980

67
mahoq

to wash (clothes)

洗(衣服)b〈um〉asuq [PAN]basuq

Egerod 1980

68
ma-ima-l

fifty

五十ma-lima-N [PAN]lima

Egerod 1980

69
mama

uncle, brother of father or mother

叔叔,父親或母親的兄弟mamah [PAN]

Egerod 1980

70
maqaw

a plant: Litsea cubea

植物:山蒼子maqaw [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

71
m-aras

take, take along, bring

帶上,帶上,帶上um-adaS [PAN]adaS

Egerod 1980

72
ma-tanah

red

紅色taNah [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

73
ma-tanah

red

紅色借詞

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

74
ma-tanah

red

紅色taNah [PAN]

Palŋawan

Egerod 1980

75
matas

to tattoo

紋身p〈um〉ataS [PAN]pataS

Egerod 1980

76
m-busuk

drunk

醉的ma-buSuk [PAN]buSuk

Egerod 1980

77
mə-naga

to wait

等待naRa [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

78
m-ita

to see, to look upon

看,看k〈um〉ita [PAN]kita

Egerod 1980

79
m-quas

to sing

歌唱quyaS [PAN]

Egerod 1980

80
m-suyap

to yawn

打哈欠Suyeʔab [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

81
m-talah

red

紅色taNah [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

82
m-talah

red

紅色借詞

Squliq

Egerod 1980

83
m-usa

to go

外帶um-uSa [PAN]uSa

Egerod 1980

84
na

genitive of common nouns

普通名詞的格化na₃ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

85
na-nu

why, anyhow, what, anything, to do what?

為什麼,無論如何,什麼,什麼,做什麼?na-nu [PAN]-nu₁

Egerod 1980

86
nia

his, hers; he, she

他的,她的;他,她ni-ia [PAN]ia₁

Egerod 1980

87
ni-aʔ

3sg. agent/possessor

3毫克。代理人/佔有人ni-a [PAN]-a₂

Egerod 1980

88
nukaʔ

hemp which has been through the hatchel; hemp thread; to make hemp thread

穿過艙口的大麻;麻線;製成麻線nuka [PAN]

Egerod 1980

89
p-

causative prefix

致使首碼pa-₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

90
paga

the stand used for the heads taken in headhunting

獵頭用的架子paRa₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

91
pagay

unhulled rice, rice in the husk

糙米,稻殼裏的米pajay [PAN]

Egerod 1980

92
pahpah

flower

pahpah [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

93
paris

enemy

敵人pajiS [PAN]

Egerod 1980

94
patas

tattoo

紋身pataS [PAN]

Egerod 1980

95
pətas-an

be tattooed

紋身pataS-an [PAN]pataS

Egerod 1980

96
pilaʔ

silver

借詞

Cʔuliʔ

Egerod 1980

97
pipiʔ

vulva

外陰pipi₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

98
piraʔ

several, several times; how many, how many times, how long a time; only

幾次,幾次;多少次,多少次,多長時間;只有pijax [PAN]

Egerod 1980

99
pitu

seven

pitu₁ [PAN]pitu

Egerod 1980

100
p-kita

look at one another

互相看看kita₂ [PAN]kita

Egerod 1980

101
p-qmah-an

cultivate, till, work the field

耕耘,耕耘,耕耘pa-qumah-an [PAN]qumah

Egerod 1980

102
p-utaq

to vomit; to emit semen; semen

嘔吐;排出精液;精液pa-utaq [PAN]utaq

Egerod 1980

103
qagiraŋ

bean, pea

豆子,豌豆qaRidaŋ [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

104
qaglu

a plant: Phragmites longivalis

一種植物:蘆葦qaReNu [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

105
qais

boundary

邊界qajiS [PAN]

Egerod 1980

106
qalaŋ

village

村莊借詞

Squliq

Egerod 1980

107
qalipuguʔ

hair whorl (Li 1980)

發旋(李1980)qali-puju [PAN]

Cʔuliʔ

Egerod 1980

108
qalup

to hunt; chase away

獵殺;趕走qanup [PAN]qaNup

Egerod 1980

109
qani

this, these; here

這個,這些;這裏qa-ni [PAN]-ni

Egerod 1980

110
qani

this, these, here

這個,這些,這裏qani₁ [PAN]qani

Egerod 1980

111
qa-ni

this, these; here

這個,這些;這裏qa₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

112
qa-qnus

a plant: Begonia aptera

一株:無翅秋海棠qanus₁ [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

113
qasuu

pestle

qaSelu [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

114
qataq

to eat raw (as taro)

生吃(如芋頭)qataq [PAN]

Egerod 1980

115
qesipa

soft-shelled turtle: Trionix sinensis sinensis (Tsuchida 1976:266)

中華鱉(Tsuchida 1976:266)qaCipa [PAN]

Egerod 1980

116
qlup-an

to hunt

打獵qaNup-an [PAN]qaNup

Egerod 1980

117
qlup-un

be hunted

被追捕qaNup-en [PAN]qaNup

Egerod 1980

118
q-m-alup

to hunt; chase away

獵殺;趕走q〈um〉aNup [PAN]qaNup

Egerod 1980

119
qmisan

winter

冬天qamiS-an [PAN]qamiS

Egerod 1980

120
qom

pangolin, anteater

穿山甲,食蟻獸qaRem [PAN]

Egerod 1980

121
qu

particle designating nominal unit mostly with definite reference, preceding noun ("the"), or verb ("the one who", "the one which"); as member of a verb-noun or noun-noun construction

qu₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

122
quai-ux

rattan

藤條quay [PAN]

Egerod 1980

123
quaŋ

crack, crevice, fissure, gorse

裂縫,裂縫,裂縫,血塊quaŋ₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

124
quas

song

歌曲quyaS [PAN]

Egerod 1980

125
qumah

cultivate, till, work the field

耕耘,耕耘,耕耘qumah [PAN]

Egerod 1980

126
raga

the Formosan maple, fam. Aceraceae

臺灣楓樹,家族。槭樹科daRa₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

127
rakus

camphor laurel: Cinnamomum camphora

樟樹:樟樹dakeS [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

128
ramoʔ

blood

damuq₁ [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

129
rapal

sole of the foot; footprint

腳底;腳印dapaN [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

130
rapaʔ

palm of the hand

手掌dapa [PAN]

Egerod 1980

131
raral

old times, the old days, formerly, a long time ago, of yore, ancient

過去的,過去的,很久以前的,過去的,古老的dadaN [PAN]

Egerod 1980

132
rumaʔ

some; sometime; some time ago; sometimes, from time to time

有時;有時;有時;有時duma [PAN]

Egerod 1980

133
rusa

two

duSa [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

134
s-

marker of instrumental passive

器樂被動標記Si-₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

135
sa

particle of subjugation, and particle with various prepositional and demonstrative usages; at, in, on, to, by; that; there

Sa₂ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

136
sabuʔ

to wrap

包裝Cabu [PAN]

Egerod 1980

137
s-aku

primary pronoun, I

第一代詞,Iaku [PAN]

Egerod 1980

138
s-ami

1pl. excl. nominative, we

1pl.不包括提名,我們ami [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

139
saoni

a little while ago; today (Tsuchida 1976)

不久前;今天(津田1976)Sauni [PAN]

Egerod 1980

140
si-

instrumental prefix

儀器首碼Si-₁ [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

141
simu

primary and nominalized pronoun II plus III; you and he or she

主代詞和名詞化代詞II加III;你和他或她Simu [PAN]

Egerod 1980

142
sina

a plant: Erechtites spp.

植物:直立岩。Sina [PAN]

Mayrinax

Egerod 1980

143
ska wagi

noon

正午waRi₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

144
sok

to smell

Sajek [PAN]

Egerod 1980

145
soni

today (up till this moment, opposite of #kira 'the rest of today') (Egerod 1980)

今天(直到現在,與“煌的今天的其餘部分”相反)(埃格羅德1980)Sauni [PAN]

Egerod 1980

146
suagiʔ

wife’s younger sister; husband’s younger brother; man’s younger brother’s wife; woman’s younger sister’s husband

Suaji [PAN]

Egerod 1980

147
talam

to try, to taste; to ask about the future, to tell the future

嘗試,品味;詢問未來,告訴未來tañam [PAN]

Egerod 1980

148
tbakuʔ

tobacco

煙草借詞

Egerod 1980

149
t〈m〉inun

to weave

編織tinun [PAN]

Egerod 1980

150
t〈m〉tu

to crush (Huang 1993:10)

粉碎(黃1993:10)tutuh [PAN]

Egerod 1980

151
turiŋ

to point; digit, finger, toe

tudiŋ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

152
-un

2nd passive indicative

第二被動訓示性-en [PAN]

Egerod 1980

153
usa

go

uSa [PAN]

Egerod 1980

154
wagi

sun

太陽waRi₁ [PAN]

Egerod 1980

155
wah

final particle of mild exclamation and exhortation

輕聲感歎最後一個助詞噪聲

Egerod 1980

156
walay

thread

walay [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

157
walu

honeybee

蜜蜂waNu [PAN]

Squliq

Egerod 1980

158
waqit

canine tooth, fang, tusk; tooth of a tool or instrument (as a tattooing tool)

犬齒,牙,牙;工具或器具的牙齒(作為紋身工具)waqit [PAN]

Egerod 1980

159
yuŋay

monkey; substitute for girl whose real name is tabooed; to become a monkey

猴子;代替真名被禁止的女孩;成為猴子uŋay [PAN]

Egerod 1980

160
 
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